Peter Bille Larsen

Peter Bille Larsen
University of Geneva | UNIGE · Department of Sociology and GEDT

PhD

About

82
Publications
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335
Citations

Publications

Publications (82)
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Right to Science was selected as the subject for the second thematic Dialogue, which was held in Geneva in April 2022. Enshrined in Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the fundamental Right to Science seeks to guarantee that: 1) “Everyone has the right [...] to share in scientific advancement and its benefits”, and 2) “Ever...
Article
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Why are the global rights commitments made by States Parties to the World Heritage Convention failing to trigger effective responses to critical human rights infringements? This paper responds to a continuous call from heritage practitioners to help clarify the meaning and significance of human rights-based approaches (RBA) that are adopted as poli...
Technical Report
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In times when the role of science in society is more debated than ever in polarized, politicized and partial terms, what is the role for the human right to science and rights-based approaches? The right to science remains poorly understood and neglected in both national and global human rights processes. Beyond defending the freedom of scientific e...
Technical Report
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In 2021, the Swiss Commission for UNESCO, the UNESCO Geneva Liaison Office and the University of Geneva, in partner- ship with the OHCHR (Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights) and the REGARD NGO platform, launched a new Dialogue series aiming to scale up learning about human rights-based approaches and partnerships in different areas wh...
Article
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As anthropologists increasingly embark upon the study of the international sphere, this often builds on different forms of engagement within and around organizations, processes, and institutional corridors. The co-authors, building upon a round table exchange, address the advantages and dilemmas of anthropological engagement in the field of interna...
Article
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This special issue aims to shed light on and recognize the full potential of engaged anthropology and its place in academia and beyond. It argues for an inclusive approach to be both theoretically enriching and methodologically grounded in diverse practices and forms. The introduction addresses common confusions and obstacles distracting engaged an...
Article
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The universalist ambition of the 17 Sustainable Development Goal (SDGs) and 169 targets as a global plan of action for people, planet, prosperity and peacebuilding deserves analytical scrutiny from multiple angles. While the SDGs are largely heralded as a paradigm shift compared to their predecessor Millennial Development Goals (MDGs), we argue tha...
Article
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Este artículo propone que los eslóganes neoliberales son poderosos, aunque ambiguos, vehículos de simplicidad, polarización y moralidad. En base a documentación sobre el Perú, particularmente sobre las tensiones y confrontaciones antes, durante y después del llamado Baguazo, se propone que los eslóganes neoliberales han sido instrumentales para gen...
Chapter
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Analysis of extractive industries in biosphere reserves: the case of Oxapampa, Ashaninka and Yanesha Biosphere Reserve in the Peruvian Amazon. Gabriela Albarracín-Llúncor Christian Reinhard Vogl (eds)
Preprint
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Interview on cultural rights in the context of heritage, participation and the COVID pandemic.
Article
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Close to two thousand environmental human rights defenders have been killed in 57 countries since 2002, with about four losing their lives every week in 2019. Many of these defenders represent Indigenous Peoples and local communities protecting ecosystems from large-scale environmentally destructive projects. As the positive contributions of Indige...
Conference Paper
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Les questions d’identité culturelle, de patrimoine culturel et de pratiques culturelles se trouvent souvent au coeur des conflits et des situations d’urgence contemporains. En reconnaissant cela, nous soulevons des questions telles que i) comment les menaces pesant sur le patrimoine culturel et les biens culturels peuvent s’intensifier ou évoluer d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Matters of cultural identity, heritage and practices are often at the heart of modern conflict and emergency patterns. If we recognize this, it triggers questions such as i) how threats to cultural heritage and cultural property may intensify or shift under armed conflict, ii) how to safeguard cultural property in the short-term maximizing what can...
Article
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This special issue of the journal is about one of the most significant, yet largely overlooked, international rights instruments concerning indigenous peoples: the ILO Convention 169 on the rights of indigenous and tribal peoples. It offers a highly needed critical perspective bringing together practitioners, institutional actors, indigenous leader...
Article
The overall concern with ILO Convention 169 is often listed as the dual challenge of promoting its ratification and enhancing effective implementation. This article offers a critical appraisal of the dual challenge by unpacking calls for clarity, guidance and implementation, while exploring the underlying politics of negotiation, interpretation and...
Technical Report
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This study responds to a long-standing call from national stakeholders to discuss current practice, challenges and future priorities for public private partnerships in the World Heritage field in Vietnam. As exploratory research, the methodology involved a combination of desk reviews, field-visits to selected World Heritage sites, consultations wit...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Amid global challenges such as climate change and growing tourist numbers, what issues do UNESCO World Heritage Sites face in terms of sus­ tainable development? Since the adoption of a global policy on World Heritage and Sustainable Development in 2015, reflecting on this question has become increasingly important in terms of framing national resp...
Chapter
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This chapter argues that neoliberal slogans, are powerful, if ambiguous, vehicles of simplicity, polarization, and morality. Based on Peruvian material, notably the tensions and confrontations before, during and after the so-called Baguazo, it suggests that neoliberal slogans have been instrumental in generating, rather than merely accompanying, th...
Chapter
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Book
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In 2015, the General Assembly of States Parties to the World HeritageConvention passed a ground-breaking Sustainable Development policy that seeks to bring the World Heritage system into line with the UN’s sustainable development agenda. World Heritage and Sustainable Development provides a broad overview of the process that brought about the new p...
Article
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This article explores the transformation of heritage values from discourse to experience in a new affective economy. The case of Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park in Vietnam serves to demonstrate the intertwined role of affective experience and neoliberal heritage entrepreneurialism. Both are intimately connected through processes of heritage commodi...
Article
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THIS article is about thinking heritage and democracy together, in general, and making a case for human rights and heritage in particular. It calls for a renewed cultural politics seeking to both democratize heritage and render democracies more heritage sensitive.
Article
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This article explores the transformation of heritage values from discourse to experience in a new affective economy. The case of Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park in Vietnam serves to demonstrate the intertwined role of affective experience and neoliberal heritage entrepreneurialism. Both are intimately connected through processes of heritage commodi...
Article
Social scientists are increasingly approaching the World Heritage Committee itself as an entry-point to understanding global heritage processes and phenomena. This article explores the subject of human rights in the operations of the World Heritage Committee—the decision-making body established by the 1972 UNESCO World Heritage Convention. It seeks...
Chapter
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As debates rage on about changes required to build a different future for the planet, the role of conservation nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) as the global watchdogs of sustainability is increasingly prominent, but also questioned, in the public sphere. Vigorous debates about the role and effects of conservation NGOs call for independent anal...
Chapter
For the past decade, narrative portrayals of nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) growing big, ‘ugly’ and business-minded have become common in both social science and public discourse. At a time when both engagement within NGOs and critical analysis from the outside have blossomed, how are the social sciences and anthropology, in particular, respo...
Book
Full-text available
This book explores how NGOs have been influential in shaping global biodiversity, conservation policy, and practice. It encapsulates a growing body of literature that has questioned the mandates, roles, and effectiveness of these organizations–and the critique of these critics. This volume seeks to nurture an open conversation about contemporary NG...
Research
Environmental NGO action: Boundaries, Challenges and Opportunities Debate co-organized with the Geneva Environmental Network Mark Halle. Conservation Futures Jon Hutton, Luc Hoffman Institute Peter Bille Larsen. Lucerne University Denis Ruysschaert. Liège University Liza Zogib, Diversearth Wondwosen Asnake, Geneva Environmental Network (GEN):...
Book
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The World Heritage community is currently adopting policies to mainstream human rights as part of a wider sustainability agenda. This interdisciplinary book combines a state of the art review of World Heritage policy and practice at the global level with ethnographic case studies from the Asia-Pacific region by leading scholars in the field. By joi...
Technical Report
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This thematic study focuses on the contribution the World Heritage Convention can make to wilderness conservation around the world. It provides pragmatic guidance to the Convention and its many partners for strengthening protection of wilderness by promoting the profound linkages between culture and wild nature. Download from: https://portals.iucn....
Technical Report
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This thematic study focuses on the contribution the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (UNESCO 1972), commonly known as the World Heritage Convention (“the Convention”), can make to wilderness conservation around the world.
Preprint
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This article explores the relationship between indigenous rights, international standards, and development in Latin America with a specific focus on ILO Convention 169 on the rights of indigenous and tribal peoples and its application in the region. Whereas, on the one hand, democratic change, constitutional reforms and the recognition of indigenou...
Technical Report
Full-text available
AUSTRALIA: Tasmanian Wilderness And Wet Tropics World Heritage Areas 4 Chrissy Grant INDIA: The Western Ghats World Heritage Areas 8 Gurmeet Sangha Rai SOUTH AFRICA: Richtersveld World Heritage Area – Exploring Aspects Of Rights 14 Ntsizi November NIGER: Human Rights In The Air And Tenere World Heritage Area 18 Nigel Crawhall NORWAY: Negotiating Sa...
Article
Extractive industry activities are today an integral part of social life and economic relations across multiple sites. Yet, how and under which conditions do extractive industries insert themselves within and potentially transform territorial dynamics, social relations, and local governance arrangements? The debate is often polarized between compet...
Article
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El presente artículo explora la relación entre derechos indígenas, normas internacionales y desarrollo en América Latina con un foco específico en el Convenio 169 de la OIT sobre derechos de los pueblos indígenas y tribales y su aplicación en la región. Mientras por un lado, el cambio democrático, las reformas constitucionales y el reconocimiento d...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores the relationship between indigenous rights, international standards, and development in Latin America with a specific focus on ILO Convention 169 on the rights of indigenous and tribal peoples and its application in the region. Whereas, on the one hand, democratic change, constitutional reforms and the recognition of indigenou...
Book
Full-text available
En las fronteras de recursos del siglo XXI, las medidas de sostenibilidad han dejado de estar simplemente ausentes para pasar a formar parte del problema. Esta etnografía se centra en la Amazonía peruana, la Selva Central, y describe cómo se gestionan los temas ambientales y los derechos indígenas dentro, fuera y debajo de las tierras propiedad de...
Article
Full-text available
For the past decade, narrative portrayals of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) growing big, 'ugly', and business-minded have become common in both social science and public discourse. At a time when both engagement within NGOs as well as critical analysis from the outside has blossomed, how are the social sciences and anthropology in particular...
Article
Full-text available
This article focuses on an often-neglected dimensions of Vietnam’s economic development : the deep crisis that threatens its biodiversity. Despite the priority given to economic growth, the biodiversity crisis is a growing concern both among the government and other key stakeholders. We examine the role played by the illegal wildlife trade, which g...
Article
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Cet article traite des liens entre droits des peuples autochtones, normes mondiales et développement en Amérique latine, et plus particulièrement de la Convention 169 de l’Organisation Internationale du Travail (OIT), sur les droits des peuples autochtones et tribaux ainsi que de son application dans la région. Si les changements démocratiques, les...
Chapter
How, and under what conditions, are frontier landscapes of extraction transformed into green post-frontier landscapes? Amazonian environments are not simply peripheral sites succumbing to the central appetite for resources, but are equally emblematic sites of unevenly spread environmental governance crafting. Where frontier maps inventory potential...
Chapter
The post-frontier does not involve changing government policies and regulatory arrangements alone, but equally involves a changing landscape of political subjectivities and agency. Where frontier politics are imposed on the periphery by the centre, spearheaded by frontier pioneers, post-frontier narratives are about empowered communities, political...
Chapter
Extractive industries form a fundamental, and deepening, part of the Latin American political economy, affecting ever more distant environments across the continent. Anthropologically, how do we conceptualize the governance encounter between extractive industries and indigenous communities inhabiting the very places where the hunt for resources is...
Chapter
Tropical forestry is renowned for not bringing in tax revenues, not being managed according to regulations, not hindering deforestation and not leading to local benefits. “Forests are one of developing countries’ most mismanaged resources,” the World Bank concluded (World Bank 2008: 1). State absence, weak governance, illegality, corruption, inform...
Chapter
Consider the all-too-familiar images of deforestation, socio-environmental conflict and rights infringements in the Amazon. The 20th century involved an unprecedented scramble for resources fuelled by flows of capital to the most remote corners of the world from the South American rainforests, across the Russian tundra, to the highlands of Southeas...
Chapter
In the above quote, one can almost hear anthropologist Philippe Descola sigh impatiently in Puyo, Ecuador, “a world”, he added, “without any real past”, before departing for his well-known study of the Jivaros. Ideas of frontier “boom” societies as half-cooked, deficient, temporary and unappealing are common in the anthropological trope to counter...
Chapter
For the last few decades, protected areas have formed part of the arsenal of tools promoted by conservationists to close frontiers. Protected areas epitomize the notion of the post-frontier through the nominal isolation of a zone within a larger span of “non-protected” areas. They involve distinct ways of seeing, understanding and producing the wor...
Chapter
I was drawn to Latin America and the Amazon not only because of the presence of centuries of deepening frontier pressures, but equally so by the proliferation of indigenous rights and environmental measures in recent decades. The Peruvian Amazon covers more than 78 million ha or some 61% of Peru’s total surface, with a total population of around 3....
Chapter
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The recognition of indigenous peoples and their collective rights forms a central pillar of many post-frontier landscapes, signalling a shift from discrimination to inclusion. Across the continent, indigenous peoples have gone from being objects of frontier intervention and conversion to becoming subjects with rights and agency. From Tierras Comuni...
Chapter
Future historians may remember the late 20th century for its proliferation of “sustainable development” tools to resolve longstanding social and environmental challenges at the frontier. Where Igor Kopytoff spoke of Africa as a “frontier continent” with new polities spreading around mature African societies (Kopytoff 1989: 7), historians may even,...
Article
Purpose – The aim of this paper is to illustrate the particularities and challenges associated with creating municipal environmental governance institutions in the Peruvian Amazon. Design/methodology/approach – A case-study approach based on qualitative research, document analysis and interviews is used based on field research between 2007 and 2009...
Chapter
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Recognition of the limitations of the traditional ‘fortress approach’ to governance of protected areas has led to a new model that seeks to reconcile environmental conservation with human development and promote participation by local populations. Based on a comparative analysis of four case studies in Bolivia and Peru, the present article shows th...
Chapter
Full-text available
Recognition of the limitations of the traditional 'fortress approach' to gov-ernance of protected areas has led to a new model that seeks to reconcile environmental conservation with human development and promote participation by local populations. Based on a comparative analysis of four case studies in Bolivia and Peru, the present article shows t...
Article
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This article studies the case of Phong Nha Kẻ Bàng National Park, an area of high biological diversity in Central Vietnam. The focus is on the evolution of livelihood issues and their role in a protected area process. Phong Nha Kẻ Bàng National Park (PNKB) was designated a National Park in 2000. It is located in the globally significant Northern Tr...
Article
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About half of the world's protected areas have historically been occupied by indigenous peoples, and creating protected areas has frequently entailed at least some degree of restrictions on access to natural resources upon which the indigenous peoples have long depended. Many indigenous peoples argue that they are effective custodians of the land,...

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Projects (6)
Project
Multiple partners (global level, Switzerland, Vietnam).