Pedro Passos

Pedro Passos
University of Lisbon | UL · Department of Sport and Health

PhD

About

103
Publications
76,838
Reads
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2,993
Citations
Introduction
Pedro Passos is Assistant Professor at FMH/UL. He is PhD in Sport Sciences since 2008. He research the dynamics of interpersonal coordination in team sports. He has collaborations with researchers in Portugal, across Europe, Australia and New Zealand. He was also a Rugby Coach and Technical Coordinator of a Rugby Union Club. On leisure time he practices Mountain Bike, Surf and Alpine Ski. http://labcmotor.fmh.ulisboa.pt/site/memberview/8 YouTube (in Portuguese only!) https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6okmSBityOydHWlJYazgag
Additional affiliations
September 2009 - present
University of Lisbon
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
January 2008 - December 2013
Technical University of Lisbon
Education
January 2005 - November 2008
Technical University of Lisbon
Field of study
  • Motor Behavior; Sports Sciences.

Publications

Publications (103)
Article
Full-text available
Background Human performance in classical ballet is a research field of growing interest in the past decades. Technology used to acquire data in human movement sciences has evolved, and is specifically being applied to evaluate ballet movements to better understand dancers’ profiles. We aimed to systematically review sensing technologies that were...
Article
In human movement, synergies occur when two or more variables co-vary to stabilize a performance goal. The concept of motor redundancy is associated with the existence of several strategies to complete the same task, which enables a movement system to adapt to an ever-changing environment. This feature provides the system with the ability of being...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Given that stroke is the cause of several neurological impairments, it is necessary to evaluate interventions that can improve patients' motor performance and functionality. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the motor learning transfer of a training program using a virtual table tennis game. We hypothesized that playing the virtu...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to illustrate the landscape of passing opportunities of a football team across a set of competitive matches. To do so positional data of 5 competitive matches was used to create polygons of pass availability. Passes were divided into three types depending on the hypothetical threat they may pose to the opposing defense (penetrative,...
Article
Proprioceptive based interpersonal communication, playing a crucial role in cooperative motor tasks, needs further investigation. This study aimed to explore the interpersonal coordination of dyads cooperating to stand up in balance on a slackline through the study of inter and intrapersonal synergies. With this purpose, acceleration time series of...
Poster
Full-text available
This study aimed to explore the interpersonal coordination of pairs cooperating to stand up in balance on a slackline through the study of inter and intrapersonal synergies (Fig. 1). For this purpose, acceleration time series of the slackline as well as of both legs and the center of mass of performers were recorded. Inter and intrapersonal synergi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Proprioceptive based interpersonal communication, playing a crucial role in cooperative motor tasks, needs further investigation. This study aimed to explore the interpersonal coordination of dyads cooperating to stand up in balance on a slackline through the study of inter and intrapersonal synergies. With this purpose, acceleration time series of...
Article
Background Stroke is the leading cause of long-term disability in adults, causing residual sensorimotor deficits in many survivors. Patients may have different impairments according to laterality of injury, as well as different responses to some therapies. Objective This preliminary study sought to investigate motor learning in rehabilitation of s...
Article
This study investigated a method for modelling a landscape of opportunities for penetrative passing completed on the ground by ball carriers in association football. Analysis of video footage of competitive, professional football performance was undertaken, identifying a sample (n = 20) of attacking sub-phases of gameplay which ended in a penetrati...
Article
This paper presents a case study which aims to establish a relationship between the homogeneity of passing distribution between players of a team and goal attempts in the team sport of association football. We observed data from 10 competitive football matches, involving 10 different professional football teams of different performance levels, comp...
Article
When executing a sport-specific movement, athletes cannot use all perceptual resources to control their actions. The complexity of a basketball match, demands that individuals command their attention towards the context to make decisions. The dependency on the perceptual sources to control a movement should be kept to a minimum. During a match due...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster was presented at Barça Sports Analytic Summit, 13th November 2019.
Article
In social contexts of racket sports, the interactive behaviour between players in the same team is supported by visual coupling. Visual cues allow the players to dynamically coordinate their movements and maintain a suitable interpersonal distance, thereby decreasing the odds of missing score a point. The dynamic feature of this interpersonal coord...
Article
Full-text available
Cycling assessment to increase performance during sport training is an important issue. In this article presents a wireless sensor network including multi-sensing channels for dynamic and cinematic measurement during cycling training. The Smart Mountain Bike is a system that includes the bicycle and the associated sports equipment, such as gloves,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In football, the ball carrier is continuously aiming to perform a pass that outplays as many opponents as possible. The players outplayed are the number of opposing players a ball carrier has in between her/him and her/his own goal. Using this principle landscapes of passing opportunities were created for: i) penetrative passes, ii) support passes,...
Article
Full-text available
There was an error in the calculation of the standard deviation of the continuous relative phase measure (SDϕ). The standard deviation was calculated on the absoluted continuous relative phase values. Therefore, the reported SDϕ‐values were underestimated. As such, in the present erratum we based the relation between crew coordination consistency a...
Book
Full-text available
In this 5th edition of the Complex Systems in Sport Congress it is time to evaluate where we are and get a consensus about where to go in the near future. The science of complex systems is evolving very fast and society is requesting for practical applications of our research, a non easy endeavour that obviously keep us really busy and involved. Co...
Article
Full-text available
Game consoles allow subjects to perform movements which are visually similar to the movements performed in ‘real’ world scenarios. Beyond entertainment, virtual reality devices are being used in several domains: sports performance; motor rehabilitation; training of risk professions. This article presents the Procrustes method to measure the degree...
Article
Collective behaviors in team sports result in players forming interpersonal synergies that contribute to performance goals. Because of the huge amount of variables that continuously constrain players’ behavior during a game, the way that these synergies are formed remain unclear. Our aim was to quantify interpersonal synergies in the team sport of...
Book
Full-text available
Filling an important gap in performance analysis literature, this book introduces the key concepts and practical applications of performance analysis for team sports. It draws on cutting-edge research to examine individual and collective behaviours across an array of international team sports. Evidencing the close relationship between coaching and...
Article
In crew rowing, crew members need to mutually synchronize their movements to achieve optimal crew performance. Intuitively, poor crew coordination is often deemed to involve additional boat movements such as surge velocity fluctuations, heave, pitch, and roll, which would imply lower efficiency (eg, due to increased hydrodynamic drag). The aim of t...
Article
Full-text available
An evolutionary psycho-biological perspective on competitiveness dynamics is presented, focusing on continuous behavioral co-adaptations to constraints that arise in performance environments. We suggest that an athlete’s behavioral dynamics are constrained by circumstances of competing for the availability of resources, which once obtained offer po...
Conference Paper
The mountain bike is one of the most used equipment's in outdoor sports activities. The present work presents a distributed sensing system expressed by a WSN for cycling assessment to increase performance of athletes involved in this probes. The implemented system performs acquisition, processing and data communication based on ZigBee protocol that...
Article
Full-text available
Brain activity during virtual and real dart throwing tasks in patients with stroke: A pilot study Filipe S. Melo1*, Jacilda O. Passos2, Deyvson P. Brito2, Pedro Passos1, Aline S. Fernandes2, Tânia Campos2 and João Barreiros1 1 Faculdade de M otricidade Humana, Sport and Health Sciences Department, Portugal 2 Universidade Federal Rio Grande do Norte...
Research
This is a short video which aims to display the affordances landscape for in-depth passes in football.
Data
In football, just like in most team sports, one of the ball carrier’s tasks is to seek and seize opportunities to make the ball get closer to the opposing goal by means of in-depth (i.e., towards end line of the opposing team) passes to a support player located ‘within’ the opposing defence. And it is the players’ (e.g. teammates and opponents) dyn...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In crew rowing, agents need to coordinate their movements while physically connected through the boat they share. Modelling a rowing crew as a system of coupled oscillators predicts that the stability of crew coordination decreases with increasing stroke rate. However, rowing literature suggests that crew synchronisation might actually improve at h...
Book
Full-text available
Interpersonal coordination is an important feature of all social systems. From everyday activities to playing sport and participating in the performing arts, human behaviour is constrained by the need to continually interact with others. This book examines how interpersonal coordination tendencies in social systems emerge, across a range of context...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Stroke is a neurological disease that causes several sensorimotor impairments. Purpose: This research aimed the comparison between brain and motor activity during virtual and real darts games in stroke patients. Methods: The participants included four patients (aged 41-69 years) and three healthy individuals (aged 38- 60 years). The p...
Article
Despite clear findings, research on home advantage in team sports lacks a comprehensive theoretical rationale for understanding why this phenomenon is so compelling. The aim of this study was to provide an explanatory theoretical rationale in ecological dynamics for the influence of home advantage observed in research on professional football. We r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of the article was to present a Java Platform for Football Analysis, designed and implemented for football game analysis. The framework presents capability on game analysis based on players coordinates inputs and helping coaches and players to extract information from processed games. The analysis tools to achieve this aim used collective m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In crew rowing, agents need to perfectly coincide into a common rhythm. In fact, the interpersonal synchronisation is regarded as one of the main determinants for optimal crew performance. A rowing crew can vary the timing of the strokes, yielding stroke rates from 18 strokes per minute (spm) during endurance training up to 42 spm during racing. Mo...
Chapter
Neste capítulo, pretende-se estabelecer uma relação entre os constrangimentos que limitam o espaço percetivo-motor onde jogadores de desportos coletivos se movimentam, com as oportunidades de ação (affordances) que surgem dentro desse espaço. Foi dado ênfase a como é que estas oportunidades de ação se modificam em escalas temporais diferentes e qua...
Article
Full-text available
The micro-macro link is a central issue of human movement sciences because it directly refers to coordination and scalability of movement behaviour at different levels of analysis in a complex system. This aspect of complexity is a key feature to consider decisions and actions as transitional behaviours at different levels during performance. Trans...
Article
Full-text available
In this study we sought to verify whether network analyses could be used to identify key players in attacking phases of a professional football match and establish the main interactions and preferential linkages between attacking teammates during competitive performance. For this purpose, we examined circulation of the ball on field during randomly...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the effects of the numbers of players involved in small-sided team games (underloading and overloading) on opportunities for maintaining ball possession, shooting at goal and passing to teammates during training. These practice constraint manipulations were assumed to alter values of key performance variables identified in previ...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract This study investigated interpersonal coordination tendencies in 1vs.1 dyads in rugby union, here expressed by participants' movement velocity towards or away from the sideline as they competed to score or prevent a try. We examined whether coupling tendencies of members of each dyad shaped key performance outcomes (try or successful tackl...
Article
Full-text available
Predicting behavior has been a main challenge in human movement science. An important step within the theory of coordination dynamics is to find out the rules that govern human behavior by defining order parameters and control parameters that support mathematical models to predict the behavior of a system. Models to describe human coordination have...
Article
Abstract This study evaluated effects of defensive pressure on running velocity in footballers during the approach to kick a stationary football. Approach velocity and ball speed/accuracy data were recorded from eight football youth academy participants (15.25, SD=0.46 yrs). Participants were required to run to a football to cross it to a receiver...
Article
In this study we sought to verify whether network analyses could be used to identify key players in attacking phases of a professional football match and establish the main interactions and preferential linkages between attacking teammates during competitive performance. For this purpose, we examined circulation of the ball on field during randomly...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to analyze how intra-team coordination patterns in the team sport of rugby union influ-enced successful performance. We hypothesized that high interpersonal coordination patterns are a crucial issue to cross (or not) the gain line. Video record and digitizing procedures were used as a method to col-lect data for further analysis of...
Chapter
Full-text available
Complex systems in nature are those with many interacting parts, all capable of influencing global system outcomes. There is a growing body of research that has modeled sport performance from a complexity sciences perspective, studying the behavior of individual athletes and sports teams as emergent phenomena which self-organise under interacting c...
Article
Full-text available
Extant models of decision making in social neurobiological systems have typically explained task dynamics as characterized by transitions between two attractors. In this paper, we model a three-attractor task exemplified in a team sport context. The model showed that an attacker-defender dyadic system can be described by the angle x between a vecto...
Article
Full-text available
In nature, the interactions between agents in a complex system (fish schools; colonies of ants) are governed by information that is locally created. Each agent self-organizes (adjusts) its behaviour, not through a central command centre, but based on variables that emerge from the interactions with other system agents in the neighbourhood. Self-org...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we discuss the role of nonlinear pedagogy in explaining and facilitating creative behaviors within the sport performance context. Some research results are also highlighted as examples of creative problem solving within sports such as martial arts and rugby union. Within the framework of nonlinear pedagogy, creative behaviors may occu...
Article
Full-text available
To succeed in competitive environments, players need to continuously adjust their decisions and actions to the behaviour of relevant others. Players' interactions demand ongoing decisions that are constrained by what is previously defined (e.g., coaches' prescriptions that establish 'what' to do) and by information that is available in the context...
Article
Full-text available
When considering time series data of variables describing agent interactions in social neurobiological systems, measures of regularity can provide a global understanding of such system behaviors. Approximate entropy (ApEn) was introduced as a nonlinear measure to assess the complexity of a system behavior by quantifying the regularity of the genera...