Peter Sidebotham

Peter Sidebotham
The University of Warwick · Division of Mental Health and Wellbeing

About

243
Publications
43,260
Reads
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5,472
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2005 - present
The University of Warwick
Position
  • Associate Professor of Child Health

Publications

Publications (243)
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Conducting randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in primary care is challenging; recruiting patients during time-limited or remote consultations can increase selection bias and physical access to patients’ notes is costly and time-consuming. We investigated barriers and facilitators to running a more efficient design. Design An RCT aiming...
Article
Aim: We examined children 10 to 11 years after grade 3 or 4 intraventricular haemorrhage and ventricular dilation (IVHVD) and investigated whether the grade of IVHVD affected their visual outcome. We explored associations between visual outcomes with cognitive outcomes and extra support at school. Method: The visual examinations were part of a 1...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The association between upper respiratory tract microbial positivity and illness prognosis in children is unclear. This impedes clinical decision-making and means the utility of upper respiratory tract microbial point-of-care tests remains unknown. We investigated for relationships between pharyngeal microbes and symptom severity in ch...
Article
Background Completion rates and correspondence to other measures need to be established for the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ) bladder diary (ICIQ-BD) in the assessment of male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Objective To evaluate ICIQ-BD completion rates, frequency, volume, and sensation reporting for men. D...
Article
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Background: Advice to families to follow infant care practices known to reduce the risks of Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy (SUDI) has led to a reduction in deaths across the world. This reduction has slowed in the last decade with most deaths now occurring in families experiencing social and economic deprivation. A systematic review of the lite...
Article
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Background Identifying men whose lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) may benefit from surgery is challenging. Objective To identify routine diagnostic and urodynamic measures associated with treatment decision-making, and outcome, in exploratory analyses of the UPSTREAM trial. Design, setting, and participants A randomised controlled trial was co...
Article
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Objectives: To determine whether parents cuddling infants during therapeutic hypothermia (TH) would affect cooling therapy, cardiorespiratory or neurophysiological measures. The secondary aim was to explore parent-infant bonding, maternal postnatal depression and breastfeeding. Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: Two tertiary neo...
Article
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Background: This paper reports part of a wider systematic review commissioned by the English National Safeguarding Panel on Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy (SUDI). The wider review covered three areas: interventions to improve safer sleep practices in high-risk families, interventions to improve engagement with services, and decision making by...
Article
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Background Advice to families to sleep infants on their backs, avoid smoke exposure, reduce excess bedcovering and avoid specific risks associated with cosleeping has greatly reduced sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) rates worldwide. The fall in rates has not been equal across all groups, and this advice has been less effective for more soc...
Article
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Introduction Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in children are common and present major resource implications for primary care. Unnecessary use of antibiotics is associated with the development and proliferation of antimicrobial resistance. In 2016, the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)-funded ‘TARGET’ programme developed a prognostic...
Article
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Background Parents commonly ask about food allergy tests, to find a cause for their child’s eczema, yet the value of routine testing is uncertain. Objective To determine if a clinical trial comparing test‐guided dietary advice versus usual care, for the management of eczema, is feasible. Methods Children (>3 months and <5 years) with mild to seve...
Article
Background: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men may indicate bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) or weakness, known as detrusor underactivity (DU). Severe bothersome LUTS are a common indication for surgery. The diagnostic tests may include urodynamics (UDS) to confirm whether BOO or DU is the cause, potentially reducing the number of people r...
Article
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Background Progressive ventricular dilatation after intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) in preterm infants has a very high risk of severe disability and death. Drainage, irrigation and fibrinolytic therapy (DRIFT), in a randomised controlled trial (RCT), reduced severe cognitive impairment at 2 years. Objective To assess if the cognitive advantage...
Article
Aim To identify how British Child Death Overview Panels (CDOP) and paediatric pathologists classify cause of death for sleep‐related Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy (SUDI). To determine compliance with national requirements for SUDI investigation. Methods Electronic survey of CDOPs and pathologists using three vignettes of SUDI cases illustrati...
Article
Background Prostate surgery can improve lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) by relieving bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). However, surgery is less effective without BOO, or if detrusor underactivity is present. Urodynamics (UDS) can identify BOO and measure detrusor activity, but evidence in clinical practice is lacking. Objective Urodynamics for...
Article
Purpose: To establish severity banding ranges, bother assessment and key item content in principal patient reported outcomes measures (PROMs) in men seeking therapy for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Materials and methods: Data for International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Male...
Article
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Problem While perinatal mental health issues are considered to have an impact on a mother’s parenting capacity, there is limited research exploring mothers’ perceptions of their relationship with their child following traumatic birth experiences and how these might affect their parenting capacity. Background Birth trauma is a well-recognised pheno...
Article
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Background Fatigue is a major problem in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). There is evidence for the clinical effectiveness of cognitive–behavioural therapy (CBT) delivered by clinical psychologists, but few rheumatology units have psychologists. Objectives To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a group CBT programme for RA fatig...
Article
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Objectives In 2008, new statutory national procedures for responding to unexpected child deaths were introduced throughout England. There has, to date, been no national audit of these procedures. Study design Families bereaved by the unexpected death of a child under 4 years of age since 2008 were invited to participate. Factors contributing to the...
Article
In October 2018, National Health Service England published new operational guidance for reviewing child deaths, which covers all children who die less than 18 years of age regardless of the cause of death. The Guidance is for all healthcare professionals caring for children as well as senior leaders who commission, provide or regulate children’s se...
Article
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Background: Few adolescent girls engage in enough physical activity (PA) to meet recommendations and there is a need for new interventions to increase girls PA. We have previously published the results of the PLAN-A cluster randomised feasibility trial which was a peer-led school-based PA intervention, showing that the intervention was feasible an...
Article
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Background Girls are less active than boys and few adolescent girls meet physical activity (PA) guidelines. Peers are an important influence on the views and behaviours of adolescent girls, yet many PA interventions involving peers use formal approaches that may not harness the power of peer groups. More informal peer-led PA interventions, which wo...
Article
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Background Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common reason for primary care consultations and antibiotic prescribing in children. Options for improved pain control may influence antibiotic prescribing and consumption. Objective The Children’s Ear Pain Study (CEDAR) investigated whether or not providing anaesthetic–analgesic ear drops reduced antibioti...
Article
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Objectives To investigate whether decreased otoacoustic emission (OAE) signal recordings in the right ear are associated with an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and to monitor any temporal changes in risk factors. Design Retrospective case–control study. Setting Telephone interviews with families recruited in England between...
Chapter
Investigation of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome - edited by Marta C. Cohen June 2019
Article
Inequalities in the burden of sudden and unexpected deaths in infancy make targeted action by health professionals a viable option for intervention. Most of the deaths that now occur have at least one known modifiable risk factor present, so the potential impact of supporting families with implementing safer sleep strategies is great and may bring...
Article
Full-text available
Background Early-onset eczema is associated with food allergy, and allergic reactions to foods can cause acute exacerbations of eczema. Parents often pursue dietary restrictions as a way of managing eczema and seek allergy testing for their children to guide dietary management. However, it is unclear whether test-guided dietary management improves...
Conference Paper
Aims To determine the most reliable method for a nutritional assessment in a child with cerebral palsy with a GMFCS level IV-V. Methods The review is in four parts: • A review of the reasons behind this vulnerable group being susceptible to malnutrition, looking at the causative factors affecting nutrition, and potential adverse effects. • A lite...
Article
Background: Clinical evaluation of male lower urinary tract symptoms (MLUTS) in secondary care uses a range of assessments. It is unknown how MLUTS evaluation influences outcome of therapy recommendations and choice, notably urodynamics (UDS; filling cystometry and pressure flow studies). Objective: To report participants' sociodemographic and c...
Article
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p>Background: severity assessments of respiratory tract infection (RTI) in children are known to differ between parents and clinicians, but determinants of perceived severity are unknown. Aim: to investigate the (dis)agreement between, and compare the determinants of, parent and clinician severity scores. Design and setting: secondary analysis...
Article
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Objectives To see if a group course delivered by rheumatology teams using cognitive-behavioural approaches, plus usual care, reduced RA fatigue impact more than usual care alone. Methods Multicentre, 2-year randomised controlled trial in RA adults (fatigue severity > 6/10, no recent major medication changes). RAFT (Reducing Arthritis Fatigue: clin...
Article
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A national mixed-methods study of English Serious Case Reviews (SCRs) was carried out to better understand the characteristics and circumstances of maternally perpetrated filicides, to compare these with paternally perpetrated cases, and to identify learning points for mental health professionals. Published reports for all SCRs of children in Engla...
Article
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Background The drainage, irrigation and fibrinolytic therapy (DRIFT) trial, conducted in 2003–6, showed a reduced rate of death or severe disability at 2 years in the DRIFT compared with the standard treatment group, among preterm infants with intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) and post-haemorrhagic ventricular dilatation. Objectives To compare co...
Article
Impaired self-awareness is a common consequence following a brain injury that affects engagement in rehabilitation and results in poor long term functional outcomes. Literature regarding self-awareness following a brain injury in childhood is lacking. The aim of this research study was to understand the self-awareness of deficits from a development...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Clinicians commonly prescribe antibiotics to prevent major adverse outcomes in children presenting in primary care with cough and respiratory symptoms, despite limited meaningful evidence of impact on these outcomes. Aim: To estimate the effect of children's antibiotic prescribing on adverse outcomes within 30 days of initial consult...
Chapter
This print compendium of AAP editor-curated articles provides quick access to the latest, most salient studies to give a better understanding of the individual and public health effects of breastfeeding. https://shop.aap.org/pediatric-collections-breastfeeding-support-challenges-and-benefits-paperback/
Article
Full-text available
Background: Most adolescent girls in the UK do not meet government physical activity recommendations and effective interventions are needed. This study reports the results of a feasibility trial of PLAN-A, a novel school-based peer-led physical activity intervention for adolescent girls. Methods: A two-arm cluster randomised controlled feasibili...
Article
Objective To develop a detailed understanding of the circumstances of sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) cases subject to serious case review (SCR). Design This was a thematic analysis of SCRs relating to cases of SUDI in England. SCRs were obtained for SUDI cases dying between 1 April 2011 and 31 March 2014. These were cases (aged 0–2 year...
Article
Full-text available
Background The objectives were to identify 1) the clinician and child characteristics associated with; 2) clinical management decisions following from, and; 3) the prognostic value of; a clinician’s ‘gut feeling something is wrong’ for children presenting to primary care with acute cough and respiratory tract infection (RTI). Methods Multicentre pr...
Article
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Objective /Background: Sleep abnormalities are characteristic of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS, also known as ‘ME’), but it is not known whether sleep might be a causal risk factor for CFS/ME. Patients/Methods We analysed data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) birth cohort. We describe sleep patterns from age 6 mont...
Article
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Background: Anti-hypertensives that modify the renin angiotensin system may reduce Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology and reduce the rate of disease progression. Objective: To conduct a phase II, two arm, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial (ISRCTN: 93682878; EudraCT: 2012-003641-15) of losartan to test the efficacy of Reducing pa...
Article
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Context: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a leading cause of postneonatal infant mortality. Our previous meta-analyses showed that any breastfeeding is protective against SIDS with exclusive breastfeeding conferring a stronger effect.The duration of breastfeeding required to confer a protective effect is unknown. Objective: To assess the a...
Article
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Background Current management for men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) is a pathway that results in prostate surgery in a significant proportion. While helpful in relieving benign prostatic obstruction (BPO), surgery may be ineffective for men suffering from difficulties not relating to BPO. The UPSTREAM trial started recruitment in October...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Qualitative interviews with mothers of babies at higher risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) were carried out to understand their views and decision-making process on the infant sleep environment and safe sleep messages. Design and setting Twenty semi-structured interviews were conducted between February and November 2014 in depri...