Peter Strauss

Peter Strauss
Federal Agency for Water Management Austria

Dr.

About

208
Publications
55,998
Reads
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2,915
Citations
Citations since 2017
107 Research Items
2048 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
Additional affiliations
March 1989 - September 1995
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (208)
Article
Full-text available
To investigate the effects of converting forests into vineyards typical to Zarivar Lake watershed, Iran, which occurred mainly in the 1970s and 80s, on soil erosion,¹³⁷Cs and ²¹⁰Pbex, being mid-and-long-term soil loss tracers, were applied. In Chernobyl-contaminated areas like those found in some parts of Europe and Asia, the proportion of ¹³⁷Cs Ch...
Preprint
Every application of soil erosion models brings the need of proper parametrization, i.e., finding physically or conceptually plausible parameter values that allow a model to reproduce measured values. No universal approach for model parametrization, calibration and validation exists, as it depends on the model, spatial and temporal resolution and t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Eine der Hauptbedrohungen der Böden Europas ist die Erosion durch Wasser und Wind. Insbesondere zur räumlichen Verteilung und den Ausmaßen der Winderosion liegen derzeit jedoch-auch für Österreich-kaum Daten vor. Ziel des Projektes war es, für ein durch Winderosion gefährdetes Gebiet im Nordosten Österreichs (Pannonisches Tief-und Hügelland), (i) d...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the role of soil moisture and other controls in runoff generation is important for predicting runoff across scales. This paper aims to identify the degree of nonlinearity of the relationship between event peak runoff and potential controls for different runoff generation mechanisms in a small agricultural catchment. The study is set i...
Article
Full-text available
Rainfall erosivity is one of the key parameters influencing the degree of soil erosion. Due to the high spatiotemporal variability of rainfall erosivity and the influence of a changing climate it is crucial to use spatially well-distributed and temporally current rainfall data. Rainfall erosivity in Austria has been estimated by previous studies wi...
Article
Full-text available
Wind erosion is a process in which soil particles are detached from soils and transported downwind. One effective measure to reduce wind erosion are vegetated windbreaks such as hedgerows as they reduce wind speeds and likewise the forces which detach and transport soil particles. However, the planting of new windbreaks is driven by policy decision...
Poster
Full-text available
Managing agricultural watersheds in an ecologically friendly manner requires the strategic implementation of well-targeted Sustainable Land Management (SLM) practices that limit the losses and translocation of soil and nonpoint source pollutants. Watershed-scale SLM-scenario modeling has proven potential to identify efficient and effective manageme...
Preprint
Full-text available
A major decision in soil hydrological research is whether to conduct experiments outdoor or indoors. Both approaches have their advantages and trade-offs. Using undisturbed soil monoliths combines some of the advantages of outdoor and indoor experiments, however, there are often size limitations. While push-methods can be used for small- to medium-...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change and agricultural intensification are expected to increase soil erosion and sediment production from arable land in many regions. However, to date, most studies have been based on short-term monitoring and/or modeling, making it difficult to assess their reliability in terms of estimating long-term changes. We present the results of a...
Article
Vegetation plays a vital role in regulating hydrological cycle and controlling soil erosion at multiple spatial and temporal scales. Establishing shrub-grass community is one of the widely adopted practices to increase rainfall infiltration and reduce soil erosion in water-limited and highland regions. To understand the effects of such vegetation c...
Article
Full-text available
Vegetative filter strips (VFS) are best management practices with the primary aim of protecting surface waters from eutrophication resulting from excess nutrient inputs from agricultural sources. However, we argue that there is a substantial time and knowledge lag from the science underpinning VFS to policy and implementation. Focussing on phosphor...
Preprint
Full-text available
Climate change and agricultural intensification are expected to increase soil erosion and sediment production from arable land in many regions. However, so far, most studies have been based on short-term monitoring and/or modeling, making it difficult to assess their reliability in terms of long-term changes. We present the results from a unique da...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Windbreaks fulfil multiple functions in rural landscapes. A systematic review of the ecosystem services of tree windbreaks revealed significant knowledge gaps in the role of such structural elements in the regional and local water cycles. Especially in the summer-warm region in the northeastern part of Austria, agricultural production is stressed b...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Soil hydraulic properties (SHP) can be affected by many different factors including: management practices (tillage practices, crop residue management), land use, or natural phenomena (fires, intensive rainfall, drought). Changes in SHP may have a negative impact on infiltration, soil water balance or plant water availability. Although changes of SH...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since 1770 wind erosion has been documented as a threat in the Austrian part of the Pannonian Basin, a flat region with light soils, high wind speeds, and intense agriculture. Over the past 70 years, windbreaks were established in this region to reduce topsoil mobilization by the wind. However, most of the measures taken were based on observations...
Article
Full-text available
Windbreaks are key structural elements in the rural environment and affect the functionality of landscapes in multiple ways. A broad interdisciplinary view on these functions lacks in scientific literature and common knowledge. This led to underinformed management decisions, a decrease in the number of windbreaks in wide areas, and a subsequent los...
Article
Full-text available
Various large-scale risk maps show that the eastern part of Austria, in particular the Pannonian Basin, is one of the regions in Europe most vulnerable to wind erosion. However, comprehensive assessments of the severity and the extent of wind erosion risk are still lacking for this region. This study aimed to prove the results of large-scale maps b...
Article
Full-text available
The quantitative prediction of hydrological components through hydrological models could serve as a basis for developing better land and water management policies. This study provides a comprehensive step by step modelling approach for a small agricultural watershed using the SWAT model. The watershed is situated in Petzenkirchen in the western par...
Article
The amount and composition of organic carbon are major controls on water quality and ecological processes in streams. In this study we explored the fate of the quantity of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and the composition of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in an agricultural hillslope - stream network system. We conducted our study in the 66 ha HOA...
Article
Full-text available
Connectivity of the hillslope and the stream is a non-stationary and non-linear phenomenon dependent on many controls. The objective of this study is to identify these controls by examining the spatial and temporal patterns of the similarity between shallow groundwater and soil moisture dynamics and streamflow dynamics in the Hydrological Open Air...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Wind erosion of arable soil is considered a risk factor for Austrian fields, but direct measurements of soil loss are not available until now. Despite this uncertainty, vegetated windbreaks have been established to minimize adverse wind impacts on arable land. The study addresses these questions: i) How relevant is wind erosion as a factor of soil...
Article
Full-text available
Under conditions of climate change, the severity and probability of storm events and droughts are expected to increase, this may affect the partitioning into surface and subsurface runoff. However, there is still a debate on how such extreme weather conditions affect the leaching of soil organic carbon. The aim of this study was to ascertain the im...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the value of proxy data was explored for calibrating a conceptual hydrologic model for small ungauged basins, i.e. ungauged in terms of runoff. The study site was a 66 ha Austrian experimental catchment dominated by agricultural land use, the Hydrological Open Air Laboratory (HOAL). The three modules of a conceptual, lumped hydrologi...
Article
An understanding of splash erosion is the basis to describe the impact of rain characteristics on soil disturbance. In typical splash cup experiments, splashed soil is collected, filtered and weighed. As a way to collect additional data, our experiments have been supplemented by a photogrammetric approach. A total of three soils were tested across...
Article
Full-text available
Boron (B) is a plant nutrient and a limited mineral resource. Therefore, secondary B sources such as end-of-life cellulose fiber insulation (CFI) should be preferred for B fertiliser production over primary borates. In addition, crop B fertilisation is challenging because B is only weakly adsorbed in soils and prone to leaching in particular if the...
Article
Full-text available
Aquifers of coarse gravel are an important source for drinking water; however, coarse sediments are also particularly susceptible to the rapid and long‐range transport of pollutants through the vadose zone. Therefore, understanding the flow and solute transport in unsaturated gravel material is of utmost importance for the protection of drinking wa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Deforestation for farming and grazing purposes has become a global challenge. To study the impact of deforestation on soil erosion rates and soil physicochemical properties, Zarivar Lake watershed, Kurdestan Province, Iran, was selected. Converting the steep hillslopes naturally under oak forest to rainfed vineyards has been one of the most common...
Article
Full-text available
Soil erosion by water is one of the most severe soil degradation processes. Splash erosion is the initial stage of soil erosion by water, resulting from the destructive force of rain drops acting on soil surface aggregates. Apart from rainfall properties, constant soil physical properties (texture and soil organic matter) are crucial in understandi...
Article
Full-text available
Antimicrobial resistance (AR) represents a global threat in human and veterinary medicine. In that regard, AR proliferation and dissemination in agricultural soils after manure application raises concerns on the enrichment of endogenous soil bacterial population with allochthonous antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). Natural resilience of agricultur...
Article
Full-text available
Reliable estimations of soil physical quality provide valuable information for the evaluation and advancement of agricultural soil management strategies. In the agriculturally highly productive Pannonian basin in Eastern Austria, little emphasis has been placed on the determination of soil physical quality and corresponding soil degradation risks....
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge of the evaporation (E) and transpiration (T) components of evapotranspiration (ET) is important for ecohydrological modeling and agricultural productivity. The stable-isotope method offers the possibility to partition E and T due to the distinct differences in the isotopic signals of the sources. In this study, the concentration and isoto...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the added value of different data for calibrating a runoff model for small basins. The analysis was performed in the 66 ha Hydrological Open Air Laboratory, in Austria. An Hydrologiska Byråns Vattenbalansavdelning (HBV) type, spatially lumped hydrologic model was parameterized following two approaches. First, the model was c...
Article
Full-text available
Vineyards are important perennial, often intensively managed agroecosystems. In most vineyards, ground vegetation is controlled by tillage and/or the application of broadband herbicides with scarcely known effects on the soil fauna. We studied a total of 16 commercial vineyards in the Târnave wine region, a typical viticultural region in Transylvan...
Article
Streamflow change is simultaneously driven by climate-induced changes and various human activities. To understand their respective roles, a large number of partitioning studies were conducted. However, each of the scattered case studies may only provide local-to-regional understanding of the contributions from climate-induced changes and human-indu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Connectivity of the hillslope and the stream is a non stationary and non linear phenomenon dependent on many controls. The objective of this study is to identify these controls by examining the spatial and temporal patterns of the similarity between shallow groundwater and soil moisture dynamics and streamflow dynamics in the Hydrological Open Air...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study is to investigate the factors that control event runoff characteristics at the small catchment scale. The study area is the Hydrological Open Air Laboratory, Lower Austria. Event runoff coefficient (Rc), recession time constant (Tc) and peak discharge (Qp) are estimated from hourly discharge and precipitation data for 29...
Article
Full-text available
Vineyards show some of the largest erosion rates reported in agricultural areas in Europe. Reported rates vary considerably under the same land use, since erosion processes are highly affected by climate, soil, topography and by the adopted soil management practices. Literature also shows differences in the effect of same conservation practices on...
Article
Full-text available
Featured Application: Practical and cost-effective splash cup method for splash erosion measurements in field and laboratory conditions. Abstract: The interaction between rainfall erosivity parameters and splash erosion is crucial for describing the soil erosion process; however, it is rarely investigated under natural rainfall conditions. In this...
Article
Full-text available
Besides the importance of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in soil biogeochemical processes, there is still a debate on how agricultural intensification affects the leaching of terrestrial DOM into adjacent aquatic ecosystems. In order to close this linkage, we conducted a short-term (45 day) lysimeter experiment with silt loam and sandy loam undistu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Compound-specific stable isotopes (CSSI) technique based on the measurement of δ 13 C signatures of organic biomarker compounds such as fatty acids (FAs) has been used since the end of the 2000s to reinforce the knowledge about sediment production and budget in various ecosystems. The watershed of Petzenkirchen, located 100 km west from Vienna (Aus...
Article
Full-text available
The event runoff coefficient ( Rc ) and the recession coefficient ( tc ) are of theoretical importance for understanding catchment response and of practical importance in hydrological design. We analyse 57 event periods in the period 2013 to 2015 in the 66 ha Austrian Hydrological Open Air Laboratory (HOAL), where the seven subcatchments are strati...
Article
Full-text available
Measuring evaporation and transpiration at the field scale is complicated due to the heterogeneity of the environment, with point measurements requiring upscaling and field measurements such as eddy covariance measuring only the evapotranspiration. During the summer of 2014 an eddy covariance device was used to measure the evapotranspiration of a g...
Article
Full-text available
In the European Union, soil erosion is identified as one of the main environmental threats, addressed with a variety of rules and regulations for soil and water conservation. The by far most often officially used tool to determine soil erosion is the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) and its regional adaptions. The aim of this study is to use thr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Soil erosion through various water processes is a worldwide problem. This research is focused on raindrops' impact on soil surfaces, which is generally considered the initial stage of the erosion process. Splash erosion monitoring was conducted across three experimental sites: Petzenkirchen, Mistelbach (Austria) and Prague (Czech Republic). At each...
Article
Full-text available
The Cosmic-Ray Neutron Sensor (CRNS) technique for estimating landscape average soil water content (SWC) is now a decade old and includes many practical methods for implementing measurements, such as identification of detection area and depth and determining crop biomass water equivalent. However, in order to maximize the societal relevance of CRNS...
Article
Full-text available
Soil erosion by water is affected by the rainfall erosivity, which controls the initial detachment and mobilization of soil particles. Rainfall erosivity is expressed through the rainfall intensity (I) and the rainfall kinetic energy (KE). KE–I relationships are an important tool for rainfall erosivity estimation, when direct measurement of KE is n...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The degrading impact of wind on agricultural soils has been observed throughout centuries in the Pannonian region of central Europe. Nevertheless, soil loss was not yet quantified and the extent or relevance of the problem are unknown for this agriculturally important region. Especially dry soil surface is highly prone to erosion and as drought per...
Article
Full-text available
This article outlines the major scientific objectives of the SHui project that seeks to optimize soil and water use in agricultural systems in the EU and China, by considering major current scientific challenges in this area. SHui (for Soil Hydrology research platform underpinning innovation to manage water scarcity in European and Chinese cropping...
Preprint
Full-text available
Besides the importance of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in soil biogeochemical processes, there is still a debate on how agricultural intensification affects the composition and concentration of dissolved organic matter leached from soils into adjacent aquatic ecosystems. In order to investigate the immediate response of DOM leaching to fertilizat...
Article
Full-text available
Optical disdrometers can be used to estimate rainfall erosivity; however, the relative accuracy of different disdrometers is unclear. This study compared three types of optical laser-based disdrometers to quantify differences in measured rainfall characteristics and to develop correction factors for kinetic energy (KE). Two identical PWS100 (Campbe...
Article
Full-text available
A rainfall simulator is a common laboratory tool for soil erosion research. Typical objective of the rainfall experiments is the evaluation of various factors on soil erosion processes, such as the effect of rainfall intensity, rainfall duration, soil characteristics, soil management, crop residues on the soil surface, plot’s slope and length. The...
Article
Full-text available
An experimental laboratory setup was developed and evaluated in order to investigate detachment of soil particles by raindrop splash impact. The soil under investigation was a silty loam Cambisol, which is typical for agricultural fields in Central Europe. The setup consisted of a rainfall simulator and soil samples packed into splash cups (a plast...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Mit über 45 % Flächenanteil stellt die Landwirtschaft die dominante Landnutzungsform in Niederösterreich dar. Durch landwirtschaftliche Nutzung werden große Mengen an gelöstem organischem Material in Bäche eingebracht. Dieses organische Material führt zu einer Veränderung von Gewässerprozessen und beeinträchtigt den ökologischen Zus...
Poster
Full-text available
Soil moisture in the topsoil is an essential variable that influences the hydrological connection between the atmosphere and the subsurface. An accurate estimation of the soil moisture distribution in the topsoil provides a better understanding for the water cycle and the runoff routing in agricultural catchments. In this study, we setup spatially...
Article
Full-text available
Classical experimental techniques to determine point values of saturated hydraulic conductivity () are complex and time consuming; therefore, the development of pedotransfer functions, PTFs, to derive from easily available soil properties is of great importance. However, PTFs have been generally developed at the local scale, while hydrological mode...