Peter Trutmann

Peter Trutmann
Global Mountain Action · Global Mountain Center

PhD

About

69
Publications
39,137
Reads
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538
Citations
Introduction
I am a biologist with a broad background working in mountains trying to contribute to human & environmental wellbeing. My passions: food, mountains, mycology, ethno-mycology, health (human, plant, soil and ecosystem), history, art & music, connecting traditional & historic knowledge with the future. Goal: to leave behind enlightened options that improve wellbeing of people & environment esp. in mountains & raised awareness of the fragility of the planet we call home.
Additional affiliations
August 2009 - present
Global Mountain Action
Position
  • CEO
Description
  • 1.Documentation of the role and use of macro-fungi in mountains, 2. Documentation and analysis of mountain migration and its relation to policy. 3. Analysis of the state of mountain agriculture.
September 2004 - December 2008
Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
Position
  • Leader
Description
  • Integration of CGIAR for Agenda 21 Chapters 13/14. Actions included: a) a new Center engagement model using Rural Urban Linages to focus actions b) Mountain Forum support in Africa c) FAO Policy studies d) Climate change and mountain market.
August 1999 - September 2004
Cornell University
Position
  • Managing Director
Description
  • Development and coordination of the international IPM activites focusing on a) Soil health, b) Bioloigical Control c) DIstance Learning.
Education
March 1978 - May 1983
La Trobe University
Field of study
  • Biological Control of Plant Pathogens
March 1973 - December 1977
La Trobe University
Field of study
  • Botany and Microbiology

Publications

Publications (69)
Article
Full-text available
Aspects of the biology of C. minitans and its potential for control of S. sclerotiorum were investigated.Temperatures below 7°C resulted in comparatively slow rates of germination and infection of sclerotia by C. minitans. The optimum temperature for germination, growth, infection of sclerotia, and destructive parasitism by C. minitans was 20°C. Th...
Book
Full-text available
Evidence is presented to demonstrate extensive use of mushrooms in pre Hispanic Peru. Mushroom images were found on ceramics, metal objects and textiles from a range of important cultures from the north and south, as well as coastal and highland Peru. The objects range in age approximately between 1200-200 BCE to the time of European conquest. Most...
Article
Full-text available
Central African highland farmers' perceptions of common bean disease were investigated using both phytopathology and anthropological techniques. Farmers rarely mentioned diseases as production constraints in formal questionnaires. More participatory research showed farmers often related disease symptoms to the effects of rain and soil depletion for...
Article
Full-text available
1. INTRODUCTION 3 1.1. RURAL-URBAN LINKAGE: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT 3 1.2. THE NEED FOR STRENGTHENING RURAL-URBAN-LINKAGE IN ETHIOPIA IN THE CONTEXT OF CURRENT DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS 6 2. THE RUL PROJECT 8 2.1. KEY PROJECT ISSUES 8 2.2. KEY WORKING HYPOTHESES 9 2.3. PROJECT GOAL 10 2.4. PROJECT OBJECTIVE 10 3. CONCEPTUAL...
Book
Full-text available
The download version provided here provides the abstracts for each of the six parts of the book in both English and Spanish. The book itself is available at Amazon.com in both Kindle and Paperback versions.
Experiment Findings
S
Book
Full-text available
This a first photographic guide to some of the fungi in the cloud forest of Kañaris of northern Peru in a relic high Amazonian forest system. The fungi form part of a collection to develop the first base line collection of macro-mycetes from north to south of the Peruvian Andes.
Presentation
Full-text available
A summary of the Presentation given at the Global Mountain Action Annual Meeting 2016. It summarizes progress in Revaluation and documentation of the importance of Mushrooms in Andean Peru: Andean herbs, Documenting Mountain Agriculture, and Publicity.
Chapter
Full-text available
SUMMARY IN ENGLISH & RESUMEN EN CASTILLANO RESUMEN: El mayor esfuerzo durante el 2012 ha sido continuar el estudio sobre diversidad de hongos en los Andes peruanos que iniciamos en el 2011 juntos con la UNSAAC (Cusco) y la Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia UPCH (Lima). Ampliamos el area de estudio en los andes del sur incluyendo algunas zonas d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
IMPORTANCE OF MACRO‐FUNGI • Their fibers are the textile of the soil holding it together. • They are critical in the processes of transformation in life cycles, because they are able to transform complex organic ma􀀪er in to simple elements usable by plants and other microorganisms. Without fungi the cycle stops. • They evolved mycorrhizal associati...
Article
Full-text available
A paper based on a presentation at the VI CONGRESO NACIONAL DE INVESTIGACIONES EN ANTROPOLOGIA PERU, Puno, 2-5 Octubre 2012
Technical Report
Full-text available
SUMMARY IN ENGLISH & RESUMEN EN CASTILLANO Summary Together with our partners at the Centro de Investigacion de Hongos Alimenticios y Medicinales (CIPHAM) at the Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad de Cusco (UNSAAC) we found names and specimens of some edible mushrooms that were last described in the 16th and 17th century, as well as others not...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to examine extent and determinants of income poverty in selected rural villages located in different parts of the country. Data were collected through a detailed structured household survey, and descriptive statistics and econometric modelling were employed to analyze the data. Results confirm that there was abject r...
Data
Full-text available
Development policy and practice have for long treated rural and urban development issues as independent and largely unconnected. This is manifested in a number of policies and development interventions prepared for urban and rural areas separately. In reality, however, rural and urban areas constitute parts of a continuous regional and national lan...
Article
Full-text available
This study was aimed at examining opportunities and challenges of seasonal migration of labour to improve livelihoods of migrant people and their families. To gain a better insight about the determinants, processes and consequences of migration, and to have a complete picture about the migration and its linkage to rural livelihoods, the study was c...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A two-day planning workshop on RUL was conducted from August 29-30, in Addis Ababa. The primary objective of the planning workshop was to enrich the draft conceptual framework for the RUL Thematic research area and devise the way forward for action research/development intervention to strengthen RUL and thereby support the development efforts of th...
Presentation
Full-text available
The paper proposes a project to save and replenish Afghan wheat germ-plasm with the traditional mixtures used in the country rather than commercial pure varieties unproven in the diverse Afghan conditions.
Book
Full-text available
This guide is available online at the following locations: http://www.ppath.cornell.edu/iipmweb/soil_health_guide_spanish.htm https://www.academia.edu/2241008/Guia_Salud_de_Suelos_Un_manual_para_cuidar_el_salud_de_los_suelos_para_Promotores_Productores_y_Extensionistas
Chapter
Firstly, some of the generic characteristics of the many different traditional farming systems are addressed. This is followed by a series of case studies on the management of diversity by farmers in specific crops (cassava, maize, common bean and rice) and of domesticated animals. The concluding section highlights the remarkable parallels across c...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of replacing proportions of local farmer bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) mixtures with varieties resistant to angular leaf spot on grain yield was evaluated under local disease pressure in the Kivu region of Zaire. Local bean mixtures in on-station and in multi-locational trials containing respectively 25%, or 50% of Centro Internacional de Ag...
Book
his book provides a comprehensive review of diseases of tropical pasture plants, suitable for agronomists and plant pathologists. Ten chapters describe the fungal and bacterial diseases of the main tropical pasture legumes and grasses. There are also chapters on virus and nematode diseases and of regional experiences, the latter including the ident...
Chapter
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Studies over the last two decades indicate that " modern" agriculture has lost many of the building blocks of sustainable systems as found in "traditional " agriculture including those pertaining to disease management. To develop more sustainable disease management practices basic the principles from traditional systems must be reincorpor...
Book
Full-text available
A book that for the first time brings together experts in the field of Tropical Pasture Diseases to provide a succinct and in depth coverage of this important but neglect field.
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter covers and overview of the important pasture disease in Latin America
Article
Full-text available
The economic importance of diseases and pests on common bean production in Rwanda was investigated using on farm diagnostic trials, multi‐regression models and national production information. Disease and arthropod pest control resulted respectively in yield increases of 447–497 kg ha and 158–233 kg ha. Nationally, annual dry bean losses from disea...
Article
Full-text available
Farmers’ management of bean diseases in the Great Lakes region of Africa was investigated from both phytopathological and anthropological perspectives. Local crop protection strategies were based on microclimate regulation, genetic diversity and sanitation. Microclimate management involved selectively integrating numerous agronomic practices depend...
Article
Full-text available
Seed treatments with fungicides to control seed-borne and root diseases of Phaseolus vulgaris and their use with an insecticide treatment to control beanfly (Ophiomyia spencerella), were evaluated in diverse regions of Rwanda. Benomyl reduced the severity of diseases caused by Colletotrichum lindemuthianum, Phaeoisariopsis griseola and Phoma exigua...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The proceedings of papers presented at the 1st African Bean Pathology Workshop
Article
Full-text available
Managing angular leaf spot on common bean in Africa by supplementing farmer mixtures with resistant varieties,
Article
Full-text available
Clean seed increased yield of dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in the Great Lakes region of Africa. Combined cultural management practices decreased the development of disease on pods but did not increase yields. The effectiveness of cultural control together with other promising methods to improve seed quality was investigated with farmers on far...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT: The rust, Uromyces setariae-italicae was reported the first time in 1989 in Carimagua and Santander of Quilichao, Colombia. Symptoms were recognized like cream pustules with yellow uredospores. The causal agent was identified by International Mycological Institute like a Uromyces setariae-italicae. The rust is the most important disease o...
Article
Full-text available
Trichoderma koningii parasitizes Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Conidia of T. koningii germinated and mycelium grew best in acidic conditions. Parasitism of sclerotia was favoured by the presence of exogenous nutrients, and was maximal at temperatures between 20 and 35°C. At 20°C, T. koningii required ca 2 weeks to infect 50% of sclerotia; there was an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In many reglons of Afrlca bean productlon systems are characterlzed by the e tenslve use of varletal ml>tures by small farmers. In order to provlde these systems wlth approprlate dlsease control technologles, lt lS essentlal to understand better the nature of dlsease development In varletal mIxtures compared to pure varlety stands, and to evaluate...
Article
Full-text available
Pasture productivity in southern Australia is often limited by root diseases of complex etiology. The influences of simulated plant and soil management procedures on subterranean clover (Trifolium subterranean cv. Woogenellup) root rots were evaluated in controlled environments, using a soil from an irrigated and from a dryland pasture. Root rot in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Thesis
SYNOPSIS The thesis presents a comprehensive study of the potential for biological control of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Libert) deBary on Phaseolus vulgaris L. in southern Australia. This involved examination of factors responsible for the natural destruction of sclerotia in sol I and of the biology of various destructive agents, including their e...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mycoparasite species mixtures with different growth requirements were evaluated to extend the effectiveness of biocontrol treatments over a wider range of conditions. As a model, three mycoparasites of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Coniothyrium minitans, Gliocladium roseum, and Trichoderma koningii was studied in the laboratory and field for use in mix...
Article
Full-text available
Hyperparasitism by Coniothyrium minitans on Sclerotinia sclerotiorum growing on aerial parts of bean plants was studied in the laboratory and field. Laboratory studies showed that C. minitans effectively controlled S. sclerotiorum-induced disease on detached leaves and microscopic observations indicated that hyperparasitism on plants is similar to...

Questions

Questions (3)
Question
I've been away from the field of pathology and crop biodiversity for a few years and am curious about advances in understanding of host-pathogen interactions in genetically diverse cropping systems, especially in crops with great intra -specific diversity. Thanks in advance.
Question
Traditionally farmers in many African nations (and elsewhere) still grow individual crops not only in inter- specific (different species), but also in intra-specific (same species) mixtures. However, the development ideology to improve production has been one promoting displacement of these with new 'improved' varieties or hybrids with often questionable medium to longer term results. We now know better the value of useful diversity to maintain crop robustness agains biotic and abiotic stress.
Question
The first collection from the northern to southern Peruvian Andes needs further analysis, since documentation of mushrooms in this part of South America is limited. We are interested in analyzing the collection of about 700 samples to distinguish between species, genera, families, and compare populations from Peru with other parts of the world. In this endeavor we also looking for partners.

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (7)
Archived project
To provide ecologically based and environmentally friendly approaches to management of plant health. The publications are based mainly on research was conducted in the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s. This research should be seen connected in approach to other projects managing pathogen populations and their damage by genetic diversity in traditional agricultural systems, and research to understand traditional agricultural systems. It is also connected to work in 2000-2001 that resulted in the Soil Health Guide (Guía de Salud de Suelos).
Project
The goal is highly productive and vibrant mountain agriculture. The objectives are to document the unique ways mountains have been made highly productive in the past, to show their present state, the potential ways science can be molded into these systems so as not to replace and destroy them, and show how current economic mindsets need to change to enable such environments to regain their productivity. The path and approach to reaching durable productivity for 'bien vivir' in mountains clearly needs to be very different to the industrial scale, lowland approaches promoted by current Neo-liberal thinking.