Peeter Nõges

Peeter Nõges
Estonian University of Life Sciences | EMU · Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences

PhD

About

237
Publications
81,776
Reads
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8,668
Citations
Citations since 2017
70 Research Items
5323 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,000
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,000

Publications

Publications (237)
Article
Full-text available
We analysed long-term (1992–2020) changes in fertiliser use, wastewater treatment, and river water nutrient status in Estonia (N-E Europe) in the context of changing socio-economic situations and legislation. We hypothesised that more precise regulation of fertiliser usage and improved wastewater treatment are reflected as declining riverine nutrie...
Presentation
Full-text available
We used a model chain to predict cyanobacteria biomass and nitrate (NO3-) concentrations in Lake Võrtsjärv (Estonia), a large, shallow, and eutrophic lake. The model chain was based on the succession of a mechanistic model (INCA-N) and an empirical, generalized linear model. Model calibration and validation were performed with long term climate and...
Presentation
Full-text available
We aimed to investigate the influence of environmental factors on zooplankton biomass and abundance in Lake Peipsi and Lake Võrtsjärv, two large, shallow eutrophic lakes in Estonia. We employed time series of zooplankton and environmental parameters that were measured monthly to build estimates of zooplankton community metrics (biomass, abundance)....
Article
Lakes are considered important regulators of atmospheric greenhouse gases (GHG). We estimated late summer open water GHG fluxes in nine hemiboreal lakes in Estonia classified under different lake types according to the European Water Framework Directive (WFD). We also used the WFD typology to provide an improved estimate of the total GHG emission f...
Article
Full-text available
Photoautotrophic picoplankton (0.2–2 μm) can be a major contributor to primary production and play a significant part in the ecosystem carbon flow. However, the understanding about the dynamics of both eukaryotic and prokaryotic components of picoplankton in shallow eutrophic freshwater environments is still poor. Very few studies in these ecosyste...
Article
Full-text available
Lake Peipsi, one of the world's largest lakes, is shared between Estonia and Russia. The water quality in different parts of the lake has so far been assessed independently. Here we explore opportunities for combining data of Estonian and Russian monitoring. For that, we 1) analysed the compatibility of data for some water quality variables; 2) est...
Article
Full-text available
In northern lakes, which are often stained and productive, the impacts of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) on sediment phosphorus (P) release are largely unexplored. Here we elucidated the factors behind experimentally-derived sediment release rates of P by diffusion (DF) in four Finnish lakes with a range of colour. Next, we extended our analysis to...
Article
We aimed to predict cyanobacteria biomass and nitrate (NO3⁻) concentrations in Lake Võrtsjärv, a large, shallow, and eutrophic lake in Estonia. We used a model chain based on the succession of a mechanistic (INCA-N) model and an empirical, generalized linear model. INCA-N model calibration and validation was performed with long term climate and cat...
Article
Full-text available
Untangling causal links and feedbacks among biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, and environmental factors is challenging due to their complex and context-dependent interactions (e.g., a nutrient-dependent relationship between diversity and biomass). Consequently, studies that only consider separable, unidirectional effects can produce divergent co...
Article
Full-text available
Sediment phosphorus (P) recycling is one of the key issues in lake water quality management. We studied sediment P mobility in Võrtsjärv, a large shallow lake in Estonia using both sorption experiments and long-term (1985–2020) monitoring data of the lake. Over the years studied, the lake has undergone a decline in external phosphorus loading (EL),...
Article
Characteristics of bottom sediments in lake mesocosms 11 years after starting the experiment were studied in order to determine the effects of nutrient loading, temperature increase and vegetation type on concentration and vertical distribution of phosphorus (P) forms. The experimental setup consisted of 24 outdoor flow-through mesocosms with two n...
Article
Ecosystem models that measure the impact of quantitative interactions between trophic levels are widely used tools in ecosystem studies and fishery management. We constructed a mass-balance trophic model using an Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) modelling suite for large shallow Lake Võrtsjärv, Estonia. The model was calibrated for 36 years (1983–2018) an...
Article
Allochthonous supply of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and nutrients from the catchment have a substantial impact on the physical and chemical properties of lake water. Transport of DOM and nutrients is affected by different catchment characteristics, e.g., catchment area, soil and land cover, and population density. The aim of this study was to re...
Article
Winter conditions, such as ice cover and snow accumulation, are changing rapidly at northern latitudes and can have important implications for lake processes. For example, snowmelt in the watershed ‐ a defining feature of lake hydrology because it delivers a large portion of annual nutrient inputs ‐ is becoming earlier. Consequently, earlier and a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Coloured lakes are often productive. While their increased productivity can be the consequence of internal recycling of phosphorus (P), the impact of humic substances on these interactions is largely unexplored. Here we elucidated the spatial variations in sediment P release by diffusion in four Finnish lakes with high trophic state. For further in...
Article
Full-text available
One of the challenges for predicting global change effects on aquatic ecosystems is the vague understanding of the mechanisms of multiple controlling factors affecting phytoplankton dynamics at different time scales. Here we distinguish between hydrometeorological forcing of phytoplankton dynamics at time scales from days to decades based on a 54-y...
Article
Full-text available
Bioindication has become an indispensable part of water quality monitoring in most countries of the world, with the presence and abundance of bioindicator taxa, mostly multicellular eukaryotes, used for biotic indices. In contrast, microbes (bacteria, archaea and protists) are seldom used as bioindicators in routine assessments, although they have...
Article
Lake eutrophication is a pervasive problem globally, particularly serious in agricultural and densely populated areas. Whenever nutrients nitrogen and phosphorus do not limit phytoplankton growth directly, high growth rates will rapidly lead to biomass increases causing self-shading and light-limitation, and eventually CO2 depletion. The paradigm o...
Article
Abstract The post-soviet period in Eastern Europe brought about fast changes in economy, land use, and environmental protection, whereas legacy effects of the previous era of heavy contamination continued emerging in the status of water bodies. In this paper, we analysed the post-soviet (since 1992) changes in catchment nutrient loadings and stoich...
Article
Restocking of European eel (Anguilla anguilla) is a widespread practice throughout Europe. Conditions during restocking activities and mortality related to restocking practices have been discussed, however, factors affecting these restocked populations afterwards are mostly not considered. In this study we used a machine learning method followed by...
Article
Relationships between biomass and ecological factors including trophic interactions were examined to understand the dynamics of six fish species in Lake Võrtsjärv, a large shallow eutrophic lake located in Estonia (north-eastern Europe). The database contained initially 31 predictive variables that were monitored in situ for nearly forty years. The...
Article
Full-text available
Climate and land-use change drive a suite of stressors that shape ecosystems and interact to yield complex ecological responses, i.e. additive, antagonistic and synergistic effects. Currently we know little about the spatial scale relevant for the outcome of such interactions and about effect sizes. This knowledge gap needs to be filled to underpin...
Article
Full-text available
Large lakes of the world are habitats for diverse species, including endemic taxa, and are valuable resources that provide humanity with many ecosystem services. They are also sentinels of global and local change, and recent studies in limnology and paleolimnology have demonstrated disturbing evidence of their collective degradation in terms of dep...
Article
Full-text available
We aimed to investigate the influence of environmental factors and predict zooplankton biomass and abundance in shallow eutrophic lakes. We employed time series of zooplankton and environmental parameters that were measured monthly during 38 years in a large, shallow eutrophic lake in Estonia to build estimates of zooplankton community metrics (cla...
Article
Full-text available
In many regions across the globe, extreme weather events such as storms have increased in frequency, intensity, and duration due to climate change. Ecological theory predicts that such extreme events should have large impacts on ecosystem structure and function. High winds and precipitation associated with storms can affect lakes via short-term run...
Article
We numerically explored the effects of long-term water level changes on biotic biomass and spatial distribution of fish in a large shallow lake. We calibrated Ecospace model (Ecopath with Ecosim modelling suite) with data from various functional groups (ranging from phytoplankton to piscivorous fish), and considered 14 different habitats. Two scena...
Article
Full-text available
Plain Language Summary Studies of climate change impacts on lakes typically consider projections of air temperature over time. Such studies have demonstrated that a warming world will have numerous repercussions for lake ecosystems. Climate, however, is much more than temperature. In lakes, changes in near‐surface wind speed play an important role....
Article
The coexistence of potentially toxic bloom-forming cyanobacteria (CY) and generally smaller-sized grazer communities has raised the question of zooplankton (ZP) ability to control harmful cyanobacterial blooms and highlighted the need for species-specific research on ZP-CY trophic interactions in naturally occurring communities. A combination of HP...
Article
Full-text available
As part of a global phenomenon, a 30% decrease in average wind speed since 1996 in southern Estonia together with more frequent easterly winds resulted in 47% decrease in bottom shear stress in the large (270 km 2), shallow (mean depth 2.8 m), and eutrophic Lake Võrtsjärv. Following a peak in eutrophication pressure in the 1970s-80s, the concentrat...
Article
Full-text available
Calcium (Ca) is an essential element for almost all living organisms. Here, we examined global variation and controls of freshwater Ca concentrations, using 440 599 water samples from 43 184 inland water sites in 57 countries. We found that the global median Ca concentration was 4.0 mg L−1 with 20.7% of the water samples showing Ca concentrations ≤...
Presentation
Full-text available
We calculated the allochthonous organic carbon (OC) mass balance for thirteen natural lakes using lake water budget, catchment features and water column chemistry variables as input of a process-based model. Parameter distribution and uncertainty of model outputs were assessed within a Bayesian framework.
Article
Full-text available
We assessed the allochthonous organic carbon (OC) budgets for thirteen hemiboreal lakes using a simple equilibrium model coupled with a Bayesian framework for estimating parameter distribution and uncertainty. Model inputs consisted of hydrological, bathymetric and chemical data that are easily measurable at the lake and basin scale. Among the mode...
Poster
Full-text available
In this study, we use a lake model to assess the influence of atmospheric stilling, the decrease in near-surface wind speed, on lake thermal dynamics across the Northern Hemisphere. For 650 lakes we investigate how atmospheric stilling has influenced lake surface and bottom water temperature, lake thermal stability, and the duration of thermal stra...
Article
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is a critical component in freshwater ecosystem functioning. The main sources of DOM in lakes are allochthonous inputs from the catchment and autochthonous in-lake production. This study focused on the role of catchment characteristics on the qualitative and quantitative properties of DOM in small temperate lakes alon...
Article
Theoretical pelagic primary production of phytoplankton and benthic primary production of periphyton were modelled for two small lakes in Estonia (Northeast Europe). Although located only 500 m apart, the water colour and light attenuation of these two lakes differed markedly. The Secchi depth (SD) in the clear‐water lake was 4.5 m and only 0.47 m...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change in recent decades has been identified as a significant threat to natural environments and human wellbeing. This is because some of the contemporary changes to climate are abrupt and result in persistent changes in the state of natural systems; so called regime shifts (RS). This study aimed to detect and analyse the timing and strengt...
Data
List of used time series, their original temporal resolution and spatial extent. Below potted history for each variable with identified regime shifts as broken lines. Number at the broken line reflects the statistical significance of the particular regime shift. (PDF)
Data
A R script on how to depict a timing and relative strength of statistically significant RSs and the relatedness of time series within each system category (i.e. abiotic and biotic elements of atmospheric, terrestrial, bog, lake, river and marine systems) in terms of the timing of RSs. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
We modeled energy transfer and trophic position of fish, plankton, and macroinvertebrates and the relative importance of top-down versus bottom-up processes in Lake Võrtsjärv, a large shallow eutrophic lake in Estonia (northeastern Europe). We employed input values based on 37 years of biomass and fishing activity monitoring for calibrating the Eco...
Article
Full-text available
Phosphorus retention (TPacc) is one of the major water quality regulators in lakes. The current study aimed at ascertaining the specific lake characteristics regulating TPacc. Moreover, we were interested whether NAO (North Atlantic Oscillation), a proxy of climatic forcing, can explain variability in TPacc, additionally to that ascribed to lake ch...
Article
We aimed at quantifying the importance of limnological variables in the decadal rise of cyanobacteria biomass in shallow hemiboreal lakes. We constructed estimates of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) biomass in a large, eutrophic lake (Estonia, Northeastern Europe) from a database comprising 28 limnological variables and spanning more than 50 years...
Article
Full-text available
The magnitude of lateral dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) export from terrestrial ecosystems to inland waters strongly influencesthe estimate of the global terrestrial carbon dioxide (CO2) sink. At present, no reliable number of this export is available, and the few studies estimating the lateral DIC export assume that all lakes on Earth function s...
Article
Different sources of particulate organic matter (POM) as well as its composition affect the biological food web and hence the self-purification potential and water quality of rivers. We studied the effect of a large shallow lake on the POM pool of the water passing through it. Over four years, we analysed monthly the amount and composition of POM a...
Article
Autotrophic picoplankton (0.2-2μm) can be a significant contributor to primary production and hence play an important role in carbon flow. The phytoplankton community structure in the Baltic Sea is very region specific and the understanding of the composition and dynamics of pico-size phytoplankton is generally poor. The main objective of this stud...
Article
Full-text available
Recent reports of increasing iron (Fe) concentrations in freshwaters are of concern, given the fundamental role of Fe in biogeochemical processes. Still, little is known about the frequency and geographical distribution of Fe trends, or about the underlying drivers. We analyzed temporal trends of Fe concentrations across 340 water bodies distribute...
Article
Full-text available
Unfavorable environmental conditions—abiotic stress—constitute one of the key drivers of evolution leading to environmental adaptation. Since the start of industrial revolution, natural populations are also facing a new stress—global warming—that, in turn, leads to alteration of the severity of most of the existing stress factors and emergence of n...
Article
Full-text available
Globally increasing temperature and modifications in precipitation patterns induce major environmental alterations in aquatic ecosystems. Particularly profound changes are predicted for arctic to temperate shallow lakes where modifications in temperature affect the distribution of ice and ice-free periods, thereby altering the timing of peak produc...
Article
Organic matter (OM) has numerous geochemical and ecological functions in inland waters and can affect water quality. Different parameters of aquatic OM are measured with various methods as no single analytical tool can provide definitive structural or functional information about it. In the present paper we review different OM metrics used in the E...
Article
Full-text available
p>Through cascading effects within lake food webs, commercial and recreational fisheries may indirectly affect the abundances of organisms at lower trophic levels, such as phytoplankton, even if they are not directly consumed. So far, interactive effects of fisheries, changing trophic state and climate upon lake ecosystems have been largely overloo...
Article
Full-text available
We studied high-resolution stratigraphy of phosphorus (P) forms in the Holocene sediments of large shallow Lake Peipsi (Estonia/Russia) in order to evaluate the lake ecosystem response to environmental changes and track the lake’s eutrophication history. We distinguished four main periods in the history of Lake Peipsi, each having likely different...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In the previous report (D4.1, September 2016) we have developed predictive linkages between indicators of environmental quality and ecosystem services, and different types of pressures, single or multiple, across river basins from all over Europe, in a latitudinal and a west-east gradient, and having very different conditions of climate and land us...
Article
Full-text available
To quantify the effects of recent and potential future decreases in surface wind speeds on lake thermal stratification, we apply the one-dimensional process-based model MyLake to a large, shallow, polymictic lake, Võrtsjärv. The model is validated for a 3-year period and run separately for 28 years using long-term daily atmospheric forcing data fro...
Article
Full-text available
We constructed a model chain into which regional climate-related variables (air temperature, precipitation) and a lake’s main tributary hydrological indicators (river flow, dissolved inorganic carbon) were employed for predicting the evolution of planktonic blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) and zooplankton (rotifer) biomass in that lake for the mid-...
Article
Full-text available
Lakes in Europe are subject to multiple anthropogenic pressures, such as eutrophication, habitat degradation and introduction of alien species, which are frequently inter-related. Therefore, effective assessment methods addressing multiple pressures are needed. In addition, these systems have to be harmonised (i.e. intercalibrated) to achieve commo...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Summary D5.1-1 Part 1: Multi-stressors on surface water and effects on ecological statusHumans have increased the discharge of pollution, altered water flow regime and modified the morphology of rivers. All these actions have resulted in multiple pressures on freshwater ecosystems, undermining their biodiversity and ecological functioning. The Euro...