Peter E Pidcoe

Peter E Pidcoe
Virginia Commonwealth University | VCU · Department of Physical Therapy

About

71
Publications
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1,494
Citations

Publications

Publications (71)
Article
Full-text available
Trunk control and postural instability remain critical markers of functional status in Parkinson’s Disease (PD). As pharmacological and invasive neuro-stimulation interventions provide only limited benefits for trunk and postural control, exercise-based interventions may provide the only effective path to improving functional outcomes for balance i...
Article
Full-text available
The vestibular ocular reflex (VOR) provides gaze stability during head movements by driving eye movements in a direction opposing head motion. Although vestibular-based rehabilitation strategies are available, it is still unclear whether VOR can be modulated by training. By examining adaptations in gaze stabilization mechanisms in a population with...
Article
Background: Complex movement pathologies that are biopsychosocial in nature (eg, back pain) require a multidimensional approach for effective treatment. Virtual reality is a promising tool for rehabilitation, where therapeutic interventions can be gamified to promote and train specific movement behaviors while increasing enjoyment, engagement, and...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic low back pain (cLBP) rates among younger individuals are rising. Although pain and disability are often less severe, underlying changes in trunk behavior may be responsible for recurrence. We examine the biomarker capacity of a simple Trunk Compliance Index (TCI) to distinguish individuals with and without cLBP. A random subset (n = 49) of...
Article
Aims : The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends “parents to incorporate supervised, awake ‘prone play’ in their infant’s routine to support motor development and minimize the risk of plagiocephaly”. The purpose of this feasibility study was to compare usual care to a reward contingency–based intervention, developed to increase prone tolerance...
Article
Full-text available
Immersive virtual reality has recently developed into a readily available system that allows for full-body tracking. Can this affordable system be used for component tracking to advance or replace expensive kinematic systems for motion analysis in the clinic? The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of position and orientation measures from...
Article
Background: Associative learning is the ability to discover a relationship between two or more events. We combined principles of learning and technology to develop a paradigm to assess associative learning in prone. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether 3- to 6-month-old infants can demonstrate: (1) short-term learning of a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Approaches to prosthetic hand control often focus on improving single handed grasping and manipulation. However, for those with unilateral upper-limb loss, clinical focus is on training the use of a prosthesis for helping with tasks that are difficult or impossible to do with a single hand. In many of these bimanual tasks, one hand is responsible f...
Article
The Academy of Pediatric Physical Therapy Research Summit IV issued a Call to Action for community-wide intensification of a research enterprise in inquiries related to pediatric brain injury and motor disability by way of technological integration. But the barriers can seem high, and the pathways to integrative clinical research can seem poorly ma...
Article
Objective: Starting from an upright standing posture and reaching for a target that requires some forward bending of the trunk can involve many different configurations of the trunk and limb segments. We sought to determine if configurations of the limb and trunk segments during our standardized full-body reaching tasks were influenced by the visua...
Article
Background: Virtual reality (VR) interventions hold great potential for rehabilitation as commercial systems are becoming more affordable and can be easily applied to both clinical and home settings. Objective: In this study, we sought to determine how differences in the VR display type can influence motor behavior, cognitive load, and participa...
Thesis
Human footwear is not yet designed to optimally relieve pressure on the heel of the foot. Proper foot pressure assessment requires personal training and measurements by specialized machinery. The research aims to investigate and hypothesize about Preferred Transition Speed (PTS) and to classify the gait phase of explicit variances in walking patter...
Thesis
Human footwear is not yet designed to optimally relieve pressure on the heel of the foot. Proper foot pressure assessment requires personal training and measurements by specialized machinery. The research aims to investigate and hypothesize about Preferred Transition Speed (PTS) and to classify the gait phase of explicit variances in walking patter...
Thesis
Human footwear is not yet designed to optimally relieve pressure on the heel of the foot. Proper foot pressure assessment requires personal training and measurements by specialized machinery. The research aims to investigate and hypothesize about Preferred Transition Speed (PTS) and to classify the gait phase of explicit variances in walking patter...
Article
Due to the high percentage of musicians who suffer from musculoskeletal disorders, there is a need for more research in the field of music and medicine. The purpose of this study was to analyze the possible relationship between anxiety, muscle activation, and muscle fatigue in undergraduate trumpet players. Assessment tools included surface electro...
Article
Study design: Randomized controlled trial. Objectives: To determine if thoracic spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) alters thoracic kinematics, thoracic excursion, and scapular kinematics compared to a sham SMT in individuals with subacromial impingement syndrome, and also to compare changes in patient-reported outcomes between treatment groups....
Patent
Full-text available
A self initiated prone progressive crawler facilitates crawling in infants by sensing the infant's intent and assisting movement. The device is designed as a mobility aid to assist an infant in prone locomotion. The infant can be placed in a prone position on a platform and secured with hook and loop straps. The arms and legs are unconstrained and...
Article
Objective: After traumatic brain injury (TBI), postural instability often results. This can effect ambulation and, subsequently, activities of daily living. Various forms of rehabilitation have been developed, but few offer engaging activities that provide informative dynamic balance training. The goal of this pilot study was to build a goal-based...
Article
Thoracic SMT can improve symptoms in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome. However, at this time the mechanisms of SMT are not well established. It is possible that changes in pain sensitivity may occur following SMT. To assess the immediate pain response in patients with shoulder pain following thoracic spinal manipulative therapy (SMT)...
Article
A training system intended for myoelectric prosthetic hands for upper limb amputees was developed to assist in learning myoelectric control schemes and training muscle isolation. The trainer allowed a user to operate a remote controlled car by use of a control scheme commonly used in myoelectric prosthetic hands. The trainer was designed to be easy...
Article
Full-text available
Context: Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is characterized by repeated ankle sprains, which have been linked to postural instability. Therefore, it is important for clinicians to identify individuals with CAI who can benefit from rehabilitation. Objective: To assess the likelihood that CAI participants will exhibit impaired postural stability and...
Article
Altered gait kinematics in individuals with functional ankle in- stability (FAI) are thought to contribute to instability; however, research findings are inconsistent. Findings may be clarified with the use of a multi-segment foot model and a coper group. Participants included 69 individuals: 23 with FAI, 23 controls, and 23 copers (individuals wit...
Article
Full-text available
Context: Why some individuals with ankle sprains develop functional ankle instability and others do not (ie, copers) is unknown. Current understanding of the clinical profile of copers is limited. Objective: To contrast individuals with functional ankle instability (FAI), copers, and uninjured individuals on both self-reported variables and clin...
Article
Aim. Core stability in runners, to include control of frontal plane pelvic motion, is a current focus in the research and clinical settings for treatment, injury prevention, and running performance. Previous research has shown a direct link between increased ground reaction forces and metabolic costs while running. Unfortunately, there is a researc...
Article
This study compared head kinematic responses and step latency following an anteriorly directed postural perturbation between two groups (Young, mean age 27.39; Elderly, mean age 71.9). We further attempted to demonstrate, for the first time, a positive linear relationship between sagittal plane head angular velocities and stepping responses in both...
Article
Outpatient rehabilitation clinic. A 37-year-old physically active male. The patient presented with anterior left knee pain, exacerbated when climbing stairs, sitting, and running. Exam showed lateral tracking patellae and palpable crepitus. One hundred fifty units of botulinum toxin A was injected into his left vastus lateralis. He underwent a 12-w...
Article
The Oxford foot model (OFM) is a multi-segment model for calculating hindfoot and forefoot motion. Limited information is available regarding the repeatability and error of this model in adults. Therefore the purpose of this study was to assess the intra-tester reliability of OFM hindfoot and forefoot gait kinematics in adults at initial contact (I...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To determine sacroiliac joint compliance characteristics and pelvic floor movements in older women relative to gynecological surgery history and back pain complaints. Design: Single-visit laboratory measurement. Setting: University clinical research center. Participants: Twenty-five women aged 65 years or older. Outcome measures:...
Article
To date, there has been little evidence to suggest the importance of foveal viewing versus peripheral retina viewing when trying to recover from a perturbation. The purposes of this investigation were to (1) determine whether a visual target can be stabilized on the fovea during a perturbation, (2) determine whether stepping responses following a p...
Chapter
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between gluteus medius muscle (GM) activity, pelvic motion, and changes in metabolic energy demands while running. METHODS: Five healthy, female subjects (mean age 22.8±2.2) were obtained from a sample of convenience. Subjects were recreational runners who ran ≥ 5 miles per week (mean 28.0 miles±15.2). Subje...
Article
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between isometric GM torque and the degree of frontal plane pelvic drop during running. Twenty-one healthy, recreational runners (9 males, 12 females) who ran 8.05 km or more per week were obtained from a sample of convenience. GM maximal isometric torque was collected prior to the run...
Chapter
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between frontal plane pelvic angle, gluteus medius muscle (GM) torque, and changes in metabolic energy demands while running. METHODS: Five healthy, female subjects (mean age 22.8 ± 2.2) were obtained from a sample of convenience. Subjects were recreational runners who ran ≥ 5 miles per week (mean 28.0 miles...
Article
Full-text available
To present the management of a patient with a cervical disc herniation and illustrate the efficacy of cervical traction as a main form of treatment for cervical disc herniation in conjunction with a home exercise program. A 71-year-old white female diagnosed with cervical disc herniation at the levels of C5-6 and C6-7 presented to physical therapy...
Article
Full-text available
This report illustrates the use of pressure for scar management to aid in foot re-shaping following a surgical intervention to repair an arterio-venous (AV) malformation. This report describes the rehabilitation of a 13-year-old girl after surgical reconstruction of a defect in her left foot following the removal of an AV malformation. Early surgic...
Article
This case report describes the rehabilitation of an elite, 15-year-old gymnast after a nonreduced type II manubriosternal dislocation. The rehabilitation took place in a gymnastics venue but was guided by a physician and a licensed physical therapist. The gymnast participated in a 13-week rehabilitation program for range of motion and strengthening...
Article
Experiments were conducted on five subjects with no visual impairment to assess tracking strategy differences in subjects with and without a simulated central scotoma. Subjects were asked to visually track horizontally moving periodic and nonperiodic sinusoidal stimuli through a +/-5 degrees range. Scotoma simulation was achieved electronically wit...
Article
Scapular muscle performance evaluated with a handheld dynamometer (HHD) has been investigated only in people without shoulder dysfunction for test-retest reliability of data obtained with a single scapular muscle test. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability, error, and validity of data obtained with an HHD for 4 scapular muscle tes...
Article
The purpose of this study was to determine adaptations in head stability resulting from altered gaze control and vision during over-ground walking. Using over-ground walking permitted adaptations in walking velocity and cadence that are otherwise not possible during treadmill walking or walking-in-place. Gaze control and vision were manipulated by...
Article
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of LE fatigue on ground impact force, LE kinematics, and LE kinetics during landing. Ground reaction force (GRF), kinematic, and electromyogram (EMG) data were collected from 12 male subjects during a fatiguing landing activity (FLA). This activity allowed not only the biomechanical differe...
Article
Plantar fasciitis is one of the more common soft-tissue disorders of the foot, yet little is known about its etiology. The purpose of the present study was to use an epidemiological design to determine whether risk factors for plantar fasciitis could be identified. Specifically, we examined the risk factors of limited ankle dorsiflexion with the kn...
Article
The use of electromyogram-based fatigue measurements during high-intensity, dynamic activities is confounded by the accompanying increase in muscle temperature. The purpose of this communication was to demonstrate the use of a muscle temperature compensation technique for electromyogram (EMG) fatigue measurements. Subjects were six healthy men (mea...
Article
Past approaches for inducing protective stepping to preserve standing balance in humans have either lacked the flexibility of control over the initial conditions of falling, or involved considerable mass which limits mobility of the system. This report describes the design and function of a stepper motor closed-loop waist-pull system for evoking pr...
Article
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of heel lifts on ground reaction force patterns in subjects with structural leg-length discrepancies (LLDs). Eighteen subjects with LLDs ranging from 4.8 to 22.2 mm participated in this study. Subject age range was from 20 to 63 years. A force platform was used to obtain ground reaction force da...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of foot orthoses on the pattern of center of pressure in women with forefoot deformities during walking. Nine subjects with a forefoot varus and nine subjects with a forefoot valgus walked across a force platform three times for each of the following five treatment conditions: 1) barefoot, 2) s...
Article
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION Stroke is one of the leading causes of disability in the United States with 750,000 individuals affected each year (1). A major residual effect of stroke is impaired walking ability. While 70-80% of adults who survive a stroke will regain the ability walk short distances, less than 50% are able to achieve even limited community ambulat...
Article
Thesis (M.S. in bioengineering)--University of Illinois at Chicago, 1989. Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 89-90). Typescript (photocopy).
Article
Typescript (photocopy). Thesis (Ph. D. in bioengineering)--University of Illinois at Chicago, 1993. Vita. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 117-119).

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
The purpose of this research study is to test the safety, tolerability, and effectiveness of virtual reality games when used to treat low back pain.