Peter Cruickshank

Peter Cruickshank
Edinburgh Napier University · School of Computing

PhD

About

47
Publications
4,937
Reads
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818
Citations
Citations since 2016
22 Research Items
640 Citations
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Introduction
Peter Cruickshank is an interdisciplinary researcher based within the Centre for Social Informatics in the School of Computing at Edinburgh Napier University. He has an established track record of research into information behaviours and practices within the domain of Information Science. One of his primary research interests is citizen engagement with government services online, including issues around identity and security. As a former Information Systems Auditor, he has an information assurance background, and draws upon this in the teaching of information security modules.
Additional affiliations
November 2010 - present
Edinburgh Napier University
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (47)
Conference Paper
There has been much research into citizens’ engagement with their representatives. This paper offers an approach to understanding sustained take-up of internet technologies by these representatives in a (hyperlocal) democratic context using Community Councils in Scotland a case study. A Community of Practice model was developed and initial data col...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As one form of online political participation, the e-petitioning is seen as a response to a perceived decline in public trust of political institutions and the associated symptoms of political disengagement. This paper uses the psychological concepts of self-efficacy, prosocial behaviour and lurking and shows how they could be applied to e-particip...
Article
Full-text available
This chapter looks at e-petitioning as a successful application of e-participation from a psychological perspective. It notes that e-participation should not be viewed uncritically, as digital technologies cannot remedy all (political) problems: indeed, they can strengthen old ones and create new ones. Following a brief reviews of socio-economic an...
Conference Paper
The Research in Librarianship Impact Evaluation Study (RiLIES) focused particularly on identifying factors that increase or hinder the impact of research findings on those who deliver library and information services. The findings highlight the evident disconnect between the LIS research and practitioner communities. They confirm that the level of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The European Commission, through its framework programme aims to stimulate the development of sustained collaborative research networks across Europe. Social network analysis (SNA) has previously been used to evaluate collaboration between projects at a European level. In this study SNA was used to evaluate the nature of the relationship between re...
Article
Full-text available
The Covid-19 pandemic required many aspects of life to move online. This accelerated a broader trend for increasing use of ICT and AI, with implications for both the world of work and career development. This article explores the potential benefits and challenges of including AI in career practice. It provides an overview of the technology, includi...
Chapter
A literature review on the broad theme of information literacy and work was undertaken between January and April 2021 as part of an on-going doctoral study. The purpose of the literature review was to explore extant research on workplace information literacy (WIL) and related areas, including employability information literacy (EIL). The main findi...
Article
Everyday career information use is not fully addressed by extant theories, models and frameworks. In this paper, a conceptual framework of career information behaviour and career information literacy in everyday life is presented.Methods. Over the course of 2021, a literature review of everyday life career information use was completed. As part of...
Article
Full-text available
The role of information in career development has received relatively little research attention. A literature review completed as part of a doctorate in the first half of 2021 indicates that career information features in only a small number of publications spread across Career Studies, Organisational Studies, and Education in the time period betwe...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses information literacy (IL) from a methodological perspective, addressing quantitative IL measures, suitable for evaluating the role of IL in supporting work activities. So far, IL in workplace contexts has mostly been studied using qualitative methods, designed for studying situational and context-dependent practices. Therefore it...
Poster
Introduction. Dependence on social media and other online systems as part of everyday life has grown considerably over the years. At the same time, the complexity and security of online systems has been increasing, making it more challenging for some people to access the services they need. This impacts the information practices of many users, lead...
Article
Introduction. Previous research in information science often uses constructs from social exchange theory to explain online information sharing. Exchange theories have a strong focus on reciprocity, yet in some communities, such as elected democratic representatives at hyperlocal level, it is observed that information is shared online for little vis...
Conference Paper
Introduction: This paper addresses the information practices of hyperlocal democratic representatives, and their acquisition and application of information literacy skills. Method: 1034 Scottish community councillors completed an online questionnaire on the information-related activities they undertake as part of their voluntary roles, and the deve...
Conference Paper
Introduction. Dependence on social media and other online systems as part of everyday life has grown considerably over the years. At the same time, the complexity and security of online systems has been increasing, making it more challenging for some people to access the services they need. This impacts the information practices of many users, lead...
Chapter
A key challenge organisations face when transitioning to agile delivery methods is that of quickly and effectively learning new ways of working. This study posits that fundamental historical, cultural and behavioural aspects affect the transition and contribute to the poor performance of many agile implementations. In order to address such factors,...
Conference Paper
Semantic technology has recently provided new waves of breakthrough for smart city applications and Internet of Things (IoT), which enables possible integration and interoperability of data coming from heterogeneous devices. In the IoT domain, data quality plays an important role especially when it comes to managing the trade-off between accuracy a...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the extent to which learning gained through participation in three research methods workshops funded by an Arts and Humanities Research Council networking grant was applied in practice. Design/methodology/approach Data were collected by online survey and focus group from individuals who participa...
Article
Results are reported from a study that investigated patterns of information behaviour and use as related to personal reputation building and management in online environments. An everyday life information seeking (ELIS) perspective was adopted. Data were collected by diary and interview from 45 social media users who hold professional and manageria...
Article
The purpose of the research was to investigate the practices of elected, yet unpaid, community councillors in Scotland as they exploit information channels for democratic engagement with citizens. Its focus is both novel and significant in that it considers the information literacy of a group that has not been studied before: volunteer representati...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to report the results from a study that investigated the extent to which an intervention to develop a community of library and information science (LIS) researchers – the Developing Research Excellence and Methods (DREaM) project – was successful in meeting its main objective three years after its implementatio...
Chapter
Activity Theory (AT) is presented as a framework for explaining Information Literacy (IL) as a technologically mediated social practice. This is achieved in the context of a study conducted in 2016 on the information gathering and sharing activities of Scottish community-level elected representatives. This work demonstrates the value of AT as (i) a...
Article
The research presented in this poster is concerned with the ways in which people use information to build identities for themselves online with reference to the themes of personal reputation management. To date these two themes have been under-explored together in the research literature, both in general and from an information science perspective....
Article
Introduction. The means by which individuals evaluate the personal reputations of others, and manage their own personal reputations, as determined by information shared on social media platforms, is investigated from an information science perspective. The paper is concerned with findings from a doctoral study that takes into account prior work on...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing internationalisation of higher education means that many students in the UK are not native English speakers, possibly putting them at a disadvantage in an examination environment. However, exams continue to be used even though they are often deprecated as an assessment instrument in postgraduate courses. This article explores the imp...
Article
Full-text available
Community Councils are the bottom rung of Scotland's democracy ladder, having few – but highly significant – statutory consultative duties (especially with regard to planning) and no service-delivery duties. Generally they have failed to live up to expectations in terms of activity and impact, and have struggled to gain legitimacy. Despite this, th...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This document reports the results of a survey, carried out in late spring 2014, of the public web presences of potentially over 1300 Scottish Community Councils (CCs). It follows on from similar survey in summer 2012. The report reviews content-types associated with up-to-date presences and examines Community Councils’ social media use, using three...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes a new identity, and its underlying meta-data, model. The approach enables secure spanning of identity meta-data across many boundaries such as health-care, financial and educational institutions, including all others that store and process sensitive personal data. It introduces the new concepts of Compound Personal Record (CPR)...
Conference Paper
This paper is motivated by the need to understand the reality of the use of the now well-established opportunities offered by the internet to engage with citizens. Building on previous research this paper derives a framework tailored for evaluation of e-participation and internet usage by representative bodies at the community or hyperlocal level w...
Article
What are the factors that mainly influence legal firms considering whether to adopt cloud-based IT solutions? The authors report on research they carried out
Article
In 2011 and 2012 the Library and Information Science Research Coalition supported two projects entitled Research in Librarianship Impact Evaluation Study (RiLIES1 and RiLIES2). This paper discusses the results of a survey completed in spring 2012 as part of RiLIES2. RiLIES2 was concerned with the production of a series of outputs such as training,...
Article
Between 2009 and 2012 considerable investment was made in three UK projects related to library and information science (LIS) research: (1) the Library and Information Science Research Coalition; (2) the AHRC-funded Developing Research Excellence and Methods (DREaM) project; and (3) the Research in Librarianship Impact Evaluation Study (RiLIES). Thi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
22% of Scottish Community Councils have up-to-date online public presences. Only 4% of Community Councils have easily accessible online planning content. Most Community Councils websites communicate from Community Councils to citizen – only 10% use social media to host online discussion and opinion-gathering. Local Authority-hosted presences guaran...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to consider the ways in which large‐scale e‐participation projects can be evaluated. It argues that existing evaluation approaches can be improved upon by taking a closer look at the characteristics of the users of such systems, by estimating their self‐efficacy. Design/methodology/approach Literature review is...
Article
Full-text available
Ontology development is considered to be a useful approach to the design and implementation of interoperable systems. This literature review and commentary examines the current state of knowledge in this field with particular reference to processes involved in assuring epistemological adequacy. It takes the perspective of the information systems pr...
Article
This paper outlines the relationship between the Smart Cities (inter)Regional Academic Network (SCRAN) and the triple-helix model of knowledge production, a model encompassing industry, the university, and the government. The “step-wise” logic of SCRAN's triple helix for the SmartCities venture is then set out. This draws attention to the networkin...
Article
The following offers an overview of what it means for cities to be “smart.” It draws the supporting definitions and critical insights into smart cities from a series of papers presented at the 2009 Trans-national Conference on Creating Smart(er) Cities. What the papers all have in common is their desire to overcome the all too often self-congratula...
Technical Report
This is the EuroPetition evaluation report of the service that summarises the results of the process outlined in the project Description of Work by working to the evaluation plan described in the (D2.1.1) and tested by the Pilot Trials. The technology has proven successful and the project has met its objectives. A number of findings and recommendat...
Technical Report
This report covers extent to which funded research projects in the domain of library and information science (LIS) influence practice in the UK. It focuses particularly on identifying factors that increase or hinder the impact of research findings on those who deliver library and information services, and makes several specific recommendations to t...
Article
Full-text available
E-petitions are seen as one response to a perceived decline in public trust of political institutions and the associated symptoms of disengagement. In this paper, some current research into e- petitioning in Europe is reviewed, and the need to understand the context behind the expectations and perceptions of external actors (citizens and petitioner...
Article
Full-text available
The HANDS question-answering and direction application, consisting of Answer Tree and Address Guesser modules is described in relation to the EDEN project from which it is derived. The use of an Open Source (OSS) model for application development and service delivery is considered in the context of European policy. The interaction of HANDS with Pub...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we explore the possibilities of using Web 2.0 for collaborative production of government services in the UK. Can co-production be used to deliver eGovernment services in the UK? What kind of services could use Web 2.0-supported co-production? Could Web 2.0 help to promote cooperation? If Web 2.0 and collaborative production can be us...
Article
Full-text available
Members of elected assemblies have a number of overlapping roles. eRepresentative is a project of the European Commission's IST programme, and has investigated the potential for ICT support for the committee-based legislative role in a secure, mobile context among members of five elected assemblies at national, regional and local levels. This paper...

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Projects

Projects (7)
Project
A series of projects researching the information practices associated with digital identity management. This work is linked to the concept of e-identity, and also to wider concepts around digital / social media proxying and being an information intermediary