Peter Vos

Peter Vos
Flemish Institute for Technological Research | VITO · Department of Environmental Quality

About

13
Publications
2,405
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
978
Citations

Publications

Publications (13)
Article
Effects of vegetation on pollutant dispersion receive increased attention in attempts to reduce air pollutant concentration levels in the urban environment. In this study, we examine the influence of vegetation on the concentrations of traffic pollutants in urban street canyons using numerical simulations with the CFD code OpenFOAM. This CFD approa...
Article
By means of numerical simulations the aims of this study are as follows: (1) to investigate the dispersion and mixing of ultrafine particles (UFP) with pre-existing size resolved UFP in a street canyon and its vicinity with the ENVI-met 3D microscale model; (2) to show the effects of boundary conditions, like wind direction and traffic emissions, o...
Article
Vegetation is often quoted as an effective measure to mitigate urban air quality problems. In this work we demonstrate by the use of computer models that the air quality effect of urban vegetation is more complex than implied by such general assumptions. By modelling a variety of real-life examples we show that roadside urban vegetation rather lead...
Article
We present a computational model for simulating the dispersion of traffic emitted particulate matter inside a road tunnel, with an emphasis on the number concentration of ultrafine particles (UFP). The model primarily calculates the size distribution of the particle number concentration at each location inside the tunnel. The proposed model differs...
Article
The aim of this study is to investigate the dispersion of ultrafine particles and its spatial distribution in a street canyon and its neighbourhood with the 3D CFD model ENVI-met®. The performance of the model at street scale is evaluated and the importance of the boundary conditions like wind field and traffic emissions on the UFP concentration is...
Article
A new parameterization for size resolved ultrafine particles (UFP) traffic emissions is proposed based on the results of PARTICULATES project (Samaras et al., 2005). It includes the emission factors from the Emission Inventory Guidebook (2006) (total number of particles, #/km/veh), the shape of the corresponding particle size distribution given in...
Article
Full-text available
Time-stepping algorithms and their implementations are a critical component within the solution of time-dependent partial differential equations (PDEs). In this article, we present a generic framework – both in terms of algorithms and implementations – that allows an almost seamless switch between various explicit, implicit and implicit–explicit (I...
Chapter
This paper presents the results of two recent case studies which were evaluated with the CFD model ENVI-met. In a first case, the impact of a vegetation barrier along a highway on the local air quality is studied. In a second case, the dispersion of total UFP concentrations within a street canyon is examined. In both cases, ENVI-met model output is...
Article
Full-text available
Time-stepping algorithms and their implementations are a critical component within the solution of time-dependent partial differential equa-tions (PDEs). In this paper we present a generic framework – both in terms of algorithms and implementations – that allows an almost seam-lessly switch between various explicit, implicit and implicit-explicit (...
Article
Generalized polynomial chaos (gPC) has non-uniform convergence and tends to break down for long-time integration. The reason is that the probability density distribution (PDF) of the solution evolves as a function of time. The set of orthogonal polynomials associated with the initial distribution will therefore not be optimal at later times, thus c...
Article
The spectral/hp element method can be considered as bridging the gap between the – traditionally low-order – finite element method on one side and spectral methods on the other side. Consequently, a major challenge which arises in implementing the spectral/hp element methods is to design algorithms that perform efficiently for both low- and high-or...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this work was to investigate if some of the overlapping methods with fictitious fluid domains that have been proposed in the literature, are suitable to use in a spectral/hp framework. Some amendments and extensions were made where required in order to allow the approaches to deal with the necessary interface conditions. A one-dimensiona...

Network

Cited By