Peter Fettke

Peter Fettke
Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz | DFKI · Business Informatics

Professor Dr.
HERAKLIT.ORG, forever!

About

290
Publications
97,507
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6,295
Citations
Introduction
Peter Fettke is Professor for Business Informatics at the Saarland University and currently works at the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI).
Additional affiliations
January 2010 - present
DFKI
Position
  • Head of Department

Publications

Publications (290)
Preprint
Full-text available
Edsger W. Dijkstra has frequently suggested building a "firewall" between the technology- and application-side of computer science. His justification: The methods to attack the computer scientists' formal, mathematical "correctness problem" differ fundamentally from the methods to attack the applicants' informal "pleasantness problem". In this sett...
Preprint
Full-text available
Artificial ants are "small" units, moving autonomously around on a shared, dynamically changing "space", directly or indirectly exchanging some kind of information. Artificial ants are frequently conceived as a paradigm for collective adaptive systems. In this paper, we discuss means to represent continuous moves of "ants" in discrete models. More...
Preprint
Full-text available
Heraklit is an infrastructure for modelling large, computer-integrated systems. We discuss the central requirements for such models (hierarchies, user view, transfer of informal into formal ideas, schematic models, equal treatment of digital and person-bound processes) and explain how Heraklit supports these requirements. A case study shows the usa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Conceptual modeling is a strongly interdisciplinary field of research. Although numerous proposals for axiomatic foundations of the main ideas of the field exist, there is still a lack of understanding main concepts such as system, process, event, data, and many more. Against the background of the tremendously gaining importance of digital phenomen...
Preprint
Full-text available
It is known for decades that computer-based systems cannot be understood without a concept of modularization and decomposition. We suggest a universal, expressive, intuitively attractive composition operator for Petri nets, combined with a refinement concept and an algebraic representation of nets and their composition. Case studies show exemplaril...
Preprint
Full-text available
We suggest systems mining as the next step after process mining. Systems mining starts with a more careful investigation of runs, and constructs a detailed model of behavior, more subtle than classical process mining. The resulting model is enriched with information about data. From this model, a system model can be deduced in a systematic way.
Article
Full-text available
Process mining enables the reconstruction and evaluation of business processes based on digital traces in IT systems. An increasingly important technique in this context is process prediction. Given a sequence of events of an ongoing trace, process prediction allows forecasting upcoming events or performance measurements. In recent years, multiple...
Chapter
Organizations store hundreds or even thousands of models nowadays in business process model repositories. This makes sophisticated operations, like conformance checking or duplicate detection, hard to conduct without automated support. Therefore, querying methods are used to support such tasks. This chapter reports on an evaluation of six technique...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung In vielen Bereichen der Wirtschaftsinformatik spielt die Erstellung konzeptueller Modelle unter Verwendung grafischer Modellierungssprachen eine wichtige Rolle. Entsprechend wichtig ist eine fundierte Grundausbildung, die sich an den benötigten Modellierungskompetenzen orientiert und daher neben theoretischen auch praktische Aspekte...
Chapter
Artificial Intelligence (AI) can offer significant potential for public administrations which – in Germany – are likely to face considerable skills shortages in the next few years. AI systems can especially support the automation of processes and thus disburden administrative staff. As transparency and fairness play a major role in administrative p...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Die Blockchain-Technologie bietet vielfältige Anwendungspotenziale in den Bereichen des Steuerrechts und der Finanzverwaltung. Der Beitrag analysiert am Beispiel einer Prüfung von steuerlichen Informationen den Einsatz der Blockchain-Technologie in der deutschen Finanzverwaltung. Für die Überprüfung von steuerlichen Sachverhalten is...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To meet the challenges involved in providing adequate robotic support to first responders, a holistic approach is needed. This requires close cooperation of first responders, researchers and companies for scenario-based needs analysis, iterative development of the corresponding system functionality and integrated robotic systems as well as human-ro...
Book
Full-text available
This handbook presents the formal foundations of Heraklit, along with extensive text that motivates the concepts of Heraklit. A consistent example explains the formal concepts, and shows the intended way of using them. This handbook is not a textbook, but emphasizes the embedding of Herak-lit in the scientific context. For example, the description...
Chapter
Learning meaningful representations of data is an important aspect of machine learning and has recently been successfully applied to many domains like language understanding or computer vision. Instead of training a model for one specific task, representation learning is about training a model to capture all useful information in the underlying dat...
Article
Full-text available
Dieses Handbuch präsentiert die formalen Grundlagen von Heraklit, zusammen mit umfangreichen Texten, die die Konzepte von Heraklit motivieren. Ein durchgehendes Beispiel erläutert die formalen Konzepte, und zeigt die in-tendierte Art der Anwendung. Dieses Handbuch ist kein Lehrbuch, sondern betont die Einbettung von Heraklit in den wissenschaftlich...
Research
Full-text available
Diese NEGZ-Kurzstudie stellt anhand nationaler und grenzüberschreitender steuerlicher Prozesse das Anwendungspotenzial der Blockchain-Technologie für die Finanzverwaltung und Steuerpflichtige dar. Dazu werden Informationsarchitekturen entwickelt, die zur Prozessautomatisierung und Transparenzsteigerung dienen. Thematische Schwerpunkte liegen auf de...
Preprint
Full-text available
Learning meaningful representations of data is an important aspect of machine learning and has recently been successfully applied to many domains like language understanding or computer vision. Instead of training a model for one specific task, representation learning is about training a model to capture all useful information in the underlying dat...
Article
Full-text available
Complaints about finished products are a major challenge for companies in the medical technology industry, where product quality is directly related to public health and therefore strictly regulated. In this paper, we examine how available data can be used to provide automated support to the complaint handling processes in the medical technology co...
Chapter
Robotic process automation (RPA) tools are nowadays frequently used in sectors with primarily office work like services, telecommunications, administration, finance, and insurance. However, industrial domains like manufacturing also have huge potential for RPA to automate a large variety of tasks. As in office work, there are a lot of more or less...
Chapter
Full-text available
Robotic Process Automation (RPA) has become an increasing trend in research and practice. This chapter positions, structures, and frames the topic as an introduction to this book. RPA is understood as a broad concept that comprises a variety of concrete solutions. From a management perspective RPA offers an innovative approach for realizing auto-ma...
Chapter
Full-text available
The contemporary process-aware information systems possess the capabilities to record the activities generated during the process execution. To leverage these process specific fine-granular data, process mining has recently emerged as a promising research discipline. As an important branch of process mining, predictive business process management,...
Chapter
Modern and next generation digital infrastructures are technically based on service oriented structures, cloud services, and other architectures that compose large systems from smaller subsystems. The composition of subsystems is particularly challenging, as the subsystems themselves may be represented in different languages, modelling methods, etc...
Preprint
Full-text available
Process mining enables the reconstruction and evaluation of business processes based on digital traces in IT systems. An increasingly important technique in this context is process prediction. Given a sequence of events of an ongoing trace, process prediction allows forecasting upcoming events or performance measurements. In recent years, multiple...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to trace and analyze the processes over various stages of the production value chain has become vital to generate the added value. In this context a thorough integration of the business and manufacturing processes is an essential prerequisite to facilitate the data-driven decision making which is crucial for product personalization. Imp...
Book
his book constitutes the proceedings of the Blockchain and RPA Forum, held as part of the 19th International Conference on Business Process Management, BPM 2021, which took place during September 6-10, 2021, in Rome, Italy. The Blockchain Forum and the RPA Forum have in common that they are centered around an emerging and exciting technology. The b...
Article
Full-text available
This paper serves as an editorial to the corresponding special issue on Blockchain Technologies in Enterprise Modeling and Enterprise Information Systems.
Article
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In this catchword article we describe the current technological opportunities that are available through blockchain technologies and outline how the field of enterprise modeling can contribute to these developments as well as benefit itself from them. For this purpose, we discuss the technical foundations of blockchains and derive a framework for r...
Preprint
Full-text available
This small case study extends the example of modelling the written addition of two three-digit natural numbers in decimal notation from the Heraklit short case study [2]. There, a half adder and a full adder are constructed as Heraklit modules and composed appropriately for the task mentioned. Here we show a scheme for the parallel addition of 10 n...
Preprint
Full-text available
The modeling method Heraklit is presented on the basis of a business case study. The case study demonstrates how Heraklit can be used to systematically model, abstract, compose and analyze computer-integrated systems of business practice. Structural aspects, abstract descriptions of data and objects as well as behavioral models are integrated in a...
Preprint
Full-text available
The modeling method Heraklit is presented on the basis of a business case study. The case study demonstrates how Heraklit can be used to systematically model, abstract, compose and analyze computer-integrated systems of business practice. Structural aspects, abstract descriptions of data and objects as well as behavioral models are integrated in a...
Preprint
Full-text available
This brief case study describes central concepts of Heraklit using the example of pencil-and-paper addition in the number space up to 1, 000. Further sources explain how Heraklit can be used for modeling business application domains. Diese kleine Fallstudie beschreibt zentrale Konzepte von Heraklit am Beispiel des schriftlichen Addierens im Zahlen...
Preprint
Full-text available
Heraklit dient zur Modellierung großer, rech-nerintegrierter betrieblicher Systeme. In dieser Fallstudie werden wesentliche Modellierungskonzepte anhand der 8-Sekundenhölle illustriert. Die 8-Sekundenhölle beschreibt plakativ die Situation im Motorsport, bei der ein Fahrzeug kurzfristig in der Box gestoppt wird, um beispielsweise die Reifen zu wech...
Chapter
Betriebsprüfungen bezeichnen die rechtlich legitimierte Überprüfung der von einem Steuerpflichtigen entrichteten Steuern durch die Finanzverwaltung, die grundsätzlich sämtliche Steuerarten umfassen kann. Aufgrund der zunehmend digitalen Aufzeichnung der relevanten Geschäftsvorfälle in einem Unternehmen hat sich bereits frühzeitig der Bedarf einer d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The 2020 Business Process Intelligence Challenge provides data from the travel management system of the Eindhoven University of Technology and encourages the participants to tackle several questions regarding qualitative and quantitative aspects of the process flow. In this report, we show our analysis of the log files beginning with a conceptual a...
Preprint
Modern and next generation digital infrastructures are technically based on service oriented structures, cloud services, and other architectures that compose large systems from smaller subsystems. The composition of subsystems is particularly challenging, as the subsystems themselves may be represented in different languages, modelling methods, etc...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study proposes an innovative explainable process prediction solution to facilitate the data-driven decision making for process planning in manufacturing. After integrating the top-floor and shop-floor data obtained from various enterprise information systems especially from Manufacturing Execution Systems, a deep neural network was applied to...
Preprint
The contemporary process-aware information systems possess the capabilities to record the activities generated during the process execution. To leverage these process specific fine-granular data, process mining has recently emerged as a promising research discipline. As an important branch of process mining, predictive business process management,...
Chapter
Mobile robots like drones or ground vehicles can be a valuable addition to emergency response teams, because they reduce the risk and the burden for human team members. However, the need to manage and coordinate human-robot team operations during ongoing missions adds an additional dimension to an already complex and stressful situation. BPM approa...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to proactively monitor business processes is a main competitive differentiator for firms. Process execution logs generated by process aware information systems help to make process specific predictions for enabling a proactive situational awareness. The goal of the proposed approach is to predict the next process event from the complete...
Chapter
Full-text available
Der Einsatz von Rettungsrobotern kann die Arbeit von Einsatzkräften der Feuerwehr erheblich erleichtern. Allerdings müssen die Einsatzkräfte dafür entsprechend geschult werden. Im vorliegenden Beitrag wird ein Softwareprototyp vorgestellt, der vorhandene Daten zum Ablauf von Feuerwehreinsätzen für eine prozessorientierte Schulung der Einsatzkräfte...
Article
Full-text available
The rise of Industry 4.0 and the convergence with business process management provide new potential for the automatic gathering of process-related sensor information. In manufacturing, information about human behavior in manual assembly tasks is rare when no interaction with machines is involved. We suggest technologies to automatically detect mate...
Chapter
Seit der ersten Anwendung in der Kryptowährung Bitcoin wurden die Potenziale der Blockchain in vielfältigen Anwendungen untersucht. Auch in Anwendungen des Steuerbereichs lassen sich erste Potenzialanalysen und technische Implementierungen identifizieren. Diese Arbeiten motivieren den Einsatz der Blockchain unter anderem mit der Schaffung von Trans...
Conference Paper
The analysis of business processes using process mining requires structured log data. Regarding manual activities, this data can be generated from sensor data acquired from the Internet of Things. The main objective of this paper is the development and evaluation of an approach which recognizes and logs manually performed activities, enabling the a...
Article
Full-text available
Digital twins enable better control and provide a better understanding of automated manufacturing environments. However, some parts of production processes are not fully covered, as they are still carried out manually. In this paper, we present an approach for monitoring manual parts of an assembly and commissioning process efficiently. We combine...
Chapter
Die Überwachung, Identifizierung und Bewertung von ergonomisch kritischen Situationen ermöglichen die Verbesserung der Arbeitsabläufe in Arbeitsprozessen mit hoher menschlicher Beteiligung. Ergonomie ist eine wesentliche Komponente der Prozessgestaltung und da ergonomische Fehlhaltungen in physisch anspruchsvollen Berufen zu einem erhöhten Krankens...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Please do not read and cite! While, in the first machine age, physical power was automated, intellectual power is automated in the second machine age. This development has interesting implications for Jörg's leitmotif "Strukturieren, Strukturieren, Strukturieren". In this article, we add to this discussion in the context of structuring processes. T...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Robotic Process Automation proposal for citation tests.
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Auch im Bereich der steuerlichen Rechtsberatung führt die voranschreitende digitale Transformation zu disruptiven Veränderungen. Künstliche Intelligenz (KI) kann in diesem Zusammenhang eine entscheidende Rolle spielen, weil sie Prozessinnovationen auch in wissensintensiven und kognitiv anspruchsvollen Dienstleistungsprozessen unters...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Complaints about finished products are a major challenge for companies. Particularly for manufacturers of medical technology, where product quality is directly related to public health, defective products can have a significant impact. As part of the increasing digitalization of manufacturing companies ("In-dustry 4.0"), more process-related data i...
Article
With the advent of digitization on the shopfloor and the developments of Industry 4.0, companies are faced with opportunities and challenges alike. This can be illustrated by the example of AI-based process predictions, which can be valuable for real-time process management in a smart factory. However, to constructively collaborate with such a pred...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Against the background of current activities towards administrative modernization based on the digitalization of processes, the usage and integration of Robotic Process Automation (RPA) software into public administration work processes can significantly improve their efficiency, reduce process costs and provide better services for citizens. This p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The rise of Industry 4.0 and the convergence with BPM provide new potential for the automatic gathering of process-related sensor information. In manufacturing, information about human behavior in manual assembly tasks is rare when no interaction with machines is involved. We suggest technologies to automatically detect material picking and placeme...
Chapter
While, in the first machine age, physical power was automated, intellectual power is automated in the second machine age. This development has interesting implications for Jörg’s leitmotif “Strukturieren, Strukturieren, Strukturieren”. In this article, we add to this discussion in the context of structuring processes. Therefore, we first structure...
Chapter
Reference models are special conceptual models that are reused for the design of other conceptual models. They confront stakeholders with the dilemma of balancing the size of a model against its reuse frequency. The larger a reference model is, the better it applies to a specific situation, but the less often these situations occur. This is particu...
Chapter
The rise of Industry 4.0 and the convergence with BPM provide new potential for the automatic gathering of process-related sensor information. In manufacturing, information about human behavior in manual assembly tasks is rare when no interaction with machines is involved. We suggest technologies to automatically detect material picking and placeme...
Chapter
Complaints about finished products are a major challenge for companies. Particularly for manufacturers of medical technology, where product quality is directly related to public health, defective products can have a significant impact. As part of the increasing digitalization of manufacturing companies (“Industry 4.0”), more process-related data is...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Blockchain-Technologie erlebt zurzeit eine enorme Aufmerksamkeit. Dies gilt auch für die Schnittstelle zwischen Informatik und den klassischen Steuerwissenschaften (betriebliche Steuerlehre, Finanzwissenschaft und Steuerrecht). Beispielsweise hat die OECD in ihren Rahmenempfehlungen zur Tax Compliance Blockchain als eine Schlüsselte...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Corporate tax departments are confronted with various challenging developments such as increasing compliance requirements in tax-relevant processes, stricter standards for the implementation of internal control systems and new obligations stipulating the electronic filing of tax returns. Digitalization and the application of Artificial Intelligence...
Article
Full-text available
The information systems (IS) field contains a rich body of knowledge on approaches, methods, and frameworks that supports researchers in conducting design science research (DSR). It also contains some consensus about the key elements of DSR projects—such as problem identification, design, implementation, evaluation, and abstraction of design knowle...
Preprint
Full-text available
While, in the first machine age, physical power was automated, intellectual power is automated in the second machine age. This development has interesting implications for structuring information systems. In this article, we add to this discussion in the context of structuring processes. Therefore, we first structure the discussion about robotic pr...
Article
The advent of Industry 4.0 is expected to dramatically change the manufacturing industry as we know it today. Highly standardized, rigid manufacturing processes need to become self-organizing and decentralized. This flexibility leads to new challenges to the management of smart factories in general and production planning and control in particular....