Peter Lauwers

Peter Lauwers
Ghent University | UGhent · Department of Linguistics

About

129
Publications
4,905
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570
Citations
Citations since 2017
18 Research Items
238 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
Additional affiliations
February 2008 - October 2015
Ghent University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (129)
Article
A doubly quantified sentence, such as All hikers climbed a hill, allows two interpretations: Did all hikers climb different hills, or did they climb the same hill? Previous work has shown that comprehenders construct disambiguated logical representations of these interpretations (Raffray & Pickering, 2010). We extended this line of research by inve...
Article
This paper deals with fronting of predicative adjectives (e.g., Big was his surprise) in French. From the present‐day usage emerge two main constructions, both with their own surface forms and syntactic, semantic and information‐structural properties. The first one, CxA, is a quasi‐specificational copular construction, with narrow focus on the post...
Preprint
A doubly quantified sentence, such as 'All hikers climbed a hill', allows two possible logical representations: Did all hikers climb different hills, or did they climb the same hill? Previous work has shown that comprehenders construct disambiguated logical representations of these interpretations (Raffray & Pickering, 2010). We extended this line...
Article
The present paper investigates a subtype of (analytical) resultative constructions¹, viz. Nomination Verb Constructions (e.g. Henry was proclaimed King of England), within a comparative Germanic – Romance perspective. Resultative constructions are a priori atypical of Romance languages, which belong to the so-called class of ‘verb-framing’ language...
Article
This paper offers a corpus study of two reflexive (semi-)copular verbs, viz. se trouver and se retrouver, which at first sight appear to be mere morphological variants. In a first stage, the study is devoted to the comparison of the reflexive copular construction with the object complement construction of trouver and retrouver. We show the observed...
Preprint
Full-text available
Dans cette contribution, nous nous proposons une analyse de l’adjectivité en néerlandais sur fond d’une perspective typologique plus large qui la situe par rapport au français. Nous nous intéresserons surtout à l’adjectivité intercatégorielle – appelée « intersective gradience » par Aarts (2007) – et notamment à la frontière entre adjectif et nom....
Article
RÉSUMÉ Dans cette contribution, nous nous intéressons à l'origine et au développement de la construction [adverbe de degré + nom]: C'est très théâtre, c'est-à-dire très faux . De nos jours, cette construction se présente comme un puissant outil de recatégorisation contextuelle pour exprimer un rapport de ressemblance basé sur une analogie avec un c...
Article
Résumé La présente contribution porte sur tourner et virer , deux verbes attributifs (p. ex. elle a viré/tourné folle ) qui ne sont pas encore reconnus pleinement par la tradition grammaticale normative ni dans les travaux des linguistes. Elle vise à établir le profil distributionnel / collocationnel de ces deux verbes qui semblent opérer dans le m...
Article
The lexico-grammatical status of mass and count nouns has been extensively debated over the last decades. We discuss how the two main approaches (lexicalist and grammatical approach) both fail to account for all the properties of the distinction. An alternative lexicalist view is proposed, approaching mass and count features as gradual features rat...
Article
This article explores “the pathways of incipient grammaticalization” of a pair of change-of-state semi-copulas tourner/virer ‘become’ (< ‘turn’), within a Diachronic construction grammar - framework. Crucially, two mechanisms of SC-constructionalization play an important role in the process of copularization : (1) the interaction between oblique mi...
Article
Résumé This paper offers a diachronic analysis of a pair of subject complement constructions ( répondre présent/absent : litt. ‘to answer “present”/“absent”) originating from quotative expressions. It shows how they lexicalized into fixed expressions denoting a routinized “delocutive” (Benveniste) procedure and how they finally got reanalyzed into...
Article
Cette étude s’inscrit dans un ensemble de recherches cherchant à dégager le style conversationnel, voire l' « ethos communicatif » (Kerbrat-Orecchioni 2002) des communautés néerlandophone et francophone de Belgique, dans une approche comparative et interculturelle de l’analyse de la conversation (à la française). Elle porte plus particulièrement su...
Article
This article explores "the pathways of incipient grammaticalization" of a pair of change-of-state semi-copulas tourner/virer 'become' (<'turn'), within a Diachronic Construction Grammar - framework. Crucially, two mechanisms of constructionalization play an important role in the process of copularization: (i) the interaction between oblique micro-c...
Article
« Mass » lexical plurals vis-à-vis the Universal Packager This paper deals with lexical plurals in French. It shows that lexical plurals are still within the scope of derivations that restore a [+ count] status, as witnessed by the presence of strongly individuating indefinite determiners. These shifts appear to line up with two canonical mass>coun...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with three copular constructions in French that take bare nominals as a predicative complement (attribut du sujet). From a lexical point of view, these constructions, which are typical of colloquial French, are very open frames. After a detailed analysis of the syntactic and semantic properties of these constructions, I will examin...
Article
Emotions, subjectivity and morpho-syntax : the impact of the self-affectedness effect on object complement taking reflexive verbs In this paper, it is shown that morpho-syntax, and more specifically the reflexive pronoun, can affect the meaning of a couple of verb classes that are constructed with an object complement. The resulting effect is relat...
Article
This study offers a systematic analysis of the phenomenon of [-count] (lexical) plurals (*trois epinards, '3 spinach'), which are subjected to a series of linguistic tests. On the basis of a large corpus inquiry, combined with a sentence rating task, a typology of plural nouns is proposed, showing that [-count] plurals constitute a gradual phenomen...
Article
Dans les grandes lignes, l’opposition massif/comptable existe et est réalisée de manière tout à fait comparable en français et en néerlandais. Néanmoins, sur le point de la flexibilité de l’opposition, il apparait que les deux langues répondent à des restrictions propres, qui témoignent de certaines propriétés typologiques différentes. Sur la base...
Article
Copular verbs most often originate from bleached intransitive verbs that have incorporated in their valency originally optional predicative adjuncts. The originally optional element is then reanalyzed as the central predicate and gradually extends its scope through the lexicon along the following path: A>N(P). Although at first sight, the case of t...
Article
In this paper, it is shown that morpho-syntax, and more specifically the reflexive pronoun, can affect the meaning of a couple of verb classes that are constructed with an object complement. The resulting effect is related to the area of what is felt intuitively or what is somehow subjective. Two mechanisms are identified. On the one hand, the self...
Article
This paper offers a corpus-based study of two evidential (semi-)copular verbs in French. It deals with their degree of synonymy and the extent to which they are grammaticalized as semi-copulas. First, the study of subcategorization and semantic restrictions of both the direct and indirect (marked) construction with comme, completed by the careful s...
Article
This paper offers a corpus-based study of two evidential (semi-)copular verbs in French. It deals with their degree of synonymy and the extent to which they are grammaticalized as semi-copulas. First, the study of subcategorization and semantic restrictions of both the direct and indirect (marked) construction with comme, completed by the careful s...
Article
This paper offers a corpus-based study of two evidential (semi-)copular verbs in French. It deals with their degree of synonymy and the extent to which they are grammaticalized as semi-copulas. First, the study of subcategorization and semantic restrictions of both the direct and indirect (marked) construction with comme, completed by the careful s...
Article
This paper examines an apparent counterexample to the claim that French is a language "with no bare nouns" (e.g Longobardi 2001), viz. bare (singular) nouns in the subject position of copular clauses: Agronomiste est un métier d'équipe. It addresses two central questions: (i) Why bare subjects are possible?; (ii) Why these bare nouns seem to behave...
Article
Cet article traite de deux types de phrases attributives specificationnelles qui portent sur les circonstances de l'action, le premier etant construit avec un SN (L'heure de depart etait 3 heures), le second avec un constituant adverbial (L'heure de depart etait a 3 heures). Les deux types partagent bon nombre des proprietes des specificationnelles...
Article
This paper focuses on translational shifts with respect to the demonstrative determiner in French and Dutch in parallel corpora. The paper aims to identify the types of translation shifts that occur systematically, and to explore the underlying mechanisms and semantic effects of this process. For this purpose, a well-balanced sub-corpus of the Dutc...
Article
This paper offers a corpus-based study of the (restricted) modification patterns of predicatively used bare nouns in French (e.g. Je suis bon catholique‘I am a good Catholic’). These are ‘truly’ bare in that they do not rely on a covert determiner. The aim of the paper is to determine which modification patterns are allowed and to provide a semanti...
Article
In the literature on evidentiality and epistemic modality, semi-copular verbs have hardly been discussed. One of these unstudied semi-copulas is French se faire (‘become’), a pronominal verb taking a subject complement. It can be considered a product of the conjoined action of lexicalization and grammaticalization of the reflexive construction. Alt...
Article
On the basis of Les verbes français by Dubois and Dubois-Charlier (as well as other valency dictionaries), this article proposes to reconsider the inventory of copular verbs. The lists of copular verbs vary considerably from one inventory to another, which is partially due to the theoretical status of the copular verbs assigned by these inventories...
Article
Résumé: Cette contribution poursuit un objectif à la fois descriptif, méthodologique et théorique. Elle propose une analyse collexémique distinctive de deux couples de locutions prépositives quasi-synonymiques (sous le coup de SN/sous le choc de SN; sous l'emprise de SN/sous l'empire de SN), complétée par une analyse qualitative. L'analyse des cooc...
Article
The aim of this paper is threefold: descriptive, methodological and theoretical. It offers a distinctive collexeme analysis of two pairs of near-synonymous complex prepositions ( sous le coup de SN/sous le choc de SN; sous l’emprise de SN/sous l’empire de SN), completed by a qualitative analysis. The analysis of the statistically significant co-occ...
Article
Full-text available
Le problème de l’équivalence de se faire/hacerse + adj. n’est pas nouveau. En réalité ce sont de faux-amis. Dans cet article, nous voudrions esquisser à la fois les convergences et les divergences de ces deux verbes sur la base d’une analyse quantitative et qualitative de corpus espagnol et français et d’un point de vue sémantique/lexical sur laque...
Article
Els Tobback, Copular verbs: inventories and status On the basis of Les verbes français by Dubois and Dubois-Charlier (as well as other valency dictionaries), this article proposes to reconsider the inventory of copular verbs. The lists of copular verbs vary considerably from one inventory to another, which is partially due to the theoretical status...
Article
n the literature on evidentiality and epistemic modality, semi-copular verbs have hardly been discussed. One of these unstudied semi-copulas is French se faire ('become'), a pronominal verb taking a subject complement. It can be considered a product of the conjoined action of lexicalization and grammaticalization of the reflexive construction. Alth...
Article
On the basis of some key concepts of Construction Grammar, this study captures constructional generalizations within a family of formally related complex prepositions introduced by the preposition sous 'under'. It is argued that they are instantiations of a more abstract (and productive) construction type that displays stable semantic and syntactic...
Article
Full-text available
Les locutions en sous comme constructions Peter LAUWERS Résumé S'appuyant sur un ensemble de concepts clés empruntés à la Grammaire constructionnelle, cette étude cherche à établir des généralisations au sein d'une famille de locutions prépositives introduites par la préposition sous. Elle montre notamment que ces locutions sont des réalisations d'...
Article
This paper focuses on non-anaphoric nominalized adjectives denoting abstract concepts, such as le vrai 'the truth', du sublime 'the sublime', and suggests that the standard analysis in terms of morphological conversion does not stand up to scrutiny. Abstract nominalized adjectives, for instance, cannot be considered "non-syntactic", cannot be integ...
Article
Full-text available
Cette contribution s’inscrit dans la problématique de l’émancipation de la grammaire par rapport à la logique, ou plus précisément, dans l’hypothèse des multiples recompositions des frontières entre grammaire et logique (et sémantique). Elle le fera tout en plaçant la problématique sous un éclairage nouveau, dans la mesure où le rapport entre gramm...
Article
Dans cette contribution, nous proposons une analyse des noms attributs inanimés dépourvus de déterminant. Partant d'une typologie globale des emplois attestés dans Frantext, nous nous concentrerons surtout sur les emplois nominaux ‘productifs’, c'est-à-dire les emplois nominaux qui ne sont ni figés (X est fonction de), ni liés à une série d'items l...
Article
This paper addresses, in French linguistics, three complementary aspects of “grammatical tradition”, as a concept, as a term, and as a corpus of texts aiming at describing objective properties of languages. What does mean “tradition” exactly ? Is the term of “grammatical tradition” used to refer to a scientifically deficient approach to grammar, as...
Article
This contribution offers a historiographical analysis of the persistence of the figures de grammaire in 20 th century French grammar. Going back to Greek and Latin antiquity, they were integrated into a theory of syntax, in the context of general grammar (17-18 th Century), as bridging operations between observed linguistic reality (la construction...
Article
This contribution offers a historiographical analysis of the persistence of the figures de grammaire in 20th century French grammar. Going back to Greek and Latin antiquity, they were integrated into a theory of syntax, in the context of general grammar (17-18th century), as bridging operations between observed linguistic reality (la construction)...
Article
Dans cette contribution, nous nous proposons d'examiner jusqu'à quel point on peut parler d'une < conception verbo-centrale > dans la grammaire française dite < traditionnelle >. L'analyse est basée sur un examen exhaustif d'un corpus de 25 grammaires de référence du français (publiées dans la première moitié du 20e siècle). Après avoir écarté de <...
Article
Full-text available
In this contribution, we offer an analysis of 25 grammars of French which constitute the upper layer of the grammatical production of the first half of the 20th century. It appears from this analysis that traditional French syntax is fundamentally bidirectional. It combines a categorial bottom-up approach (focusing on the use of word classes) and a...
Article
Summary Since the dawn of structuralism and generativism, linguists have not ceased to criticize a lack of scientific rigour in «traditional» grammar. Nowadays, the scientific character of syntax crucially depends on the use of syntactic tests. It appears, however, that this concept was not completely absent in traditional grammar. After a brief h...
Article
In this contribution, I sketch the destiny of the complément circonstanciel (adverbial constituents) by identifying the factors that have determined its analysis in French grammar during the first half of the 20th century. Borrowing an image from physics, one can say that the history of the notion of complément circonstanciel resembles a combined a...

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