Peter Söderlund

Peter Söderlund
Åbo Akademi University · Social Science Research Institute

Adjoint Professor, Doctor of Social Sciences

About

49
Publications
5,942
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574
Citations

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
This study examines if prime minister's parties are punished or rewarded by voters to a lesser extent in candidate-centred electoral systems compared to party-centred systems. Candidate-centred systems allow the voters greater choice in determining the fate of individual candidates at the district level and create incentives for candidates to culti...
Article
This article examines why people vote for the same party, switch parties or move from voting to non-voting at consecutive elections. By using post-election survey data from Iceland, Finland, Norway and Sweden in the beginning of the 2000s, the main aim is to model the impact of retrospective evaluations of party performance while controlling for th...
Article
This article addresses a curiously neglected question, namely why do the vast majority of Finnish MPs—one of the highest levels in the world—hold a seat on the municipal council? The basic presumption is that Finnish parliamentarians are not first and foremost ‘office-seekers’; they do not seek municipal council office as a primary goal. Rather, th...
Article
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This article is based on three experiments in citizen deliberation. We ask whether disagreement at group level as well as at individual level influence participants’ experiences of deliberation. In all three experiments, participants discussed in small groups and answered surveys before and after deliberations. The experiments were population-based...
Article
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Many studies show that the order of candidates' names on the ballot has an effect on voting. Less informed and indifferent voters may simplify the voting process by using the ballot position of candidates as a voting cue. By studying six parliamentary elections in Finland, this study first demonstrates that the relationship between ballot position...
Chapter
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Tässä luvussa olemme analysoineet millaiset ehdokkaat menestyvät Suomen eduskuntavaaleissa. Nimitettyjen ehdokkaiden ja valittujen kansanedustajien vertailu paljastaa, että poliittinen kokemus sekä kansalliselle että paikallistasolla houkuttelee äänestäjiä. Tie eduskuntaan vie usein paikallispolitiikan kautta. Paikallistasolla ehdokkaat hankkivat k...
Chapter
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Sosioekonomisiin yhteiskuntaluokkiin perustuva jakolinja on menettänyt paljon poliittista merkitystään sitten 1960-luvun. Samanaikaisesti äänestäjien ryhmäidentiteetit ja elämäntyylit ovat muodostuneet entistä tärkeämmiksi äänestyspäätösten selityksiksi. Identiteettipolitiikkaan nojaava GAL–TAN-ulottuvuus ja sosioekonominen vasemmisto– oikeisto-ja...
Article
This paper measures both individual- and contextual effects of generalised trust on Europeans’ attitudes towards immigration. Our data come from round 7 of the European Social Survey (ESS) with which it is possible to measure generalised trust also at the subnational level (NUTS levels). This enables us to capture evident variation in generalised t...
Article
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Katsauksessa kootaan yhteen terveyden vaikutuksesta poliittiseen kiinnittyneisyyteen tehtyjä tutkimustuloksia. Nämä ovat jaoteltu neljään osa-alueeseen: 1) terveyden yhteys poliittisen osallistumisen eri muotoihin, 2) terveyden yhteys arvoihin, asenteisiin, preferensseihin ja luottamukseen, 3) arvot ja asenteet välittäjinä terveyden vaikutuksessa p...
Book
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Social scientists have only recently begun to explore the link between health and political engagement. Understanding this relationship is vitally important from both a scholarly and a policy-making perspective. This book is the first to offer a comprehensive account of health and political engagement. Using both individual-level and country-level...
Article
Several studies suggest that people suffering from ill health or disabilities have a lower propensity to vote. Using six rounds of the European Social Survey, we examine whether the effect of health or functional disabilities on electoral participation is less or more pronounced in countries which utilize a wider range of facilitation instruments,...
Article
This study evaluates contradictory theoretical predictions concerning the relationship between the candidate-centredness of electoral systems and voter turnout. Candidate-centredness has been proposed to both stimulate and depress turnout. Cross-sectional time-series data from 36 democracies between 1990 and 2014 are used to test the competing assu...
Article
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This study analyzes citizens’ degree of sympathy for eight political parties in the Finnish parliament. Four blocks of explanatory variables are included in a block-recursive model: 1) social position, 2) issue positions, 3) government performance and economic evaluations and 4) party and party leader image. Based on data from the 2015 Finnish nati...
Article
Full-text available
Book review: Helge Blakkisrud (2015) The Governors’ Last Stand: Federal Bargaining in Russia’s Transition to Appointed Regional Heads, 2005–2009. Oslo: Universitetet i Oslo, Institutt for statsvitenskap. ISSN 15043991
Article
Several scholars agree that low political trust has fundamental negative implications for society at large. This study tests the power of institutional performance theory in explaining the differences between individuals in political trust (cross-sectional) and fluctuations of political trust over time (longitudinal). Indeed, the dominant scholarly...
Article
While previous research has generally shown that economic performance is an important predictor of satisfaction with democracy, differences between political systems on the majoritarian-consensual dimension have not been as marked as expected. What has been neglected in previous studies is how the interaction between economic performance and type o...
Article
In search of a better understanding of inequalities in citizen political engagement, scholars have begun addressing the relationship between personal health and patterns of political behavior. This study focuses on the impact of personal health on various forms of political participation. The analysis contributes to existing knowledge by examining...
Article
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What populist right parties offer (the supply side) should be examined in relation to the preferences of the populist right electorate (the demand side). This article examines how the supply and demand in the electoral market are met by assessing the relative importance of party, party leader, and district-level candidate for the right-wing populis...
Article
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This study examines the importance of retrospective economic voting in Finland. More specifically, it investigates if the magnitude of the economic vote was greater after the global financial crisis that unfolded in 2008–2009, as well as if perceptions of the economy had an independent influence on vote choice even when controlling for long-term so...
Article
Scholars in the field of electoral participation have for long been aware that turnout is strongly connected to sociopsychological variables such as religiosity, party identification, political interest and sense of political efficacy. The impact of personality characteristics has remained largely unexplored until recently. Based on the Jyväskylä L...
Article
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We examine the link between voter turnout and institutional features of electoral systems such as the threshold of exclusion and proportionality, and other empirical factors such as competition and the effective number of parties, i.e. factors that previous literature has suggested will probably be closely linked to district magnitude. As in Blais...
Conference Paper
A considerable amount of respondents (about 1/4) are unable to identify a single most preferred party in sympathy ratings (or feeling thermometers) across Western democracies. In the literature on party evaluations, one encounters different understandings of how these should be conceptualized: for instance, ambivalent, indifferent, and multiple par...
Article
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Scholars argue that party identification is a predictor of support for the political system. In this study we explore the relationship between party identification and political trust on the far right of the political spectrum, i.e. among radical right‐wing voters known to be anti‐elitist and suspicious about political institutions and actors. Poli...
Article
  This article attempts to explain the impact of department-level political opportunity structures on the electoral success of the French Front National (FN) in the 2004 regional elections. The concept of ‘political opportunity structure’ refers to the degree of openness of a particular political system and the external institutional or socio-econo...
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This article seeks, firstly, to explore the influence of local level institutional and socioeconomic determinants on the Progress Party vote in Norway. Secondly, it examines whether the impact of these factors varies between municipal and parliamentary elections. Comparative subnational analysis of six elections (1995-2005) is conducted, treating 4...
Article
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Political scientists have asserted that popular legitimacy and durable leadership tend to increase the power and influence of political leaders. In line with these assumptions, popular and durable Russian regional executive leaders should have been attributed with greater levels of bargaining power in centre-region relations. This study seeks to te...
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This study discusses the ability of subnational heads of government to constrain the power of the federal government in the Russian Federation. The intention is to examine under which conditions regional executives have operated since the beginning of the 1990s. The study also takes a comparative approach by examining the formal institutional stren...
Article
Scholars have characterized the relationship between a state center and regions, especially in federal states, as an ongoing bargaining game. The central objective in this study is to demonstrate the importance of political, economic, geographic and cultural determinants, or structural resources, in center-region relations in the Russian Federation...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between candidate-centered evaluations and volatile voting behavior in terms of party switching. It is assumed that there are different measures which represent different dimensions of candidate-centered reasoning and which influence voting behavior differently. Post-election survey data from...

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