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Per Normann Andersen

Per Normann Andersen
Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Lillehammer · Department of Psychology

PhD
Autism; quality of life, daily functioning, compensatory strategies. LINEUP–Lillehammer Neuropsychiatric follow-up study

About

41
Publications
12,594
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641
Citations
Introduction
Current research interests: Life with Autism: quality of life, daily functioning, and compensatory strategies from childhood to emergent adulthood. LINEUP – Lillehammer Neuropsychiatric Follow-Up Study. A ten-year longitudinal study of cognitive and emotional development in children and adolescents with neuropsychiatric disorders. Methods: Both quantitative and qualitative
Additional affiliations
November 2014 - March 2020
Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences
Position
  • Professor (Full)
October 2013 - October 2014
Hedmark University College
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
August 2011 - August 2014
University of Oslo
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
Introduction The aim of this study was to estimate ADHD persistence in a European clinical sample of children diagnosed with ADHD and followed prospectively for 10 years into young adulthood. Methods We assessed 85 children with ADHD at baseline (Mage = 11.6, SD = 2.1, 54% male) and re-assessed 59 at 10-year follow-up (Mage = 21.4, SD = 2.3, 54% m...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Individuals with autism tend to have a reduced quality of life across the lifespan. This reduced quality of life is a result of autism traits, mental distress, and poor person/environment fit. In the present study, we examined the mediating role of internalizing and externalizing problems on the relationship between having an autism diag...
Article
Full-text available
Deficits in executive functions (EFs) are theorized to play an important role in causing functional impairment and associated psychopathology in individuals with ADHD. The objective of this study was to examine the role of EFs and ADHD symptoms as longitudinal predictors of psychopathology symptoms in individuals with ADHD and typically developing...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Norsk versjon av «Yellow Red»: Et testprogram på Android nettbrett for eksekutive funksjoner hos barn
Technical Report
Full-text available
The intention of this report has been to identify interesting questions for further work on the Yellow/Red test battery. Rather simple analyses have been carried out, partly due to the limited size of the sample (N=148). The test scores consistently improve over time, as does the percentage of correct responses. Also, items within the same game eli...
Article
Background The aim was to examine diagnostic persistence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in individuals without intellectual disability from childhood to emerging adulthood. Method We assessed 38 children with estimated full-scale intelligence quotient (IQ) >70 who were diagnosed with ASD at baseline (Mage=12.0, SD=2.3, 84% male), and re-assesse...
Article
Full-text available
We assessed 85 children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and 50 typically developing children (TD) (Mage = 11.59, 57.8% boys) with the Hungry Donkey Task (HDT) at baseline and 2-year follow-up, and the Iowa Gambling Task at 10-year follow-up (75% retention). Improvement in the proportion of advantageous choices was observed 15 f...
Poster
Full-text available
Background: Depressive symptoms are common in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and contributes to functional impairments and reduced quality of life. Understanding the development of depressive symptoms in individuals with ASD is important for development of preventive interventions and treatment. Since ASD and Attention-Deficit/Hype...
Article
Objective: This 10-year longitudinal study investigated the developmental trajectories of executive functioning (EF) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), compared to typically developing (TD) individuals from childhood into young adulthood. Method: There were 173 participants at b...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Our objective was to examine developmental trajectories of co-occurring psychopathology symptoms from childhood to young adulthood in individuals with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and typically developing (TD) individuals. Method: We assessed co-occurring psychopatholog...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The importance of resilience factors in the positive adaptation of refugee youth is widely recognized: however, their actual resilience mechanisms remain under-researched. The aim of this study was therefore to explore protective and promotive resilience mechanisms to inform future interventions and policy. Promotive resilience is seen...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The aim of this study is to explore how potentially traumatic events (PTEs) from war and flight influence health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in young refugees after recent resettlement. In a model based on earlier theory, we tested if post-migration stressors and mental distress mediated the effect of PTEs on HRQoL, individually and in...
Article
Full-text available
The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive functions - teacher form (BRIEF-TF) is widely used to assess children’s everyday executive functions (EF). As questionnaires like BRIEF doesn’t measure on an interval scale and often is without a normal distribution it can be questioned whether classical test theory is appropriate when trying to validate i...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: Millions have fled from the civil unrest in Syria, and half of these are children and youth. Although they are a population with an elevated risk of health problems due to adverse pre-migratory and post-migratory experiences, few studies have explored their health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This is considered a fundamental construct in...
Article
Objective: To examine the development of executive functions, in preschool children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), receiving early intensive behavioral training (EIBI). Method: Executive functions (EF) were assessed with The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function – Preschool Version (BRIEF-P), by parents and preschool teachers at th...
Article
Prompted by the scarcity of studies on the attitudes of people towards pet (companion) animals in most Arab countries and inspired by their previous research on the attitudes towards animals in Palestine and Norway, the researchers conducted this study to measure the attitudes of university students in Oman with reference to religious observance. A...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Cognitive impairments are common in both Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and schizophrenia, but it is unclear whether the pattern of difficulties is similar or different in the two disorders. This cross-sectional and longitudinal study compared the neuropsychological functioning in adolescents with ASD with adolescents with Early Onse...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to investigate students' attitudes toward disabled people in Palestine as compared to the attitudes of their peers in Norway. The instrument used is the Multidimensional Attitudes Scale toward Persons with Disability (MAS); a self-report multidimensional inventory consisting of 34 items, that measures affects, cognition, an...
Article
Full-text available
Executive functions (EF) can be conceptualized as a mean of behavioral self–regulation, and difficulties with EF may adversely affect school success, social function, cognitive and psychological development. Research about EF and how they are affected by various educational and psychosocial factors is sparse. EF are of great importance to understan...
Preprint
Full-text available
Challenges related to social competence is one of the key characteristics of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. These problems commonly lead to social exclusion, withdrawal from peer interactions and disrupted learning. This essay discusses how the elements of the autistic triad, i.e. impairments in social interaction, social communication an...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Different user groups regard systematic reviews as reliable and valuable sources for answering research questions. For systematic reviews to fulfill their purpose, methodological quality in all stages are of importance. The studies identified in a systematic search form the basis of the review, thus the search process methodology is imp...
Article
Full-text available
The survey’s aim is to address whether or not the practice of placing Norwegian Social Work students over six consecutive years in the Balata Refugee Camp in Nablus, Palestine, has had any impact on the attitudes toward women among the population in the camp. To achieve this, two groups, one experimental and one control, of a total 261 respondents,...
Article
Full-text available
Children with autism often struggle with emotional and behavioral problems (EBP). This study investigated whether level of autism symptoms, attention problems or verbal IQ at baseline can predict EBP 2 years later in children with High-Functioning Autism (HFA). Thirty-four participants with HFA and 45 typically developing children (TD) (ages 9–16)...
Article
Full-text available
Agitation is a common problem in patients suffering from dementia and encompasses a variety of behaviors such as repetitive acts, restlessness, wandering, and aggressive behaviors. Agitation reduces the probability of positive social interaction and increases the psychological and organizational burden. While medical interventions are common, there...
Article
Full-text available
Executive functions (EF) underlie complex cognitive processes such as reasoning, problem solving and planning, which in turn influence both school and social functioning. EF deficits, school and social problems are common in children with High-Functioning Autism (HFA) and in children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This articl...
Article
Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the association between changes in ADHD symptoms, executive functions (EFs), and depression symptoms in girls and boys with ADHD over a 2-year period. Method: Thirty-six girls and 39 boys with ADHD, 18 typically developing (TD) girls and 29 TD boys (ages 9-16) were included. Assessments of EFs,...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This two-year follow-up study investigates the course of and association among measures of cognitive control, focused attention, decision-making and symptom severity (anxiety, depression and behavior) in children and adolescents with Tourette's Syndrome (TS) or Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder-Combined subtype (ADHD-C). Method:...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the course of and association among changes in autism symptoms, depression symptoms and executive functions (EF) in children with high-functioning autism (HFA). Thirty-four children with HFA and 45 typically developing children (age 9-16) were assessed at baseline and after 2 years. Children with HFA had impaired scores on a...
Thesis
Full-text available
Regardless of intellectual abilities the general agreement is that children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) have more prominent neurocognitive deficits than typically developing children (TDC). And executive functions (EF) is of special interest given its central role in cognitive processes and probable contribution to poor psy...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The aim is to investigate the everyday executive function (EF) in children with Tourette syndrome (TS), Inattentive or Combined presentations of ADHD (ADHD-I/ADHD-C), autism spectrum disorders (ASD), and typically developing children (TDC). Method: Nineteen TS, 33 ADHD-C, 43 ADHD-I, 34 ASD, and 50 TDC participated (8-17 years). Parent...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To investigate the development of executive function with pronounced emotional salience (hot EF) and less pronounced emotional salience (cold EF) in boys and girls with ADHD relative to typically developing (TD) children. Method: Seventy-five children with ADHD and 47 TD children were assessed with hot and cold EF tests at baseline an...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to analyse the development of verbal working memory in children with high-functioning autism compared to children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and typically developing children. A total of 34 children with high-functioning autism, 72 children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and 45 typically d...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study investigates whether performance in a verbal response task (Color-Word Interference Test [CWIT]) and a motor response task (Conners' Continuous Performance Test [CCPT]) discriminates children with Tourette's Syndrome (TS), ADHD, and typically developing children (TDC). Method: Nineteen children with TS, 79 with ADHD, and 50...
Article
Full-text available
ADHD is diagnosed and treated more often in males than in females. Research on gender differences suggests that girls may be consistently underidentified and underdiagnosed because of differences in the expression of the disorder among boys and girls. One aim of the present study was to assess in a clinical sample of medication naive boys and girls...
Article
Full-text available
Symptoms similar to those found in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) often occur in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The objective of the current study was to compare verbal working memory, acquisition and delayed recall in children with High-Functioning Autism (HFA) to children with ADHD and typically developing childre...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to compare executive processes with pronounced (hot) and less pronounced (cold) emotional salience in medication naïve children and adolescents with ADHD-combined (ADHD-C) and ADHD-inattentive (ADHD-I) subtypes. Thirty-six subjects with ADHD-C, 44 with ADHD-I, and 50 healthy controls between 8 and 17 years were assessed wit...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder-combined subtype (ADHD-C) and predominantly inattentive subtype (ADHD-PI) to direct their attention and to exert cognitive control in a forced attention dichotic listening (DL) task. Twenty-nine, medication-naive participants with A...
Article
Full-text available
There are relatively few studies on learning and delayed memory with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The objective of the present study was to examine acquisition, free delayed memory, and recognition skills in medication naive children and adolescents aged 8-16 years with ADHD combined subtype (36 participants) and inattentive sub...

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Projects (2)
Project
Our main goals are to investigate: - The developmental trajectories of executive functions, core symptoms, and co-occurring psychopathology symptoms from childhood to young adulthood. - Young adult outcomes (functional impairments, quality of life etc.) of individuals with childhood ADHD or ASD. - What childhood factors (EF, core symptoms, co-occurring symptoms) predict young adult outcomes.