Pei-Chun Shih

Pei-Chun Shih
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid | UAM · Biological and Health Psychology

Ph.D

About

32
Publications
22,299
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,807
Citations
Citations since 2016
2 Research Items
841 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140

Publications

Publications (32)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Nowadays, playing video games has become more than an entertainment element in our everyday life. From education, sport, marketing or clinical practice to aerospace, the video games industry has a relevant role in our society as element of entertainment, learning and social interaction. Due to that importance, the efforts to improve visual realism...
Article
Serious games for psychological assessment: Proposal and validation of two behavioral measures of impulsivity. Gomins is a space adventure game for entertainment and also for psychological testing purposes. Several games are included in order to assess children’s social-emotional skills. The aim of this study is to validate two behavioral measure...
Article
Here we analyze how performance differences in an adaptive cognitive training regime based on the n-back task interact with emotional stimuli (scenes and faces) varying in their valence (negative, positive, and neutral). One hundred and three participants completed four training sessions across 2 weeks showing remarkable improvements from time to t...
Article
Full-text available
Título: Adaptación al castellano de la Escala de Confianza General de Ya-magishi. Resumen: La confianza es, por su importancia en las relaciones sociales, un fenómeno de gran interés tanto a nivel teórico como aplicado. En este artículo presentamos la adaptación al castellano de uno de los instrumentos más utilizados en el investigación sobre confi...
Article
Here we apply a method for automated segmentation of the hippocampus in 3D high-resolution structural brain MRI scans. One hundred and four healthy young adults completed twenty one tasks measuring abstract, verbal, and spatial intelligence, along with working memory, executive control, attention, and processing speed. After permutation tests corre...
Article
Much is written regarding the associations between human intelligence and cognition. However, it is unusual to find comprehensive studies. Here twenty four measures tapping eight cognitive abilities and skills are considered for assessing a sample of one hundred and eighty five young adults. The simultaneous relationships among fluid, crystallized,...
Article
Full-text available
The main goal of this study was to design two computerized tests to assess attention components relevant to children diagnosed with ADHD. For this purpose, previous developmental studies have been considered, and criticisms raised of previously employed tests. Both tests were administered to 423 school children from 7 to 11 years old (from 2nd to 6...
Article
Multitasking performance is relevant in everyday life and job analyses highlight the influence of multitasking over several diverse occupations. Intelligence is the best single predictor of overall job performance and it is also related to individual differences in multitasking. However, it has been shown that working memory capacity (WMC) is relat...
Article
The acknowledged high relationship between working memory and intelligence suggests common underlying cognitive mechanisms and, perhaps, shared biological substrates. If this is the case, improvement in working memory by repeated exposure to challenging span tasks might be reflected in increased intelligence scores. Here we report a study in which...
Article
Full-text available
La falta de correspondencia entre la medición objetiva del comportamiento y la medición basada en el autoinforme del individuo, unida al uso generalizado del cuestionario como instrumento de evaluación de la personalidad, plantea un problema en relación a la validación de instrumentos de evaluación objetiva en dicho ámbito de estudio. El objetivo d...
Article
The parieto-frontal integration theory (P-FIT) nominates several areas distributed throughout the brain as relevant for intelligence. This theory was derived from previously published studies using a variety of both imaging methods and tests of cognitive ability. Here we test this theory in a new sample of young healthy adults (N = 100) using a psy...
Article
Full-text available
Convergent validity of two tests of conscientiousness. The absence of correspondence between objective measurement of behavior and measurement based on self-report along with generalized use of questionnaires as personality assessment instruments raises a problem with regard to the validity of assessment instruments in this area of study. The goal...
Article
Full-text available
Computerized tasks allow a more fine-grained analysis of the strategy deployed in a task designed to map a specific ability than the usual assessment on the basis of only the level of performance. Manipulations expected to impair performance sometimes do not have that effect, probably because the level of performance alone can confound the assessme...
Article
Full-text available
Working memory and the general factor of intelligence (g) are highly related constructs. However, we still don't know why. Some models support the central role of simple short-term storage, whereas others appeal to executive functions like the control of attention. Nevertheless, the available empirical evidence does not suffice to get an answer, pr...
Article
When individuals perform spatial tasks, individual differences emerge in accuracy and speed as well as in the response patterns used to cope with the task. The purpose of this study is to identify, through empirical criteria, the different response patterns or strategies used by individuals when performing the dynamic spatial task presented in the...
Article
Full-text available
This work analyzes the possibility that the differences in the performance of men and women in dynamic spatial tasks such as the Spatial Orientation Dynamic Test-Revised (SODT-R; Santacreu & Rubio, 1998), obtained in previous works, are due to cognitive style (Reflexivity-Impulsivity) or to the speed-accuracy tradeoff (SATO) that the participants i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
JUSTIFICACIÓN: En la actualidad sigue debatiéndose el porqué de la mayor semejanza entre algunos hermanos más allá de la conocida contribución de los factores genéticos y se propone ahondar en las fuentes de varianza debidas al ambiente no compartido (Harris, 2006) pero no se ha contemplado que un rasgo cuyas diferencias se deben en un 70% a factor...
Article
There are several candidate measures when asking which psychological construct significantly predicts academic performance. Hundreds of studies have addressed this issue by measuring intelligence, basic cognitive processes, or personality. However, the simultaneous consideration of a broad and varied array of measures is much less common. Here we c...
Article
Full-text available
The causes underlying the correlation between working memory and fluid intelligence remain unknown. There are some researchers who argue that the answer can be found on the presumed executive component of working memory. However, the available empirical evidence is far from conclusive. The present study tested a sample of 229 participants. Intellig...
Article
The purpose of the present study was to analyze the influence of previous experience with information and communication technology (ICT) tools on performance in a Web-based course. Online activity was logged. Specifically, total activities carried out and five online activity measures were computed. One hundred and twenty university undergraduates...
Article
Full-text available
Storage-oriented memory span tasks with no explicit concurrent processing are usually referred as short-term memory (STM) tasks, whereas tasks involving storage plus concurrent processing requirements are designated as working memory (WM) tasks. The present study explores a question that remains unsolved: Do STM and WM tasks clearly tap distinguish...
Article
Full-text available
There is great interest in the relationships between memory span tasks and cognitive abilities. However, the causes underlying their correlation remain unknown. In the present article, five key data sets were reanalyzed according to two criteria: They must consider complex span tasks (so-called working memory [WM] tasks) and simple span tasks (so-c...
Article
There are several studies showing that working memory and intelligence are strongly related. However, working memory tasks require simultaneous processing and storage, so the causes of their relationship with intelligence are currently a matter of discussion. The present study examined the simultaneous relationships among short-term memory (STM), w...
Article
A study was conducted in which 226 participants performed 12 tests, 6 thought to reflect verbal, quantitative, and spatial working memory (WM), and 6 of crystallized (Gc), fluid (Gf), and spatial (Gv) cognitive abilities. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) were computed to test the unitary nature of the WM system. Six primary latent factors were o...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial cognitive ability has to do with how individuals deal with spatial information. Spatial ability is routinely assessed to predict performance in a variety of job positions, air traffic control being an example. Spatial tests are good predictors of performance in those occupations. One of the most valuable pieces of knowledge for psychologica...
Article
A set of two dynamic tests were developed for measuring spatial orientation and spatial visualization (SODT and SVDT). These dynamic spatial tests were designed for computer administration. A printed battery including reasoning and spatial tests was also administered to a sample of 602 university graduates, 300 females (mean age=27.17) and 302 male...
Article
Deterioration in performance associated with decreased ability to sustain attention may be found in long and tedious task sessions. The necessity for assessing a number of psychological dimensions in a single session often demands "short" tests capable of assessing individual differences in abilities such as vigilance and maintenance of high perfor...
Article
Full-text available
Cuando en un contexto de selección una de las pruebas utilizadas es demasiado fácil, no permite discriminar adecuadamente las diferencias individuales en las capacidades implicadas en el test. Proponemos una solución al problema cuando la opción de incrementar la dificultad de la prueba no es viable. Consiste en añadir una tarea secundaria para inc...
Article
Full-text available
En: Análisis y modificación de conducta Valencia 2001, v.27, n.112; p. 205-227 Un resultado frecuente en la investigación sobre la transgresión de normas es su asociación con las consecuencias que conlleva la ejecución de la conducta transgresora y el posible efecto de la competencia (capacidad) que puede contaminar la evaluación de la transgresión...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Project (1)
Project
The present project attempts extend the explanations and control the sex differences in dynamic spatial ability. The purpose of this investigation is to identify, using empirical criteria, the different response patterns or strategies used by individuals when performing a dynamic spatial task .