Peter Collings

Peter Collings
University of Florida | UF · Department of Anthropology

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22
Publications
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672
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Publications

Publications (22)
Article
Full-text available
We examine factors underlying hunting productivity among Inuit in Ulukhaktok, Northwest Territories, Canada. Specifically, we focus on the role of gasoline use as the main variable of interest—commonly cited as a crucial determinant of hunting participation. Over the course of 12 months, 10 hunters recorded their on-the-land activities using a GPS...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Human dimensions of climate change research in the Arctic often proposes ways for local communities to adapt to changes to their environment, foregrounding problems posed by climate change while treating social, political, and economic factors as background conditions. We explore the relevance of this research paradigm for Inuit by exam...
Preprint
Human dimensions of climate change research in the Arctic often proposes ways for local communities to adapt to changes to their environment, foregrounding problems posed by climate change while treating social, political and economic factors as background conditions. We explore the relevance of this research paradigm for Inuit by examining how Inu...
Article
Current understanding of climate change impacts, adaptation and vulnerability among Inuit in the Arctic is relatively static, rooted in the community and time that case studies were conducted. This paper captures the dynamism of Inuit–climate relationships by applying a longitudinal approach to assessing vulnerability to climate change among Inuit...
Article
Full-text available
This paper documents Inuvialuit TEK of beluga, including ecology and behaviour, hunting techniques, and food preparation under changing climatic conditions in Tuktoyaktuk, NT. Beluga Whale ( Delphinapterus leucas ) are an important food source for Inuvialuit in the western Canadian Arctic, a region that is experiencing dramatic climate change. Data...
Article
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This paper reports on interviews conducted during June and July 2015 to document ecological knowledge of beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) in Ulukhaktok, Northwest Territories. Beluga whales are not a traditionally available or important species for Ulukhaktomiut, but they have appeared in increasing numbers in the waters around the community,...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the cultural context of food insecurity among Inuit in Ulukhaktok, Northwest Territories, Canada. An analysis of the social network of country food exchanges among 122 households in the settlement reveals that a household's betweenness centrality-a measure of brokerage-in the country food network is predicted by the age of the household....
Book
What does it mean to become a man in the Arctic today? Becoming Inummarik focuses on the lives of the first generation of men born and raised primarily in permanent settlements. Forced to balance the difficulties of schooling, jobs, and money that are a part of village life with the conflicting demands of older generations and subsistence hunting,...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the social networks of country food sharing in Ulukhaktok, Northwest Territories, Canada, in light of our current understanding of the relationship between climate change and Arctic peoples. Most recent work on the impacts of climate change on Arctic peoples has tended to focus on conceptual frameworks appropriate for this field...
Article
Full-text available
What explains variation in hunting success? This paper examines foraging success among Inuit hunters, paying particular attention to factors that account for differential returns in hunting. Although there are several possibilities for explaining hunting success, this study finds that birth order and age are important predictors of foraging returns...
Article
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Participant observation is the basic and defining research strategy for cultural anthropologists, a useful tool for building rapport, establishing trust, and gaining an understanding of culture as experienced by its members. This article uses the author's experience working in an Inuit community in Canada to explore another use of participant obser...
Article
Full-text available
The provisioning and administration of social housing has been a continuous problem in the Canadian North since the 1960s, when the Canadian government began taking an active role in the welfare of Inuit. Some of these problems are quite basic and include high costs for construction and maintenance of units. An examination of the development and ev...
Article
The Canadian Historical Review 85.2 (2004) 367-371 Scholars working on problems related to the humanities or social sciences in Arctic and Subarctic North America have long focused on the intersection between local (usually indigenous) and colonial powers, typically on the effects of government policy on the lives of people living in northern regio...
Article
Full-text available
Structured interviews with 38 Inuit in the community of Holman were conducted to examine Inuit definitions of successful and unsuccessful aging. Qualitative analysis of the interview data suggests that (1) contrary to much of the literature about culture change in the Canadian North, there appear to be no perceivable differences in the ways Inuit o...
Article
Interviews conducted with 38 Inuit in the community of Holman, in the Northwest Territory of Canada, on definitions of life stages and life course transitions suggest that younger Inuit continue to define life stages and perceive the structure of the life course in a manner consistent with that of their elders. In particular, Inuit perceive that en...
Article
Full-text available
"From June 1992 to July 1993, research on wildlife harvesting and subsistence relations was conducted among a sample of householders in the Inuit community of Holman. In an earlier paper, the authors examined the involvement of younger Inuit in subsistence hunting, noting that despite the sweeping political, social, and economic changes that have b...
Article
During the winter of 1992/93, a perceived caribou decline in the vicinity of Holman, NWT, Canada, led a government wildlife manager to suggest that a ban on caribou hunting was the only reasonable solution to managing the caribou population. This paper focuses on the resulting interaction between wildlife managers and Inuit. On the surface, the pro...
Article
Since the 1970s, the pace of social, economic, and political change has accelerated throughout the Canadian Arctic. In the Copper Inuit community of Holman, change has been accompanied by an increase in recreational facilities and activities organized by the local Hamlet Council and paid for by the Government of the Northwest Territories. Recreatio...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the economic adaptations and subsistence hunting involvement of householders between the ages of 20 and 35 in the Copper Inuit community of Holman. Social, economic, and political changes throughout the Canadian Arctic have made it impossible for young adults to pursue the same mixed economic strategies as previous generations....

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