Peter Weiss

Peter Weiss
SPARTAN SPACE

PhD

About

66
Publications
19,362
Reads
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379
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2010 - present
COMEX SA
Position
  • Head of Department
August 2006 - February 2010
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Position
  • PhD Student
September 2001 - May 2006
Cybernetix SA
Position
  • Project Manager
Education
September 2009 - February 2015
FernUniversität in Hagen
Field of study
  • Psychology
July 2006 - February 2010
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Field of study
  • Space robotics
September 1998 - September 2001
EPF Ecole d'ingénieurs
Field of study
  • Robotics & Automation

Publications

Publications (66)
Article
Four multi-layer textile samples for potential use in space suits, developed within the Planetary Exploration Textiles project of the European Space Agency, were exposed to a low energy proton beam, to characterise their effect on dose deposition in astronauts. Each textile stack contained all required layers for a potential space suit component. T...
Cover Page
Full-text available
Call for contributions to "Advanced Sensors and Robotic Platform Technologies for the Exploration of marine Ecosystems and Far Beyond" (contents available at: https://www.mdpi.com/topics/ASRPTEMMEFB)
Article
Full-text available
Recent advances in robotic design, autonomy and sensor integration create solutions for the exploration of deep-sea environments, transferable to the oceans of icy moons. Marine platforms do not yet have the mission autonomy capacity of their space counterparts (e.g., the state of the art Mars Perseverance rover mission), although different levels...
Article
Full-text available
Mechatronic and soft robotics are taking inspiration from the animal kingdom to create new high-performance robots. Here, we focused on marine biomimetic research and used innovative bibliographic statistics tools, to highlight established and emerging knowledge domains. A total of 6980 scientific publications retrieved from the Scopus database (19...
Conference Paper
New era of human space exploration is about to start: after more than 17 years of successful operations on the International Space Station (ISS), ESA and its international partners are working on a return to the Moon with the now starting construction of an orbital “base camp”, Lunar (Deep Space) Gateway, that will serve to perform robotic and huma...
Article
Full-text available
The oceans cover more than two-thirds of the planet, representing the vastest part of natural resources. Nevertheless, only a fraction of the ocean depths has been explored. Within this context, this article presents the H2020 ENDURUNS project that describes a novel scientific and technological approach for prolonged underwater autonomous operation...
Article
Full-text available
This review focuses on advanced materials already used and suitable for application in (future) lunar extravehicular activity space suits. A historical and current literature/market survey is presented. Different functional layers of an astronaut garment are defined with emphasis on the external layers subjected to abrasive action of lunar regolith...
Presentation
Full-text available
Overview on projects in the Space Sector by the COMEX Space Department
Article
One of Saturn's largest moons, Enceladus, possesses a vast extraterrestrial ocean (i.e., exo-ocean) that is increasingly becoming the hotspot of future research initiatives dedicated to the exploration of putative life. Here, a new bio-exploration concept design for Enceladus' exo-ocean is proposed, focusing on the potential presence of organisms a...
Article
Full-text available
Microbial aerosols can be used as model particles for examining the dispersion and deposition of particles as well as assessing the reliability of the simulation methods. For example, the computational fluid dynamics model (CFD) can be used in the evaluation of indoor microbial contamination and the possible spread of harmful microbes in spaces wit...
Article
Full-text available
Additive manufacturing (AM) is one of the most promising techniques for on-site manufacturing on extraterrestrial bodies. In this investigation, layerwise solar sintering under ambient and vacuum conditions targeting lunar exploration and a moon base was studied. A solar simulator was used in order to enable AM of interlockable building elements ou...
Article
Additive manufacturing (AM) is one of the most promising techniques for on-site manufacturing on extraterrestrial bodies. In this investigation, layerwise solar sintering under ambient and vacuum conditions targeting lunar exploration and a moon base was studied. A solar simulator was used in order to enable AM of interlockable building elements ou...
Article
Underwater manipulation is a challenging problem. The state-of-the-art technology is dominated by remotely operated vehicles (ROVs). ROV operations typically require an offshore crew consisting of, at minimum, an intendant (or supervisor), an operator, and a navigator. This crew must often be doubled or even tripled due to work shifts. In addition,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Future missions to the Moon will require the utilization of the local resources in order to make them affordable. The EU-funded RegoLight project advances existing 3D printing technologies and methodologies for the purpose of shaping lunar regolith, a readily available resource on the Moons surface, through the means of concentrated sunlight that s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Within the European MOONWALK Project, a Human Machine Interface (HMI) prototype has been developed, with the objective of simulating and improving the exchange of information of the Extravehicular (EV) Crew with Mission Control during planetary Extravehicular Activities (EVAs), while imitating the limited situational awareness and increased autonom...
Chapter
Full-text available
When an article about one of the largest biospheric projects entitled “Noah’s Ark—The Sequel” (Reingold 1990) appeared in September 1990, the author Edwin Reingold could not anticipate that Biosphere 2 would become the proof that constructing a closed ecology is one of the toughest challenges for humankind and for long-term spaceflight. It is not c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the last few years, different concepts have been investigated in the context of building human-tended bases in extra-terrestrial environments through ISRU. NASA has conducted a 3D printed habitat challenge in 2015, which put international focus on the topic. Amongst microwave sintering, contour crafting and other Additive Manufacturing (AM) tech...
Article
Melting probes as vehicles to explore terrestrial ice sheets have been designed and applied successfully since the early 1960’s. Later on, in the 1990’s, various proposals were made to apply such probes also as a means to explore ice sheets on other bodies of the solar system, e.g. Jupiter’s icy satellite Europa or the ice caps of Mars. For this ty...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation of the MOONWALK Project during the ESA ASTRA conference in Leiden, Netherlands. The MOONWALK project had as objective to develop simulations for human and robotic missions to Moon and Mars, including astronaut-robot cooperation schèmes.
Chapter
Natural lunar analogues are terrestrial analogue environments like deserts, craters or other surfaces on Earth which are representative for terrain, soil, etc. of the Moon. Artificial lunar analogues are human-made terrestrial facilities and/or tools that provide conditions that are analogue to specific conditions on the Moon or to conditions in hu...
Book
Full-text available
a step further into the future of human space exploration Executive Study MOONWALK
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents preliminary results of the qualification and testing campaign for the Self Deployable Habitat for Extreme Environments (SHEE). Developed under a three year European Commission FP7 grant, the SHEE is a rigid segment deployable habitat test bed designed for use in space analogous environments. The objective of the SHEE project wa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The operation of a ROV requires significant off-shore dedicated manpower to handle and operate the robotic platform. In order to reduce the burden of operations, DexROV proposes to work out more cost effective and time efficient ROV operations, where manned support is in a large extent delocalized onshore (i.e. from a ROV control center), possibly...
Poster
Full-text available
Abstract Astronauts’ training is classically performed in a pool in order to reproduce a weightless environment by making use of Archimedes upthrust and buoyancy state. However, this training method has not been scientifically validated yet, and requires first to study the effects of underwater exposure on motor behaviour. The aim of this study is...
Article
Full-text available
Astronauts' training is conventionally performed in a pool to reproduce weightlessness by exploiting buoyancy which is supposed to reduce the impact of gravity on the body. However, this training method has not been scientifically validated yet, and requires first to study the effects of underwater exposure on motor behavior. We examined the influe...
Conference Paper
Underwater inspection and maintenance (e.g. in the oil & gas industry) are demanding and costly activities for which ROV based setups are often deployed in addition or in substitution to deep divers - contributing to operations risks and costs cutting. However the operation of a ROV requires significant off-shore dedicated manpower to handle and op...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Within the MOONWALK Project, a Human Machine Interface (HMI) prototype is being developed, with the objective of improving the exchange of information of an Astronaut with Mission Control during EVAs, and the situational awareness and autonomy of the Extravehicular Crew. It features procedure viewing, media transfer, telemetry display, video and au...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In view of lunar exploration, which is foreseen to be one of the next steps in human space exploration, Lunar Analogues are and will continue to be powerful tools to support the development, demonstration and validation of new technologies and operational concepts. Furthermore Lunar Analogues will serve as an environment for Astronaut training, Beh...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents preliminary results of the qualification and testing campaign for the Self Deployable Habitat for Extreme Environments (SHEE). Developed under a three year European Commission FP7 grant, the SHEE is a rigid segment deployable habitat test bed designed for use in space analogous environments. The objective of the SHEE project is...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Astronauts' training is conventionally performed in a pool in order to reproduce a weightless environment and facilitate motor performance during extra-vehicular activities. To that purpose, astronauts are usually immersed in a pressurized spacesuit, facing tasks involving accurate goal-directed actions. However, this method has not yet been scient...
Article
Full-text available
Robots are likely to play an important part as support for future human exploration missions on Mars and Moon. Robotic assistants have the potential to improve the efficiency and safety of human surface activities. The control of robots in space is non-trivial because astronauts are limited in their movements by a bulky spacesuit and missing or red...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Human missions to new destinations such as Near-Earth Objects (NEO) and low gravity bodies are amongst the targets in the current roadmaps of space agencies like the ISECG Global Exploration Roadmap: NEO are an intermediate step stone for human exploration and technology demonstration beyond ISS in the ambition to bring humans to Mars. However, nov...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Self-deployable Habitat for Extreme Environments (SHEE) project (www.shee.eu) is developing a test bed to evaluate the potential of changeable-geometry architectures in both space and terrestrial environments. Funded by the European Commission under an FP7 contract, the three year development program which started in 2013 will produce a habitat...
Conference Paper
The MOONWALK project (http://www.projectmoonwalk.net/) is a three year cooperative R&D project funded by the European Commission under the FP7 programme. The goal of the project is to develop and test technologies and training procedures for astronaut-robot cooperation in earth-analogue environments as it applies to Extra-Vehicular Activities (EVA)...
Article
The Self-deployable Habitat for Extreme Environments (SHEE) presents a unique platform for multidisciplinary analog research and mission simulation for future planetary exploration. This project is currently under development through a grant from the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Union (EU-FP 7) by a large interdisciplinary team of ex...
Article
Moonwalk is a 3-year cooperative research and development (R&D) project funded by the European Commission. The goal of the project is to develop and test technologies and training procedures for astronaut-robot cooperation in earth-analogue environments as it applies to Extra-Vehicular Activities (EVA) on Moon and Mars. Surface EVA will primarily i...
Article
Self-deployable autonomous habitats are needed, in particular, in extreme environments where there is no infrastructure and heavy machinery available. Self-deployable habitats will mitigate construction safety risks and reduce costs due to their subsystems coupling and compact transportation size. Robotic construction integrated into architecture i...
Article
Extravehicular activity (EVA) of astronauts during space missions is simulated nowadays underwater in neutral buoyancy facilities. Certain aspects of weightlessness can be reproduced underwater by adding buoyancy to a diver-astronaut, therefore exposing the subject to the difficulties of working without gravity. Such tests were done at the COMEX’ t...
Article
Drilling devices with the ability to create narrow, but deep, boreholes in a planetary surface are important tools for the exploration of the structure and properties of planetary surface layers. Therefore, they are usually proposed for planetary landers for the Moon, Mars, Venus or small planetary bodies. A method based on the use of a cold gas fl...
Article
The planned Europa Jupiter System Mission (EJSM) will provide a unique opportunity to place scientific instruments onto the surface of Jupiter’s moon Europa in the late 2020s. After the Galileo mission, this will be a long awaited chance to have a close glimpse into some of the mysteries of this moon. Care must be taken in the choice of in-situ sci...
Article
Exploration activities on the lunar surface will require precise knowledge of the position of a robotic or manned vehicle. This paper discusses the use of radio beacons as method to determine the position of a mobile unit on the surface. Previous concepts consider the installation of such equipment by the robot itself. A novel idea is discussed her...
Article
As of August 2007, over 5000 near-earth-objects (NEO) have been discovered. Some already represent a potential danger to the Earth while others might become hazards in the future. The Planetary Society organised in 2007 the “Apophis Mission Design Competition” in response to this potential threat with the objective to identify promising concepts to...
Article
A novel methodology to evaluate uncertainties in lunar elemental abundances is presented. Contrary to most terrestrial applications, lunar geographic information system (GIS) data cannot be verified by in situ measurements because of the limited number of ground control points and their reduced spatial extent. This work reports on investigations to...
Article
A novel methodology to evaluate uncertainties in lunar element abundances is presented. Contrary to most terrestrial applications, lunar GIS data cannot be verified by in-situ measurements due to the limited number of ground control points and their reduced spatial extend. This investigation evaluates the uncertainty in lunar element abundance meas...
Article
It is common practice in the landing site decision process for planetary or lunar exploration to limit the choice of sites to locations that strictly meet the technical and safety requirements of the lander. The science objective is ultimately implemented within the operational requirements of the mission strategy.In this paper, we present a study...
Article
Full-text available
The Triple F (Fresh From the Fridge) mission, a Comet Nucleus Sample Return, has been proposed to ESA’s Cosmic Vision program. A sample return from a comet enables us to reach the ultimate goal of cometary research. Since comets are the least processed bodies in the solar system, the proposal goes far beyond cometary science topics (like the explan...
Article
Full-text available
The Triple F (Fresh From the Fridge) mission, a Comet Nucleus Sample Return, has been proposed to ESA’s Cosmic Vision program. A sample return from a comet enables us to reach the ultimate goal of cometary research. Since comets are the least processed bodies in the solar system, the proposal goes far beyond cometary science topics (like the explan...
Article
In this paper, we consider a drilling method, which might prove useful both for applications on the Moon and for drilling on Mars, Venus, or other planetary surfaces. It is based on the use of a cold gas flow for pumping fine-grained debris particles out of the borehole, after they have been pulverized by the bore crown. We present a basic design a...
Article
Full-text available
A challenging topic in the research of underwater robotics is the development of Intervention Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (IAUVs) that are controlled through an acoustic link. IAUVs should be capable to perform missions using a manipulator arm on deep-sea structures. Such missions require special capabilities like operating in a roughly known en...
Article
The recently discovered water vapor plumes on Saturn's moon Enceladus, the polar caps of planet Mars and the possible ice volcanism on the Jovian satellites call for suitable techniques to explore deep ice layers of the solar system bodies. This paper presents a novel approach to deliver scientific probes into deeper layers of planetary ice. Severa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Accidents on offshore oil production facilities and oil tankers in the last decade have drawn security, survey and certification of such equipment in the limelight. But most of these procedures require a high effort in terms of time and personnel. Robots will be a solution to carry out these procedures more efficiently. The use of underwater robots...
Article
An intervention Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) is a significant step forward from a conventional AUV because tasks usually performed using a Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) are made possible. In addition, its versatility opens a range of new applications, e.g. black-box recovery. The successful execution of such a mission requires that the Nav...