Peter Steinmann

Peter Steinmann
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute | Swiss TPH · Swiss Centre for International Health

PhD

About

239
Publications
83,377
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8,053
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Introduction
Peter Steinmann currently works at the Swiss Centre for International Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute. Peter does research on the epidemiology and control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, and Public Health.
Additional affiliations
January 2011 - present
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Epidemiology and control of neglected tropical diseases
January 2011 - December 2015
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute
Position
  • Project officer and post-doctoral fellow
June 2008 - July 2010
National Institute of Parasitic Diseases
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
December 2004 - November 2007
October 1998 - July 2003
University of Basel
Field of study
  • Biology

Publications

Publications (239)
Article
Full-text available
Background Leprosy post-exposure prophylaxis (LPEP) with single dose rifampicin (SDR) can be integrated into different leprosy control program set-ups once contact tracing has been established. We analyzed the spatio-temporal changes in the distribution of index cases (IC) and co-prevalent cases among contacts of leprosy patients (CP) over the cour...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Over the past decades, childhood overweight has increased in many African countries. We examined the relationship between sedentary behaviour, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and body composition in South African primary schoolchildren living in peri-urban settings. Methods: MVPA was measured via 7-day accelerometry and b...
Article
Full-text available
Background The translation of evidence-based practices and rapid uptake of innovations into global health practice is challenging. Design thinking is a consultative process involving multiple stakeholders and has been identified as a promising solution to create and apply implementation strategies in complex environments like health systems. Metho...
Article
Full-text available
Executive functions (EFs) are essential for optimal academic development. Appropriate nutrition and physical activity (PA) have been shown to facilitate optimal cognitive development. Therefore, this study examined whether a 12-week school-based PA and multi-micronutrient supplementation (MMNS) intervention would improve cognitive and academic perf...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To determine the prevalence of individual cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and clustered CVD risk among children attending schools in periurban areas of Gqeberha and to investigate the independent association between clustered CVD risk, moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Methods B...
Article
Full-text available
This cross-sectional population-based study compared clinical features of leprosy and American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL) in patients diagnosed with both diseases (n=414) and in those diagnosed with only leprosy (n=27,790) or only ATL (n=24,357) in Mato Grosso State, which is a hyperendemic area for both diseases in Midwest Brazil. All new cas...
Data
Characteristics of reference populations and normative tables. Data also available at: Arnaiz, Patricia, Müller, Ivan, Seelig, Harald, Gerber, Markus, Bosma, Jacob, Dolley, Danielle, Adams, Larissa, Degen, Jan, Gall, Stefanie, Joubert, Nandi, Nienaber, Madeleine, Nqweniso, Siphesihle, Aerts, Ann, Steinmann, Peter, du Randt, Rosa, Walter, Cheryl, U...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Hypertension in children has increased globally over the past 20 years; yet, little is known about this issue among disadvantaged communities from low- and middle-income countries. Age-, sex-, and height-adjusted normative tables are the “gold” standard for the diagnosis and estimation of pediatric hypertension worldwide, but it is un...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Often school educators appointed to teach physical education (PE) are non-specialists and lack the understanding and confidence to adequately teach the content. According to teaching staff the implementation of quality physical education (QPE) is not feasible with the current curricular, resource and PE-trained teacher constraints. In some lower qu...
Article
Noma (cancrum oris) is a severely debilitating orofacial disease. The global annual incidence and prevalence figures of noma are outdated and were not based on epidemiological studies. Therefore, we systematically reviewed the scientific literature about the prevalence, incidence, and reported global distribution of noma. We searched ten databases...
Presentation
Introduction: Available data within LMICs indicate that the disease profile is moving towards a profile seen in more Westernised countries, where more deaths are being attributed to chronic NCDs. With most of the risk factors preventable through healthy lifestyle behaviours, more emphasis needs to be placed on primary prevention strategies. One way...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Muscular strength represents a specific component of health-related fitness. Hand grip strength (HGS) is used as an indicator for musculoskeletal fitness in children. HGS can also be used as a marker of cardiometabolic risk, but most available HGS data are derived from Western high-income countries. Therefore, this study examines whethe...
Article
Full-text available
Background The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing among African children potentially predisposing them to greater obesity and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in adulthood. This risk may be higher among growth-impaired children who may have greater fat mass. Therefore, we examined the effects of school-based physical activity (PA) p...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Researching a water-borne disease in the middle of the Sahara desert might not seem the most relevant concern. However, nomadic Sahelian pastoralists health concerns regarding their livestock and anecdotal reports about trematode infections of Fasciola spp. and Schistosoma spp. in desert-raised animals justified an exploratory study fo...
Article
Full-text available
Background Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are still prevalent among schoolchildren in the Philippines. We evaluated the risk factors associated with STH and the relationship between STH and nutritional indices among schoolchildren aged 9-10 years in Laguna province, the Philippines.Methods We used the baseline data from 40 schools enrol...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Leprosy and cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) are neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) affecting the skin. Their control is challenging but the integration of skin NTDs control programs is recommended to improve timely detection and treatment. However, little is known about the occurrence of leprosy and CL in the same individuals, and what ar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The novelty of the results falls upon the little evidence on the prevalence of hypertension among children in Sub-Saharan Africa and the variability of results in the literature, partially due to the different approaches that exist for collecting and analyzing blood pressure data. Currently, normative tables derived from a population of nearly 50,0...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) cause substantial disease and disability globally. Health education has proven complementary to school-based drug administration programs for STH control. We determined the generalizability of the impact of "The Magic Glasses" health education package for STH prevention in schoolchildren in Laguna provi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Researching a water-borne disease in the middle of the Sahara desert might not seem the most relevant concern. However, nomadic Sahelian pastoralist’s health concerns regarding their livestock and anecdotal reports about trematode infections of Fasciola spp and Schistosoma spp in desert-raised animals justified an exploratory study focu...
Presentation
Background: Childhood hypertension drives hypertension in later life; hence, assessing blood pressure in children is an important measure to determine current and future cardiovascular health. There is, however, a paucity of childhood blood pressure data, particularly for sub-Saharan Africa. Purpose: This study explores blood pressure and associat...
Data
Information on COVID-19-related school suspensions and closures in South Africa and in the Gqeberha region, formerly known as Port Elizabeth
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The prevalence of chronic, lifestyle-related diseases is increasing among both adults and children from low- and middle-income countries. Despite the effectiveness of community-based interventions to address this situation, the benefits thereof may disappear in the long-term, due to a lack of maintenance, especially among disadvantage...
Book
Full-text available
Being physically active contributes to the development of physical competence and fitness as well as to the child’s cognitive, social and emotional development. Physical Education (PE) plays a crucial role in the holistic education and development of children. Yet, in many schools from marginalised neighbourhoods, PE is not given the recognition an...
Article
Full-text available
Background Leprosy is a treatable disease; however, the release from treatment after completion of multidrug therapy (MDT) often does not equal absence of health problems. Consequently, sequelae interfere with the patient’s perception of cure. The objective of this study was to analyze the factors associated with the perception of not being healed...
Article
Full-text available
Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) with single-dose rifampicin (SDR) reduces the risk of developing leprosy among contacts of leprosy patients. Most evidence for the feasibility of the intervention is from highly endemic settings while low-endemic areas present unique challenges including reduced awareness of the disease among the population and in th...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Physical inactivity and low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) are independent cardiovascular risk factors among children, but have rarely been investigated concurrently in sub-Saharan Africa. The purpose of this study was to compare physical activity (PA) and CRF of primary schoolchildren living in Côte d'Ivoire (CI), South Africa (ZA), a...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: Early childhood malnutrition may result in increased fat mass (FM) among school-aged children in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We explored whether South African children with shorter stature have greater overall and abdominal FM compared to normal stature children. (2) Methods: Baseline assessments of body composition an...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Little is known whether physical activity (PA)-promoting environments are equally accessible to children with divergent socioeconomic status (SES) in low-/middle-income countries. The authors, therefore, examined whether South African children from poorer versus wealthier families living in marginalized communities differed in moderate...
Article
Full-text available
Background: South African (SA) children from disadvantaged communities are plagued by a double burden of under- and over-nutrition. The resulting overweight and obesity on the one hand, and stunting on the other, are risk factors for chronic diseases in adulthood. Objective: To determine the effect of school-based interventions on body composition...
Article
Full-text available
Background Of the 15 million annual premature deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs), 85% occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Affecting individuals in the prime of their lives, NCDs impose severe economic damage to economies and businesses, owing to the high mortality and morbidity within the workforce. The Novartis Foundation...
Article
Full-text available
Childhood hypertension drives hypertension in later life; hence, assessing blood pressure in children is an important measure to determine current and future cardiovascular health. There is, however, a paucity of childhood blood pressure data, particularly for sub-Saharan Africa. This study explores blood pressure and associations with age, sex, so...
Article
BACKGROUND: South African (SA) children from disadvantaged communities are plagued by a double burden of under- and over-nutrition. The resulting overweight and obesity on the one hand, and stunting on the other, are risk factors for chronic diseases in adulthoodOBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of school-based interventions on body composition of...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cardiovascular fitness has been associated with both executive function and academic achievement in multiple cohort studies including children and adolescents. However, research is scarce among children from low- and middle-income countries. Hence, this paper focuses on South African primary schoolchildren living in marginalized areas...
Chapter
West African cities face critical societal challenges that are linked to environmental and health changes. These challenges are further exacerbated by urbanization dynamics, climate change, socio-economic mutation and lack of capacity for sustainable urban development, governance and basic services delivery. The deficiency of environmental sanitati...
Article
Full-text available
Background The Leprosy Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (LPEP) program explored the feasibility and impact of contact tracing and the provision of single dose rifampicin (SDR) to eligible contacts of newly diagnosed leprosy patients in Brazil, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Tanzania. As the impact of the programme is difficult to establis...
Article
Full-text available
Background Leprosy causes a range of symptoms, and most diagnoses are established based on the clinical picture. Therefore, false negative and positive diagnoses are relatively common. We analyzed the spatial pattern of leprosy misdiagnosis and associated factors in Brazil. Method Exploratory analyses of Kernel density of the new case detection ra...
Article
Full-text available
The coexistence of multiple cardiovascular risk factors has been reported in school-aged children from the age of nine years, but most evidence stems from high-income countries. This cross-sectional study aimed at describing the cardiovascular health risk, physical activity (PA) behavior and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) levels of South African p...
Chapter
Full-text available
Physical Education (PE) is a part of a balanced holistic curriculum in schools. There is scientific evidence that PE contributes to the healthy development of learners, improves their academic performance and promotes their joy of life in the school setting. The main goals of this project here are closely connected to UNESCO’s sustainable developme...
Chapter
Full-text available
While neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) do not feature prominently in the burden of disease statistics of South Africa, some NTDs are common in disadvantaged populations, especially in children growing up in poor neighborhoods. Moreover, the general wellbeing of primary schoolchildren from poor neighbourhoods may also be affected by lack of nutrit...
Chapter
Full-text available
Physical Education (PE) plays a critical role in the education of a child and schools can make a meaningful contribution to the goal of achieving the recommended daily physical activity WHO guidelines by incorporating PE lessons into the school curriculum. The KaziKidz toolkit (with open access on https://kazibantu.org/kazikidz/) is a holistic educ...
Chapter
Full-text available
Physical Education (PE) plays a critical role in holistic childhood education and development. To be physically active contributes to the development of physical competence and fitness, as well as to the cognitive, social and emotional development of the child. PE plays a critical role in the education of a child, whereas schools can make a meaning...
Article
Full-text available
Background The damage inflicted by the coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic upon humanity is and will continue to be considerable. Unprecedented progress made in global health over the past 20 years has reverted and economic growth has already evaporated, giving rise to a global recession, the likes of which we may not have experienced sin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introdução: Hanseníase e leishmaniose tegumentar (LT) são doenças tropicais negligenciadas relacionadas à pele que podem apresentar manifestações cutâneas significativas, e consequentemente desenvolvimento de incapacidades físicas e estigma social. Ambas as doenças são altamente endêmicas no estado brasileiro de Mato Grosso, localizado na Amazônia...
Book
This volume of the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) series covers the most prevalent NTDs in Europe and Central Asia. This book discusses in detail the pathology, diagnostics and control approaches of the most important neglected pathogens occurring in these geographical regions. Each chapter focuses on one specific disease or group of related dis...
Article
Full-text available
Neglected tropical diseases characterized by skin lesions are highly endemic in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. We analyzed the spatial distribution of leprosy and Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) and identified the degree of overlap in their distribution. All new cases of leprosy and CL reported between 2008 and 2017 through the national reporting s...
Article
Full-text available
Heterologous vaccine regimens deliver antigens through different vaccine components or vector types at sequential time points. Clinical development shows promising results and several candidates may be progressing to licensure in the coming years. This study aimed at exploring future acceptance and uptake of such regimens (also called heterologous...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Lymphatic filariasis (LF), a neglected tropical disease (NTD) and leading cause of global disability, is endemic in 32 countries in Africa with almost 350 million people requiring regular drug administration, and only 16 countries achieving target coverage. Community Drug Distributors (CDDs) are critical for the success of NTD programs...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Leprosy can be cured, but physical disability (PD) as a result of the infection can progress in the post-release from treatment phase. This study evaluated the likelihood of, and factors associated with, the progression of the PD grade post-release from treatment among leprosy patients treated in Cáceres-MT, Brazil in the period 2000 t...
Article
Full-text available
Background Leprosy control achieved dramatic success in the 1980s–1990s with the implementation of short course multidrug therapy, which reduced the global prevalence of leprosy to less than 1 in 10 000 population. However, a period of relative stagnation in leprosy control followed this achievement, and only limited further declines in the global...
Article
Full-text available
Efforts to control and eliminate human schistosomiasis have accelerated over the past decade. In a number of endemic countries and settings, interruption of schistosome transmission has been achieved. In others, Schistosoma infections continue to challenge program managers at different levels, from the complexity of the transmission cycle, over lim...
Article
Full-text available
Background Innovative approaches are required for leprosy control to reduce cases and curb transmission of Mycobacterium leprae. Early case detection, contact screening, and chemoprophylaxis are the most promising tools. We aimed to generate evidence on the feasibility of integrating contact tracing and administration of single-dose rifampicin (SDR...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Information about the relationships between physical fitness, body composition and nutrition has increased in recent years; however, little is known about physical fitness and the coexistence of under-/overnutrition among children living in disadvantaged areas. Objectives: To determine the physical fitness status and its association wi...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Regular physical activity is associated with multiple health benefits for children. Evidence from cross-sectional studies suggests that physical activity is positively associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The promotion of physical activity, and hence HRQoL, through a school-based intervention is therefore an importan...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Aim: Physical inactivity is a growing global health problem and evidence suggests that physical inactivity is a key driver for cardiovascular and chronic diseases. Recent data from South Africa revealed that only about half of the children achieved recommended daily physical activity levels. Assessing the intensity of physical activity i...