Pei-Wen Chao

Pei-Wen Chao
Wan Fang Hospital · Department of Anesthesiology

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29
Publications
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Introduction
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Publications

Publications (29)
Article
Full-text available
Debates on whether statin use reduces the effectiveness of influenza vaccines against critical illness and death among persons >65 years of age continue. We conducted a study of 9,427,392 persons >65 years of age who did and did not receive influenza vaccinations during 12 consecutive influenza seasons, 2000-01 through 2011-12. Using data from Taiw...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Animal and ex vitro studies suggested lipid-lowering agents (LLAs) may be used as an adjunct to standard anti- tuberculosis (TB) treatment. No human study has been conducted to date. Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), the current population-based cohort study sought to examine the association between us...
Article
Objective: The objective of this study is to determine whether vaccination against influenza is associated with a reduced risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) in a nationwide cohort of adults aged ≥65 years. Methods: We investigated a total of 13,270 patients aged ≥65 years who were hospitalized for AKI between 2000 and 2013 from Taiwan's National...
Article
LTE-WLAN aggregation (LWA) combines the radio resources of LTE and WLAN, which takes the advantage of Wi-Fi's high availability and indoor coverage to provide better usage of both WLAN and LTE. In this mechanism, it is essential that the network should intelligently switch a Data Radio Bearer (DRB) to utilize either LTE or Wi-Fi. This paper impleme...
Data
Table S1. Propensity Score Model Results of Probability of Diagnosis of Sepsis Table S2. Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of the CKD Patients With and Without Dialysis Who Were Hospitalized With a Diagnosis of Sepsis Table S3. Subgroup Analysis of Risk of All‐Cause Mortality Among Patients With Sepsis and the Matched Hospitalized Control...
Article
Background and objectives: We aimed to investigate the benefits and risks of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after coronary drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: A nested case-control analysis of patients on hemodialysis after receipt of DES and DAPT treatment w...
Article
Full-text available
Background Long‐term cardiovascular outcomes after sepsis in patients with chronic kidney disease are not well known. We aimed to examine the risk of subsequent cardiovascular events in patients with chronic kidney disease discharged after hospitalization for sepsis in Taiwan. Methods and Results Using complete claims data for patients with chroni...
Article
Objective: To evaluate the long-term survival rate of critically ill sepsis survivors following cardiopulmonary resuscitation on a national scale. Design: Retrospective and observational cohort study. Setting: Data were extracted from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients: A total of 272,897 ICU patients with sepsis...
Article
Rationale: Patients with sepsis who survive to hospital discharge may present with ongoing high morbidity and mortality. However, little is known about the risk of long-term, all-cause mortality and cardiovascular outcomes after sepsis. Objectives: Our study aimed to investigate the long-term clinical outcomes in sepsis survivors. Methods: In...
Article
Background: -Whether oral anticoagulant (OAC) use should be considered in patients undergoing hemodialysis with atrial fibrillation (AF) remains controversial due to uncertainty regarding risk-benefit assessments. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk of ischemic stroke in patients undergoing hemodialysis with new-onset AF, compare...
Article
Objective: Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockers are the preferred antihypertensive medications in patients with diabetes and prior stroke. This study aimed to compare the effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) in terms of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in patients with...
Article
Objectives: Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IVPCA) is often used to relieve pain after colorectal surgery. This study aimed to model the trajectory of analgesic demand over time after colorectal cancer surgery and explore potentially relevant influential factors using latent curve analysis, focusing on laparoscopic-assisted surgery and r...
Article
Full-text available
Renin and aldosterone activity levels are low in elderly patients, raising concerns about the benefits and risks of angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB) use. However, data from direct comparisons of the effects of ACEIs on ARBs in the elderly population remain inconclusive. In this nationwide s...
Article
Full-text available
Although oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) have been associated with immunomodulation in preclinical studies, little is still known about the association between the use of OADs and the risk of sepsis. Using a cohort of patients, extracted from Taiwans National Health Insurance Research Database, with type 2 diabetes who were newly diagnosed between 2...
Article
Background: Recent studies concluded that dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors provide glycemic control but also raised concerns about the risk for heart failure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, large-scale studies of the effects on cardiovascular outcomes of adding DPP-4 inhibitors versus sulfonylureas to metformin...
Article
Antiplatelet agents are widely used for cardiovascular disea ses, but their pleiotropic effects in sepsis are controversial. To investigate the association between antiplatelet agents and the survival benefit for sepsis patients. A nationwide population-based cohort and nested case-control study. Taiwan National Health Insurance database. All patie...
Article
Background: Substantial infective endocarditis (IE)-related morbidity and mortality may occur even after successful treatment. However, no previous study has explored long-term hard end points (ie, stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure, cardiovascular death) in addition to all-cause mortality in IE survivors. Methods and results: A nation...
Article
Full-text available
Rationale: Intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired weakness is a common issue for sepsis survivors that is characterized by impaired muscle strength and causes functional disability. Although inpatient rehabilitation has not been found to reduce in-hospital mortality, the impact of postdischarge rehabilitation on sepsis survivors is uncertain. Objecti...
Article
Introduction: Although statins have been shown to have cholesterol-lowering effects, their pleiotropic benefits on sepsis remain a matter of debate. In addition, the influence of statin potency on sepsis-related mortality has never been explored. The aim of our study was to determine the sepsis outcomes of low- and high-potency statin users and no...
Article
Objective: Pulmonary involvement is common in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), and this condition causes substantial morbidity and mortality. Disrupted immunity from the disease or associated medication may render such patients subject to tuberculosis (TB) infection. However, the relationship between SSc and TB has not yet been investigated...
Article
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients are more prone to infectious disease because of their immunocompromised status. However, the association between pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) and ESRD remains not clear. The aim of our study is to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of PLA in ESRD patients. We recruited all incident ESRD patien...
Article
Previous studies have shown that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use might be associated with a lower risk of developing cancer in the general population. Patients on dialysis have increased risk for cancer, but there are no studies to determine the relationship between NSAID use and cancer risk in these patients. To identify any associ...
Article
The relationship between myasthenia gravis (MG) and tuberculosis (TB) has not been determined. To evaluate the relationship between MG and TB. A national survey conducted between 2000 and 2006 included 2317 patients with MG identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance database. The incidence rate ratio of TB in these patients was compared w...
Article
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the risks of acute cholecystitis among end-stage renal disease patients and compare the incidence between two dialysis modality. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective cohort study, records of fifty thousand end-stage renal disease patients older than 20 years of age from 1998 to 2007 and an age,...
Article
Acute appendicitis in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) poses a diagnostic challenge. Delayed surgery can contribute to higher morbidity and mortality rates. However, few studies have evaluated this disease among ESRD patients. Our study focused on the lack of data on the incidence and risk factors of acute appendicitis among ESRD patien...
Article
Full-text available
Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) is a very rare genetic disease of metabolism that progressively leads to neurological and renal sequelae. This report describes an unusual case of a patient with MMA who developed severe hyperkalemia and severe dysrhythmia during anesthesia. A 13-month-old male infant with MMA underwent urgent insertion of a port-a-cath...
Article
To evaluate the association between daily morphine requirement and the intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IVPCA) setting in patients undergoing spinal surgery. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 179 patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status class I-III who underwent elective posterior lumbar spinal surgery and c...

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