Peter Törlind

Peter Törlind
Luleå University of Technology | LTU · Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences (ETS)

About

64
Publications
10,224
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329
Citations
Citations since 2017
12 Research Items
156 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023010203040

Publications

Publications (64)
Article
The compound nature of creativity entails the interplay of multiple cognitive processes, making it difficult to attribute creativity to a single neural signature. Divergent thinking paradigms, widely adopted to investigate creative production, have highlighted the key role of specific mental operations subserving creativity, such as inhibition of e...
Article
Full-text available
Additive Manufacturing (AM) is often considered to increase opportunities for creativity in design compared to traditional manufacturing methods. At the same time, it is suggested that regulated work can have a negative effect on engineers’ creative abilities, which are linked to three components of creativity (expertise, motivation, and creative t...
Article
Full-text available
Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF) brings the possibility to manufacture innovative near-net-shape part designs. But unfortunately, some designed surfaces suffer from rough surface finish due to characteristics of the LPBF process. This paper explores trends in managing surface roughness and through a space industry case study, a proposed process that...
Article
Full-text available
One often-cited benefit of using metal additive manufacturing (AM) is the possibility to design and produce complex geometries that suit the required function and performance of end-use parts. In this context, laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) is one suitable AM process. Due to accessibility issues and cost-reduction potentials, such ‘complex’ LPBF pa...
Article
Full-text available
The use of metal Additive Manufacturing (AM) has increased in recent years with potential benefits for novel design solutions and efficient manufacturing. In order to utilise these potentials, engineers need to address uncertainties related to product design and the AM process. This paper presents a design process utilising product-specific AM Desi...
Article
Full-text available
Design review (DR) is a product development (PD) activity used to inspect the technical characteristics of a design solution. Immersive virtual reality (IVR) technology enables the presentation of spatial information and interaction with 3D CAD models inside an immersive virtual environment (IVE). Such capabilities have shown the potential to mitig...
Conference Paper
Additive Manufacturing (AM), and more specifically Powder Bed Fusion, offers design freedom, functional integration, and cost efficient manufacturing of customised products. These design and manufacturing capabilities are relevant for the space industry with its characteristic low production volumes, high-performance products, pursuit for low weigh...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Additive Manufacturing (AM) has the potential to remove boundaries that traditional manufacturing processes impose on engineering design work. The space industry pushes product development and technology to its edge, and there can be a lot to gain by introducing AM. However, the lack of established qualification procedures for AM parts has been hig...
Conference Paper
Additive Manufacturing (AM) is a fast developing manufacturing technology that brings many opportunities for the design teams at companies working with product development. One industry that has embraced this is aerospace, and more specifically within space applications (satellites and launchers). Although there are huge possibilities with this tec...
Book
ting ut och fungerar som de gör? Design – process och metod besvarar dessa frågor och väcker intresset för att veta mer om design, designtänkande och innovation. Design omfattar allt från utforskning av behov och möjligheter, kreativt ­skapande av alternativa lösningar, till implementering av en ny lösning som ­bidrar till en bättre vardagssituati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The purpose in this paper is to discuss new demands on computer tools to support decisions in functional product development. To do that, a tentative picture of changes in product development motivated by the concept of functional products has to be outlined to serve as a basis for the discussions. The concept of functional products affects the bus...
Article
Global cooperation is a reality for most engineering design teams today, and even though the core group is co-located, they are forced to cooperate with subcontractors or experts with complementary knowledge and skills. The design process can be seen as an integration of a technical, cognitive and social process, and such process is clearly multidi...
Article
Ideas and concepts are the carriers of innovation, which many regard as a critical source of competitive advantage. At the same time, an initial idea is untested and unrealized, i.e., it is always surrounded by a lack of knowledge. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how different types of ideas develop and interact with knowledge, by focus...
Preprint
An often neglected topic in idea management research is the continuity and stability of current idea management practices. This study addresses this topic by following a handover of ideas from a project to the line organization in a company. Moreover, idea portfolios are proposed and empirically explored as a means of managing and further developin...
Article
In an ongoing development project there is a risk that promising ideas are rejected due to time constraints. Given that ideas are the carriers of innovation, and that novel and radical ideas are, to a greater extent, exposed to rejections and resistance than more conservative, those ideas, previously rejected from projects, could be seen as a poten...
Article
Innovation strategies are becoming even more vital for manufacturers that wish to turn their business into a service based one. Integration of product and service aspects in early design stages insists on approaches where all competences are used for to provide the foundation for new solutions. Often such creative work is expected to randomly come...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainability is a complex but extremely important issue. To achieve a new industrial revolution that focuses on sustainability, we need innovation. Merely improving our technologies and our habits will not save our planet from its current gradual degradation. In recent decades many Eco-tools have been developed; this paper evaluates some of the m...
Article
Full-text available
To pursue the understanding of governing principles, observations of phenomena and simulation of processes instead of relying purely on trial-and-error, is becoming more and more important in product development activities. This suggests that use of engineering knowledge models is an important part of future innovations. The purpose of this study i...
Conference Paper
In the modern design environment, demands on performance, innovation and productivity are always increasing as global competition rises and business models(such as the product-service paradigm) evolve. Central to the ability of organisations to realise continued improvements has been the widespread adoption of new design tools, methods, technologie...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In order to support today's digital, knowledge-driven and highly distributed design activities there is a fundamental requirement to improve the means by which design researchers observe industry practice, evaluate tools and methods, and assesses the state-of-the-art. A prerequisite for this is the ability to undertake more holistic investigation,...
Article
Full-text available
In design research different methods are used to develop a descriptive understanding of a design activity. One approach is to use video and audio recordings of complex activities such as team meetings in engineering design. Video and audio recordings provide the researcher with a permanent data corpus that can be used to understand events considere...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The purpose in this paper is to discuss new demands on computer tools to support decisions in functional product development. To do that, a tentative picture of changes in product development motivated by the concept of functional products has to be outlined to serve as a basis for the discussions. The concept of functional products affects the bus...
Article
Full-text available
Today's collaboration tools can support formal meetings to a certain extent, though there is still an immense potential for improvement when it comes to designing virtual and physical places where global design teams can collaborate in more 'natural' ways than existing distributed environments allow. One challenge for global product development is...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper discusses Information Driven Collaborative Engineering (IDCE) as an enabler of Functional Product Innovation (FPI). It discusses challenges that arise in functional product development and how distributed collaborative work will be affected. Finally the paper proposes bringing the domains of Distributed Collaborative Engineering (DCE) an...
Article
Full-text available
In a fiercely competitive business climate, which is increasingly characterized by global alliances, partnerships and outsourcing agreements, companies struggle to decrease the negative impact of geographic distance on development efforts. The role of workspaces for collaborative design is gaining considerable attention, and there is currently an i...
Article
Full-text available
A clear trend within the automotive sector is that more and more functionalities are being built into the car with the help of software; however, all this new technology must be rigorously tested under realistic conditions. By introducing a framework for distributed winter testing, based on distributed engineering tools combined with telematics, vi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In response to the need for increased effectivity in global product development, the Polhem Laboratory at Lulea University of Technology, Sweden, and the Center for Design Research at Stanford University, USA, have created the concept of Distributed Team Innovation (DTI). The overall aim of the DTI framework is to decrease the negative impact of ge...
Article
Full-text available
The trend in computer and network architecture is towards smaller and lighter devices that are more or less constantly connected to the Internet through wireless network access technologies. For engineering and design work, this offers increased opportunities for distributed collaborative teamwork by enabling mobile team members to participate in s...
Article
Following the trend in computer and network architecture towards smaller and lighter devices that are more or less constantly connected to the Internet through wireless access networks, mobile computing has emerged as a promising means to improve the possibilities of distributed collaborative teamwork. However, the mobility support implemented in s...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper a model for collaboration between engineers in a distributed virtual environment, based upon a suite of specialised computer tools is presented. The system uses the distributed virtual reality system DIVE, which has been customised to allow interoperability with existing CAD systems. Other tools implemented to support information exch...
Article
Full-text available
As a result of the increasing globalisation of organizations, information systems must deal with issues of mobility. Longer distances between the members can lead to a knowledge gap, which means that two groups of people working in the same organization work according to completely different bases of information. Thus, there is a need for the membe...
Article
The Division of Computer Aided Design has been announced as one of ten winners in the Intranet Design Annual, published by web guru Jakob Nielsen at Nielsen/Norman Group. In competition with over 50 nominated organizations, the division's Intranet, developed by Andreas Larsson, Tobias Larsson and Peter Trlind, reached the top ten. Nielsen has been...
Article
Full-text available
Advanced computer graphics and simulation techniques are important tools within product development today. Product concepts can be realised in the virtual workspace -visualisations and simulations for verifying the behaviour of the product can be performed without physical parts actually being manufactured. Co-ordination and exchange of information...
Article
Full-text available
In response to the need for increased effectivity in global product development, the Polhem Laboratory at Luleå University of Technology, Sweden, and the Center for Design Research at Stanford University, USA, have created the concept of Distributed Team Innovation (DTI). The overall aim of the DTI framework is to decrease the negative impact of ge...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the ongoing globalization of businesses and the collaboration occurring between geographically dispersed organizations, distributed collaborative work using computer based support tools becomes increasingly important. When trying to perform design work while relying heavily on the use of physical artefacts such as early mock-ups, a need to s...
Article
Full-text available
Successful teamwork in geographically distributed teams is highly dependent on tools that support informal communication, such as opportunistic and spontaneous interaction. Such informal communication is responsible for much of the information flow in an organization. This paper presents how informal communication was supported in the Distributed T...
Article
Full-text available
Coordination and exchange of information between participants in a distributed product development team is technically difficult and time consuming. Different locations and time zones further complicate communication. It is therefore important to provide tools and methods so that a geographically distributed design team can collaborate as teams in...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the ongoing globalization of businesses and the collaboration occurring between geographically dispersed organizations, distributed collaborative work using computer-based support tools is becoming increasingly important. When trying to perform design work while relying heavily on the use of physical artefacts such as early mock-ups, a need...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The importance of face-to-face and virtual teams in product development is well recognised in the research and practice. Engineering teams are often used in dynamic environments that require adaptation and constant change due to external and internal circumstances; they have to adjust to changes in market trends, respond to new customer's requirements and adapt to changing technologies or resources constraints. As the research field concerning engineering teams develops, it continues to require interdisciplinary approaches to understand, model and improve the role of the teamwork in product development. However, since there are numerous factors influencing teamwork and the mutual effects of these factors depend on time and context, understanding and predicting face-to-face and virtual team performance is exceptionally challenging, and there are insufficient research studies. The goal of the proposed research project is the development of the research framework for experimental studies of engineering teams (both face-to-face and virtual). This framework should serve as the foundation for enhancement of the usage and effectiveness of teams within innovation-oriented product development projects. The proposed project will contribute to both the theory and practice by bringing together interdisciplinary research, conceptualization and modelling approaches and it will build on the results of the CSF project MINMED 2014-2018. During the project, the Design Science Research (DSR) framework consisting of the three related cycles of research activities (relevance, design and rigour cycle) will be applied as the research methodology, while experimental design research will be the primary research paradigm including experimentation with the real-world teams in DEPICT lab and CADLab and computational simulations of the teams’ emergent properties. The results of the proposed research are expected to delineate how empirical research and computational simulations can lead to better understanding, modelling, reflection on and improvement of team adaptability as one of the most important emergent properties of the engineering teams in relation to innovation. The resulting computational tools should enable researchers and practitioners from the industry to utilise simulations to understand the role that the different types of disruption triggers have on the resulting team adaptation, as well as for prediction of the impact that different levels of the team adaptability may have on various teamwork outputs. The research will be conducted by a multidisciplinary research group including the researchers and research infrastructure for experimentation from Croatia, USA, Denmark and Sweden.
Archived project
The concept of product-service system (PSS), or functional product development, will be a main component in a future sustainable society. A PSS paradigm will, not only, change the use of products and services, but also the development approaches. This since the responsibility of the physical artefact throughout the life-cycle is remaining with the providing enterprise. The perspectives of reengineering, reuse and recycle can be handled in a totally different way than today, wherein the capacity to continuously improve the customer value by innovations becomes and important capability. At least two main challenges for design teams can be discerned. First, to improve customer value the design team has to be able to deal with more elusive customer needs. Second, the team has to have effective ways to continuously accomplish innovations. This project aims to support PSS development teams to innovate by putting forward facilitating methods and tools. Specifically, the focus is on the following aspects, all helping to build a coherent methodology for team-based innovation: - Needs establishment and value modelling - Multidisciplinary teams - Effective knowledge sharing - Life-cycle knowledge modelling and visualisation of solutions The project will be a joint effort of industry and academic representatives, where the work will be performed in a close collaborative mode. The project hypotheses are broadly captured in the statement that: visualisation of business and development related knowledge and rapid modelling and simulation in early phases support PSS teams to innovate and perform sustainable development. Thus, besides increased knowledge about strategies and approaches for team-based innovation, demonstrators of tools and methods will be an outcome of this project. http://www.tobiasclarsson.com/2008/09/proviking-think-teams-for-heterogeneous-innovation-knowledge-2008-2012/