Pei Lin Lua

Pei Lin Lua
Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin | UniSZA | unisza · Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences

About

90
Publications
29,319
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
950
Citations
Citations since 2016
47 Research Items
779 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140

Publications

Publications (90)
Article
Background: Stroke survivors are at high risk for recurrent cardiovascular events if no prevention strategies are undertaken. Aim: This study aimed to investigate the fasting serum lipid profiles and lifestyle habits in stroke survivors, and the factors associated with suboptimal lipid profiles. Methods: A cross-sectional retrospective study was co...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Screening for sarcopenia in the stroke population is an emerging concept in research and clinical practice. Therefore, this cross-sectional study aimed to assess the prevalence of possible sarcopenia and its associated factors among older adult stroke survivors who visited the neurology and rehabilitation departments of three public...
Article
Full-text available
Background Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as a cluster of risk factors for predicting type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Objectives This cross-sectional study aimed to develop a cut-off value for fat versus lean mass ratio (FLMR) in predicting MetS and to investigate the association between this indicator with MetS and its...
Article
Complementary and alternative therapies (CATs) are tremendously popular as an adjunct treatment for treating various health conditions but limited literature is available on the extent of use and perception among adolescents. This study aimed to 1) assess the general utilization and perception toward CATs and 2) compare the perception between CATs...
Article
Hypnosis has been increasingly used in recent years as an alternative treatment to maintain well-being. Yet, limited evidence is available regarding its role in weight management, especially in Malaysia. Hence, this quasi-experimental study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of hypnosis on weight loss and body composition (body mass index,...
Article
Full-text available
Dietary pattern (DP) and its relationship with disease biomarkers have received recognition in nutritional epidemiology investigations. However, DP relationships with adipokines (i.e., adiponectin and leptin) among breast cancer survivors remain unclear. Therefore, we assessed relationships between DP and high-molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin and...
Article
Full-text available
Despite various strategies, overweight and obesity problems are still increasingly prevalent worldwide with serious health outcomes. Consequently, the continuous demand for more effective, safe and acceptable therapies for reducing body weight is also escalating—including complementary and alternative therapies (CATs). The aim of this review is to...
Article
Full-text available
Background Apart from maximizing functional abilities and independence after stroke, improving overall health-related quality of life (HRQoL) should also become part of the stroke treatment and rehabilitation process goals. This study aimed to assess the HRQoL profiles and explore the dimension-specific associated factors of HRQoL among stroke surv...
Article
Introduction: Obesity and overweight are among the most serious public health issues that can threaten the well-being of individuals. Its increasing prevalence in Malaysia has inevitably caused many to additionally seek complementary and alternative therapies (CATs) to lose weight. This study intends to 1) assess the utilization and perception towa...
Article
Objectives The global epidemic of overweight and obesity presents a major challenge in the health status of the society. Their prevalence is at an alarming rate worldwide due to poor compliance with conventional treatment and high rates of relapse, thus increasing demand for an effective and safe alternative approach such as hypnotherapy. This stud...
Article
Full-text available
Background To date, limited data are available on metabolic syndrome prevalence among breast cancer survivors in Malaysia. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and abnormal metabolic syndrome components among breast cancer survivors in East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Methods This cross-sectional...
Article
Full-text available
Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a disorder that cause persisting and non-progressive conditions in the motor control development as a result of an injury in parts of the brain. It occurs in 1-2 of every 2000 babies born in Malaysia and 2.11 per 1000 live births worldwide. Poor oral-motor will impair the child's ability to safely consume calories and nutrien...
Article
Inabah program is psychospiritual rehabilitative approach which holistically incorporates Islamic concepts and religious practices in its module encompassing of prayers, zikir, and hydrotherapy. This study attempts to (1) determine the impact of Inabah on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) profiles and religiousness and (2) explore the relation...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The number of breast cancer survivors in developing Asian countries is still lacking compared to Western countries. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of cancer patients is one of the significant predictors of survival. Hence, this study was conducted to determine HRQoL status among breast cancer survivors of different diagnosis d...
Article
Obesity and overweight problems are serious global health issues today and despite many efforts, the prevalence has continued to rise for decades. Interestingly, hypnotherapy has been gaining recognition as an effective treatment for obesity and overweight problems. This review compiles contemporary scientific research on the effectiveness of hypno...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Facial candling is a traditional method used for relieving symptoms of allergic rhinitis (AR). This study aims to investigate the knowledge and perception of facial candling in a sample of staff and students in a public university in Malaysia. Methods: An online questionnaire survey method was used. Based on sample size calculation...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Lack of physical activity throughout one's lifetime has been associated with obesity and it is also an important risk factor of breast cancer. This study aimed to determine the relationship between objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviour with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among breast cancer survivors in...
Article
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION: Control of modifiable risk factors is important in recurrent stroke prevention strategies. This study aimed to determine the control of blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk profiles among post-stroke patients. Factors associated with uncontrolled blood pressure were also determined. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional stud...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The present study examined the prevalence and predictors of malnutrition risk among post-stroke patients. Methods: Post-stroke patients who attended the outpatient clinics in three hospitals of Peninsular Malaysia were enrolled in the study. The risk of malnutrition was assessed using the Malnutrition Risk Screening Tool-Hospital. Da...
Preprint
Full-text available
To date, limited data are available on metabolic syndrome (MetS) prevalence among breast cancer survivors in Malaysia. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of MetS and abnormal MetS components among breast cancer survivors in East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. This cross-sectional study included 95 breast cancer survivors...
Preprint
Full-text available
To date, limited data are available on metabolic syndrome prevalence among breast cancer survivors in Malaysia. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and abnormal metabolic syndrome components among breast cancer survivors in East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. This cross-sectional study included 95 br...
Preprint
Full-text available
To date, limited data are available on metabolic syndrome prevalence among breast cancer survivors in Malaysia. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and abnormal metabolic syndrome components among breast cancer survivors in East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. This cross-sectional study included 95 br...
Preprint
Full-text available
To date, limited data are available on metabolic syndrome prevalence among breast cancer survivors in Malaysia. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and abnormal metabolic syndrome components among breast cancer survivors in East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. This cross-sectional study included 95 br...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: To date, limited data are available on metabolic syndrome prevalence among breast cancer survivors in Malaysia. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and abnormal metabolic syndrome components among breast cancer survivors in East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Methods: This cross-sectional...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SED) are established risk factors for breast cancer (BC) occurrence and recurrence. However, it is still unknown if BC diagnosis can induce lifestyle changes in BC survivors throughout the survival period. This study was conducted to determine the difference in PA and SED behaviour among healthy women...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objective – The aim of this study was to determine the association between objectively measured sedentary behavior and metabolic syndrome among breast cancer survivors in Malaysia. Method – A total of 80 breast cancer survivors (age 53.8 ± 7.7 years) who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were recruited using purposive sampling method from tw...
Article
Background: An information technology (IT)-based epilepsy educational program, the Interactive Animated Epilepsy Education Programme (IAEEP), can potentially help improve awareness, knowledge, and attitude (AKA) of parents of children with epilepsy (CWE) enabling CWE to lead a normal life. Our study aimed to assess the following: i) baseline level...
Article
Psychosocial profiles among a convenience sample of 37 Malay Muslim participants of Inabah program were measured using the Psychological Measure of Islamic Religiousness (PMIR). Data were analysed using SPSS 23.0. Positive relations with others emerged as the best-scored subscale whereas anger trait and depressed mood were minimal. Single and divor...
Article
Full-text available
A cross-sectional study determine physical activity level among 95 undergraduate students at UniSZA using pedometer. Subjects consented and completed socio-demographic details, weight and height were measured. Each subject was supplied with a pedometer and wear it for a week and record steps per day from the pedometer each night before bed. Descrip...
Article
Full-text available
A substantial number of studies support the role of sleep deprivation (SD) on sleep-dependent memory processing. Our present study investigated the effect of Total Sleep Deprivation (TSD) on Visual Sequential Memory (VSM). Two-randomized group design was followed to collect the data where experimental group (33 adults) was kept totally sleep depriv...
Article
Full-text available
Despite being effective in promoting healthy dietary behaviour, smartphone apps are scarcely available for our local communities and the majority of nutritional-related information is based on western food selections. Our new innovation aims to provide specific educational advice about recommended food intake, types, nutritional qualities and weigh...
Article
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is an important cause of mortality in epilepsy. To date, there is only one published UK study evaluating information provision of SUDEP among parents of children with epilepsy (CWE), and there are no studies published from Asia. Although SUDEP information provision is recommended among parents of CWE, it...
Article
Full-text available
Elderly people in institutionalized home care might deficiencies due to lack of food intake and comorbidities. This study was intended to investigate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among institutionalized elderly people and association between anthropometric from Kelantan, age 60 years and above were interviewed for socio anthropometry meas...
Article
Background Formulation of herbs into dosage forms promotes their marketing and usage. However, if these herbal products are being taken in an unhealthy trend, they may pose risks to consumers. Aims The present study aimed to investigate herbal product consumption trends (n=550) among adults in the main cities of Malaysia. Methods A questionnaire-ba...
Article
Studies on the relationship between knowledge and attitude (KA) and cognitive status of drug misuders are generally still limited in Malaysia. In particular, those who are seeking religious-based modalities to treat addiction problems. This study aimed to 1) determine the cognitive status and KA among drug addicts and 2) compare the KA of drug addi...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to compile and analyse existing scientific evidences reporting the effects of objectively measured physical activity on the levels of adiponectin and leptin. Articles related to the effects of objectively measured physical activity on the levels of adiponectin and leptin were searched from the Medline and PubMed data...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: This study aims to investigate the occupational hazards among the abattoir workers associated with noncompliance to the meat processing and waste disposal laws in Terengganu State, Malaysia. Occupational hazards are the major source of morbidity and mortality among the animal workers due to exposure to many hazardous situations in their d...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study aimed to explore the subjective experience of nausea and vomiting during chemotherapy treatment among breast cancer patients and the impacts on their daily lives. Methods: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted in breast cancer patients who received chemotherapy and had experienced nausea and/or vomiting. Semi-struc...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Foodborne diseases are common in the developing countries due to the predominant poor food handling and sanitation practices, particularly as a result of inadequate food safety laws, weak regulatory structures, and inadequate funding as well as a lack of appropriate education for food-handlers. The most frequently involved foods in diseas...
Article
Background: Evidence suggests the use of complementary therapies may help in relieving the adverse effects of cancer-related treatment, including nausea. Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of inhaled ginger essential oil (EO) in improving dietary intake in women with breast cancer experiencing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV)....
Article
A concern in breast cancer involves changes in weight which may adversely affect the prognosis of patients. This study intended to evaluate weight changed uring chemotherapy and its association with prognostic outcome measured as event-free survival (EFS)among breast cancer patients. A total of63 women diagnosed with breast cancer and have been tre...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To assess the safety attitudes of pharmacists, provide a profile of their domains of safety attitude and correlate their attitudes with self-reported rates of medication errors. Design A cross-sectional study utilising the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). Setting 3 public hospitals and 27 health clinics. Participants 117 pharmacists....
Article
To assess the efficacy of inhaled ginger aromatherapy on nausea, vomiting and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in chemotherapy breast cancer patients. Single-blind, controlled, randomized cross-over study. Patients received 5-day aromatherapy treatment using either ginger essential oil or fragrance-matched artificial placebo (ginger fragrance...
Article
Objective : This paper intended to review and analyse relevant published articles which have studied or applied multimedia as the educational medium for patients or their caregivers. The benefits were also recorded. Method : The search was performed across the databases EBSCO Host, Springer Link, Science Direct and PubMed for relevant studies. Only...
Article
Full-text available
The Orang Asli is one of the indigenous ethnic groups in Malaysia, with its majority residing within outskirt and rural areas. Such a settlement distribution pattern largely influences their culture including the aspects of medicinal practices. Although they are exposed to modernisation elements by the Malaysian government, part of the culture and...
Article
Full-text available
The Orang Asli is one of the indigenous ethnic groups in Malaysia, with its majority residing within outskirt and rural areas. Such a settlement distribution pattern largely influences their culture including the aspects of medicinal practices. Although they are exposed to modernisation elements by the Malaysian government, part of the culture and...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition education intervention among university students in terms of social, psychological factors and nutrition-related Quality of Life (NQoL) outcomes after receiving a 10-week nutrition education. Longitudinal and randomised study design was adopted for the study. Method...
Article
Full-text available
This cluster randomised controlled study design aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of implementing nutrition education intervention (NEI) that targeted at incremental reduction of body weight and increased physical activity level among university students. Methods: Body weight and physical activity level were assessed before and after intervention...
Article
Full-text available
Being well-informed and knowledgeable about their illnesses would be a great advantage to children with epilepsy (CWE). Subsequently, an effective education programme which could secure interest and simultaneously improve their awareness, knowledge and attitudes (AKA) is essential in enhancing well-being and health outcomes. To describe the develop...
Article
Context: Substance abuse has been prevalent in Malaysia for many years and currently represents one of the main concerns to its society. The limitations of conventional therapies have resulted in efforts to explore the potentia of complementary therapies in the management of drug addiction. The evidence for auricular acupuncture (AA) as a potentia...
Article
Accurate medical information is essential among health care professionals to aid dissemination of information to the public. This study aimed to determine the level of knowledge about breast cancer and to identify related factors among undergraduate health sciences students in a public university in Terengganu, Malaysia. The respondents included st...
Article
This study intended to (1) describe the baseline patient satisfaction level and preferred coping strategies and (2) assess patient satisfaction and coping mechanisms pre- and postintervention. Patients on methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in Terengganu, Malaysia, were randomized into either MMT or MMT plus auricular acupuncture (MMT + AA) group...
Article
Full-text available
We evaluated an epilepsy education programme based on text messaging (SMS). Epilepsy outpatients from three hospitals in Malaysia were randomised into two groups: intervention and control. Patients in the control group were supplied with printed epilepsy educational material while those in the intervention group also received text messages from the...
Article
Background Improving health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among people with epilepsy (PWE) has become the focus of various treatment programmes and behavioural interventions which continue to be challenging to both patients and healthcare professionals. Aims and objectives To investigate the impact of SMS-based epilepsy education programme on PWE...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of implementing multimodal nutrition education intervention (NEI) to improve dietary intake among university students. The design of study used was cluster randomised controlled design at four public universities in East Coast of Malaysia. A total of 417 university students participated in the...
Article
There is evidence that coping strategy could be associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among people with life threatening illnesses. However, such information from opioid abusers is still insufficient and limited. This study aimed to 1) describe the overall HRQoL status and preferred coping strategies, 2) correlate between HRQoL and...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Telemedicine innovations, including short message service (SMS), have been used to address a range of health concerns in a variety of settings. Practical, safe, and cost-effective, this simple tool can also potentially improve patients' understanding toward their own diseases via knowledge enhancement. This study was designed to develo...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this review is to provide a summary of studies on the effectiveness nutrition education interventions used by college students. Electronic databases such as Medline, Science Direct, CINAHL (EBSCOhost), and Google Scholar were explored for articles that involved nutrition education interventions for college students and that were publ...
Article
Full-text available
Promoting healthy eating and active living through the new Malaysian Dietary Guidelines (MDG) 2010 is essential to ensure that the recommendations are truly practised. Methods of delivering such information should hence be evaluated after developed. The objective of this study is to evaluate the acceptability and applicability of nutrition educatio...
Article
Full-text available
Nutritional decline is typically accepted as a consequent of the course of treatment for cancer. This study aimed to (1) assess body weight status and dietary intake of breast cancer patients on chemotherapy and (2) to correlate Body Mass Index (BMI), energy and protein intake with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) profile. A cross-sectional s...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to compile existing scientific evidence regarding the effects of essential oils (EOs) administered via inhalation for the alleviation of nausea and vomiting. CINAHL, PubMed, and EBSCO Host and Science Direct databases were searched for articles related to the use of EOs and/or aromatherapy for nausea and vomiting. On...
Article
Full-text available
Background: University students generally tend to engage in problematic eating behaviours, including unhealthy dieting, skipping meals, and high intake of fast food, although they are aware of the negative consequences. Eating behaviours have been shown to be interestingly related to quality of life (QoL). Our study aimed to 1) assess general nutri...
Article
This study aimed to determine the availability and usage of printed and electronic references and Patient Medication Record in community pharmacy. It was conducted for over 3 months from 15 January to 30 April 2007. Ninety-three pharmacies participated. Structured questionnaires were mailed to community pharmacies. Six weeks later a reminder was se...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the evaluation of addiction program effectiveness which involves changes in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) profile. This study was conducted from 2007 until 2010 at a rural methadone maintenance treatment center in Malaysia to assess HRQoL outcomes before and after treatment. Fifty-seven respondents completed the WHOQO...
Article
This cross-sectional study aims to determine and compare health-related quality of life profiles of schizophrenia family caregivers on the basis of their sociodemographic characteristics. Thirty outpatient family caregivers completed the generic 36-Item Short Form Health Survey instrument (male = 53.5%; mean age = 51 years; married = 76.7%). The hi...
Article
Chocolate is a popular food and its consumption has long been associated with enjoyment and pleasure. The effect of chocolate on mood too has long been recognised. Chocolate is thought to have interactions with neurotransmitters which contribute to mood modulation and appetite regulation. However, the evidence in chocolate and mood studies remains...
Article
Full-text available
The recommendation to lose weight has been the guiding principle in the treatment of type 2 diabetic patients. However, to facilitate this process, it is vital to understand factors associated with personal feelings about body weight and related behaviour. The objectives of this cross-sectional study were (1) to determine mean BMI and weight of sat...
Article
Although the popularity of complementary indigenous Malay therapies (CIMT) in general healthcare is undeniable in the Malaysian context today, their usage within the palliative care scenarios remains unexplored. Our study was specifically embarked to determine CIMT’s usage pattern, reasons, attitudes, beliefs, perceptions and health-related quality...
Article
Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) status of people with epilepsy (PWE) could likely be influenced by their coping mechanisms. Our study aimed to 1) determine the association between HRQoL profiles and coping categories, 2) correlate HRQoL domains and coping mechanisms and 3) compare coping strategies of PWE with different HRQoL levels. A cross...
Article
Full-text available
The medical literature related to awareness, knowledge and attitudes (AKA) towards epilepsy was reviewed from the perspective of research trend since 2000 until 2010. Several databases i.e. PubMed, Science Direct, MedLine, Genamics, EBSCO Host and Springer Link were assessed to search for the relevant literatures using the keywords; epilepsy, aware...
Article
This study was carried out to gauge the preliminary insight regarding epilepsy among the rural society. The purposes of this study were: (1) to determine general level of awareness, knowledge and attitudes (AKA) towards epilepsy among rural communities, (2) to compare the AKA level based on socio-demographic characteristics and (3) to investigate r...