Peter Halfpenny

Peter Halfpenny
The University of Manchester · Sustainable Consumption Institute (SCI)

About

59
Publications
7,367
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690
Citations
Citations since 2016
2 Research Items
161 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220510152025

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Full-text available
Cambridge Core - General - Managing Research Data - edited by Graham Pryor
Article
Sociology is a pluralistic discipline, characterized by a number of different approaches which are informed by different conceptions of data, explanation and theory. Conceptions of what constitutes qualitative data vary from approach to approach, as do views of the problems and potentialities in analysing qualitative data. The qualitative-quantitat...
Article
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In this paper, we use the experience of the first 5 years of the UK Economic and Social Research Council's National Centre for e-Social Science as a basis for reflecting upon the future development of the e-Social Science research agenda.
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An abstract is not available.
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In this paper, we describe how text mining (TM) has been used to support frame analysis within the context of the ASSIST project. This technology is capable of retrieving knowledge from unstructured text and presenting it to researchers in a concise form. In the course of the ASSIST project, which is a collaboration between social researchers and t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We will discuss the work being undertaken on the NCeSS data mining project, a one year project at the University of Manchester which began at the start of 2007, to develop data mining tools of value to the social science community. Our primary goal is to produce a suite of data mining codes, supported by a web interface, to allow social scientists...
Article
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This paper presents preliminary findings from two projects that aim to widen the uptake of e-Infrastructures for research. Through the development of a corpus of evidence and through community engagement, we aim to uncover barriers to adoption, enablers that may facilitate uptake and good practice that may be used by those wishing to engage with e-...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper, based on an ethnographic study of a large social science research centre in the UK, provides an empirical account of inter­disciplinary and multi­disciplinary collaborative practices across the social sciences and humanities. It also improves our understanding of inter­disciplinary and multi­disciplinary social scientific work, and info...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper outlines the work of the UK National Centre for e-Social Science and its plans for facilitating the take-up of Grid infrastructure and tools within the social science research community. It describes the kinds of social science research challenges to which Grid technologies and tools have been applied, the contribution that NCeSS can mak...
Article
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Castells identifies two potential consequences of the introduction of information technology into the workplace: dispersal of the workforce and individualization of work, including the spread of teleworking. Such tendencies would undermine one of the rationales for cities: bringing large numbers of people together in order to choreograph their work...
Chapter
This chapter examines the role of suburbs in enhancing the competitiveness of cities in Great Britain, focusing on the city of Manchester, England. It provides a brief overview of the changing employment patterns within the city, and explores the financial and business-services sector and the experiences of people working within it. The chapter als...
Article
While much is known about the mobility patterns of the middle classes in London and the South East, far less is certain about middle-class migration patterns in other regions of the country. Nor has the importance of other regional centres in providing opportunities in the professions and management been acknowledge. This article rectifies these om...
Article
After two decades of growing expectations that the UK voluntary (or ‘third’) sector will expand its social policy role, the spotlight is now focusing on specific types of voluntary organisations including community groups, black and minority ethnic associations and ‘faith-based organisations’. This article notes the growing cross-party interest in...
Chapter
The community studies of the postwar period in British sociological research were an important source of empirical research on people’s everyday lives and how they were structured by class (Crow and Allan 1994; Eldridge 1990; Kent 1981). That is to say, they highlighted the different patterns of sociability among the working and middle-classes. It...
Article
English This article provides an overview of the growing body of research on the UK voluntary sector, organised around five general themes: the organisational composition of the sector; the resources it commands; explanations for the existence of the sector;accounts of differences between the voluntary, private and public sectors; and the nature an...
Article
With the expansion of university student numbers over the past decade, deteriorating staiT-student ratios have necessitated a re-evaluation of teaching and learning practices. In general, the amount of direct contact between staff and students has diminished. Lecture audiences have grown larger and there is less opportunity within or immediately af...
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This paper describes a virtual seminar initiative designed to investigate the extent to which computer‐mediated communication (CMC) can cost‐effectively strengthen staff‐student interaction and enhance student group discussion, and thereby improve collaborative learning. After setting the scene by means of a brief review of the discursive potential...
Article
Equipment is critical to the progress of research; therefore its provision is a significant science policy issue. There may be under-investment in equipment relative to other factors of scientific production such as staff. At a European level, inadequate infrastructure is a potential barrier to achievement of objectives, hence its recognition as a...
Article
This paper examines professional work and professional careers and the extent to which professionals face change, uncertainty and risk in their careers. The key issue is whether the power and privilege of the professions is being undermined. It draws on research from Manchester's business and financial sector including accountancy, law, actuarial w...
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English Since 1995, 26 District Partnerships have been established in Northern Ireland - one in each local government area. They are overseen by a Northern Ireland Partnership Board, drawing representation from across the ethnic and political spectrum. Funding of over £80 million (up to the end of September 1999) has been given by the European Comm...
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This article first sets out the principles of neoclassical microeconomic analysis and examines the advances in our understanding of individual giving to charitable organizations achieved within this framework of analysis. It then turns to sociology and considers alternative conceptions of sociological analysis, especially rational-action theories a...
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This paper examines the role of industry in the support of academic infrastructure, in particular university research equipment. Although the United Kingdom provides the framework for discussion the described situation should be a familiar one in most countries. The argument is constructed around the perceptions, opinions and positions of universit...
Article
La relation entre recherches sociales quantitative et qualitatives. A partir d'une caractérisation schématique de l'historique du débat sur les méthodes de recherche sociale qualitatives et quantitatives. un argument en six points est présenté. Les six points se centrent sur: (1) les multiples paradigmes à la disposition des chercheurs, chacun cara...
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This paper provides an overview of some of the findings of a recently completed study of school choice in 33 local schools which may be indicative of the effect of an increase in the marketisation of schools. Since it is unlikely that debate over parental choice can be settled by theoretical argument alone and it may also be too early to understand...
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This paper describes how estimates of individual charitable giving are derived from two major continuous surveys: the Family Expenditure Survey and the Individual Giving Survey. It explores the reasons for and the significance of the differences between the two estimates. Conclusions are drawn on the relative merits and demerits of the two survey d...
Article
Visions of the information city are mainly driven by the economic development potential of new information technology (IT). The role of information systems in community development remains relatively less well explored. The establishment of a municipal information system in Manchester, HOST, aimed directly at small businesses and community groups,...
Article
Friend is a countrywide voluntary gay counselling and befriending agency. The information logged on telephone-call record sheets by Manchester Friend workers over the period May to July 1981 is analysed (a) to obtain a profile of callers, (b) to devise measures of the success of the service, (c) to explore whether the service could be improved by m...
Article
What are the determinants of the level of trades unions' wage-rate claims? To answer this question, a range of simplified models is examined. One set of these models pictures bargainers being influenced when setting claims by looking backward to past variations in the cost of living, past changes in general wage-rates, the gap between the union's c...
Article
In a critique of G. A. Cohen's (1978) book, Karl Marx's Theory of History, the present author concedes that historical materialism consists of a set of functional explanations. He, however, disagrees that functional explanations in the social sciences can be successful, concluding that Marx's historical materialism does not provide successful expl...
Article
To appreciate the analytic issues posed by ethnographic data, students must be taught to set those issues against the sociological approach within which the analysis is embedded, for sociology is a pluralistic discipline characterized by many different approaches and the meaning and importance of analytic techniques differ across approaches. Some o...
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Have British Trade Unions increased their power since the Second World War? To answer this question the concept of power is analysed. Three logically independent but contingently connected dimensions are distinguished: potential power, the exercise of power and the result of power. The bargaining power of a Trade Union is defined, independently of...
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Several theorems have been established recently on the existence or location of equilibrium policies in collective decision-making in the case when the alternatives are points in a multi-dimensional space. One of these theorems is founded on an assumption about individual preferences which seems intuitively plausible in the context of political dec...
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A key reason for e-Science and e-Social Science applications to embrace a services-oriented approach is to participate in the sharing of standards, thus simplifying modifications or extensions of current applications as well as facilitating the engineering of new ones with a substantial reduction in the amount of code needed. Reducing the amount of...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents preliminary findings from two projects that aim to widen the uptake of e-Infrastructures for research. Through the development of a corpus of evidence and through community engagement, we aim to uncover barriers to adoption, enablers that may facilitate uptake and good practice that may be used by those wishing to engage with e-...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé. L'analyse qualitative des données demande au sociologue un important tra- vail de sélection et d'interprétation des documents. Afin de faciliter ce travail, cette commu- nauté c'est dotée d'outils informatique mais leur fonctionnalités sont encore limitées. Le projet ASSIST1 est une étude exploratoire pour préciser les modules de traitement...
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Based on more than 100 interviews with respondents from the academic community and information services, we present findings from our study of inhibitors and enablers of adoption of e-Infrastructure services for research. We discuss issues raised and potential ways of addressing them.

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