Peter F Ambros

Peter F Ambros
Emeritus

PhD
QEEG, quantitative EEG, human, NFB

About

481
Publications
36,692
Reads
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19,680
Citations
Citations since 2016
93 Research Items
7576 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,2001,400
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,2001,400
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,2001,400

Publications

Publications (481)
Article
Full-text available
The plastic potential of Schwann cells (SCs) is increasingly recognized to play a role after nerve injury and in diseases of the peripheral nervous system. Reports on the interaction between immune cells and SCs indicate their involvement in inflammatory processes. However, the immunocompetence of human SCs has been primarily deduced from neuropath...
Article
Full-text available
In neuroblastoma, MYCN amplification and 11q-deletion are important, although incomplete, markers of high-risk disease. It is therefore relevant to characterize additional alterations that can function as prognostic and/or predictive markers. Using SNP-microarrays, a group of neuroblastoma patients showing amplification of one or multiple 12q loci...
Article
Introduction: Neuroblastoma is the most common solid tumor in infants and arises from progenitor cells during sympathoadrenal development. While the majority of primary tumor cells resembles adrenergic neurons, more undifferentiated mesenchymal or neural-crest cell-like phenotypes have been found, especially in pretreated and high-risk cases. In mo...
Article
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-targeted therapy is a promising strategy for the treatment of ALK-positive neuroblastoma (NB). Several ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors (ALK TKIs) have been approved for the treatment of Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (NSCLC) and are currently in clinical trials for NB therapy. Recent evidence reported that ALK TKI res...
Preprint
Full-text available
The plastic potential of Schwann cells (SCs) is increasingly recognized to play a role after nerve injury and in diseases of the peripheral nervous system. In addition, reports on the interaction between SCs and immune cells indicate their involvement in inflammatory processes. However, data about the immunocompetence of human SCs are primarily der...
Article
Full-text available
Intratumour heterogeneity is a major cause of treatment failure in cancer. We present in-depth analyses combining transcriptomic and genomic profiling with ultra-deep targeted sequencing of multiregional biopsies in 10 patients with neuroblastoma, a devastating childhood tumour. We observe high spatial and temporal heterogeneity in somatic mutation...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most frequent extracranial tumor in children. The detection of bone marrow (BM) involvement is crucial for correct staging and risk-adapted treatment. We compared three methods regarding the detection of NB involvement in BM. Methods Eighty-one patients with NB were included in this retrospective study. BM samples...
Article
Full-text available
While the bone marrow attracts tumor cells in many solid cancers leading to poor outcome in affected patients, comprehensive analyses of bone marrow metastases have not been performed on a single-cell level. We here set out to capture tumor heterogeneity and unravel microenvironmental changes in neuroblastoma, a solid cancer with bone marrow involv...
Article
PURPOSE Induction therapy is a critical component of the therapy of high-risk neuroblastoma. We aimed to assess if the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) N5 induction regimen (MSKCC-N5) would improve metastatic complete response (mCR) rate and 3-year event-free survival (EFS) compared with rapid COJEC (rCOJEC; cisplatin [C], vincristine...
Article
PURPOSE In neuroblastoma (NB), the ALK receptor tyrosine kinase can be constitutively activated through activating point mutations or genomic amplification. We studied ALK genetic alterations in high-risk (HR) patients on the HR-NBL1/SIOPEN trial to determine their frequency, correlation with clinical parameters, and prognostic impact. MATERIALS A...
Article
Full-text available
Sequencing of cell-free DNA in the blood of cancer patients (liquid biopsy) provides attractive opportunities for early diagnosis, assessment of treatment response, and minimally invasive disease monitoring. To unlock liquid biopsy analysis for pediatric tumors with few genetic aberrations, we introduce an integrated genetic/epigenetic analysis met...
Article
Full-text available
Separating and labeling each nuclear instance (instance-aware segmentation) is the key challenge in nuclear image segmentation. Deep Convolutional Neural Networks have been demonstrated to solve nuclear image segmentation tasks across different imaging modalities, but a systematic comparison on complex immunofluorescence images has not been perform...
Article
Full-text available
Adult Schwann cells (SCs) possess an inherent plastic potential. This plasticity allows SCs to acquire repair-specific functions essential for peripheral nerve regeneration. Here, we investigate whether stromal SCs in benign-behaving peripheral neuroblastic tumors adopt a similar cellular state. We profile ganglioneuromas and neuroblastomas, rich a...
Article
Full-text available
Telomere maintenance by telomerase activation or alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) is a major determinant of poor outcome in neuroblastoma. Here, we screen for ALT in primary and relapsed neuroblastomas ( n = 760) and characterize its features using multi-omics profiling. ALT-positive tumors are molecularly distinct from other neuroblastom...
Article
Full-text available
We evaluated long-term outcome and genomic profiles in the Austrian Neuroblastoma Trial A-NB94 which applied a risk-adapted strategy of treatment (RAST) using stage, age and MYCN amplification (MNA) status for stratification. RAST ranged from surgery only to intensity-adjusted chemotherapy, single or multiple courses of high-dose chemotherapy (HDT)...
Article
Full-text available
Background There is rising concern on the impact of new strategies, such as high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) and immunotherapy, on the pattern of relapse in high-risk neuroblastoma (HR-NBL). Our aim is to evaluate the incidence and identify risk factors for first recurrence in the central nervous system (CNS) in HR-NBL. Patients and methods Data from...
Preprint
Full-text available
Bone marrow commonly serves as a metastatic niche for disseminated tumor cells (DTCs) of solid cancers in patients with unfavorable clinical outcome. Single-cell assessment of bone marrow metastases is essential to decipher the entire spectrum of tumor heterogeneity in these cancers, however, has previously not been performed. Here we used multi-ep...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: For localized, resectable neuroblastoma without MYCN amplification, surgery only is recommended even if incomplete. However, it is not known whether the genomic background of these tumors may influence outcome. Patients and methods: Diagnostic samples were obtained from 317 tumors, International Neuroblastoma Staging System stages 1/2A/...
Article
Full-text available
Fully-automated nuclear image segmentation is the prerequisite to ensure statistically significant, quantitative analyses of tissue preparations,applied in digital pathology or quantitative microscopy. The design of segmentation methods that work independently of the tissue type or preparation is complex, due to variations in nuclear morphology, st...
Article
PURPOSE To evaluate the impact of surgeon-assessed extent of primary tumor resection on local progression and survival in patients in the International Society of Pediatric Oncology Europe Neuroblastoma Group High-Risk Neuroblastoma 1 trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients recruited between 2002 and 2015 with stage 4 disease > 1 year or stage 4/4S w...
Article
Full-text available
Liquid biopsies as minimally invasive approach have the potential to revolutionize molecular diagnostics. Yet while protocols for sample handling and the isolation of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) are numerous, comprehensive guidelines for diagnostics and research considering all aspects of real-life multi-center clinical studies are currently not...
Article
Full-text available
10536 Background: We previously developed a risk factor model in HR-NBL1/SIOPEN patients treated without DB including age, LDH and metastatic site index (MSI). We tested if this score (Morgenstern, PBC 2018) would provide meaningful information in DB treated HR-NBL1/SIOPEN patients. Methods: High-risk patients (stage 4 ≥1yr.; stage 4 < 1yr. with MY...
Preprint
Full-text available
The remarkable plasticity of Schwann cells (SCs) enables the acquisition of repair-specific functions essential for peripheral nerve regeneration. We hypothesized that this plastic potential is manifested in stromal SCs found within mostly benign-behaving peripheral neuroblastic tumors. To shed light on the cellular state and impact of stromal SCs,...
Article
Full-text available
To explore the effects of immunotherapy in the International Society of Paediatric Oncology Europe Neuroblastoma Group SIOPEN high-risk neuroblastoma 1 trial (HR-NBL1 trial), two cohorts were studied: one prior to and one after the introduction of dinutuximab beta. All patients received standard induction and high-dose therapy (HDT) with autologous...
Preprint
Full-text available
Separating and labeling each instance of a nucleus (instance-aware segmentation) is the key challenge in segmenting single cell nuclei on fluorescence microscopy images. Deep Neural Networks can learn the implicit transformation of a nuclear image into a probability map indicating the class membership of each pixel (nucleus or background), but the...
Poster
Full-text available
Deep learning (DL) algorithms are achieving or even surpassing human-level performance in tasks like image classification or segmentation. Due to their fast development and exceptional performance, DL algorithms were introduced in various life science domains such as biomedical imaging, bioinformatics or computational biology. However, the outcome...
Article
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10013 Background: We tested dose-reduced scIL2 in combination with DB-LTI and oral isotretinoin and evaluated toxicity and efficacy in high-risk neuroblastoma patients (EudraCT:2006-001489-17). Methods: High-risk patients (stage 4 ≥1y; stage 4 < 1y with MYCN amplification (MNA); stage 2, 3, 0-21y with MNA) received high intensity induction (rapid C...
Article
Clinical decision-making in cancer and other diseases relies on timely and cost-effective genome-wide testing. Classical bioinformatic algorithms, such as Rawcopy, can support genomic analysis by calling genomic breakpoints and copy-number variations (CNVs), but often require manual data curation, which is error prone, time-consuming, and thus subs...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Immunotherapy with the chimeric anti-GD2 monoclonal antibody dinutuximab, combined with alternating granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and intravenous interleukin-2 (IL-2), improves survival in patients with high-risk neuroblastoma. We aimed to assess event-free survival after treatment with ch14.18/CHO (dinutuximab beta)...
Article
Background: Poor prognosis and frequent relapses are major challenges for patients with high-risk neuroblastoma (NB), especially when tumors show amplification. High-dose chemotherapy triggers apoptosis, necrosis, and senescence, a cellular stress response leading to permanent proliferative arrest and a typical senescence-associated secretome (SASP...
Article
Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common tumor diagnosed in the first year of life. More than 90% of stage M NB patients present with disseminated tumor cells (DTCs) in the bone marrow (BM). Although these cells represent a major obstacle to treatment, their global gene expression has, so far, been only poorly analyzed. GD2POS DTCs of stage M NB patie...
Preprint
Full-text available
Presented at WCB - Joint ICML and IJCAI 2018 Workshop on Computational Biology Diagnosis and risk stratification of cancer and many other diseases require the detection of genomic breakpoints as a prerequisite of calling copy number alterations (CNA). This, however, is still challenging and requires time-consuming manual curation. As deep-learning...
Preprint
Full-text available
Presented at WCB - Joint ICML and IJCAI 2018 Workshop on Computational Biology. Diagnosis and risk stratification of cancer and many other diseases require the detection of genomic breakpoints as a prerequisite of calling copy number alterations (CNA). This, however, is still challenging and requires time-consuming manual curation. As deep-learning...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In neuroblastoma (NB), the most powerful prognostic marker, the MYCN amplification (MNA), occasionally shows intratumoural heterogeneity (ITH), i.e. coexistence of MYCN-amplified and non-MYCN-amplified tumour cell clones, called heterogeneous MNA (hetMNA). Prognostication and therapy allocation are still unsolved issues. Methods: The...
Chapter
This chapter emphasizes detailed protocols for the effective establishment of highly enriched human Schwann cell cultures and their characterization via immunostaining. The Schwann cells are isolated from immediately dissociated fascicle tissue and expanded prior to purification. Two purification methods are described that use either fluorescence-a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Neuroblastoma is characterized by substantial clinical heterogeneity. Despite intensive treatment, the survival rates of high-risk neuroblastoma patients are still disappointingly low. Somatic chromosomal copy number aberrations have been shown to be associated with patient outcome, particularly in low- and intermediate-risk neuroblasto...