Peter A. J. Stevens

Peter A. J. Stevens
Ghent University | UGhent · Department of Sociology

BA, MA, PhD

About

93
Publications
29,153
Reads
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1,634
Citations
Citations since 2016
44 Research Items
1144 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Introduction
I am currently teaching Qualitative Research courses at Ghent University at the Faculty of Political and Social Sciences and doing research on in- and out-group relationships in school and broader political contexts.
Additional affiliations
February 2015 - present
Ghent University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • I am currently teaching introduction and advanced courses in Qualitative Research at Ghent University, Faculty of Political and Social Sciences and doing research on the development, impact and management of racism in the divided community of Cyprus.
October 2010 - present
Ghent University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • 'Introduction to Qualitative Research' to BA students in Communication Sciences, Political Sciences and Sociology and 'Advanced Qualitative Research Methods' to MA students in Communication Sciences, Political Sciences and Sociology.
October 2010 - January 2015
Ghent University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • I am currently teaching introduction and advanced courses in Qualitative Research and doing research on the development, impact and management of racism in divided communities (Belgium and Cyprus).
Education
October 2000 - August 2005
The University of Warwick
Field of study
  • Sociology
October 1999 - September 2000
The University of Warwick
Field of study
  • Race and Ethnic Relations
October 1996 - September 1998
Ghent University
Field of study
  • Sociology

Publications

Publications (93)
Article
Full-text available
While a large body of research has focused on the effects of teachers' educational standards and/or expectations of different types of pupils related to pupils' ability, race/ethnicity, gender, and/or social class, there has been much less research on how such standards/expectations are formed by teachers' institutional structure. Previous research...
Article
Full-text available
This article employs ethnographic data gathered from one Belgian (Flemish) secondary school to explore the meaning Belgian and Turkish‐speaking minority pupils enrolled in technical and vocational education attach to teacher racism and racial discrimination, and to explore variations between pupils in making claims of teacher racism. A symbolic int...
Article
Full-text available
This article describes and critically analyzes how sociologists in England have studied racial/ethnic inequalities in secondary education between 1980 and 2005. This study is different from earlier literature reviews conducted in this particular area in that it adopts a more systematic approach and includes the most recent studies in this field. Fi...
Book
Full-text available
Investigating the relationship between ethnic pride and prejudice in the divided community of Cyprus, this book focuses on the ethnic stereotypes that Greek and Turkish Cypriot secondary school students develop of each other and other ethnic groups in Cyprus. Through in-depth qualitative and quantitative data analysis, Ethnicity and Racism in Cypr...
Book
Full-text available
This authoritative, state-of-the-art reference work builds on its first edition to provide a cutting-edge systematic review of the relationship between race/ethnicity and educational inequality. Studying 25 different national contexts drawn from every inhabited continent on earth and building upon material from the earlier edition, the work analyse...
Article
While considerable research in education has established objective and subjective status differences between tracks and focused on the outcomes of ability grouping on students’ educational and broader outcomes, there is virtually no research that explains students’ variability in track valuation. This study relies on theoretical insights from socia...
Article
Full-text available
Adolescents’ identities are multiple, yet there is very little research that investigates the importance of intersecting identities, especially in relationship to teacher ethnic/racial discrimination and mental health. Multiplicity is often approached bi-dimensional (heritage and national identities) yet this study highlights the importance of regi...
Article
Previous research shows that the lockdown of schools due to the Covid-19 pandemic increased the already existing inequalities in education but little is known about the processes underlying these outcomes. In this study we used Bourdieu’s theories to explore how interactions between teachers’ expectations of parents and parents’ availability of cul...
Article
Full-text available
Ethnic discrimination is a serious problem in education. Previous quantitative research is predominately focused on the consequences of ethnic discrimination. Very little is known, however, about the characteristics of the school context that influence the initial experience of ethnic discrimination. This knowledge is essential to support schools i...
Article
This study considers recent criticism levelled at Berry’s acculturation model by (1) taking into account more complex expressions of belonging and by (2) testing the importance of regionalism (or the distinction between national and regional (/subnational) contexts) in understanding acculturation patterns. Data of the School, Identity and Society-s...
Article
Full-text available
Although there is a wealth of research on the educational and broader outcomes of tracking in education, there is virtually no research that investigates teachers’ track identities on such outcomes. Building on research that focuses on the determinants of teachers’ job satisfaction, tracking outcomes and social categorization theory, this study tes...
Article
This article explores why some Flemish secondary school students’ study choices are content-wise not in line with their career aspirations and, to some extent, follow gender and ethnic patterns. We use 83 semi-structured interviews, conducted with students in academic and technical tracks in three Flemish secondary schools. Compared to female pupil...
Data
The aim of this survey is to study the relationship between different forms of collective identification and intercultural relationships of Belgian students inscribed in urban secondary schools situated both the Flemish and French educational system. A multi-stage sampling frame was developed to reach variation in school contexts: first multicultur...
Article
Most research on intake focusses on the restrictions parents’ capital cause on their abilities to choose. However, the steering effect of schools in the choice-process has been neglected. We chose the Flemish context to investigate ethnic- and class-discrimination in the enrolment to kindergarten (N = 2243). The Flemish education system is known fo...
Preprint
This chapter offers a systematic review of sociological research in England on the relationship between race/ethnicity and educational inequality between 1980 and 2017. Five major research traditions are identified: (1) political arithmetic; (2) racism and racial discrimination; (3) school effectiveness and inclusion; (4) culture and educational ou...
Chapter
This chapter offers a systematic review of sociological research in the Netherlands on the relationship between race/ethnicity and educational inequality between 1980 and 2017. Six major research traditions are identified: (1) political arithmetic; (2) racism and ethnic discrimination; (3) school characteristics; (4) school choice; (5) family backg...
Chapter
As pointed out in the introduction, the sheer scope of the research discussed in this Handbook does not allow us to integrate critically all the findings that emerged out of these studies into a single concluding chapter that advises on future directions for research in each of the key research traditions and national and regional contexts. Instead...
Article
Full-text available
Although research suggests that higher education leads to higher levels of ethnic inter-marriage, there is little research that describes and explains the variability of partner choice options for highly educated ethnic minority women. Using data from semi-structured interviews with thirty highly educated second-generation Turkish Belgian women, th...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on three contemporary social problems in education that have received considerable attention from sociologists and educational researchers: educational inequalities between social classes and between ethnic/ racial groups and the social impact of the accountability movement in education. These three themes are concerned with ho...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines whether secondary schools’ gender composition and levels of laddish attitudes influence the degree of ethnic prejudice among Flemish pupils. We hypothesize that in addition to pupil-level predictors of prejudice, the school’s gender composition and its laddish culture play roles in pupils’ attitudes toward ethnic minorities. We...
Article
It has been argued that white middle classes act in the best interest of their offspring, even when these actions clash with their values. In urban contexts, parents often do this by avoiding ethnically diverse educational settings. Drawing on 35 interviews, this article aims to gain a deeper understanding of the school-choice process of white gent...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores how different forms of ethnic-specific networks and ties influence realized educational mobility-and subsequently occupational mobility-among a group of highly educated Turkish Belgian women. Analysis of interview data with thirty highly-educated Turkish Belgian women focuses on their experiences of how various forms of ethnic-s...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has shown that ethnic school composition can have an impact on a number of outcomes for pupils. The influence ethnic school composition has on pupils’ religiosity, however, has not received much attention. Furthermore, the few previous studies that have examined this relationship have relied on cross-sectional data, thus being una...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine how repatriates’ emotional support network affects their experience of re-entry. Design/methodology/approach This inductive, qualitative study is based on 27 semi-structured, in-depth interviews with Belgian organizational repatriates. Findings The analyses suggest that expatriation empathy is a key...
Article
Full-text available
Track position has an impact on students’ perceptions of educational success. These perceptions matter as they relate to educational and professional aspirations and choices. In this ethnographic study, based on ethnographic observations and semi-structured interviews in three secondary schools in Flanders (northern part of Belgium), we want to inc...
Article
While research has focused on a number of dimensions of work–family conflict (WFC), hardly any literature exists that analyses how differences in family systems might help to explain variations in WFC experiences. By employing Reher’s typology of strong and weak family ties to integrate existing research and identify unaddressed features, this stud...
Article
Humor characterizes daily classroom interactions and strengthens or weakens student-teacher relationships. Making use of ethnographic classroom observations, we examine how humor relates to student-teacher relationships. Results show that humor in the classroom serves different functions. While teachers use humor to facilitate teaching and learning...
Article
This study examines the influence of repatriates’ emotional support providers (home country friends/relatives, host country friends/relatives, and friends/relatives with expatriate experience) on both their psychological and sociocultural adjustment on re-entry into their home country. The study builds on social identity theory and examines the med...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we investigate the association between a school’s ethnic composition, the track in which teachers teach, and their level of involvement with multicultural teaching (MCT) in the Flemish context, taking into account the ethnic prejudice of teachers. Multilevel analyses of data from 590 Flemish teachers in 40 Belgian secondary schools s...
Article
Full-text available
Als gevolg van de wereldwijde migratieprocessen, zijn ook de scholen in Vlaanderen (het Nederlandse taalgebied van België) meer etnisch divers geworden. Rekening houdend met het ontbreken van onderzoek naar determinanten van etnische vooroordelen bij Vlaamse leerlingen en Bowlby’s hechtingstheorie, wil deze studie het belang van enerzijds het indiv...
Article
Full-text available
As a result of migration processes, schools in Flanders (the Dutch-speaking region of Belgium) are notably ethnically diverse. This evolution has coincided with an increasing number of studies focusing on ethnic minority pupils’ experiences of ethnic prejudice from their ethnic majority counterparts. Taking into consideration the lack of research o...
Article
In Western Europe, Islam is largely perceived as a barrier to the integration of immigrant minorities into the mainstream and as a hindrance to educational success. However, little is known about the perceived role of Islamic religiosity (beliefs, commitments, behaviors and networks) with respect to educational success. In-depth interviews were car...
Article
This study investigates in the context of Flanders (Belgium) whether working part-time during the school year is more prevalent in lower tracks than in higher tracks, and whether this might be due to an antischool culture and/or the less demanding nature of such tracks. Additionally, the study examines whether the higher tendency to fail and to dro...
Article
We focus on school misconduct and how ethnic teacher discrimination, ethnic identification, and host national identification are associated with school misconduct of male and female immigrant adolescents. Additionally, we verify the moderating role of ethnic identification and host national identification. The results show that discrimination and h...
Article
Full-text available
This study focuses on the interplay of perceived ethnic discrimination by teachers, parents' ethnic socialization practices, and ethnic minority students' sense of academic futility. Since discrimination creates barriers beyond control of the individual, the first research goal is to examine the association of perceived ethnic discrimination by tea...
Article
In Belgium, students of Turkish and North African descent express optimistic attitudes toward education. However, these attitudes conflict with their achievement results, as many underachieve compared to their peers of Belgian descent. Mickelson’s work discusses this attitude–achievement paradox in the United States. In the current study, we use Mi...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate the association between ethnic composition in school and the ethnic prejudice of teachers, controlling for the individual characteristics of teachers and their perceptions of pupils' teachability. Method: Multilevel analyses were carried out on data for 499 Flemish teachers in 44 Flemish (Belgi...
Article
Full-text available
Public concerns over the possible effects of school segregation on immigrant and ethnic majority religiosity have been on the rise over the last few years. In this paper we focus on (1) the association between ethnic school composition and religious salience, (2) intergenerational differences in religious salience and (3) the role of ethnic school...
Article
In Vlaanderen heeft 12,7% van de jongeren niet-West-Europese roots. Ondanks dit hoge aantal weten we eigenlijk weinig over het onderwijswelbevinden van jongeren met een migratieachtergrond. In deze studie gaan we meer specifiek in op de invloed van etnische discriminatie op de mate waarin jongeren met een migratieachtergrond zich thuis voelen op sc...
Chapter
Through the process of ethnic dichotomization, or the use of different (cultural, biological) boundary markers to highlight differences between ethnic groups (as illustrated in students’ stereotypes of ethnic out-groups) and by considering rules that govern inter-ethnic interactions (or the structuring of interactions), students offer us a particul...
Chapter
The main goal of this chapter is twofold: (1) to explore how young GCs and TCs draw ethnic (cultural, religious, racial) boundaries around themselves and others, and in so doing make ethnic classifications of in- and out-groups that are meaningful to them in the context of Cyprus; and (2) to explore the socio-psychological motivations that underpin...
Chapter
The larger research project that underpins this study1 consisted of a mixed methods design, with three integrated data-collection and analysis phases involving lower secondary (Gymnasio) schools in and around Lefkosia: (1) An explorative, qualitative interview phase; (2) a theory-testing, quantitative survey phase; and (3) an explorative, qualitati...
Chapter
Within the fields of (political) sociology, history, social psychology and educational and communication sciences there has been considerable interest over the relationship between various forms of collective ethnic, national or racial pride and ethnic, national or racial prejudice (e.g. Harnetz 2002; Kyriakides, Virdee and Modood 2009; Wagner et a...
Chapter
In this chapter1 we use the survey data gathered from GCs and TCs to test some of the hypotheses that emerged from our analysis of the qualitative interview data and the review of the international literature on the relationship between ethnic pride and prejudice. We defined GC students as those students who perceive themselves as either Cypriot, G...
Chapter
The main aim of this book has been to explore how national pride relates to ethnic prejudice. Building on existing qualitative and quantitative research in this area, and particularly on a rich body of qualitative research conducted on this topic in Cyprus, this study began from the following four premises: First, research that focuses on national...
Article
Full-text available
While research has focused on the role of racism in (re)producing ethnic/racial inequalities in education, there is very little research that investigates how variability in minority students’ responses to racism can be explained. By using an ecological approach to integrate existing research on actors’ responses to racism, this study finds that re...
Article
Full-text available
While considerable research has focused on the process and factors affecting acculturation, there is little research that investigates how members of minority and majority groups define acculturation in educational settings. Ethnographic research and qualitative interviews in three secondary schools in Flanders (Belgium) show that teachers and ethn...
Article
It has been established since the 1960s that tracking yields negative consequences for students in lower tracks. As this research has been carried out mainly in the USA and UK, the effects of tracking have been demonstrated in systems of within-school tracking mostly. However, in many European countries—such as Belgium (Flanders)—tracking is common...
Article
Full-text available
School belongingness has proven its positive effect on a wide range of outcomes that lead to school success. However, the factors that influence school belongingness received little research attention. Hence, the goal of this study is to explore the impact of ethnic victimization on ethnic minority students’ school belongingness. Hereto, we examine...
Article
Full-text available
Het Vlaamse onderwijssysteem wordt gekenmerkt door de rigide onderverdeling van studenten in onderwijsvormen. De bedoeling hiervan is studenten te groeperen naargelang hun talenten en interesses. In praktijk starten veel leerlingen in academische richtingen maar veranderen deze tijdens hun schoolcarrière naar technische of beroepsrichtingen. In dez...
Article
Full-text available
While many ethnic minority students underachieve compared with their ethnic majority peers, they often hold very positive school attitudes. Mickelson (1990) explained this attitude-achievement paradox by the existence of a double set of attitudes. Abstract attitudes reflect the dominant ideas about schooling, while concrete attitudes refer to a per...
Article
Full-text available
While immigrant students in Belgium have expressed high educational aspirations, if we compare them with ethnic majority students, those aspirations are not reflected in their achievement results. Ethnographic observations and semi-structured interviews with students from 10 class groups in three Flemish schools (northern part of Belgium) were used...
Article
Full-text available
The influence of the ethnic composition of schools on interethnic relations and attitudes has been studied extensively and has received ample interest from policy makers. However, less attention has been paid to the structures and processes inside schools that organize interethnic relations and attitudes. In Flanders (Belgium), sec-ondary education...
Article
Full-text available
This article builds on a growing body of research that shows an intrinsic but complex relationship between the concepts and the ideologies of nationalism and racism. In doing so, it investigates how different, meaningful national and ethnic in-group identifications of a dominant national/ethnic group (Greek-Cypriots) within a given national context...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has demonstrated that ethnic communities try to maintain ethnic boundaries through group pressure to conform to premigration cultural patterns, which mainly happens indirectly through social control. So far however, little attention has been given to how group members respond to this indirect ethnic conformity pressure, as well as...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This article explores the usefulness of analyzing narratives of particular incidents that are meaningful to and involve members of different ethnic groups in a situation of conflict. Narrative analysis of the content and structure of stories told by 15 Greek and 15 Turkish Cypriot students about a particular 'spitting incident' and the micro- and m...
Book
Full-text available
This authoritative, state-of-the-art reference work provides the first systematic review to date of how sociologists have studied the relationship between race/ethnicity and educational inequality in 18 different national contexts: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Cyprus, Finland, France, England, Germany, Ireland, Jap...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter offers a systematic review of sociological research in England on the relationship between race/ethnicity and educational inequality between 1980 and 2010. Five major research traditions are identified: (1) political arithmetic; (2) racism and racial discrimination; (3) school effectiveness and inclusion; (4) culture and educational ou...
Chapter
This chapter offers a systematic review of sociological research in the Netherlands on the relationship between race/ethnicity and educational inequality between 1980 and 2010. Six major research traditions are identified: (1) political arithmetic; (2) racism and ethnic discrimination; (3) school characteristics; (4) school choice; (5) family backg...
Chapter
This chapter offers a systematic review of sociological research in Flanders (Belgium) on the relationship between race/ethnicity and educational inequality between 1980 and 2010. We could identify five main research traditions: (1) the ‘political arithmetic’ tradition; (2) the ‘cultural and educational outcomes’ tradition; (3) the ‘language profic...
Chapter
This book brings together more than 30 years of sociological research on the relationship between race/ethnicity and educational inequality carried out in 18 national contexts.
Chapter
As pointed out in the introduction, the sheer scope of the research discussed in this Handbook does not allow us critically to integrate all the findings that emerged out of these studies into a single concluding chapter that advises on future directions for research in each of the key research traditions and national and regional contexts. Instead...
Article
This article reports a decline in transnational marriages among Turkish Belgians between 2001 and 2008 and explains the changing trends through a qualitative study of Turkish Belgians’ current partner preferences and union formation practices. Young people prefer a local marriage because it enables upward social mobility, and the possibility of pre...
Article
While considerable research has shown that coethnic communities exercise pressure on their members to conform to certain normative patterns, there is little research that explains variability within coethnic groups regarding ethnic conformity pressure. Drawing on fieldwork and semistructured interviews with children and grandchildren of Turkish imm...
Article
Full-text available
Past research into the consequences of tracking mainly documented on the impact of attending different tracks on students’ achievement and behavior. Less attention has been paid to the impact of track positions on teachers’ perceptions and expectations regarding students. By means of multi-level analysis of data of 6,545 students in 46 Flemish seco...
Article
Full-text available
De laatste decennia werd de relatie tussen etnische schoolcompositie en interetnische interacties reeds vaker aangehaald in het integratiedebat. Toch werd er relatief weinig aandacht besteed aan de rol van de structuur van het onderwijssysteem. Het Vlaams onderwijssysteem, ook wel beter bekend als het watervalsysteem, groepeert leerlingen samen in...
Article
De laatste jaren wordt er steeds meer onderzoek verricht naar de lagere onderwijsprestaties van etnisch-culturele minderheden in het Vlaamse secundair onderwijs. Toch zijn er ook allochtone jongeren die het wel goed doen op school. In deze bijdrage focussen we op de manieren waarop allochtone leerlingen succes op school definiëren en processen en f...
Article
Research into the effects of ability grouping has usually been conducted within schools. In the British and North American context, where the bulk of this kind of research has been carried out, ability grouping commonly occurs within schools. In Flanders – the Dutch-speaking, northern part of Belgium – as in other European countries, there are not...
Article
Full-text available
This article builds on research on teacher adaptations to students by exploring how Belgian and English national contexts influence teachers’ definitions of educational success, their explanations of educational failure, and their allocation of scarce educational resources to disadvantaged students. Ethnographic data from one Flemish (Belgian) and...
Article
This article describes and critically analyzes how educational sociologists in the Netherlands have studied the relationship between race/ethnicity and educational inequality between 1980 and 2008. Five major research traditions are identified: (1) political arithmetic; (2) racism and ethnic discrimination; (3) school characteristics; (4) school ch...
Article
Full-text available
This article suggests the usefulness of an ecological approach in studying the development of teachers' ethnic stereotypes in schools. It builds on existing research in this area by exploring the importance of nationally specific educational contexts and school characteristics on the development of teachers' stereotypes of Turkish minority students...