Peter Maassen

Peter Maassen
University of Oslo · Faculty of Educational Sciences

About

94
Publications
19,975
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3,618
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Publications

Publications (94)
Chapter
Full-text available
Rethinking Society for the 21st Century - by International Panel on Social Progress (IPSP) July 2018
Article
The article introduces this special issue of Higher Education Quarterly in which results of a research project on 'European Flagship Universities: Balancing Academic Excellence and Socio-economic Relevance' are presented and discussed. The Flagship project aimed at contributing to a better understanding of the relationship between university reform...
Article
This article discusses changes with respect to university governance structures in six comprehensive universities in Europe. We present an analytical framework on the basis of which we conduct a comparative analysis of the university governance structures along four different dimensions: (a) the internal democratic nature of the governance structur...
Article
In this article we discuss recent university reforms aimed at enhancing university autonomy, highlighting various tensions in the underlying reform ideologies. We examine how the traditional interpretation of university autonomy has been expanded in the reform rationales. An analytical framework for studying how autonomy is interpreted and used ins...
Article
One can observe a growing external pressure on universities to become more responsive to society through proactively engaging in various types of competition—competing for students, staff, external funding, and for academic prestige and status. The ensuing reform agendas aim at changing the intra-university governance structures for stimulating the...
Article
Research-intensive universities are operating in an environment of conflicting goals and priorities. Their status in research as well as education is dependent on their performance in various global arenas where performance can be measured with relatively clear indicators. However, success in operations outside the primary tasks of the academic com...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report is produced in the framework of the project “Quality of Norwegian Higher Education: Pathways, Practices and Performances”, funded through the program Research and Innovation in the Educational Sector (FINNUT), Research Council Norway (RCN). The focus of the study is on exploring quality issues related to the educational provision of hig...
Book
Full-text available
"This volume brings together excellent scholarship and innovative policy discussion to demonstrate the essential role of higher education in the development of Africa and of the world at large. Based on deep knowledge of the university system in several African countries, this book will reshape the debate on development in the global information ec...
Article
While external quality assurance in higher education was originally developed to cater for various domestic needs, recent decades have seen various attempts in the use of quality assurance also as a mechanism for creating more trust in cross-national higher education activities. In this article, a conceptual framework for analysing available trust-...
Book
This volume brings together excellent scholarship and innovative policy discussion to demonstrate the essential role of higher education in the development of Africa and of the world at large. Based on deep knowledge of the university system in several African countries, this book will reshape the debate on development in the global information eco...
Article
In this paper university autonomy is discussed from four different analytical perspectives. First, a discussion is presented of autonomy as conceptualized in the academic literature covering public sector governance in general. Second, the concept of autonomy is deconstructed through discussing its underlying assumptions and by examining the relati...
Chapter
Higher education is in a critical period with a potential for a major rebalancing of internal and external relations of authority, power and responsibility in higher education governance. An important element in this transition has been a growing policy focus on the contributions higher education institutions are expected to make to economic growth...
Chapter
Full-text available
Higher education studies has over the last four to five decades emerged in Europe as a field of its own, with specialised academic journals and book series, an increasing number of academic and popular-scientific publications and reports, specialised units inside and outside higher education institutions, a number of specialised Master programmes,...
Chapter
There has been a growing policy focus in OECD countries on the university’s contributions to innovation and economic development. The main assumption underlying this focus, in simplified form, is that more complex and competitive economic and technological global environments require rapid adaptation to shifting opportunities and constraints. The u...
Book
Full-text available
Book synopsis This book addresses the following research questions: What are the main transformations in European higher education? How do these transformations affect the national higher education systems of Norway and Poland? How do European-level higher education policy processes affect national higher education policies in Norway and Poland, es...
Chapter
Full-text available
Higher education institutions have become in practically every society the main institutionalized domains for handling advanced knowledge. They have survived since their origin in more or less the same organizational form (Kerr, 2001), which is all the more remarkable given the fundamental changes that have taken place in their environments. Their...
Article
Full-text available
In the literature on system level governance of higher education, deregulation and the stepping back of government are regarded as effective measures for strengthening institutional autonomy. Based on an analysis of reforms in higher education in the Netherlands and Norway from the mid-1980s onwards, this article discusses how institutional autonom...
Article
Full-text available
While it is common to claim that university reforms are based on universal and standardised ideas about ‘modernising’ the university, few studies have examined in a more coherent way how the combined external pressure for change with respect to the areas of education, research and innovation has affected the university. In this paper it is argued t...
Book
Universities and economic development in Africa: Pact, academic core and coordination draws together evidence and synthesises the findings from eight African case studies. The three key findings presented in this report are as follows: 1. There is a lack of clarity and agreement (pact) about a development model and the role of higher education in d...
Article
Full-text available
Since the mid 1980s, modernising university governance has been a constant item on the political agenda of most countries, often followed by reforms attempting to change how universities are managed and led. However, when considering the effects of the many initiatives taken, a rather complex picture appears with respect to the scope and depths of...
Chapter
European higher education is going through an important transformation. While during the first decades after the Second World War the sector experienced a period of relative stability in its basic national and institutional organisation and governance structures, more recently it has undergone far-reaching changes. Overall, the recent change dynami...
Chapter
Full-text available
The governance and organisation of European higher education, and especially the traditional research university, are in a state of transformation. This is to a large extent caused by far-reaching change processes in the environments of higher education institutions, including general reforms of the governance and organisation of the public sector,...
Book
Given the overall ambitions and goals of the Lisbon agenda and the Bologna process, and other relevant supranational and intergovernmental European integration processes, it is obvious that these processes are intended to affect the university in all its basic structural features, including the way it performs its basic activities. However, the Eur...
Article
Including abstract, tabl., bibl. The article discusses the impact of the growing emphasis on internationalisation on higher education institutions. Based on case studies of 12 Scandinavian universities and colleges, it is shown how issues related to internationalisation trigger processes of trying to enhance the institutional capacity for strategic...
Chapter
Full-text available
The subject of this paper is the institutional dynamics of the European University. How is this key institution affected by ongoing processes of European integration? What attempts are undertaken at the European level to build up institutional capacity in the areas of higher education and research policy? How do these emerging European capacities r...
Article
In this article the use, updating and integration of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for teaching and learning purposes is discussed. Based on an empirical study using interviews and document analysis of the implementation of ICT in five Norwegian universities and colleges, the article analyse a number of factors that are of importan...
Book
The European University is under stress. It has become commonplace to argue that radical reforms are needed. The claim is that while environments are changing rapidly, European universities do not learn, adapt and reform themselves fast enough. Reform plans comprise the purposes of universities, i.e. definitions of what the University is, can be an...
Article
Full-text available
The European University, as a key institution, is under stress. It has become commonplace to argue that urgent and radical reforms are needed. The claim is that while environments are changing rapidly, universities do not learn, adapt and reform themselves fast enough. Reform plans comprise the purposes of universities, i.e. definitions of what the...
Book
This book presents the most comprehensive and most thorough study of the developments in South African higher education and research after the first democratic elections of 1994 – that is of post-Apartheid South African higher education. This volume will provide its readers with a detailed insight into the new (i.e. post-1994) South African higher...
Chapter
The title of Cerych and Sabatier’s seminal book on higher education policy implementation, Great Expectations and Mixed Performance, reflects also in many respects the feelings of a considerable proportion of the actors involved in the South African higher education reforms since 1994. The transition from a closed state ideology with higher educati...
Chapter
Full-text available
67 , the reform initiatives obviously came in the first place from the national level, given that the nation-state in Europe still carries the main regulatory and financial responsibilities with respect to higher education. The core of most of these reforms consisted of efforts to change the way in which the relationship between the government and...
Article
Full-text available
Higher education is a dynamic field. It is, however, also a field where changes don¿t take place overnight. This 2004 update report covers a period of 1.5 years, a period in which some earlier policy initiatives have been implemented and new ones have emerged. It is therefore not surprising to observe that many of the policy issues on the agenda in...
Article
Full-text available
The introduction of new management structures in higher education can be discussed from various angles. In this chapter1 the main angle used is that of the changing relationship between the state and the public sector, more specifically, the shifts in governance arrangements that are accompanying the changing relationship. As such this discussion c...
Article
Especially in Continental Europe, the concept of self-regulation has, during the last 20 years, played an important role in the political thinking with respect to higher education. As such it has provided the foundation for numerous changes in the state—higher education relationship. In this chapter various formal interpretations of ‘self-regulatio...
Article
Les Pays-Bas ont presente depuis les reformes qui ont bouleverse son enseignement superieur dans les annees 80, un systeme educatif souvent cite en reference par ses pays voisins. De nouveaux modes de financement ont du etre trouve pour faire face a de nouvelles exigences, faisant appel notamment a une aide externe strictement orientee vers le marc...
Article
The Dutch quality assurance effort was one of the first and has served as a prototype to several other countries.
Article
From the early days of the university on, the way it should be run has been an issue of discussion and controversy. Two important dimensions in the discussions have been the authority distribution between internal (=academia) and external (=non-academia, such as state, church, business) stakeholders on issues concerning the university as a whole, a...
Data
Full-text available
Op welke wijze trachten het Nederlandse en het Vlaamse overheidsbeleid de instellingen voor hoger onderwijs te beïnvloeden opdat zij beter tegemoet kunnen komen aan de behoeften van de maatschappij en in het bijzonder van de economie? Deze vraagstelling omvat de volgende deelvragen: 1. Wat is de rol van de overheid met betrekking tot het hoger o...
Book
The central question is: In what way seek the Dutch and the Flemish government to influence higher education institutions so that they can better meet the needs of society and especially of the economy? This question includes the following questions: 1. What is the role of government in relation to higher education? 2. What is the content of the go...
Article
How does higher education in the Netherlands and Flanders respond to the need for regular renewal and to the desirability of recreating professional entities? Memos and other documents indicate that in many countries different types of learning pathways are emerging, a reshuffling of the training offerings is taking place, and lifelong learning is...
Chapter
The aim of this chapter is to outline the theoretical framework applied in an international comparative research project on the relationship between governmental policies and organisational adaptation in higher education (referred to as HEINE-project), and to position the overall research question of the project in a more general theoretical landsc...
Chapter
How do universities and colleges adapt to changing circumstances, expectations, demands, and pressures, both from within and from outside? In this book we will discuss the topic of organisational adaptation in higher education. Before giving a brief overview of the various chapters contained in this volume, we will address the concept of organisati...
Book
In order to celebrate the fifteenth anniversary - the third lustrum - of our Center, we at CHEPS decided to collectively write a book on the issue of how higher education institutions deal with the demand for change. Institutional change is without any doubt one of the burning issues for researchers in higher education and policy studies in general...
Chapter
This chapter discusses international perspectives on trends and issues in a higher education policy. Privatization and market competition can be mere fads in the higher education policy, but the pursuit of these trends from a variety of different directions would lead one to believe otherwise. Also, the significance of the lean toward competition,...
Chapter
This chapter provides an overview of higher education policy in the Netherlands. In The Netherlands, children's school life begins at the age of 4 or 5. Primary education lasts 8 years and children enter secondary education around the age of 12. The Dutch secondary education system contains a variety of forms with possibilities of transfer from one...
Chapter
This chapter provides an overview of higher education policy in an international perspective. Developments in higher education in general and in higher education policy in particular can be analyzed from a multitude of perspectives. A quick glance through the existing literature suffices to affirm this statement. As there are many different ways of...
Book
Tremendous changes are affecting the structure and funding of higher education in many countries. This volume attempts to identify and analyze the principles, structural features and modes of work of the different higher education policies operating in eleven countries, as well as their commonalities and differences in the light of both general int...
Article
One of the main objects of the recently developed policy for Dutch higher education regards the creation of a more diversified higher education system with flexible and adaptive institutions. The nature of the proposed system should, among other things, reveal itself in meaningful and discriminating institutional profiles, based on strategic instit...
Article
As part of the changing relationship between higher education and government in the various Western European countries, higher education institutions have to account more and more for their performance. This has led to a strengthening of the authority position of the middle levels (i.e. the central management of higher education institutions) in va...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Archived project
This project is a research based evaluation with focus on factors and mechanisms that influence the quality of Norwegian higher education. The project is based on collaboration between NIFU and the research group ExCID at IPED (UiO), with partners from UiT and HiL, as well as international partners at University of Helsinki and CFA at Århus University. The project is funded by the Norwegian Research Council through the FINNUT program for Research and Innovation in the Educational Sector. See more http://www.qnhe.no/