Pete Bettinger

Pete Bettinger
University of Georgia | UGA · Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources

PhD
Forest management and planning research, GIS and GNSS research

About

349
Publications
166,753
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
5,017
Citations
Citations since 2017
131 Research Items
2194 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
Introduction
Dr. Bettinger's fields of specialization include Forest Planning and Management, Harvest Scheduling, GIS, and Global Positioning Systems. In 2020 he was awarded the Carl Alwin Schenck award by the Society of American Foresters for his teaching efforts. He has co-authored four recent books: Forest Plans of North America, Introduction to Forestry and Natural Resources, Forest Management and Planning, and Mapping Human and Natural Systems, all available through Academic Press.
Additional affiliations
January 2002 - present
University of Georgia
Position
  • Professor
June 1998 - June 2002
Oregon State University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
June 1996 - July 1998
Champion Pacific Timberlands, Inc.
Position
  • Research Forester / Geographic Information Systems Manager
Education
September 1991 - June 1996
Oregon State University
Field of study
  • Forest Resources
August 1987 - May 1989
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Field of study
  • Forest Economics / Management
January 1984 - May 1987
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Field of study
  • Forestry

Publications

Publications (349)
Article
Full-text available
The maintenance of connectivity is critical to the proper functioning of an ecosystem. The present study was conducted with the aim of comparing graph theory connectivity indices and landscape connectivity metrics for the purpose of modeling river water quality. To conduct this study, a forest layer was extracted from land cover map and 25 large wa...
Article
Full-text available
Keywords acquisitions, appraisal, capitalization, forest economics, real assets, REIT, TIMO Citation Hiegel A., Siry J., Bettinger P., Mei B. 2022. Timberland transaction costs: survey results and insights. Timberland is a real asset that has been gaining significant attention and capital from investors over the last four decades. This paper descri...
Article
Full-text available
Keywords acquisitions, appraisal, capitalization, forest economics, real assets, REIT, TIMO Citation Hiegel A., Siry J., Bettinger P., Mei B. 2022. Timberland transaction costs: survey results and insights. Timberland is a real asset that has been gaining significant attention and capital from investors over the last four decades. This paper descri...
Article
Accelerating the recovery and successional processes of secondary forests is an important task for sustainable forest management around the world. However, previous studies have mainly focused on the establishment and survival of seedlings, whereas the differences of light requirements in different growth stages of understory seedlings have been ov...
Article
Key components of a digital forestry program (digital tools, databases, and decision-support systems) can be of great importance in the management of forests today. A general lack of knowledge of the needs of forest managers and landowners for components of digital forestry has been hypothesized. A survey regarding digital forestry tools was conduc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Southern Forestry and Natural Resource Management GIS Conference is generally held once every two years and provides attendees with the latest knowledge and advances in the use of geographic information systems (GIS) and other technology to support forestry and natural resource management. In December 2021, the 13 th conference was held in Athe...
Book
Full-text available
Field measurement methods for an undergraduate course taught at the University of Georgia and elsewhere.
Article
Full-text available
Forestry activities are important to the economies of West African nations. This paper aims to assess the current state of forest business in the sub-region, identify factors that may limit the development of the sector and suggest possible solutions. To achieve these objectives, we examined relevant literature and forest statistics from peer-revie...
Article
Full-text available
This work describes the development and analysis of a spatially explicit environmental model to estimate the current, ecological, condition class of a managed forest landscape in the southern United States. The model could be extendable to other similar temperate forest landscapes, yet is characterized as a problem-specific, hierarchical, binary pr...
Article
Full-text available
Global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) can provide valuable spatial information for effectively mapping and navigating through complex terrain and forest conditions. Relatively accurate positional information is essential for certain algorithms and models that base analyses on the spatial arrangement of trees, and for management of forestry ope...
Article
Full-text available
This study focused on the rare and threatened plant species eastern turkeybeard (Xerophyllum asphodeloides (L.) Nutt.) and its presence or absence in the Talladega National Forest in Alabama, USA. An ensemble suitable habitat map was developed using four different modeling methods (MaxEnt, Generalized Linear Model, Generalized Additive Model, and R...
Article
Full-text available
Using imagery available through Google Earth Pro and a point sampling methodology, changes in land cover for three U.S. cities were assessed, beginning during the Great Recession (2007) and extending through to 2018. The cities were Buffalo (New York), Denver (Colorado), and San Diego (California), and 11 land cover classes were used to characteriz...
Article
Heuristic methods are widely used to address the spatial optimization of timber harvests at the forest level. These methods have been shown to solve the timber harvest problem in a timely and computationally efficient manner. However, solutions provided by any heuristic are often suboptimal, and inquiries often arise regarding the quality of those...
Article
Full-text available
Agricultural months are the critical period for the allocation of surface water and groundwater resources due to the increased demands on water supplies and decreased recharge rate. This situation urges the necessity of using conjunctive water management to fulfill the entire water demand. Here, we proposed an approach for aquifer stabilization and...
Article
Achieving the carbon neutral targets before year 2060 is one of the important commitments for mitigating global climate change by Chinese government. However, the manner in which one would maximize the carbon sequestration of the planted forests is still unclear. Estimating accurately the carbon balance in forestry depends highly on the dynamics of...
Article
A commitment to sustainability is often demonstrated through both management plans and the implementation of practices. We applied content analysis to a sample of state forest management plans from the United States to examine the terms associated with sustainability, and to assess explicit demonstrations of a commitment to sustainable forestry. We...
Article
Full-text available
An accurate tree diameter (DBH) measurement is a significant component of forest inventory. This study assessed the reliability of remote dendrometers to measure tree DBH. We compared direct caliper measurements (reference measurements) to the remote measurements collected from a laser caliper and a smartphone at 0.5 m, 1 m, and 1.5 m distances fro...
Article
Full-text available
Long-term management plans have been developed for nearly all of the forests in Turkey. These plans are applied at a sub-district management unit level and may contain guidance for both intermediate yield and final yield harvests. To implement an intermediate yield plan, which involves the scheduling of forest thinnings (stand tending), considerati...
Article
Silvics of North America (SNA) is a widely used silvicultural manual. However, the last SNA was published in 1990. Therefore, 2,589 registered foresters were surveyed across four US states to answer two broad questions: (1) Should SNA be updated? And (2) would an updated SNA still be a useful tool for forest management? Most respondents indicated t...
Chapter
The manner in which forests and natural resources are managed depends on the objectives, goals, and constraints or limitations of the person or entity controlling them. Since the 1990s, a large body of research has been developed to illustrate how one can develop a forest plan for a forest landowner, but the critical first step is to understand the...
Chapter
Full-text available
Forest policies guide the actions employed in the management of forests. Forest policies can be developed by national and local governments and by organizations or individuals. Generally speaking, policies arise from real or perceived problems. While understanding the impetus for a policy may interest many, forest and natural resource managers must...
Chapter
Full-text available
Forested ecosystems are dynamic in the sense that growth and reproduction processes continuously progress for all kinds of plants, animals, insects, and other forms of life. Apart from intrusions on these systems by humans, natural forces also disturb the forest in numerous ways. Their impact can vary in frequency, intensity, and scale. From a huma...
Chapter
Full-text available
Around the world, forest regions vary according to their level of plant, animal, insect, and fungal species diversity; their soil and topographic complexity; and their developmental history. The fundamental practices for managing forests and natural resources can be applied anywhere on the globe, but differences in forest character may require modi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Forested ecosystems have always provided a large suite of services that benefit human civilizations, animals, plants, and other organisms living within the Earth's biosphere. As suggested in earlier chapters, forested ecosystems generate numerous provisioning, regulating, supporting, and cultural services. These services provide the basic building...
Chapter
Full-text available
Forests are dynamic, ever-changing systems of plant communities. Ecological, economic, and social values important to humans are inherently associated with the continuous development of forests and the woody structure represented by each stage of forest development. Forest structure is especially important for meeting the habitat requirements of ce...
Chapter
Full-text available
For thousands of years, humankind has understood the benefits and usefulness of trees within and around their settlements. As expanding human populations have transformed the Earth's surface to meet their housing, employment, transportation, and food needs, urban forests and urban forestry concepts have emerged to play an important role in the heal...
Chapter
Full-text available
An entry-level job in the field of forestry and natural resource management can often lead to a variety of diverse and interesting opportunities for an individual as he or she progresses through his or her career and becomes a seasoned professional. Some people know precisely what they want to accomplish in life and develop their skills and knowled...
Chapter
Full-text available
From forests, humans obtain a wide variety of products that range from traditional commodities to medicinal resources. The needs and wants of the human population on this planet influence how forests and natural resources are managed. Human society has long depended on forests as a source of materials for fuel, shelter, weaponry, tools, food, water...
Chapter
Full-text available
No matter where we live, our everyday lives rely extensively on the products and services derived from forests. As the world's population continues to grow and its forests continue to shrink, many of our demands for forest products and services will remain unfulfilled, because, while our wants and desires are unlimited, the ability of forests to me...
Chapter
For as long as humans have been on Earth, we have been dependent on the many products and materials that forests produce. We have viewed wildlife as a source of food, clothing (fur, feathers, and hides), tools (bones), and spiritual symbols, and some have been used in folk medicines where the spirt of the animal is thought to enter the human consum...
Chapter
Full-text available
Most, if not all, of the wood products we use in our daily life are derived from trees that have been harvested and transported to a wood processing facility. These products include the paper we read from (e.g., books, magazines, and newspapers), the paper we write on (e.g., envelopes, notepads, notebooks, and test papers), and almost all of the ot...
Chapter
Full-text available
The role that forests and natural resources play in our lives will continue to evolve with human development and our expanding use of the global landscape. Once perceived as an obstacle to development, the importance of forests to various cultures and to many of the products forests provide are now well understood. A perplexing concern that must be...
Chapter
Full-text available
One of the most important aspects of forestry and natural resource management is the ethical behavior of the professionals who work in these fields. Although ethics is usually not considered the most interesting or intriguing topic for young professionals, it directly relates to the daily conduct of business in both the private and the public secto...
Chapter
Full-text available
Whether used to promote the development of a healthy forest, enhance wildlife habitat, or provide the highest economic return on an investment, there exists a common set of forestry practices used throughout the world to manipulate forests. Many of these are considered silvicultural practices. Silviculture is the art and science of tending trees an...
Chapter
Forests and their associated natural resources provide human society with a wide range of products and services that facilitate our survival and enhance our quality of life. As human civilizations have evolved, the general need for the provisional services of forested ecosystems has changed as well. Over the past 100 years in many developed areas o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Natural resource professionals must have current, reliable information to make informed and competent decisions regarding the management of forests. Many decisions regarding the tending and management of forests require quantitative assessments of forests and natural resources. Foresters and natural resource managers must make daily, weekly, and mo...
Chapter
Full-text available
Trees require sunlight, water, and nutrients to thrive, and their vertical and horizontal growth depends on their ability to use electromagnetic energy to convert carbon dioxide into other organic compounds such as sugars. We witness primary and secondary tree growth by observing how tree heights or diameters increase each year. The crown of a tree...
Article
Over the past fifty years, societies have placed increasing demands on forests, and their use has shifted gradually from wood production to the diversified benefits and functions of ecosystem services. The effects of neighborhood-based structural characteristics on regulating growth and promoting sustainability have therefore drawn much attention....
Article
Full-text available
The relative importance of different biotic and abiotic variables for estimating forest productiv-ity remains unclear for many forest ecosystems around the world, and it is hypothesized that forest productivity could also be estimated by local biodiversity factors. Using a large dataset from 258 forest monitoring permanent sample plots distributed...
Article
Full-text available
Tree species distributions presented as range maps are powerful tools for forest-based decision-making processes. In the United States, Silvics of North America is a well-known reference for over 200 tree species. However, the current range maps are likely outdated due to changes in land use, advancements in technology, shifts in plant hardiness zo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Over the past fifty years, societies have placed increasing demands on forests, and their use has shifted gradually from wood production to the diversified benefits and functions of ecosystem services. The effects of neighborhood-based structural characteristics on regulating growth and promoting sustainability have therefore drawn much...
Article
Full-text available
The economics of the forestry enterprise are largely measured by their performance in road construction and management. The construction of forest roads requires tremendous capital outlays and usually constitutes a major component of the construction industry. The availability of cost estimation models assisting in the early stages of a project wou...
Article
Full-text available
Research trends in the field of forestry have experienced a significant evolution in recent years. However, there has been little use of bibliometric analyses to assess academic organizations and individual researchers in this field of science. This study investigates the progress of forestry research in Iran, Israel, and Turkey based on a bibliome...
Article
Full-text available
The susceptibility of residual, non-harvested, live trees to damage caused by the harvesting of other nearby trees has received moderate attention over the last four decades through observational studies prompted by concerns over ecological and economic consequences of logging operations. We developed models to predict the potential level of damage...
Article
Full-text available
Determining forest volume increment, the potential of wood production in natural forests, is a complex issues but is of fundamental importance to sustainable forest management. Determining potential volume increment through growth and yield models is necessary for proper management and future prediction of forest characteristics (diameter, height,...
Article
Full-text available
The forest volumes are essential as they are directly related to the economic and environmental values of the forests. Satellite-based forest volume estimation was first developed in the 1990s, and the accuracy of the estimation has been improved over time. One of the satellite-based forest volume estimation issues is that it tends to overestimate...
Article
The mechanisms of carbon trading and taxes are two of the most important routes the forest sector might follow to mitigate global climate change. However, the carbon price that best suits a carbon forestry management perspective is still a critical issue in practice. The present study advances an effective method to estimate the optimal internal ca...
Article
Full-text available
In general, studies are carried out to determine the location and to resolve trade-offs in the management of forests according to ecosystem services. The government of Turkey also has been advancing this type of analysis in the practical management of forests. The creation of ecosystem services (ES) suitability map for forests through a participato...
Article
Full-text available
International expansion of forest certification programs has occurred over the last three decades. Both public and private organizations have shown increased interest in becoming certified by one or more forest certification bodies, to assure the public that forest resources are managed adequately in sustaining forest health and socioeconomic viabi...
Article
In this study we developed a generic cost-effective approach for spatially explicit decision support involving the allocation of road repair treatments. The approach begins with an assessment of the existing road condition to identify the extent of environmental impacts and to determine road repair regimes in a subjective manner using group-decisio...
Article
Full-text available
A mixed integer goal programming model is developed to address the regeneration planning problems of even-aged forests in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. The unique aspect of the goal programming formulation is to minimize deviations in scheduled wood product volumes and the size of harvest areas within each time period, as these are important...
Article
The hedonic pricing method was applied to examine the effect of working forest conservation easements (WFCEs) on the value of surrounding land parcels in state of Georgia. Data were collected on attributes of WFCEs in 62 counties and 46,580 property sales occurring from 2001 to 2018. Results suggested that one size did not fill all and that the typ...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the attributes of working forest conservation easements in Georgia. Easement contracts and baseline reports are inspected to investigate easement themes, land use types, recreation opportunities, hydrological features, and forest management activity. Easement themes are heavily weighted towards themes of protecting natural habitat and pr...
Article
In the last three decades, purchases and sales of large timberland estates have become a common event worldwide. Timberland investments generally entail the purchase of land containing (or suitable for growing) merchantable timber in order to obtain future cash flows and an appreciation in the value of the entire estate. This review documents many...