Peter Urban

Peter Urban
Univerzita Mateja Bela v Banskej Bystrici · Department of Biology and Ecology

PhD.

About

111
Publications
27,830
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237
Citations
Introduction
Peter Urban currently works at the Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica. Peter does research in Ecology, Conservation Biology, Molecular Biology and Genetics. Their most recent publication is 'Endoparasites of the grey wolf (Canis lupus) in protected areas of Slovakia.'

Publications

Publications (111)
Article
Full-text available
The wolf is a generalist-opportunistic predator that displays diverse and remarkably adaptable feeding strategies across its range with local adaptations to certain prey species depending on their availability and vulnerability. The multi-prey system of the Slovak Carpathians supports important portion of the European wolf population; however, it h...
Article
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Protected areas are a mainstay of biodiversity conservation, while also contributing to people’s livelihoods, particularly at the local level. The aim of this study is to summarize the genesis of activities leading to the establishment of the current National Nature Reserve Ďumbier, which is one of the most valuable and the largest small-size prote...
Preprint
The present study provides valuable insights into the winter foraging ecology of Slovak wolves in a multi-prey system of the Carpathians and allows for practical implications in the management of the rapidly increasing populations of wild ungulates across Europe
Article
Wintering waterbirds were censused and the effect of ice cover on their abundance was studied on the Hron River (Slovakia) in mid-January 2007–2020. Altogether 24 sites along a 90-km stretch of the middle part of the river was surveyed, of which 23 were sites with running water (81 ha) and one with stagnant water (Kozmálovce reservoir; 63 ha). A to...
Article
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Eurasian otter has the status of 'Near Threatened' (in 1996 its status was 'Vulnerable') according to the IUCN red list. In June 2019, the Slovak Republic submitted a report on the status of habitats and species (reporting) according to Article 17 of Directive No. 92/43 / EEC ('Habitats Directive') for the period 2013–2018, which also assessed the...
Article
Full-text available
Urban P., Sabo, P., Plesník, J., 2021. How to define ecology on the basis of its current understanding? Folia Oecologica, 48 (1): 1-8. The frequently used term ecology is currently interpreted in various ways. This scientific discipline has undergone relatively dynamic development since its inception, and its character is still widening and changin...
Book
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Učebnica Systémová ekológia je rozdelená do dvoch na seba nadväzujúcich dielov. Nakoľko systémová perspektíva sa nezrodila vo vzduchoprázdne, považovali sme za potrebné spomenúť aj jej širšie východiská a súvislosti, začínajúc od súčasnej globálnej environmentálnej krízy cez princípy týkajúce sa organizácie hmoty od jej najnižšej po najvyššiu úrove...
Article
Full-text available
Urban, P., Guimarães, N., Bučko, J., 2020. Golden jackal, a natural disperser or an invasive alien species in Slovakia? A summary within European context. Folia Oecologica, 47 (2): 89-99. This summary provides an overview of the golden jackal (Canis aureus) categorization in Europe with particular focus on its presence in Slovakia. The distribution...
Article
Ernest Bethlenfalvy (1880-1955) was an important zoologist and prolific researcher during the first half of the 20th century. Nevertheless, he is a relatively unknown personality in zoology and nature conservation. He published in many popular and scientific journals such as "Vadászlap", "Karpathen-Post", "Die Karpathen", "A Természet", "Sylvia", "...
Conference Paper
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The accelerating socio-economic development and growth of the material consumption is projected also into growing disturbances of the Earth´s life support systems. Human civilization has became the geological force, which is substantially changing the character of our planet. Several scientists therefore distinguishthe era since the start of the in...
Article
Echinococcus multilocularis , the causative agent of human alveolar echinococcosis, is an important emerging parasite in the northern hemisphere. In epidemiological studies, the highest attention is being paid to foxes as the main reservoir hosts responsible for geographic expansion from multiple focal populations and the invasion of urban habitats...
Article
Full-text available
A major concern in conservation biology today is the loss of genetic diversity in structured populations, which is often a consequence of habitat contraction and restricted gene flow over time. These dynamic biological processes require monitoring with temporal environmental and landscape genetic data. We compared the spatial genetic variation of a...
Presentation
Diet studies are crucial to understand the trophic ecology of wolves and increase available knowledge on the magnitude of their impact to both livestock and wild game. The most common method to assess wolf food habits is the analysis of scat contents. The aim of this work was to determine the main prey items for wolves in three adjacent areas in Ba...
Presentation
Worldwide, wolf predation on wild game and livestock are the main trigger for conflicts with humans and for direct persecution towards wolves. This study aims to understand how relevant are wolves in human-wildlife conflicts in Slovakia and which economic impacts they produce in comparison to other wildlife species, namely large carnivores and ungu...
Poster
Full-text available
The global environmental changes have already crossed some of the ecological boundaries of the Earth´s life support systems. Numerous driving forces of this development include also a low reflection of the enormous structural and behavioral complexity of living systems. To contribute to strivings to cope with a high ecosystem complexity and dynamic...
Book
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University textbook on selected problems of species protection of wild animals
Book
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Bibliographies provide basic scientific information, illustrate quality and intensity of research in a particular topic, area, or time, and thus help build a cultural-historical perspective of society’s appreciation of knowledge and education. Here we provide a bibliography of herpetological research in the region of Slovakia between the years 1791...
Article
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The golden jackal (Canis aureus Linnaeus, 1758) is one of the most widespread canid species. Nowadays, it is a permanent species from the Slovak fauna. In recent years, their number has grown and the dispersion range has increased in our country. The first evidence of this species was recorded in 1947 and after 1989 the records of jackal presence i...
Presentation
Wolves and jackals are two canid species currently expanding their territory in Europe. Wolves are dispersing from the ten populations all over Europe and jackals from the core area in the Balkans, to the North and West. Within their present range, questions on a probable coexistence are being raised. Wolves were never extinct in Slovakia, but they...
Article
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The presented contribution in its first part summarizes several important theoretical findings of the system ecology supporting non-equilibrium paradigm of complex adaptive systems. We emphasise the concept of non-equilibrium thermodynamics of living systems and the Holling’s adaptive cycle of a social-ecological system. In natural forests, the pha...
Article
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The bibliography provides a list of publications on the golden jackal in Slovakia coming from the period 1955-2018. In total 111 citations are listed-15 (13.5%) scientific articles in indexed journals , 19 (17.1%) other scientific articles in non-indexed journals, 3 (2.7%) scientific and popular books, 20 (18.0%) book chapters and conference papers...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Our study was aimed at an assessment of the magnitude, composition, temporal and spatial patterns of vertebrate road mortality along sections of two roads (I/51 and R1) connecting towns Banská Bystrica, Zvolen and Banská Štiavnica. Road kills were surveyed by car, three-four times per week from March 2008 to December 2012. We conducted 440 surveys,...
Presentation
The dispersion range of the golden jackal (Canis aureus L.1758) in Europe increased significantly since the 80’s. Nowadays, dispersion is still increasing and as is their presence in many European countries. In Slovakia, the first official evidence of the golden jackal is from a shot animal in 1989 in the southeast part of the country, near the bor...
Article
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The magnitude, composition, temporal and spatial patterns of mammal road mortality were assessed along some sections of two different road types (I/51 and R1) connecting the towns of Banská Bystrica, Zvolen and Banská Štiavnica (Central Slovakia). Road kills were surveyed using a car, three or four times per week from March 2008 to December 2012. W...
Article
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On the 11 th of October 2016, an international seminar took place in the premises of Medveotthon ZOO (bear farm) in Veresegyház, Hungary. It was organized by the Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Biology and Ecology, from Matej Bel University, Banská Bystrica, Slovakia, the Institute for Wildlife Conservation, Szent István University, G...
Article
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Although the grey wolf was on the brink of extinction in Central Europe in the last century, it never became extinct in Slovakia and nowadays its population is considered stable. The wolf population in Slovakia is estimated to be around 400 individuals with seasonal variations, and due to these small numbers, studies on the parasite fauna of wolf a...
Article
Full-text available
The magnitude, composition, temporal and spatial patterns of mammal road mortality were assessed along some sections of two different road types (I/51 and R1) connecting the towns of Banská Bystrica, Zvolen and Banská Štiavnica (Central Slovakia). Road kills were surveyed using a car, three or four times per week from March 2008 to December 2012. W...
Presentation
Wolf populations are difficult to monitor due to their elusiveness, low density, and wide movements. However, wolf monitoring targeting reproductive units (e.g. family groups or packs), is essential for the efficient management and conservation of this large carnivore, especially where populations are being controlled. This study used a multi-metho...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Population estimates and monitoring are crucial to determine and support the wolf management plan in Slovakia and subsequent implementation of the annual quota for wolf population control. The elusiveness of wolves, low density, wide range and their high adaptability to various landscape types, make their monitoring a challenge. The present methods...
Article
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The aim of this study was to evaluate environmental awareness of young people and effectiveness of education used by national parks. The research occurred in the period from 2012 to 2014. The Veľká Fatra National Park (Slovakia), Bohemian Switzerland National Park (Czech Republic), Bieszczady National Park (Poland) and Bükki National Park (Hungary)...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The golden jackal (Canis aureus Linnaeus, 1758) is one of the widest spread canid species. From dramatic declines and near extinction (due to extirpation) to recovery and expansion in Slovakia, the golden jackal's population looks to be establishing all over the country. From the very first official record of golden jackal in Slovakia in 1947 till...
Article
Full-text available
The golden jackal (Canis aureus Linnaeus, 1758) is one of the most wide spread canid species. His range covering areas of central, eastern and southern Europe, northern Africa and parts of Asia. This species finds favourable habitat in the southeast of Europe (mostly the Balkan peninsula area) and since the 1950´s it began to expand this range. Dur...
Article
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In the last two decades an increase and a colonizing tendency of the otter population in the Hron River catchment have been registered. The increase was most pronounced in the central part of the catchment and probably is related with the improvement of surface water quality in the 1980s and 1990s. This species also uses the urbanized environment o...
Presentation
Full-text available
The golden jackal (Canis aureus Linnaeus, 1758) is one of the most wide spread canid species. From dramatic declines and maybe extinction, to recovery and expansion in Slovakia the golden jackal’s population looks to be stablishing again all over the territory. From the very first official record of golden jackal in Slovakia in 1947 till nowadays,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The golden jackal (Canis aureus Linnaeus, 1758) is one of the most wide spread canid species. From dramatic declines and maybe extinction, to recovery and expansion in Slovakia the golden jackal's population looks to be stablishing again all over the territory. From the very first official record of golden jackal in Slovakia in 1947 till nowadays,...
Poster
Full-text available
Population of Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) in the Western Carpathians is considered as a one of the most important from the point of view of preservinglong-term existence and dispersion of this important target species in larger areas of Central, Southern and Western Europe. The implementation of systematic monitoring is one of the main conditions to...
Article
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Main aim of this paper is to assess the current state of Tetrao urogallus in selected locations in a Special Protection Area Muránska Planina – Stolica (section Stolica). The aim is also to assess the most serious threats to local populations. Research had been carried out in the pre-planned field visits in the selected areas since October 2011 to...
Article
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Out of the 299 recorded wild vertebrate species of the Poľana Biosphere Reserve (established in 1990) there were 202 (67,6 %) species evaluated in accordance with the IUCN Red List categories and criteria (Version 3.1, IUCN 2001). The main period of evaluation was between 1990 – 2012. One lamprey species was recorded in Poľana and it was not classi...
Article
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In this paper we list records of hibernating bats in the Izabela mining tunnel made in the periods 1999–2004 and 2012–2016. The Izabela tunnel is situated in the upper Ipeľ river basin in central Slovakia. The following bat species were found: Rhinolophus hipposideros, R. ferrumequinum, Myotis myotis, and M. emarginatus. The dominant species was R....
Article
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After the year 1989, nature protection in Poľana (like the whole o f Slovakia) underwent a nu mber o f changes. These changes had a strong influence on the development of future nature protection. State nature protection in Slovakia has moved fro m the sector of culture to environment sector. The Min istry of the Environment is a central body for e...
Article
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The Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) is a fully protected native animal species in Slovakia. At present the otter occurs in most parts of the country. Coexistence of otters and humans involves many conflicts. The most important negative factors affecting otters are road kills, destruction and fragmentation of habitats, illegal hunting and killing, wate...
Article
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Otto Herman (1835 – 1914), was a prominent scientist, zoologist, ethnographer, archaeologist, journalist and politician; a pioneer of natural history research and nature conservation in the broader region, too. He was born in Brezno (today´s central Slovakia) in the family of Carpathian Germans. In 1847, he migrated with his family to Alsó Hámor ne...
Article
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The Grey wolf (Canis lupus) was distributed across the whole European continent some centuries ago. The continuous persecution led to species extinction in most of its European range but it is presently recolonizing old territories. Currently, 11,000 wolves are estimated to occur in Europe divided into 10 different populations. Slovak wolves are pa...
Article
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Abstrakt Cieľom tohto príspevku bolo zistiť postoje žiakov základných škôl z celého Slovenska k vydre riečnej (Lutra lutra). Výskum prebiehal v rokoch 2013 – 2014. Postoje a poznatky žiakov sa zisťovali dotazníkom. Dotazník obsahoval 20 otázok. Žiakom základných škôl bolo spolu distribuovaných a späť prijatých 1 162 dotazníkov, z toho 258 (22,2 %)...
Book
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Predkladané skriptá s názvom Prípadové štúdie z ochrany prírody a krajiny a starostlivosti o prírodné zdroje majú doplniť praktickými príkladmi prvé dve časti (Všeobecné aspekty ochrany prírody a krajiny, Národný systém ochrany prírody a krajiny na Slovensku). Nájdete v nich dvadsiatku príkladov z histórie ochrany prírody, druhovej ochrany flóry...
Book
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Úbytok biodiverzity a narušenie život udržujúcich systémov Zeme sa v posledných rokoch stávajú čoraz vážnejšou hrozbou. Táto situácia len zdôrazňuje nutnosť potreby zmeny paradigmy a realizáciu účinnej a efektívnej modernej ochrany prírody. Predkladané skriptá s názvom Všeobecné aspekty ochrany prírody a krajiny sú prvou časťou troch učebných texto...
Article
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OTTER AND MAN - OH, THOSE CONFLICTS (NOTES FROM SLOVAKIA) Peter Urban Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica, Tajovského 40, 974 01 Banská Bystrica INTRODUCTION The Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) is a native and fully protected animal species in the Slovak Republic. At present the ot...
Article
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The fire salamander is a common amphibian species in Europe. Despite this fact, the chorological status of this species is lacking in Slovakia, and knowledge on its distribution has for a long-time been fragmented. We gathered and analysed all available occurrence data on the fire salamander, comprising in total 1,663 faunistic records made up of p...
Article
Znaczenie bliskości parku narodowego w edukacji ekologicznej w Polsce i na Słowacji The importance of proximity to a national park in environmental education in Poland and Slovakia abstract. The article focuses on the evaluation of the current level of environmental consciousness and education among the students of grammar and secondary schools loc...
Article
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Viliam Stockmann: History of nature conservation in Slovakia Viliam Stockmann offers an overview of factual information about the events of nature consevation in the territory of the present Slovak Republic since 1075 (when it appeared the term “protected” forest) up to 2000 in chronological order. The book is written in a clear style and is divi...
Article
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The paper describes the forms of education in nature conservation (conservation biology) in two study branches realized at the Department of Biology and Ecology. The subjects connected with modern nature conservation play principal role in the education of students studying the program “Ecology and ecosystem protection” (Bachelor´s and Master´s deg...
Book
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Cieľom vysokoškolských skrípt je uľahčiť študentom orientáciu v zložitých otázkach a problémoch ohrozenia druhov, biotopov a abiotických prvkov krajiny, právnych a organizačných opatrení, ale aj ich praktickej ochrany. Podrobnejšie sa venujú územnej ochrane – prírodným zaujímavostiam a hodnotám jednotlivých chránených území na Slovensku, ale aj och...
Article
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Field trips are a good form of integrated teaching. Experiential lear-ning at formal and informal field trip venues increases student interest, knowledge and motivation. Education is based mainly on personal experiences. Zoos are a very good places to implement such field trips. In Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Natural Scien-ces Mat...
Article
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It has already been 25 years since the Poľana Biosphere Reserve has been recognized by the Man and the Biosphere programme under UNESCO as a place with high quality of living environment regarding the nature but also social and cultural wealth. In 1990 Poľana was established as the second Slovak biosphere reserve. Biosphere reserve generally repres...
Article
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Aim of this paper was to find out the attitudes people towards the brown bear (Ursus arctos), grey wolf (Canis lupus) and Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx), their conservation and management in Slovakia. The survey was carried out during one month (from January 25 to February 25) by electronic (per rollam) questionnaire survey. The questionnaire contained...
Article
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Aimed to identify priority questions of ornithological research in Slovakia, 103 persons directly or indirectly involved in ornithological research and/or bird protection in the country were addressed by a simple questionary. The present paper brings synthesis of c. 130 answers gathered from 30 participants. The priority questions proposed for futu...
Chapter
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This publication was elaborated within BioREGIO Carpathians project supported by South East Europe Programme and was fi nanced by a Swiss-Slovak project supported by the Swiss Contribution to the enlarged European Union and Carpathian Wetlands Initiative.
Article
ZnacZenie bliskości parku narodowego w edukacji ekologicZnej w polsce i na słowacji The importance of proximity to a national park in environmental education in poland and slovakia abstract. The article focuses on the evaluation of the current level of environmental consciousness and education among the students of grammar and secondary schools loc...
Article
Abstrakt The article focuses on the evaluation of environmental consciousness and education of pupils of grammar and secondary schools, in the vicinity and further away from the national park. The study was to depict the importance of cooperation of national parks in the domain of environmental education with selected types of schools, both in Slov...
Article
Full-text available
The article focuses on the evaluation of the current level of environmental consciousness and education among the students of grammar and secondary schools located in the vicinity and further away from a national park. The aim of the study was to emphasize the importance of cooperation between national parks and the selected types of schools in the...
Article
Full-text available
The article focuses on the evaluation of the current level of environmental consciousness and education among the students of grammar and secondary schools located in the vicinity and further away from a national park. The aim of the study was to emphasize the importance of cooperation between national parks and the selected types of schools in the...
Article
Full-text available
by an intermediate canopy cover and abundant ground vegetation. It is seriously suffering from fragmentation of forests and habitat loss. We studied occurrence of this species on seven localities in the Stolica Mts. (E Slovakia) in 2011 – 2013 (October – November 2011 and 2012, April – May 2012, and March – April 2013).We recorded presence of caper...
Article
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Department of Biology and Ecology is one of the eight departments of the Faculty of Natural Sciences, Matthias Belius University in Banská Bystrica. It provides education in the accredited fields of study System Ecology and Teaching of Biology (in both bachelor and master study degrees) and Evolution of Ecosystems and their protection (in PhD study...
Article
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Action and management programmes are used in Slovakia for the documentation of nature and landscape protection. From 2000 to 2014 rescue programmes for 16 animal taxa and one taxonomic group of animals were prepared and approved. This article outlines some of the problems associated with these programmes. Keywords: documentation of nature and lands...
Article
Full-text available
The Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra), a native mammal species, is distributed – among other areas in Slovakia - also in the transboundary Ipeľ river catchment. The population of this species is affected by many negative factors. This paper highlights the problem of road mortality (accidents) in the middle part of Ipeľ River. In March 2013 we registered...
Article
Full-text available
The Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) is widely distributed in Slovakia. The population of this species markedly decreased during the 20th century. In the last two decades an increase and a colonizing tendency of the population species range have been registered. A similar trend took place in the Hron River catchment. The modified standard IUCN/OSG meth...
Data
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River Habitat Survey and monitoring of Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) were carried out at 19 localities of the Turiec River basin and Hron River in 2008–2009. The otter spraints and sprainting spots were sampled along 600 m stretches of the streams. Bank and channel features were recorded at 10 spot-checks and also continuously along whole the 500 m...