Peter Newman

Peter Newman
Pennsylvania State University | Penn State · Department of Recreation, Park, and Tourism Management

PhD Natural Resources Management

About

123
Publications
24,443
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Publications

Publications (123)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: While much research has examined the increase in outdoor recreation and those who began participating in outdoor recreation during the COVID-19 pandemic, to-date no published empirical research has examined perceived post-pandemic recreation participation among the latter group. Research Methods: Through a national panel survey of 902 res...
Article
As the primary method of accessing the south side of the Alaska Range, aviation plays a critical role in providing visitor access to some of the most spectacular regions of Denali National Park and Preserve. In recent years, flightseeing and glacier-landing tourism in Denali has grown considerably, bringing with it several benefits, impacts, and ch...
Article
Full-text available
Traffic noise is one of the leading causes of reductions in animal abundances near roads. Acoustic masking of conspecific signals and adventitious cues is one mechanism that likely causes animals to abandon loud areas. However, masking effects can be difficult to document in situ and the effects of infrequent noise events may be impractical to stud...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of natural soundscapes and natural quiet to the recreational experience in protected areas is well established. While a growing body of research examines how recreationists are impacted by anthropogenic noise that inhibits their experience of natural soundscapes, a very limited amount of research examines recreationists’ preferences...
Article
Improper food storage fuels human-bear conflicts in parks and protected areas around the globe. Bear-resistant food storage canisters provide an extremely effective solution for reducing food-related human-bear conflicts, especially for overnight visitors in backcountry settings. However, the success of this intervention depends on recreationists’...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has been proposed as a catalyst for many U.S. residents to reengage in outdoor recreation or engage in outdoor recreation for the first time. This manuscript describes the results of a representative U.S. national panel study aimed at better understanding the socio-demographic profile (gender, ethnicity, community type, income...
Article
Full-text available
The continued demand for outdoor recreation during the COVID-19 pandemic presents a challenge to park and protected area managers. Numerous strategies have been suggested to reduce the risk of transmission among outdoor recreationists; however, evaluations of acceptability of these strategies and their impacts on perceptions of visitor density have...
Article
Non-motorized, water-based recreation (e.g., paddlesports) represents one of the most sought after outdoor activities in U.S. Parks and Protected Areas (PPA). Among paddling options, stand-up paddleboarding represents the activity with the highest levels of growth. However, stand-up paddleboarding has yet to be spatially examined in a PPA setting....
Preprint
Full-text available
As the COVID-19 pandemic spread across the United States, many residents began participating in outdoor recreation for the first time, or returned to outdoor recreation after a prolonged hiatus. During the first year of the pandemic, many parks in the U.S. experienced record visitation as overall park and protected area visitation increased across...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has created an unprecedented disruption to daily life for large swaths of individuals and resulted in potentially widespread implications for individuals' health and wellbeing. This study utilized an online survey of avid outdoor recreationists to understand the psychosocial factors influencing recreationist behaviors during t...
Article
Full-text available
In many parks and protected areas around the globe, reducing human-caused sounds is a critical component to providing quality visitor experiences. However, very little research examines the effect of vehicular road sounds on visitor experiences. Additionally, emerging pavement treatments have the potential to provide a new management tool for reduc...
Article
Full-text available
For nearly a century in the United States, visitor capacities have served as a means of preserving resources and the visitor experience on public lands. The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in increased interest in implementing visitor capacities that could potentially limit use on public lands, suggesting a need to understand public support for their us...
Article
Full-text available
Protected natural areas are not free from noise, especially noise generated by traffic within park boundaries. Natural soundscapes are important for maintaining community structure, providing positive visitor experiences, and increasing visitor support for management actions that reduce impacts on natural resources. To test experimental quieting as...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has altered outdoor recreation behaviors in the United States for over one year. In an effort to continue gathering timely and relevant data on national outdoor recreation patterns, the Leave No Trace Center for Outdoor Ethics and its academic partners, Pennsylvania State University and the University of Montana, conducted a f...
Article
Full-text available
Wildlife value orientations (WVOs) are used to address human-wildlife conflicts by developing value-framed messaging. However, little is known about whether WVOs (i.e., mutualism, domination) are useful in distance-related wildlife safety communication strategies. This study explores the predictive ability of mutualism and domination value orientat...
Article
Full-text available
International Journal of Wilderness - Overall visitation to Grand Canyon National Park (GRCA) grew 36%, and backcountry overnight visits increased 8% from 2010 to 2019. This research examines how park managers and other key stakeholders, such as park-partner staff, are managing increasing visitation levels. In total, 36 semistructured qualitative i...
Article
Human-wildlife conflicts are a challenge in parks and protected areas around the world. Facilitating quality wildlife viewing experiences that minimize negative impacts to people and animals is often complicated by distance-related human behaviors. The purpose of this study was to examine how people's distance-related norms varied as a function of...
Article
Full-text available
Grand Teton National Park (GRTE) is a popular mountain recreation destination which, like many National Park Service (NPS) units, has experienced a significant increase in visitation in recent years, with total visits increasing by 27% between 2014 and 2017 (NPS 2020). Particularly popular within GRTE is the String and Leigh Lakes (SLL) area, which...
Article
Full-text available
Spending time in nature is known to benefit human health and well-being, but evidence is mixed as to whether biodiversity or perceptions of biodiver- sity contribute to these benefits. Perhaps more importantly, little is known about the sensory modalities by which humans perceive biodiversity and obtain benefits from their interactions with nature....
Article
Full-text available
Increased visitor use and overuse are well-documented in popular national parks in the Western United States. Previous research has documented how this high level of visitor use negatively impacts park resources and inhibits the provisioning of recreational ecosystem services to park visitors. This research informs the man- agement of recreational...
Article
Recent advances in geospatial technology resulted in GPS and GIS-based approaches becoming more common in visitor use management studies. Many of these studies focus on describing the spatial and temporal patterns and trends of use. While these descriptive data are useful, recent reviews of the recreation literature using GPS and GIS techniques sug...
Article
Full-text available
1. Burgeoning urbanization, development and human activities have led to reduced opportunities for nature experience in quiet acoustic environments. Increasing noise affects both humans and wildlife alike. 2. We experimentally altered human-caused sound levels in a paired study using in-formational signs that encouraged quiet behaviours in week-on,...
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, public land agencies around the world have broadened their missions and associated management practices and programming to emphasize the importance of parks and protected areas to the provisioning of human health and well-being. The 2014 World Parks Congress marked a significant step in the emergence of the “Healthy Parks Healthy...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic presents not only a global health crisis but has also disrupted the daily lives of people around the world. From a leisure perspective, urban outdoor enthusiasts are one group particularly impacted by the pandemic and the subsequent institutional response. Stay-at-home orders and physical distancing recommendations serve as po...
Article
Full-text available
The challenge of managing protected areas to purvey benefits through visitor experiences has been a major subject of research within the fields of recreation and leisure. Driver and others have advocated for the benefits approach to leisure with relative success. However, this largely-social approach discounts the role of the setting in purveying b...
Article
In the mid-Atlantic region, prescribed fire is as an important tool for natural resource managers to achieve a variety of outcomes, including the management of wildlife habitat and wildfire risk reduction. However, little research has been conducted in this region to help inform managers about public perceptions and acceptance of prescribed fire. I...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The social barriers and opportunities of prescribed fire management practices in the mid-Atlantic region are unknown. We hypothesized that there are mismatches between community perceptions of prescribed fire operations in the mid-Atlantic U.S. and the realities of its current and potential use in landscape management, but that these mismatches var...
Research
Research findings regarding COVID-19 and outdoor recreation. https://theconversation.com/summer-visitors-to-american-parks-choose-safety-first-over-freedom-to-roam-138512
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to alter daily life and lead to changes in the way we spend time outside. In an effort to gather timely and relevant data on national recreation patterns, the Leave No Trace Center for Outdoor Ethics and its academic partner, Pennsylvania State University, have been working to conduct a study that can offer guidance...
Article
Full-text available
Tourist congestion is a significant issue in Jiuzhai Valley World Heritage Site (JVWH). The “demand-driven” approach of alternative transportation system (ATS) has led to the issues related to visitor crowding, visitor safety, and visitor experience quality. JVWH requires a more efficient approach to achieve a suitable tourist distribution while pr...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to alter daily life and lead to changes in the way we spend time outside. In an effort to gather timely and relevant data on national recreation patterns before, during, and after the pandemic, the Leave No Trace Center for Outdoor Ethics and its academic partner, Pennsylvania State University, have been working to c...
Preprint
Full-text available
On March 11th, 2020, the World Health Organization officially declared COVID-19 a pandemic. The pandemic is rapidly altering daily life and leading to changes in the way we spend time outside. In an effort to gather timely and relevant data on national recreation patterns, before, during, and after the pandemic, the Leave No Trace Center for Outdoo...
Article
This study examined the influence of political ideology and perceptions of benefits and risks upon State Forest recreationists' support and opposition towards shale natural gas energy development (SGD) on public and private lands in Pennsylvania. Much of the ongoing and proposed Pennsylvania SGD infrastructure is either within or adjacent to public...
Article
Assessing the visitor experience for management in park and protected areas has long been the research focus of social scientists working in concert with park managers. One approach to protected area management—outcomes focused management—examines either the motivations that guide the behavior of recreationists or the outcomes that are attained thr...
Article
Understanding visitor evaluations of human-caused sounds is an essential component to managing recreation experiences in parks and protected areas. In this study, the impact of sounds from natural gas compressors in Pennsylvania State Forests is explored. Using data collected from over 400 onsite visitors, researchers developed a threshold model th...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose-The purpose of this paper is to present the growing relevance of natural smells-both pleasant and unpleasant-to park and protected area tourism and the need for more consideration of their role in the visitor experience. Design/methodology/approach-This paper presents four observations-selected via an informal review of the tourism litera...
Chapter
Full-text available
Providing opportunities for visitor experiences is one of the core responsibilities of the sustainable tourism industry. However, understanding and managing the visitor experience is no easy task. These experiences arise from complex social-ecological conditions and are, broadly stated, co-created by both managers of and visitors to parks and conse...
Conference Paper
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Both Parks Victoria, AUS and the United States National Park Service (USNPS) focus on promoting human health and well-being while sustaining environmental well-being. This has been fostered by the agencies through the “Healthy Parks Healthy People” program, in which Parks Victoria and the USNPS are global leaders as well as agency collaborators. Gi...
Article
This study examined variables hypothesized to influence behavioral intentions of visitors to frontcountry areas managed by the USDA Forest Service. Data were obtained over a stratified 12-month sampling period (n = 281). Analyses revealed that visitor attitudes toward perceived effectiveness of Leave No Trace practices and perceptions of difficulty...
Article
The diverse and omnipresent social media platforms in contemporary society have fundamentally changed the way people interact with their world. Parks and protected areas are no exception. Although outdoor recreation and tourism research has embraced social media from a utilitarian perspective, very few studies evaluate how social media influences v...
Article
Increasing visitor use in U.S. national parks leads to myriad challenges, one of which is the large amount of waste generated. In this research, visitors to three parks were surveyed to identify potential leverage points for communicating with visitors that may help increase desirable behaviors in visitors as part of the Zero Landfill Initiative (Z...
Article
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Camping has grown from a recreational activity to an emerging tourism sector. In America's national parks, this growth is amplified by increasing visitation and an occupancy limited by a mission to preserve the nation's natural wonders. Forecasting future demand for campsites can not only aid administrators' resource allocation, efficient managemen...
Article
Full-text available
National Park Service (NPS) units have seen a significant increase in visitation in recent years. From 2014 to 2016 Grand Teton National Park (GTNP) experienced a 17 percent increase in recreational visits. Managing for increased use, driven partially by new and novel types of recreation activities, is a growing issue of concern for the NPS. This s...
Article
This study examined frontcountry state park visitors’ attitudes toward, and support for, common Leave No Trace practices. Understanding state park visitors’ attitudes towards Leave No Trace practices and support of the program can inform the development of effective educational communication strategies and specific messaging in order to address and...
Article
Full-text available
Grand Teton (GRTE) and Yellowstone (YELL) National Parks are experiencing an increase in visitation of Chinese tourists over the last few years, but little is known about the expectations, behaviors, and actual experiences of these new visitors. Cultural differences and language barriers contribute to misunderstanding and confusion between park man...
Article
Full-text available
National park sites draw tourism all across the United States. Although large natural parks see much attention, most national park units are actually designed to protect and interpret unique cultural and historic resources. As an example of this, the National Park Service administers numerous presidential historic sites. However, we know very littl...
Article
Full-text available
The Noise Sensitivity Scale – Short Form (NSS-SF) was developed as a parsimonious way to measure people’s unique responses to noise and was confirmed as psychometrically valid in several independent studies. However, no study has used configural and metric invariance testing to examine if the NSS-SF is invariant in a cross-cultural context. This re...
Article
Denali National Park and Preserve (DNPP), home to 6 million acres of land protected as wilderness, has collected a variety of biophysical acoustic data related to a backcountry management plan. However, very little is known about visitor experience related to sounds in the DNPP wilderness. This research explores wilderness users’ sound-related moti...
Article
Light pollution is ubiquitous in much of the developed and developing world, including rural and wilderness areas. Other sources of pollution, such as noise or motorized vehicle emissions, are known to impact the perceived quality of natural settings as well as the psychological well-being and satisfaction of visitors to those locations, but the ef...
Article
Managing visitor use in parks and protected areas requires balancing resource protection and quality visitor experiences; a difficult task with ever increasing visitation. Understanding what constitutes a quality experience is also complex. Past studies show that transportation systems are a vital part of visitor's experiences to parks and protecte...
Article
Full-text available
Soundscape assessment takes many forms, including letting the consequences of the soundscape be an indicator of soundscape quality or value. As a result, much social science research has been conducted to better quantify problem soundscapes and the subsequent effects on humans exposed to them. Visual evaluations of natural environments are one area...
Article
Full-text available
The authors explored the influences of a youth-focused Leave No Trace educational program on participants’ attitudes, behaviors, and nature connectedness. The study employed an experimental, equivalent control-group design and included survey and direct observation measures. Pretest and posttest surveys provided self-report measures of attitudes an...
Article
Full-text available
There is rising concern that increases in visitor numbers could negatively affect natural resources within protected natural areas. This has raised questions regarding the effectiveness of indirect management strategies in reducing depreciative behaviors among visitors across different natural resource settings. Leave No Trace (LNT), which focuses...
Article
Protected areas are critical locations worldwide for biodiversity preservation and offer important opportunities for increasingly urbanized humans to experience nature. However, biodiversity preservation and visitor access are often at odds and creative solutions are needed to safeguard protected area natural resources in the face of high visitor u...
Article
Visitor use to parks and protected areas is very dynamic. Previous studies have used geospatial models to better understand visitor flow. Geospatial data give a more accurate and precise insight to visitor movements, and investigating both space and time together in one analysis provides a more holistic understanding of visitor use. This study uses...
Article
Impact to protected area resources due to uninformed or depreciative visitor behavior continues to be a principal concern for managers. Leave No Trace (LNT) is a prevalent educational strategy for mitigating such impacts. Through on-site surveys, this study examined frontcountry visitor attitudes toward Leave No Trace (LNT) practices, and self-repo...
Article
Full-text available
One manner that parks can promote health and well-being is through the ecosystem services they provide (e.g., clean air, water, and cultural and historical benefits). To date, however, there is limited empirical data regarding potential health and well-being benefits; if these benefits are understood, and subsequently promoted properly, these park...
Article
A growing body of evidence suggests that traffic noise negatively affects wildlife. Protected natural areas are not free from noise exposure, both external to and within park boundaries. Natural soundscapes are important in many aspects of animal life histories, for increasing positive visitor experiences, and for providing psychological ecosystem...
Article
Full-text available
Dinosaurs and other fossils capture the imagination of people of all ages from around the globe. An assessment of the wide range of human values associated with paleontological resources reveals strong and sometimes conflicting perspectives. Given the fact that fossils are non-renewable resources, decision-making relative to the use, conservation a...
Article
In most cases, transportation planning in national parks and public lands might most appropriately be termed “demand-driven.” In this approach, rigorous analyses of park visitation, traffic, and parking data are used as a basis for transportation planning to accommodate current and projected future visitor demand, within financial constraints. Perf...
Article
The demand for recreation and nature-based tourism experiences in parks and protected areas continues to grow in many locations worldwide and in response, many parks are employing transit services designed to improve visitor access. Transit services (e.g., public bus service) are a component of the overall park transportation system and are very de...
Article
Parks and protected areas offer refuge from the fatigue of daily life. An existing body of literature provides evidence that experiences in nature can promote restoration and improve overall health and well-being. Previous research on sounds in national parks has determined that manmade sounds negatively impact visitors’ enjoyment, as well as, thei...