Peter Lasch

Peter Lasch
Robert Koch Institut | RKI · ZBS 6: Proteomics and Spectroscopy of Highly Pathogenic Microorganisms

MD, PhD

About

159
Publications
41,570
Reads
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6,854
Citations
Citations since 2016
64 Research Items
3868 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
Additional affiliations
June 2011 - present
Robert Koch Institut
Position
  • Head of Department
March 2001 - present
Robert Koch Institut
Position
  • Researcher
January 2000 - February 2001
Hunter College, City University New York
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
October 1991 - October 1994
September 1987 - September 1991
Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University
Field of study
  • Biomedicine - Biophysics
September 1983 - August 1985
ABF Halle
Field of study
  • High school

Publications

Publications (159)
Article
Full-text available
In this study we describe a semiautomatic Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic methodology for the analysis of liquid serum samples, which combines simple sample introduction with high sample throughput. The applicability of this new infrared technology to the analysis of liquid serum samples from a cohort of cattle naturally infected with bovi...
Article
Full-text available
Recent years have seen substantial progress toward the application of infrared (IR) and Raman spectroscopy as useful analytical tools in biomedical research. Vibrational spectroscopy, and (in particular) microspectroscopy, have been successfully applied to biomedical samples ranging from intact microorganisms, eukaryotic cells, body fluids, and tis...
Article
Full-text available
The main challenge of bottom-up proteomic sample preparation is to extract proteomes in a manner that enables efficient protein digestion for subsequent mass spectrometric analysis. Today's sample preparation strategies are commonly conceptualized around the removal of detergents, which are essential for extraction but strongly interfere with diges...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past decade, modern methods of mass spectrometry (MS) have emerged that allow reliable, fast and cost-effective identification of pathogenic microorganisms. While MALDI-TOF MS has already revolutionized the way microorganisms are identified, recent years have witnessed also substantial progress in the development of liquid chromatography (...
Article
Full-text available
The last two decades have seen tremendous progress in the application of two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2D-COS) as a versatile analysis method for data series obtained using a large variety of different spectroscopic modalities, including infrared (IR) and Raman spectroscopy. The analysis technique is applicable to a series of spectra re...
Article
Vertebrate bones are made of a nanocomposite consisting of water, mineral and organics. Water helps bone material withstand mechanical stress and participates in sensation of external loads. Water diffusion across vertebrae of medaka (bone material lacking osteocytes) and zebrafish (bone material containing osteocytes) was compared using neutron to...
Preprint
Full-text available
The combination of short liquid chromatography (LC) gradients and data independent acquisition (DIA) by mass spectrometry (MS) has proven its huge potential for high-throughput proteomics. This methodology benefits from the speed of the latest generation of mass spectrometers, which enable short MS cycle times needed to provide sufficient sampling...
Article
Two rover missions to Mars aim to detect biomolecules as a sign of extinct or extant life with, among other instruments , Raman spectrometers. However, there are many unknowns about the stability of Raman-detectable bio-molecules in the martian environment, clouding the interpretation of the results. To quantify Raman-detectable biomolecule stabili...
Article
Full-text available
If life exists on Mars, it would face several challenges including the presence of perchlorates, which destabilize biomacromolecules by inducing chaotropic stress. However, little is known about perchlorate toxicity for microorganism on the cellular level. Here we present the first proteomic investigation on the perchlorate‐specific stress response...
Preprint
Full-text available
If life exists on Mars, it would face several challenges including the presence of perchlorates, which destabilize biomacromolecules by inducing chaotropic stress. However, little is known about perchlorate toxicity for microorganism on the cellular level. Here we present the first proteomic investigation on the perchlorate-specific stress response...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we report the complete genome sequence data of the biocontrol strains Bacillus velezensis BP1.2A and BT2.4 isolated from Vietnamese crop plants. The size of the genomes is 3916868 bp (BP1.2A), and 3922686 bp (BT2.4), respectively. The BioProjects have been deposited at NCBI GenBank. The GenBank accession numbers for the B. velezensis strains...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we report the complete genome sequence data of the biocontrol strains Bacillus velezensis BP1.2A and BT2.4 isolated from Vietnamese crop plants. The size of the genomes is 3,916,868 bp (BP1.2A), and 3,922,686 bp (BT2.4), respectively. The BioProjects have been deposited at NCBI GenBank. The GenBank accession numbers for the B. velezensis stra...
Article
Full-text available
Paenibacilli are efficient producers of potent agents against bacterial and fungal pathogens, which are of great interest both for therapeutic applications in medicine as well as in agrobiotechnology. Lipopeptides produced by such organisms play a major role in their potential to inactivate pathogens. In this work we investigated two lipopeptide co...
Article
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) poses an increasing challenge for therapy and clinical management of bacterial infections. Currently, antimicrobial resistance detection relies on phenotypic assays, which are performed independently from species identification. Sequencing-based approaches are possible alternatives for AMR detection, although the anal...
Preprint
Paenibacilli are efficient producers of potent agents against bacterial and fungal pathogens, which are of great interest both for therapeutic applications in medicine as well as in agrobiotechnol-ogy. Lipopeptides produced by such organisms play a major role in their inactivation potential. In this work we investigated two lipopeptide complexes, t...
Article
The identification of the most competent embryos for transfer to the uterus constitutes the main challenge of in-vitro fertilization (IVF). We established a metabolomic-based approach applying Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) on 130 samples of 3-days embryo culture supernatants from 26 embryos that implanted and 104 that failed. Exami...
Preprint
Full-text available
The identification of the most competent embryos for transfer to the uterus constitutes the main challenge of in-vitro fertilization (IVF). We established a metabolomic-based approach applying Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) on 130 samples of 3-days embryo culture supernatants from 26 embryos that implanted and 104 that failed. Exami...
Preprint
Full-text available
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) poses an increasing challenge for therapy and clinical management of bacterial infections. Currently, antimicrobial resistance detection often relies on phenotypic assays, which are performed independently from species identification. Although genomics-based approaches are increasingly being proposed as possible alter...
Article
Full-text available
We report the draft genome sequences of 59 Gram-positive bacterial strains that were isolated from Vietnamese crop plants. The strains were assigned to nine different Bacillus and Brevibacillus species. Ten strains classified as being a Bacillus sp. (3 strains), Brevibacillus sp. (6 strains), or Lysinibacillus sp. (1 strain) could not be identified...
Article
Full-text available
Bacillus cereus plays an often unrecognized role in food borne diseases. Food poisoning caused by this pathogen is manifested by either diarrhea or emesis. Due to the relatively high prevalence of emetic toxin cereulide associated food poisoning, methods for simple and reliable detection of cereulide producing strains are of utmost importance. Rece...
Article
In silico spectral library prediction of all possible peptides from whole organisms has a great potential for improving proteome profiling by data-independent acquisition (DIA) and extending its scope of application. In combination with other recent improvements in the field of mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics, including sample preparation,...
Article
Full-text available
Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria attain increasing importance in agriculture as biofertilizers and biocontrol agents. These properties significantly depend on the formation of bioactive compounds produced by such organisms. In our work we investigated the biosynthetic potential of 13 industrially important strains of the Bacillus subtilis compl...
Preprint
Full-text available
In silico spectral library prediction of all possible peptides from whole organisms has a great potential for improving proteome profiling by data-independent acquisition (DIA) and extending its scope of application. In combination with other recent improvements in the field of mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics, including sample preparation,...
Data
Modern methods of mass spectrometry have emerged recently allowing reliable, fast and cost-effective identification of pathogenic microorganisms. For example, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) has revolutionized the way pathogenic microorganisms are identified in today’s routine clinical m...
Preprint
Full-text available
Bacillus cereus plays an often unrecognized role in food borne diseases. Food poisoning caused by this pathogen is manifested by either diarrhea or emesis. While different enterotoxins have been linked to the diarrheal type of B. cereus infections, the emetic toxin cereulide is responsible for the second type. Due to the relatively high prevalence...
Preprint
Full-text available
Over the past decade, modern methods of mass spectrometry (MS) have emerged that allow reliable, fast and cost-effective identification of pathogenic microorganisms. While MALDI-TOF MS has already revolutionized the way microorganisms are identified, recent years have witnessed also substantial progress in the development of liquid chromatography (...
Article
Nearly 1,400 Bacillus strains growing in the plant rhizosphere were sampled from different sites on the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau. 45 of the isolates, selected due to their biocontrol activity, were genome-sequenced and their taxonomic identification revealed that they were representatives of the B. subtilis species complex (20) and the B. cereus gro...
Article
Full-text available
BIOMEX (BIOlogy and Mars EXperiment) is an ESA/Roscosmos space exposure experiment housed within the exposure facility EXPOSE-R2 outside the Zvezda module on the International Space Station (ISS). The design of the multiuser facility supports—among others—the BIOMEX investigations into the stability and level of degradation of space-exposed biosign...
Data
Version 3 (20181130) of the MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry Database for Identification and Classification of Highly Pathogenic Microorganisms from the Robert Koch-Institute (RKI): information on cultivation conditions, sample preparation and details of spectra acquisition.
Article
Full-text available
Version 3 (20181130) of the RKI’s MALDI-TOF mass spectral database represents the second update of the original database (version 20161027, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.163517). The RKI database v.3 contains altogether 6264 mass spectra from highly pathogenic (i.e. biosafety level 3, BSL-3) bacteria such as Bacillus anthracis, Yersinia pestis, Bu...
Article
Full-text available
Figure 6 of the original publication [1] contained an error in the Wavenumber in panels B and C. The wavenumbers 1616 (Cm-1) in panels B and C should have been 1516 (cm-1). The updated figure has been published in this correction article; the original article has been updated.
Article
Full-text available
Last decade witnessed an enormous progress in generating authentic infectious prions or PrPSc in vitro using recombinant prion protein (rPrP). Previous work established that rPrP that lacks posttranslational modification is able to support replication of highly infectious PrPSc with assistance of cofactors of polyanionic nature and/or lipids. Unexp...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mass spectrometry is the method of choice for deep and comprehensive analysis of proteomes and has become a key technology to support the progress in life science and biomedicine. However, sample preparation in proteomics is not standardized and contributes to a lack of reproducibility. The main challenge is to extract all proteins in a manner that...
Article
Identification of microorganisms by Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy is known as a promising alternative to conventional identification techniques in clinical, food and environmental microbiology. In this study we demonstrate the application of FT-IR hyperspectral imaging for rapid, objective and cost effective diagnosis of pathogeni...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we report the draft genome sequences of 45 plant-associated Bacillus strains isolated from the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau. According to their genome sequences, 28 isolates were assigned to 10 Bacillus species. Seventeen strains could not be assigned and are subjects of further research.
Article
Paenibacillus polymyxa strains are qualified for agrobiotechnological uses such as plant growth promotion and for biocontrol strategies against deleterious phytopathogenic competitors in the soil depending on their attractive arsenal of bioactive compounds. On the other hand they are potent producers of antibiotics for medical applications. To iden...
Article
Full-text available
Large-scale detection of ubiquitination sites in whole cell proteomes using nanoLC-MS/MS is a well-established technique that has deepened the understanding of protein degradation processes in eukaryotic cells. Ubiquitination sites are usually identified by detection of Lys-ɛ-Gly-Gly (K-ɛ-GG)-remnant peptides, which are generated by tryptic digesti...
Article
Full-text available
We report here the draft genome sequence of Burkholderia puraquae type strain CAMPA 1040, a member of the Burkholderia cepacia complex. This strain, isolated from a hemodialysis water reservoir, harbors several stress tolerance genes, such as the systems for low oxygen survival, for copper tolerance, and for osmotic stress resistance.
Article
Bacteria from the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) are capable of causing severe infections in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). These opportunistic pathogens are also widely distributed in natural and man-made environments. After a 12-year epidemiological surveillance involving Bcc bacteria from respiratory secretions of Argentinean patients w...
Article
Full-text available
Version 2 (20170523) of the RKI’s MALDI-TOF mass spectral database is an update of the original database (version 20161027, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.163517). The RKI database contains mass spectral entries from highly pathogenic (biosafety level 3, BSL-3) bacteria such as Bacillus anthracis, Yersinia pestis, Burkholderia mallei, Burkholderia...
Article
The morphology and structure of biological nanoparticles, such as viruses, can be efficiently analysed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). To chemically characterise such nanoparticles in heterogeneous samples at the single particle level, we suggest tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) as a correlative method. Here we describe a TERS-comp...
Article
Full-text available
Infrared nanospectroscopy enables novel possibilities for chemical and structural analysis of nanocomposites, biomaterials or optoelectronic devices. Here we introduce hyperspectral infrared nanoimaging based on Fourier transform infrared nanospectroscopy with a tunable bandwidth-limited laser continuum. We describe the technical implementations an...
Data
Supplementary Figures, Supplementary Notes and Supplementary References.
Article
Full-text available
Prions or PrP(Sc) are proteinaceous infectious agents that consist of misfolded, self-replicating states of a sialoglycoprotein called the prion protein or PrP(C) The current work tests a new hypothesis that sialylation determines the fate of prions in an organism. To begin, we produced control PrP(Sc) from PrP(C) using Protein Misfolding Cyclic Am...
Article
Full-text available
(Version 20161027) The Robert Koch-Institute (RKI) database of microbial MALDI-TOF mass spectra contains mass spectral entries from highly pathogenic (biosafety level 3, BSL-3) bacteria such as Bacillus anthracis, Yersinia pestis, Burkholderia mallei, Burkholderia pseudomallei and Francisella tularensis as well as a selection of spectra from their...
Article
Full-text available
In Europa besteht eine abstrakte Gefährdungslage nicht nur für konventionell durchgeführte Anschläge mit Waffen oder Sprengstoffen, sondern auch für Anschläge, bei denen biologische Agenzien eingesetzt werden. Zur Gefahrenabwehr werden daher kontinuierlich schnelle und zuverlässige Nachweisverfahren entwickelt und erprobt. Für die Anwendung im stat...
Article
Paenibacillus polymyxa are rhizobacteria with a high potential to produce natural compounds of biotechnological and medical interest. Main products of P. polymyxa are fusaricidins, a large family of antifungal lipopeptides with a 15-guanidino-3-hydroxypentadecanoic acid (GHPD) as fatty acid side chain. We use the P. polymyxa strain M-1 as a model o...
Article
Full-text available
The innate immune system provides the first line of defense against pathogens. To recognize pathogens, this system detects a number of molecular features that discriminate pathogens from host cells, including terminal sialylation of cell surface glycans. Mammalian cell surfaces, but generally not microbial cell surfaces, have sialylated glycans. Pr...
Article
Full-text available
Duncan Graham opened a general discussion of the paper by Pavel Matousek: Regarding the temperature measurements, how did you do them? Stokes/anti-Stokes measurement? The values are not what I'd expect and seem lower. What was the wavelength and power of the laser and did you calculate what you thought the temperature measurement should be based on...
Article
Full-text available
Parvez Haris opened the discussion of the introductory lecture by Max Diem: Varying degrees of accuracy have been obtained for discrimination between cancerous and non-cancerous tissues using vibrational spectroscopic methods. What are the explanations for these variation in accuracy between cancerous and non-cancerous tissues and how do they corre...
Article
Current methods utilized for the inactivation of highly pathogenic bacteria (HPB) prior to characterization by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) and the subsequent effects on spectral profiles are reviewed. Specifically, studies pertaining to the genera Bacillus, Burkholderia, Brucella, Fr...