Peter Schantz

Peter Schantz
The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Stockholm, Sweden

Dr med sc

About

120
Publications
44,155
Reads
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2,657
Citations
Citations since 2017
39 Research Items
874 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
Introduction
Professor Peter Schantz is leading the Research Unit for Movement, Health and Environment (www.gih.se/mhe) at The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, in Stockholm, Sweden. His current research focuses are within the multidisciplinary field of 'Active Commuting' and 'Exercise Physiology'.
Additional affiliations
January 2018 - present
Section of Sustainable Health
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Researcher
December 2008 - June 2010
Mid Sweden University
Position
  • Professor
The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Stockholm, Sweden
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (120)
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter, which is written in Swedish, deals with the establishment of the first civilian athletic field in Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, in the end of the 19th century. It was placed in the former royal hunting park (Djurgården), which was a large piece of land, which usage was in the control by the king. This can understood by the fact t...
Article
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Background Quantification of movement intensity and energy utilization, together with frequency of trips, duration, distance, step counts and cadence, is essential for interpreting the character of habitual walking for transport, and its potential support of health. The purpose of the study is to illuminate this with valid methods and novel perspe...
Article
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This article describes, in Swedish, the development in research dealing with nature and health. Given the current knowledge base, it stresses the importance of, to in future epidemiological studies of physical activity and health, include nature in the living environment as a confounder. The text is published in the journal "Svensk Idrottsmedicin...
Article
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Aims To estimate the overall health impact of transferring commuting trips from car to bicycle. Methods In this study registry information on the location of home and work for residents in Stockholm County was used to obtain the shortest travel route on a network of bicycle paths and roads. Current modes of travel to work were based on travel surv...
Article
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Applying the heart rate (HR) method for interpreting oxygen uptake (V̇O2) in human physical activities can be beneficial for educational purposes, health promotion and disease prevention as well as from research perspectives. This is since our understanding of physical activities’ effects on morbidity, premature mortality and weight control as well...
Chapter
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A short review of the scientific development related to effects of nature on human health and wellbeing.
Book
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A collection of essays about various movement cultures, e.g. outdoor life, active transportation, gymnastics, dance, competitive sports, and finally also about the opposite to human movements; resting and contemplations over seeing. In Swedish.
Article
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PurposeQuantifying intensities of physical activities through measuring oxygen uptake (V̇O2) is of importance for understanding the relation between human movement, health and performance. This can in principle be estimated by the heart rate (HR) method, based on the linear relationship between HR and V̇O2 established in the laboratory. It needs, h...
Article
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Objectives The study aims to make use of individual data to estimate the impact on premature mortality due to both existing commuter bicycling and the potential impact due to increased physical activity through shifting transport mode from car commuting to bicycling. Methods Using registry data on home and work addresses for the population of Stoc...
Article
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This article in Swedish describes a pioneering study from the Department of Psychology at Stockholm University on how the external environment can affect how we perceive the physical activity (see Ceci & Hassmén, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 23 (6) 732-738, 1991). Here is described, for the first time, the indoor and outdoor setting...
Article
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Introduction The heart rate (HR) method is a promising approach for evaluating oxygen uptake (), energy demands and exercise intensities in different forms of physical activities. It would be valuable if the HR method, established on ergometer cycling, is interchangeable with other regular activities, such as level walking. This study therefore aim...
Article
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This study in Frontiers in Sports and Active Living 2020 combines exercise physiological and behavioral measures of cycle commuting in Greater Stockholm, Sweden, and reflect on the results in relation to various issues, including positive and negative health effects.
Article
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This article presents the construction and outcomes of scenarios modeling commuter modal shift from car trips to cycling in the metropolitan region of Stockholm, the capital of Sweden. Building and improving upon previous studies in terms of both methodological approach and degree of spatial resolution of the modeling output, we examine scenarios w...
Article
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Alfred Nobel is the Swedish inventor of dynamite and the testamentator behind the Nobel Foundation and the Nobel Prizes. The article “Alfred Nobel and his unknown co-worker” was published in Swedish in the daily Swedish newspaper Norrbottens-Kuriren, in December 18, 2019. It elaborates on the issue of which potential persons that Alfred Nobel hims...
Article
Full-text available
Alfred Nobel is the Swedish inventor of dynamite and the testamentator behind the Nobel Foundation and the Nobel Prizes. The article “Alfred Nobel and his unknown co-worker” was published in Swedish in the daily Swedish newspaper Norrbottens-Kuriren, in December 18, 2019. It elaborates on the issue of which potential persons that Alfred Nobel hims...
Article
Full-text available
Background The heart rate method, based on the linear relation between heart rate and oxygen uptake, is potentially valuable to monitor intensity levels of physical activities. However, this depends not least on its reproducibility under standard conditions. This study aims, therefore, to evaluate the reproducibility of the heart rate method in the...
Conference Paper
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This is a summary of my perspectives as Discussant at the symposium: “Cycling and health in Europe and beyond – explaining and updating the evidence base” at the 10th HEPA Europe Health Enhancing Physical Activity Europe Conference at Southern University of Denmark in Odense, Denmark, August 28-30, 2019. Contributors to the symposium were Drs Adria...
Article
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This article describes research perspectives and needs within the area of movement, health and environment, wherof which a greater complex involves physical activity, public health and sustainable development. The text is coupled to the research agenda of the Research Unit for Movement, Health and Environment at the Swedish School of Sport and Heal...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring aerobic exercise intensities of free-living physical activities is valuable for purposes such as education and research. The heart rate (HR) method, based on the linear relation between HR and oxygen uptake (VO2), is potentially valuable for this purpose. Three prerequisites are that the method is reproducible, and valid for the specific...
Article
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There is an error in the ninth, tenth, and eleventh sentence of the Abstract. The correct sentences are: The empirical formula for the distance (D, km) was based on duration (T, hours), speed (km/hours), a correction factor from cycle commuter to the general population, age adjustment (A, years). For the males in the general population the formula...
Article
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Allt färre barn går eller cyklar till skolan trots att de flesta borde röra på sig mer. Vi har skapat en modell över vad som påverkar valet av transportsätt. Vuxenvärldens inställning spelar stor roll. Och nya innovationer som vandrande skolbussar hjälper föräldrar och skola att tänka annorlunda.
Book
Full-text available
This is a research report in Swedish on studies of route environments for cycling and how specific environmental factors affects whether a setting hinder-stimulates cycling and to what extent they affect the appraisal of unsafety-safety for reasons of traffic. The studies are based on "The Active Commuting Route Environment Scale" (ACRES) and are u...
Article
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It is important to estimate the duration-distance relation in cycle commuting in the general population since this enables analyses of the potential for various public health outcomes. Therefore, the aim is to estimate this relation in the Swedish adult population of 2015. For that purpose, the first step was to establish it for adult male and fema...
Data
The Physically Active Commuting in Greater Stockholm Questionnaire 1 (PACS Q1). The original version in Swedish translated into English. (PDF)
Data
Instructions for how to fill in the Physically Active Commuting in Greater Stockholm Questionnaire 1 (PACS Q1) and maps. The original version in Swedish. (PDF)
Data
The Physically Active Commuting in Greater Stockholm Questionnaire 1 (PACS Q1). The original version in Swedish. (PDF)
Data
Instructions for how to fill in the Physically Active Commuting in Greater Stockholm Questionnaire 1 (PACS Q1) and maps. The original version in Swedish, translated into English. (PDF)
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter describes the coupling between sculture as an art form and the ideology connected to Ling gymnastics. Also the sculptures at, and connected to the former Royal Gymnastic Central Institute (GCI; today named the Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH) in Stockholm Sweden are described. Among them are sculptures of Per Henrik Lin...
Chapter
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Ideella krafter inom den svenska idrottsrörelsen har under mer än 100 år ägnat stor möda åt att organisera, leda och handha idrott på fritiden. Sport management är alltså inget nytt. Men det är ett nytt fält inom högre utbildning. Några orsaker till detta är bl a att kommersialiseringen och professionaliseringen inom idrotten ställer stora krav på...
Chapter
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The chapter describes the educational "Ling race", which was established in 1988 in Stockholm, Sweden. It starts at the outdoor grave of the gymnasiarch Per Henrik Ling, is followed by slow and informed jogging to Sergel´s torg, where the Royal Gymnastic Central Institute was formed by Ling at 1813. Thereafter the competing part of the race starts,...
Preprint
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Introductory overview: From the time of the independent discoveries of oxygen by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in Sweden and Joseph Priestly in England in the 1770s, there has been an ongoing chain of methodological developments, from the pioneering ones by Antoine Lavoisier until today, with the aim of measuring oxygen uptake and metabolic processes of ma...
Chapter
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This book chapter (in Swedish) illuminates the values and historical background to the first national urban park in the world, and its green surroundings. It is written with salutogenises in mind; adding to the comprehensibility of this green periurban landscape in Greater Stockholm, Sweden.
Article
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Background : The distance, duration, and velocity of cycling for transport purposes are used in health economic assessments, epidemiological studies, traffic modelling, and planning. It is therefore of value to determine relevant levels for them, and analyze how they relate, as well as to what extent other relevant variables may affect cycling velo...
Article
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Our study is based on individual data on people's home and work addresses, as well as their age, sex and physical capacity, in order to establish realistic bicycle-travel distances. A transport model is used to single out data on commuting preferences in the County Stockholm. Our analysis shows there is a very large potential for reducing emissions...
Book
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This report gives a broad introduction to walking and cycling in relation to health outcomes, health economic assessments and sustainable development.
Article
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Active commuting between home and place of work or study is often cited as an interesting source of physical activity in a public health perspective. However, knowledge about these behaviors is meager. This was therefore studied in adult active commuters (n = 1872) in Greater Stockholm, Sweden, a Nordic metropolitan setting. They received questionn...
Article
Full-text available
Active commuting between home and place of work or study is often cited as an interesting source of physical activity in a public health perspective. However, knowledge about these behaviors is meager. This was therefore studied in adult active commuters (n = 1872) in Greater Stockholm, Sweden, a Nordic metropolitan setting. They received questionn...
Article
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A fascinating chain of events led in 1941 to the formation of the Department of Physiology at the Royal Gymnastic Central Institute (GCI) in Stockholm, Sweden. Erik Hohwü Christensen, from the scientifically advanced Lindhard School in Copenhagen became its first professor. A central research question for him concerned determining the limiting fact...
Article
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Presentation of ideas related to a need for an agenda for physical education that include perspectives from sustainable development.
Chapter
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This chapter is an essay over a book about outdoor life history in Sweden.
Chapter
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This is an essay about connections between recreation landscapes in the vicinity of Rome, Italy and in Stockholm, Sweden, as well as the changeover in view upon nature that took place in the 18th century, and early indications of that connected to Stockholm.
Article
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This article deals particularly with the changeover in views on physical activity and health in Sweden between the 1700s and 1800s. It was published as an "understreckare" in the Swedish daily newspaper Svenska Dagbladet in September 28, 2014
Chapter
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This text gives a brief historical background to studies of environments and physical activity, and the coupling to health. Given that background it is argued that there is a need to understand physical activity behaviours from a perspective of external environment features in relation to wellbeing. For that purpose the term environmental wellbeing...
Article
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The association between physical activity (PA) and variables of the perceived environment mainly originate from cross-sectional studies that introduced the idea that the environment influences the PA level of residents. However, the direction of cause and effect has not been solved with finality. The aim of this study was to investigate whether res...
Article
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Background and aim: Commuting by bicycle could contribute to public health, and route environments may influence this behaviour. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the potential associations between appraisals of the overall route environment as hindering or stimulating for bicycle commuting, with both perceptions of commuting route env...
Chapter
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Health was introduced as part of physical education (PE) in Sweden in 1994. This chapter focuses on both transformational processes and the lack thereof in PE and in physical education teacher education (PETE) in Sweden with the introduction of "health." Prior to that PE focused entirely on different bodily movements for about 170 years, and the de...
Article
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The essay is based on expressions of various forms of dance, and their place relations to the lake Brunnsviken north of Stockholm, Sweden. It is published in Hagabladet 2013;(3-4):2-3.
Article
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In this macrolevel overview, a model of the multiplicity of the field of bodily movement cultures is initially presented. The model is then used to illuminate how different bodily movement practices emerged over time, became embedded, remained, faded, or disappeared in the world’s oldest physical education teacher education (PETE) program. Through...
Article
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Background Sedentary behaviour in general and sitting time in particular is an emerging global health concern. The aim of this study was to provide data on the prevalence of sitting time in German adults and to examine socio-demographic and environmental correlates of sitting time. Methods A representative sample of German adults (n = 2000; 967 me...
Article
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Route environments may influence people's active commuting positively and thereby contribute to public health. Assessments of route environments are, however, needed in order to better understand the possible relationship between active commuting and the route environment. The aim of this study was, therefore, to assess the potential associations b...
Article
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This essay describes place relations of various persons in the Palme family, and among them the former premier Olof Palme, to green areas in proximity to Stockholm, Sweden. It was published in Hagabladet 2012; (3-4):6-7.
Book
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In this report on route environments for walking and cycling, is described the background and results of research on which the pertinent environmental variables are that inhibit or stimulates cycling.
Chapter
The idea that nearby nature stimulates people to be more physically active is quite popular. In this chapter the literature regarding the link between physical activity and the residential environment is scrutinized. More specifically, after introducing the main concepts and a theoretical framework the evidence regarding three categories of activit...
Article
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Distance is a variable of pivotal importance in transport studies. Therefore, after checking the validity of a potential criterion method for measuring active commuting route distances, this method was used to assess the validity and reproducibility of four methods of approximating the commuting route distances covered by pedestrians and bicyclists...
Article
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This study aimed to validate a portable metabolic system in field measuring conditions, such as prolonged moderate exercise at low temperatures, high humidity and with external wind. VO2, VCO2, RER and V E were measured using the Oxycon Mobile (OM), with a windshield, during cycle ergometer exercise: (1) indoors at three submaximal workloads with n...
Article
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Route environments can positively influence people's active commuting and thereby contribute to public health. The Active Commuting Route Environment Scale (ACRES) was developed to study active commuters' perceptions of their route environments. However, bicycle commuters represent a small portion of the population in many cities and thus are diffi...
Article
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Route environments can be a potentially important factor in influencing people's behaviours in relation to active commuting. To better understand these possible relationships, assessments of route environments are needed. We therefore developed a scale; the Active Commuting Route Environment Scale (ACRES), for the assessment of bicyclists' and pede...
Article
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The aim of this study was to evaluate two versions of the Oxycon Mobile portable metabolic system (OMPS1 and OMPS2) in a wide range of oxygen uptake, using the Douglas bag method (DBM) as criterion method. The metabolic variables VO2, VCO2 respiratory exchange ratio and VE were measured during submaximal and maximal cycle ergometer exercise with se...
Chapter
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n idag ser jag för mitt öga hur han lugnt och värdigt promenerar längs friluftsplanen, passerar Lingstatyn och Ornäsbjörkarna, och når sedan sitt mål; den gröna baracken. Han väckte min nyfi kenhet, mannen som alltid var klädd i en grön lodenrock och keps; och alltid hade en käpp i ena handen och en tunn läderportfölj i den andra. Minnesbilderna hä...
Article
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There is a need for accurate, reliable, and feasible methods for determining route distances in physically active transportation. The aim of this study, therefore, was to scrutinize if distances of commuting routes drawn by physically active commuters and measured with a digital curvimetric distance measurement device could serve such a purpose. Pa...
Article
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This text describes the development of the first version of the WHO Health Economic Tool (HEAT) for cycling. It is published in Svensk Idrottsforskning 2008, 3:47-51.
Article
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This is a text in Swedish about Victor Balck, who originally was trained both as a military and a Ling gymnast at the Royal Gymnastic Central Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. However, during a visit to England he became a great friend of all kinds of sport. He then turned into becoming a sports promotor of national and international high standards...
Chapter
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Article
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This article states and frames a research agenda about walking and cycling commuting in Greater Stockholm, Sweden (www.gih.se/pacs).
Article
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Med artikeln "Active commuting to school. An overlooked source of childrens' physi- cal activity?" (5) kan man hävda att frågan om barns transportsätt till och från skolan kom i fokus bland forskargrupper i flera länder. De tre författarna, alla amerikanska forskare, konstaterade bland annat att denna typ av rörelse ofta ignorerats i undersök- ning...
Article
Abstract One of the most often suggested strategies for enhancing public health through physical activity (PA) is to make use of the need for transportation between home and work/study place through walking or bicycling. This paper presents a study based on a questionnaire and map distributed to about 2000 physically active commuters in Greater Sto...
Chapter
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This book chapter presents historical and legal backgrounds as well as outcomes of the pioneering establishments of national urban parks in Sweden and Finland.
Article
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In December 1994, the Swedish Parliament unanimously decided to establish a large area covering 27 square kilometres between Ulriksdal, Haga-Brunnsviken and Djurgården, in Greater Stockholm, as a National Urban Park. The first National Urban Park in the world, it has been seen as an innovative way of protecting an important cultural landscape that...
Article
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Utredningens syfte FRISAM (Friluftsorganisationer i sam-verkan, se www.frisam.org) som har närmare 20 friluftsorganisationer som medlemmar tog initiativ till en utredning med den inriktningen under våren 2002. Orsaken var att FRISAM ville se en ökad forskning och utbildning inom området. Regeringen och Naturvårdsverket bidrog med finansieringen och...
Book
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This is the first investigation about education and research in friluftsliv (outdoor life) in Sweden. It also describes the corresponding fields in Denmark and Norway. A number of developmental steps are suggested.