Peter Schierack

Peter Schierack
Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus - Senftenberg | BTU · Faculty of Natural Sciences

About

187
Publications
39,489
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3,431
Citations
Citations since 2017
82 Research Items
2017 Citations
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Publications

Publications (187)
Preprint
Background Lipids and amphiphilic molecules are ubiquitous and play a central role in cell signalling, cell membrane structure, and lipid transport in the human body. However, they also appear in many diseases such as atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases, infections, inflammatory diseases, cancer, and autoimmune diseases. Thus, it is necessary...
Article
Glycoprotein 2 (GP2) is an autoantigen in Crohn's (CD) and coeliac disease (CeD). We assessed GP2-isoform (GP21–4)-expression in intestinal biopsies of paediatric patients with CD, CeD, ulcerative colitis (UC), and healthy children (HC). Transcription of GP21–4 was elevated in proximal small intestine in CeD and CD patients (only GP22/4) compared t...
Article
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Klebsiella pneumoniae is a common member of the intestinal flora of vertebrates. In addition to opportunistic representatives, hypervirulent (hvKp) and antibiotic-resistant K. pneumoniae (ABR-Kp) occur. While ABR-Kp isolates often cause difficult-to-treat diseases due to limited therapeutic options, hvKp is a pathotype that can infect healthy indiv...
Article
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Background Through continuous innovation and improvement, Nanopore sequencing has become a powerful technology. Because of its fast processing time, low cost, and ability to generate long reads, this sequencing technique would be particularly suitable for clinical diagnostics. However, its raw data accuracy is inferior in contrast to other sequenci...
Article
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For improving aptamer-ligand binding we have developed a screening system that defines optimal binding buffer composition. Using multiplex assays, one buffer system is needed which guarantees the specific binding of all aptamers. We investigated nine peer-reviewed DNA aptamers. Non-specific binding of aptamers is an obstacle. To address this, we in...
Article
Pathogenic bacteria, such as enteropathogenic (EPEC) and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), cause diarrhea in mammals. In particular, E. coli colonize and infect the gastrointestinal tract via type 1 fimbriae (T1F). Here the major zymogen granule membrane glycoprotein 2 (GP2) acts as host cell receptor. GP2 is also secreted by the pancreas an...
Article
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Since the discovery of haemolysis, many studies focused on a deeper understanding of this phenotype in Escherichia coli and its association with other virulence genes, diseases and pathogenic attributes/functions in the host. Our virulence-associated factor profiling and genome-wide association analysis of genomes of haemolytic and nonhaemolytic E....
Article
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Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), assumed to cause antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), are notorious for their heterogeneity in targeting phospholipids and phospholipid-binding proteins. The persistent presence of Lupus anticoagulant and/or aPL against cardiolipin and/or β2 glycoprotein I have been shown to be independent risk factors for vascular th...
Article
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Infections caused by carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa are life-threatening due to its synergistic resistance mechanisms resulting in the ineffectiveness of the used antimicrobials. This study aimed to characterize P. aeruginosa isolates for antimicrobial susceptibility, biofilm formation virulence genes, and molecular mechanisms responsi...
Article
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Background: Laboratory diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis refers to some methods with known limitations. Molecular diagnostics using specific nucleic acid probes may overcome some of these limitations. Methods: We describe the novel reporter fluorescence real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) probe system LoopTag for detection of Borrelia species....
Article
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To study host-virus interactions after SARS coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, genetic virus characteristics and the ensued humoral immune response were investigated for the first time. Fifty-five SARS-CoV-2-infected patients from the early pandemic phase were followed up including serological testing and whole genome sequencing. Anti-spike and...
Article
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) belongs to the most often occurring autoimmune diseases in the world. For serological diagnosis, IgM auto-antibodies directed against the Fc portion of IgG referred to as rheumatoid factor are used as biomarkers. The autoantibody detection is usually done by ELISA. Such assays are reliable but are not suitable for point-of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), assumed to cause antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), are notorious for their heterogeneity and detect phospholipids and phospholipid-binding proteins. The persistent presence of Lupus anticoagulant and/or aPL against cardiolipin and/or β2 glycoprotein I have been shown to be independent risk factors for vascular thro...
Article
Full-text available
Lens epithelium-derived growth factor splice variant of 75 kDa (LEDGF/p75) plays an important role in cancer, but its DNA-damage repair (DDR)-related implications are still not completely understood. Different LEDGF model cell lines were generated: a complete knock-out of LEDGF (KO) and re-expression of LEDGF/p75 or LEDGF/p52 using CRISPR/Cas9 tech...
Preprint
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Motivation: Quantitative Real-time PCR (qPCR) is a widely used -omics method for the precise quantification of nucleic acids, in which the result is associated with the presence/absence or quantity of a specific nucleic acid sequence. As the amount of qPCR data increases worldwide, the manual assessment of results becomes challenging and difficult...
Preprint
Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, conserved, noncoding RNAs regulating gene expression that functions in RNA silencing and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Altered miRNA profiles have been implicated in many human diseases, and due to their circulating abilities, they have excited great interest in their use as clinical bi...
Article
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To increase our understanding of bacterial intestinal colonization in animal populations lacking substantial anthropogenic influence we studied the diversity of E. coli in cormorants from the pristine West-Mongolian steppe. E. coli were isolated from individual birds of two cormorant colonies located on small islands in lakes at least 100 km away f...
Article
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Aim TSH-receptor (TSHR)-autoantibody (TRAb) is the serological hallmark of Graves’ disease (GD). Recently, 3rd-generation radioimmunoassays (RIA) employing monoclonal TRAb such as M22 or T7 instead of TSH for the inhibition of human TRAb binding with solid-phase TSHR (coated tubes) have been introduced into laboratory routine. Methods As current as...
Article
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Salmonella is a foodborne pathogen affecting over 200 million people and resulting in over 200,000 fatal cases per year. Its adhesion to and invasion into intestinal epithelial cells represent one of the first and key steps in the pathogenesis of salmonellosis. Still, around 35 to 40% of bacterial genes have no experimentally validated function, an...
Article
Autoimmunity to chitinase 3-like 1 (CHI3L1) has recently been reported in hepatic and bowel inflammatory conditions. Considering that CHI3L1 plays a role as prognostic biomarker in multiple sclerosis (MS), here we investigated CHI3L1 as potential autoantigenic target in the disease. We determined serum CHI3L1 autoantibodies by enzyme-linked immunos...
Preprint
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Background Lens epithelium derived growth factor splice variant of 75 kDa (LEDGF/p75), is overexpressed in different solid cancers and cancer cell lines and various autoinflammatory diseases. Due to its ability to bind chromatin, it acts as a transcriptional co-activator and promotes anti-apoptotic signalling pathways that lead to increased tumour...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Lens epithelium derived growth factor splice variant of 75 kDa (LEDGF/p75), is overexpressed in different solid cancers and cancer cell lines and various autoinflammatory diseases. Due to its ability to bind chromatin, it acts as a transcriptional co-activator and promotes anti-apoptotic signalling pathways that lead to increased tumour...
Article
Avian pathogenic E. coli is not only pathogenic for commercial poultry but can also cause foodborne infections in humans utilizing the same attachment and virulence mechanisms. Our aim was to identify genes of avian pathogenic E. coli involved in adhesion to chicken and human cells in order to understand the colonization and pathogenesis of these b...
Article
Biofilms are complex, sessile microbial communities that are problematic in clinical settings due to their association with survival and pathogenicity of bacteria. The biofilm formation supporting conditions for zoonotic serovars of Salmonella and avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) from poultry have not been well studied yet. Clinical isolates of zoon...
Article
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Background In addition to the broad dissemination of pathogenic extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia (E.) coli in human and veterinary medicine and the community, their occurrence in wildlife and the environment is a growing concern. Wild birds in particular often carry clinically relevant ESBL-producing E. coli.Objectives...
Article
Multidrug-resistant extended-spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli strains are emerging globally in both humans and animals. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and ESBL screening were performed on pure cultures of 216 E. coli isolates from human and animal fecal samples as well as beef. Polymerase chain reaction was performed...
Article
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Background: Specific anti-phospholipids antibodies (aPLs) are used as classification criteria of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). These aPLs, although essential for diagnosis, do not predict disease phenotypes, which may require specific therapies. Non-criteria aPLs are rarely evaluated and their role is yet to be defined. In the current study...
Article
Biofilms cause complications and high costs in both industry and medicine. Of particular interest are bacterial infections of prosthetic materials, which usually cannot be eliminated due to the high antibiotic resistance known for bacteria forming biofilms. The search for new materials and coatings with lower colonization potential and antibacteria...
Article
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The ratio between living and dead cells is an important parameter in microalgae culture and environmental monitoring. Fast, robust and automated analytical methods for monitoring microalgae growth for biotechnological and pharmaceutical applications and for optimizing production strains are needed. We developed a pipeline for the automatic binary c...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Specific anti-phospholipids antibodies (aPLs) are used as classification criteria of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). These aPLs, although essential for diagnosis, do not predict disease phenotypes, which may require specific therapies. Non-criteria aPLs are rarely evaluated and their role is yet to be defined. In the current study,...
Article
Full-text available
Unlike in other autoimmune liver diseases such as autoimmune hepatitis and primary biliary cholangitis, the role and nature of autoantigenic targets in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), a progressive, chronic, immune-mediated, life threatening, genetically predisposed, cholestatic liver illness, is poorly elucidated. Although anti-neutrophil cy...
Poster
Escherichia coli colonization and infection results in formation of adhesion patterns which in turn contribute to pathotyping of intestinal E. coli. The adhesion patterns of 282 E. coli isolates on different cell lines were determined to establish various adhesion patterns such as diffusely distributed, microcolonies, chains and clumps. Only two st...
Article
To reveal the clinical significance of criteria and non-criteria antiphospholipid antibodies detected by line immunoassay in comparison with ELISA, systemic lupus erythematosus patients with and without thrombotic events were investigated. Thus, 107 systemic lupus erythematosus patients (48% with deep vein thrombosis or/and arterial thrombosis) and...
Article
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Background The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is an indispensable tool for clinical diagnostics to identify or differentiate diseases such as autoimmune illnesses, but also to monitor their progression or control the efficacy of drugs. One use case of ELISA is to differentiate between different states (e.g. healthy vs. diseased). Anothe...
Article
Background A defective neutrophil regulation in IBD is thought to play an important role in the onset or manifestation of IBD, since it could lead to damage of the intestinal mucosal barrier by infiltration of neutrophils in the inflamed mucosa and the accumulation of pathogens. Like neutrophils in the context of innate immune responses, immunoglob...
Article
One of the most commonly used bonds between two biomolecules is the bond between biotin and streptavidin (SA) or streptavidin homologs (SAHs). A high dissociation constant and the consequent high-temperature stability even allows for its use in nucleic acid detection under PCR conditions. There are a number of SAHs available and for assay design, i...
Article
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The rapid and simultaneous detection of DNA and protein biomarkers is necessary to detect the outbreak of a disease or to monitor a disease. For example, cardiovascular diseases are a major cause of adult mortality worldwide. We have developed a rapidly adaptable platform to assess biomarkers using a microfluidic technology. Our model mimics autoan...
Article
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Rhodococcus sp. Eu-32 has shown an extended novel dibenzothiophene desulfurization sulfur-specific 4S pathway and could remove significant amounts of organic sulfur from coal. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of Eu-32 with a genome size of approximately 5.61 Mb, containing 5065 protein coding sequences with a G+C content of 65.1%. The Rho...
Article
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We evaluated prevalence and distribution of antibiotic resistant E. coli in three categories: animals (goats, pigs, poultry, cattle, sheep), humans (butchers, meat sellers, animal farm workers, buyers) and animal food products (milk, cheese, beef, chicken, yoghurt) from selected animal farms in South-West Nigeria. The biofilm formation, phylogroupi...
Article
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Background: Persistent antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) constitute the serological hallmark of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Recently, various new assay technologies for the detection of aPL better suited to multiplex reaction environments than ELISAs emerged. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of such a novel line immunoassay (LIA) f...
Article
Objective: To determine the prevalence and genetic relatedness of blaCTX-M-type extended spectrum-β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli at the human-animal interface in Pakistan. Materials and Methods: A total of 150 human, cattle, and poultry fecal samples (50 each) were screened for ESBL-producing E. coli using ESBL CHROMagar®. Bacterial...
Article
Multiplex detection techniques are emerging within the fields of life science research and medical diagnostics where it is mandatory to analyze a great number of molecules. The detection techniques need to be highly efficient but often involve complicated and expensive fabrication procedures. Here, we present the immobilization and geometric separa...
Article
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DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are critical cellular lesions that represent a high risk for genetic instability. DSBs initiate repair mechanisms by recruiting sensor proteins and mediators. DSB biomarkers, like phosphorylated histone 2AX (γH2AX) and p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1), are detectable by immunofluorescence as either foci or distinct patt...
Article
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Multidrug resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa having strong biofilm potential and virulence factors are a serious threat for hospitalized patients having compromised immunity. In this study, 34 P. aeruginosa isolates of human origin (17 MDR and 17 non-MDR clinical isolates) were checked for biofilm formation potential in enriched and minimal med...
Preprint
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Background and Aims: There is an increasing incidence of inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]. Autoimmune responses are involved in the pathophysiology of IBD, but their underlying pathways and target antigens have not yet been fully elucidated. Methods: Autoantigenic targets in IBD were identified after separation of whole cell proteinsisolated from n...
Article
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Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a highly aggressive form of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma with a long-term survival rate of around 60% upon standard treatment with rituximab and chemotherapy. While this marks a great improvement over the pre-rituximab/pre-biologicals era, DLBCLs remain a heterogeneous disease with marked variability in clinical o...
Article
Quantitative analysis of a target molecule in a microbead-based fluorescent assay requires a specific labeling procedure. For nucleic acid analysis the hybridization with florescent labeled oligonucleotides is the most common method. However, disadvantages are the necessity for direct labeling of probes and the sensitivity to detect low amounts of...
Article
Full-text available
Peripheral immune-mediated polyneuropathies (IMPN) are a diverse group of rare neurological illnesses characterized by nerve damage. Leading morphological features are mostly nerve fibre demyelination or combination of axonal damage and demyelination. There has been remarkable progress in the clinical and electrophysiological categorization of acut...
Article
The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is steadily increasing. IBD is characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract and is divided into the two main entities Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Genetic predispositions, environmental factors and a dysregulated immune response are known to be involved at...
Article
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TSH receptor (TSHR) autoantibody (TRAb) is the serological hallmark of Graves’ disease (GD). Third-generation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) using monoclonal TRAbs instead of TSH have been found useful for TRAb analysis recently. For the first time, a mouse monoclonal antibody (mAb) against TSHR was analyzed for TRAb detection and comp...
Article
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Amplification curves from quantitative Real-Time PCR experiments typically exhibit a sigmoidal shape. They can roughly be divided into a ground or baseline phase, an exponential amplification phase, a linear phase and finally a plateau phase, where in the latter, the PCR product concentration no longer increases. Nevertheless, in some cases the pla...
Article
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Bacterial host tropism is a primary determinant of the range of host organisms they can infect. Salmonella serotypes are differentiated into host-restricted and host-adapted specialists, and host-unrestricted generalists. In order to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms of host specificity in Salmonella infection, we investigated the role...
Article
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The zoonotic serovars of Salmonella enterica particularly Typhimurium and Enteritidis pose a continuous global threat to poultry industry and public health. We report the prevalence of Salmonella Typhimurium and Salmonella Enteritidis serovars in local poultry, phenotypic antimicrobial resistance profiling, and molecular detection of antimicrobial...
Article
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Introduction: Zymogen granule glycoprotein 2 (GP2) was demonstrated as first autoimmune mucosal target in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) associated with disease severity. Autoantibodies to four GP2 isoforms (aGP21−4) were found in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases but reactivity against specific GP2 epitopes has not been investigated...
Article
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Background Extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL)-producing extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli infections are of global interest because of their clinical and economic impact. The ESBL resistance genes disseminate through plasmids, and are found in successful global lineages such as ST131 and ST648. The carriage of plasmids has been sugge...
Conference Paper
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Introduction Infections by oncoviruses are an important risk factor for the development of neoplasms. Particularly, anogenital cancers are strongly associated with persistent infections by high-risk human papillomaviruses (HPV). In the case of cervical cancer the physical state of the virus seems to be an important prognostic marker. Especially the...
Poster
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Introduction Upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is a rare malignancy in urinary system. In order to improve preoperative treatment choice and management of postoperative surveillance, identification of prognostic factors is necessarily required. To our knowledge, the elevation of systemic inflammatory markers may imply the development of an in...
Article
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Purpose: Anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL) analyzed by line immunoassay (LIA) can recognize beta2-glycoprotein I (β2GPI) domain 1 (D1) epitopes depending on β2GPI binding to distinct phospholipids. The aPL LIA was compared with consensus ELISA to investigate whether both techniques can discriminate anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS) patients from a...
Poster
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For the first time, we provide evidence that CHI3L1, overexpressed in enterocytes during inflammation of the large bowel and supporting the uptake of pathogenic intestinal bacteria, is a novel neutrophilic autoantigenic target in IBD. IgA and sIgA to CHI3L1 may serve as novel markers for CD and may facilitate the serological diagnosis of IBD.
Article
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Precision or personalized medicine is an aspiring but controversially discussed new paradigm in modern medicine. The individual variability of patients and their diverse responses to treatment options casts doubt on “one-fits-all” therapeutic strategies. Thus, biomarker-based stratification of patients into smaller cohorts is recommended. Indeed, t...
Article
Pancreatic secretory zymogen-granule membrane glycoprotein 2 (GP2) has been identified as a major autoantigenic target in Crohńs disease patients. It was reported recently that a long (GP2a) and a short (GP2b) isoform of GP2 exist and that in the outcome of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) GP2-specific autoantibodies probably appear as new serolog...
Poster
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Adhesion to the host cell is one of the most vital steps in bacterial strategies for successful colonization and onward infection. The study was designed to quantify the adhesion/infection of Salmonella on intestinal cell lines of human (LoVo) and chicken (C8E11). Chicken isolates belonging to Salmonella enterica serovar S. infantis, S. typhimurium...