Peter Grewe

Peter Grewe
CSIRO Marine And Atmospheric Research · Pelagic Ecosystems

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93
Publications
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Publications

Publications (93)
Article
Full-text available
In population genetics, the amount of information for an analytical task is governed by the number of individuals sampled and the amount of genetic information measured on each of those individuals. In this work, we assessed the numbers of individual yellowfin tuna ( Thunnus albacares ) and genetic markers required for ocean-basin scale inferences....
Technical Report
Full-text available
Aim of this ACIAR project was to improve Indonesia’s capacity to assess and manage its tuna fisheries by addressing key information gaps, particularly for yellowfin tuna (YFT) and bigeye tuna (BET), and to improve Indonesia’s pelagic fisheries research capacity. The immediate objectives of the project fell within three primary components: 1. defin...
Article
Skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis), yellowfin (Thunnus albacares) and bigeye (Thunnus obesus) tuna are the target species of tropical tuna fisheries in the Indian Ocean, with high commercial value in the international market. High fishing pressure over the past three decades has raised concerns about their sustainability. Understanding life history stra...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The blue shark Prionace glauca is a cosmopolitan species that inhabits all oceans worldwide except the poles. Several IUCN regional assessments have classified it as Near Threatened, mostly due to overfishing. Previous genetic studies that have used classical genetic markers failed to reject the hypothesis that the species is a single worldwide pop...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The blue shark Prionace glauca is a cosmopolitan species that inhabits all oceans worldwide except the poles. Several IUCN regional assessments have classified it as Near Threatened, mostly due to overfishing. Previous genetic studies that have used classical genetic markers failed to reject the hypothesis that the species is a single worldwide pop...
Article
Full-text available
Tunas are the focus of significant fisheries in the Pacific Ocean, where landings of four species – skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis), yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares), bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) and albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) – constitute approximately 70 % of the global tuna catch. Stock assessments for skipjack, yellowfin and bigeye t...
Article
Full-text available
Delineating the stock structure of highly-mobile, wide-ranging fishes subject to exploitation is a challenging task, yet one that is fundamental to optimal fisheries management. A case in point are stocks of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis), yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares), bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) and albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) in t...
Article
Full-text available
Fishing represents a major problem for conservation of chondrichthyans, with a quarter of all species being overexploited. School sharks, Galeorhinus galeus, are targeted by commercial fisheries in Australia and New Zealand. The Australian stock has been depleted to below 20% of its virgin biomass, and the species is recorded as Conservation Depend...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic studies of several marine species with high fecundity have produced “tiny” estimates (≤10⁻³) of the ratio of effective population size (Ne) to adult census size (N), suggesting that even very large populations might be at genetic risk. A recent study using close-kin mark-recapture methods estimated adult abundance at N ≈ 2 × 10⁶ for souther...
Article
Delineating naturally occurring and self‐sustaining sub‐populations (stocks) of a species is an important task, especially for species harvested from the wild. Despite its central importance to natural resource management, analytical methods used to delineate stocks are often, and increasingly, borrowed from superficially similar analytical tasks i...
Article
Full-text available
Conservation concerns exist for many sharks but robust estimates of abundance are often lacking. Improving population status is a performance measure for species under conservation or recovery plans, yet the lack of data permitting estimation of population size means the efficacy of management actions can be difficult to assess, and achieving the g...
Article
Full-text available
Southern bluefin tuna is a highly valuable, severely depleted species, whose abundance and productivity have been difficult to assess with conventional fishery data. Here we use large-scale genotyping to look for parent–offspring pairs among 14,000 tissue samples of juvenile and adult tuna collected from the fisheries, finding 45 pairs in total. Us...
Article
Measuring population connectivity is a critical task in conservation biology. While genetic markers can provide reliable long-term historical estimates of population connectivity, scientists are still limited in their ability to determine contemporary patterns of gene flow, the most practical time frame for management. Here, we tackled this issue b...
Data
Supplementary Tables 1-5, Supplementary Notes 1-3, Supplementary Methods 1 and Supplementary References
Article
Tuna are large pelagic fish whose populations are close to panmixia. In addition, they are threatened species, so it is important for the maintenance and monitoring of genetic diversity that genetic information at a genome level be obtained. Here we report the draft assembly of the southern bluefin tuna genome and the collection of genome-wide sequ...
Article
Full-text available
Tropical tuna fisheries are central to food security and economic development of many regions of the world. Contemporary population assessment and management generally assume these fisheries exploit a single mixed spawning population, within ocean basins. To date population genetics has lacked the required power to conclusively test this assumption...
Article
Full-text available
The lack of independently verifiable estimates of catches and fisheries independent estimates of abundance and fishing mortality are major sources of uncertainty in the management of many fisheries. DNA profiling provides the potential to substantially improve the quality of data for assessments and act as an additional deterrent to illegal, unrepo...
Article
Full-text available
The largetooth sawfish Pristis pristis (Linnaeus, 1758) is a highly threatened euryhaline elasmobranch that in recent times has undergone a significant range contraction. It now only remains in a few areas, with northern Australia being the main stronghold. Previous work using a single mitochondrial gene approach suggested the existence of regional...
Article
Full-text available
Complementary DNA overexpression and short hairpin RNA interference approaches were evaluated for decreasing expression of primordial germ cell (PGC) marker genes and thereby sterilizing channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, by delivering knockdown constructs driven by a constitutive promoter from yeast and a copper transport protein gene into fish...
Article
Full-text available
Background Mitochondrial DNA markers have long been used to identify population boundaries and are now a standard tool in conservation biology. In elasmobranchs, evolutionary rates of mitochondrial genes are low and variation between distinct populations can be hard to detect with commonly used control region sequencing or other single gene approac...
Article
Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) embryos were electroporated with sterilization constructs targeting primordial germ cell proteins or with buffer. Some embryos then were treated with repressor compounds, cadmium chloride, copper sulfate, sodium chloride or doxycycline, to prevent expression of the transgene constructs. Promoters included chann...
Conference Paper
Reliable and cost-effective assessment and monitoring tools are urgently required for the conservation and management of data-poor, low abundance, threatened species in Australia, including the Largetooth Sawfish and the Speartooth Shark. In these two species, adults are marine and/or estuarine and too rare for any population assessment based on ca...
Conference Paper
Estimated spawning stock biomass is a central measure for management of fisheries stocks and setting total allowable catch (TAC) quotas. For the highly valued and depleted southern bluefin tuna (Thunnus maccoyii), conventional stock assessment methods provided reasonably precise estimates of relative depletion. Absolute abundance estimates however...
Article
Full-text available
Estimation of abundance, either absolute or relative, is one of the main objectives of stock assessment. Abun- dance is, however, one of the most difficult parameters to estimate. Nowhere is this more the case than for highly migratory stocks, such as tuna. Trawl or acoustic surveys, used worldwide for many benthic and pelagic species with restrict...
Article
Common carp, Cyprinus carpio, is one of the most widely grown aquaculture species. Four types of knock-down constructs designed to transgenically sterilize fish were electroporated into common carp embryos to knockdown or eliminate expression of primordial germ cell (PGC) proteins, nanos or dead end. Embryos from different developmental stages were...
Article
Abstract In this study we describe the first complete mitochondrial sequence for the critically endangered Northern River shark Glyphis garricki. The complete mitochondrial sequence is 16,702 bp in length, contains 37 genes and one control region with the typical gene order and transcriptional direction of vertebrate mitogenomes. The overall base c...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract In this study, we describe the first complete mitochondrial sequence for the Endangered dwarf sawfish Pristis clavata. The base composition of the 16,804 bp long mitogenome is 31.9% A, 26.5% C, 13.3% G and 28.3% T and the gene arrangement and transcriptional direction are the same as those found in most vertebrates. All protein-coding gene...
Article
Abstract In this study we present the first complete mitogenome for the speartooth shark Glyphis glyphis, a rare euryhaline elasmobranch from northern Australia and Papua New Guinea. The mitogenome is 16,702 bp in length and the overall base composition is 31.5% A; 26.0% C; 13.0% G and 29.5% T. It includes 2 ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes, 22 transfer...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic population structure of swordfish Xiphias gladius was examined based on 2231 individual samples, collected mainly between 2009 and 2010, among three major sampling areas within the Indian Ocean (IO; twelve distinct sites), Atlantic (two sites) and Pacific (one site) Oceans using analysis of nineteen microsatellite loci (n = 2146) and mitoch...
Data
containing: Appendix F1: Geographic location of sampling areas and of the biogeographic provinces (Longhurst, 1998). Appendix F2: Swordfish sampling schedule. Appendix F3: Mismatch distribution for swordfish based on 1007 bp of the ND2 sequences. Appendix F4: Neighbor-joining trees showing the relationship between sample sets on the basis of pairwi...
Article
Full-text available
On the basis of morphological and molecular studies, we identified the Australian endemic green alga known as Caulerpa distichophylla along the coasts of Sicily (Italy, Mediterranean Sea). The slender Caulerpa previously reported as C. taxifolia from southeastern Turkey (Gulf of Iskenderun) also belongs to C. distichophylla. Morphologically, C. dis...
Article
Full-text available
Interspecies hybridization is of concern for the management of invasive species, as it can allow the exchange of advantageous alleles between introduced species and undermine control efforts. In this study, hybridization between populations of introduced common carp and goldfish in Australia is investigated. Common carp and goldfish were sampled ex...
Conference Paper
Several methods are available for estimating standing stock biomass, a critical measure for management of fisheries stocks and setting total allowable catch (TAC) quotas. For southern bluefin tuna (SBT), conventional stock assessment methods can give a reasonably precise estimate of relative abundance of SBT today versus near the start of exploitat...
Article
Mitochondrial DNA was purified from 151 lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) representing nine brood stocks along with an additional 30 fish from two natural populations. Eighteen restriction endonucleases were employed to analyze 126 brood stock fish. Two of these enzymes (Hind III and Bam HI) were used to examine the fish from the natural population...
Article
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was isolated from five species of the genus Salvelinus (alpinus, confluentus, fontinalis, malma, and namaycush) and from the closely related taxon, Hucho hucho. Restriction sites recognized by 14 endonucleases were mapped for each of the species and percent sequence divergence estimated between species pairs. A phylogeny o...
Article
Full-text available
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation was examined in 492 fish representing six lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) strains used for stocking and restoring populations in Lake Ontario. mtDNA was extracted from 432 fish by a total DNA isolation protocol (CTAB). mtDNA was also extracted from 60 additional fish using the purification method of CsCl ultrac...
Article
The jackass morwong (Nemadactylus macropterus), a commercially valuable marine fish in the Australian–New Zealand region, was surveyed for genetic variation as part of a larger project aimed at clarifying its stock structure. Mitochondrial DNA variation in 166 jackass morwong from seven southern Australian localities was examined using nine restric...
Article
Full-text available
The Broadbill Swordfish is harvested by fisheries throughout the world. In order to devise more effective management strategies, we need a clear understanding of the population structure of the species. From a library of 29 tetranucleotide repeats, 22 microsatellite markers were characterised for 94 swordfish samples captured from eastern and weste...
Article
Full-text available
The common carp Cyprinus carpio introduced in two drainages in eastern Australia are largely descended from European common carp, and in a third drainage they descend largely from East Asian common carp. The partial genetic differentiation among the species in those drainages is consistent with their origins.
Article
Full-text available
Common carp Cyprinus carpio were introduced into Australia on several occasions and are now the dominant fish in the Murray-Darling Basin (MDB), the continent's largest river system. In this study, variability at 14 microsatellite loci was examined in C. carpio (n = 1037) from 34 sites throughout the major rivers in the MDB, from 3 cultured populat...
Article
Proposals to farm non-native and genetically modified species are often highly contentious because there is no reliable method of ensuring that they do not escape, reproduce and become environmental problems. Suggested approaches to prevent breeding outside hatcheries are unable to guarantee sterility in both sexes or cannot easily be applied to an...
Article
Genetic variation was surveyed at 11 microsatellite loci and at 517 bp of the mitochondrial control region to investigate the presence of genetic stock structure in swordfish (Xiphias gladius) in four proximal localities of the southwest Indian Ocean. One aim of this study was to serve as a preliminary examination for congruency of structure detect...
Article
Nucleotide sequence data of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene, were compared among 17 specimens of Sacculina carcini parasitising three portunid hosts as a preliminary assessment of haplotype structure in a poorly understood species for which there are few morphological characters on which to base taxonomic analysis. S. carcini para...
Article
Oligonucleotide primers, specific for conserved regions of the genes encoding the β- and α-phycocyanin subunits of phycobilisomes (cpcB and cpcA) of cyanobacteria, were used to amplify a DNA fragment containing the intervening intergenic spacer region (cpcBA-IGS) of 19 strains of three morphospecies of cyanobacteria. Six Australian strains were ide...
Article
Full-text available
A PL10 vasa-like gene was isolated from the Kuruma shrimp Marsupenaeus japonicus and therefore called Mjpl10. It is differentially expressed during embryonic, larval, and postlarval development, and in female and male gonads. Using absolute real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), we demonstrate that Mjpl10 transcripts ar...
Chapter
Full-text available
Aquaculture animals that escape from farms have the potential to create major environmental problems. These include establishment of potentially destructive feral populations (e.g., Pacific oysters [Crassostrea gigas] in Australia, Atlantic salmon [Salmo salar] in British Columbia) and genetic contamination of wild stocks. The latter includes intro...
Article
Full-text available
Eight polymorphic microsatellite loci were analysed in six population samples from four locations of the Australian endemic brown tiger prawn, Penaeus esculentus. Tests of Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium were generally in accord with expectations, with only one locus, in two samples, showing significant deviations. Three samples were taken in different...
Article
Genetic differentiation was minimal and overall non-significant among five collections of bigeye tuna Thunnus obesus from the Indian Ocean, examined for variation at mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and at seven microsatellite loci.
Article
Samples of Neocyttus rhomboidalis from eight areas off southern Australia and eastern New Zealand were examined to assess the stock structure of the species. No spatial heterogeneity was detected for mitochondrial DNA variation after restriction analysis by two enzymes detecting polymorphic cut sites. Twenty mtDNA haplotypes were recorded, with an...
Article
Twenty-three unique tri and tetra-nucleotide microsatellites were isolated and characterized from the genome of the brown tiger prawn Penaeus esculentus. Nine of the 23 microsatellite loci were found to be polymorphic and were tested across a sample of wild caught Penaeus esculentus. Good fits to Hardy–Weinberg expectations were observed for six of...
Article
Full-text available
A novel form of underdominance is suggested as a mechanism that is able to drive desired genes into pest populations through the release of transgenic individuals over one or more generations. Such a mechanism is urgently needed by those working to reduce the impact of malaria by releasing strains of Anopheles, the vector of the disease, that are n...
Article
Five polymorphic microsatellite loci were examined in 1391 yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) from eight regions of the western (Coral Sea, eastern Australia, Fiji, Indonesia, Philippines and Solomon Islands) and eastern (California and Mexico ) Pacific Ocean. Across all samples, numbers of alleles per locus ranged from 7 to 30 (mean: 17.0), and ob...
Article
Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) were imported to Australia from the River Philip, Nova Scotia, in the mid-1960s. A population was established in New South Wales, and in the mid-1980s ova from this population were used to found the Tasmanian salmon aquaculture industry. An allozyme and mitochondrial DNA examination of the Tasmanian and parent Canadian...
Article
Full-text available
Collections of three species of oreos (smooth oreo, Pseudocyttus maculatus; black oreo, Allocyttus niger; and warty oreo, A. verrucosus) from Australasian waters were examined for genetic variation. Allozyme heterozygosity was high in each species (25–29 loci: mean heterozygosity per locus per sample ranging from 0.100 to 0.148), but mitochondrial...