Pedro Nobre

Pedro Nobre
University of Porto | UP · Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences

PhD

About

210
Publications
58,035
Reads
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3,428
Citations
Introduction
Pedro Nobre is immediate Past-President of the World Association for Sexual Health (WAS). (https://worldsexualhealth.net/). He is Full Professor and Director of the Center for Psychology (CPUP) (www.fpce.up.pt/cpup) and the Laboratory for Research in Human Sexuality (www.fpce.up.pt/sexlab) at Porto University. He is also Director of the Doctoral Program in Human Sexuality at Porto University (https://www.fpce.up.pt/pdsh/en/about.html).
Additional affiliations
May 2020 - present
University of Porto
Position
  • Professor (Full)
September 2012 - May 2020
University of Porto
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
July 2009 - September 2012
University of Aveiro
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (210)
Article
Full-text available
The chemical composition of exhaled breath was examined for volatile organic compound (VOC) indicators of sexual arousal in human beings. Participants (12-male, 12-female) were shown a randomized series of three emotion-inducing 10-min film clips interspersed with 3-min neutral film clips. The films caused different arousals: sports film (positive-...
Article
Carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) are important greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and have large impacts on Earth's radiative forcing and climate. Their natural and anthropogenic emissions have often been in focus, while the role of human metabolic emissions has received less attention. In this study, exhaled, dermal and whole-body CO2 and CH...
Article
Background The Female Sexual Distress Scale and the Female Sexual Distress Scale-Revised—herein called the Sexual Distress Scale (SDS and SDS-R)—are among the most widely used self-report instruments to assess sexual distress, but no version for use in the Portuguese population is available to date. Aim The current study aimed to validate the Port...
Article
Full-text available
Recent findings suggest that the current COVID-19 pandemic has a potential negative impact in several areas of life, including sexual health. However, less is known about the psychological dimensions that may work as vulnerability/protective factors for the development of sexual problems in the current pandemic. The current study used a longitudina...
Article
Full-text available
Due to COVID-19 pandemic, different restrictive measures in terms of physical distancing and lockdowns have been introduced in most European countries, affecting all facets of social life. Currently, little is known about how partnered individuals perceive changes in their sexual life during this complex emergency. This study explored retrospective...
Article
This study aimed to understand how the endorsement of dysfunctional sexual beliefs is associated with sexual self-esteem and sexually aggressive behavior in male college students; it further tested the mediating role of sexual self-esteem in the relationship between sexual beliefs and sexual aggression. Results revealed significant relationships be...
Article
Objectives : To investigate sexual excitation (SE) and sexual inhibition (SI) profiles in men with erectile dysfunction (ED) and to examine how these dimensions discriminate between men with and without ED. Methods : A clinical sample of 37 men with situational (psychogenic) ED and a control group of 40 sexually healthy men (matching the clinical...
Article
Full-text available
Detrimental biopsychosocial effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on populations have been established worldwide. Despite research indicating that the transition to parenthood is a vulnerable period for maternal and paternal health, an in-depth examination of the specific challenges the pandemic poses for new mothers and fathers is still lacking. Using...
Article
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While previous research has argued that neuroticism is a vulnerability factor for the experience of sexual difficulties, the basic cognitive processes associated with the impact of such a personality trait on the processing of sexually explicit stimuli are less understood. The current study examined the influence of neuroticism on the attentional p...
Article
Despite sexual activity being safe for the majority of expectant couples (i.e., the pregnant individual and their partner), negative attitudes toward having sex during pregnancy are common and are related to lower sexual well-being across this vulnerable life period. Using dyadic response surface analysis in a sample of 254 first-time expectant cou...
Article
Full-text available
Research evidence of the attributes of sexual boredom is extremely limited. Understanding variability in the experience of sexual boredom may offer relevant insights for the field of human sexuality. This study aimed to explore the co-occurrence of sexual boredom and other sexuality-related dimensions. The sample consisted of 1021 participants aged...
Article
Objectives To clarify the psychosocial and behavioral factors related to women’s sexual pleasure. Methods: A search was conducted on EBSCO and Web of Science databases using the key terms “female sexual pleasure” and “women sexual pleasure” and following PRISMA guidelines. Results: 76 articles were identified, referring to sexual practices, individ...
Article
Background Past research has revealed the detrimental effects of social isolation and physical distancing measures in health related outcomes. However, only recently COVID-19 confinement measures provided a context to test whether such detrimental effects exist in the human sexuality domain. Aim This study was aimed at testing the relationship bet...
Article
Background The Maternal and Partner Sex During Pregnancy Scales (MSP/PSP) are self-report measures of expectant couples’ attitudes towards sex during pregnancy. Aim This study aimed to examine dyadic non-independence of MSP/PSP scores in a sample of expectant couples, while providing an evaluation of factor structure, validity, and reliability of...
Article
Background Empirical data on sexual boredom are scarce and unsystematized, contrasting with the literature on general boredom. Aim The aim of this review of literature is to verify how sexual boredom is defined in previous research and which relationships were found with sexual functioning, relationship dynamics, or gender. Methods A systematic s...
Article
Background Sexual dysfunction among psychotic patients is highly prevalent. However, most research has focused on antipsychotic side effects on sexual functioning. Aim To provide evidence by means of a systematic review of the literature about the impact of psychosis on sexual functioning among unmedicated patients. Methods Systematic search of M...
Article
Objectives: The present study aims to assess the relationship between age and sexual satisfaction in older women and testing the potential mediating role of conservative sexual beliefs on this association. Methods: A total of 106 women (Mage = 68.71; SD = 6.31) completed measures of sexual beliefs (SDBQ), sexual functioning (FSFI), and sexual satis...
Chapter
Male sexual dysfunctions include problems regarding lack of sexual desire or difficulties in different phases of sexual response (e.g. erectile disorder, premature ejaculation, delayed ejaculation) that cause significant distress. Sexual dysfunctions are very prevalent worldwide, constituting a major public health problem. Causes for sexual dysfunc...
Chapter
Depressive disorders are recognized as an important public health concern in modern society given their high lifetime prevalence, recurrence, and disabling course. This group of emotional disorders is associated with extreme distress and significant impairment across numerous areas of individual’s functioning, including sexual behavior and intimate...
Chapter
Bipolar and related disorders are chronic mental health conditions affecting millions of people each year worldwide. The changing over nature of the symptoms, along with their recurrence and severity, makes this group of disorders complex, challenging, and highly disabling for patients and their families. If not treated, bipolar disorders can lead...
Article
This study explored the definitions of sexual boredom in a large community sample of Portuguese individuals. A thematic analysis of written responses to the question “What is sexual boredom for you?” was conducted with 653 participants aged 18 to 75 (M = 33.14; SD = 9.01) of multiple genders, sexual orientations, and relationship types. Three main...
Article
Abstract Several studies highlighted the role of insula on several functions and in sexual behavior. This exploratory study examines the relationships among genital responses, brain responses, and eye movements, to disentangle the role played by the anterior and posterior insula during different stages of male sexual response and during visual atte...
Article
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Background: Orgasmic difficulties are one of the most common sexual complaints among women. Although models of sexual dysfunction propose that cognitive-affective factors are involved in the development and maintenance of sexual difficulties, there is a need to further examine how these factors are associated with orgasmic difficulties specificall...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Research has shown the role of mindfulness and self-compassion in promoting resilience while living with a disabling condition. However, little is known on the influence of these variables on sexual and relationship satisfaction of people with physical disabilities. This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the contribution of mindfuln...
Article
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Cognitive-emotional dimensions play a core role in predisposing and maintaining sexual difficulties. This study aimed to assess the role of personality traits, sexual beliefs, cognitive schemas, automatic thoughts and affective states in predicting sexual functioning in a Portuguese sample. A total of 226 lesbian women, 254 heterosexual women, 243...
Article
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Introduction Cognitive factors are conceptualized as playing a role in maintaining psychological disorders—including sexual dysfunction—by influencing the way in which individuals ascribe meaning, and ultimately respond, to sexual events. Objectives To systematically review and integrate the findings from studies on cognitive processing factors an...
Article
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The sexuality of people with disabilities is still poorly understood. While sexual functioning may be influenced by the physical condition, other factors may be important in the sexual adjustment of people with disabilities. Research has shown the role of mindfulness and self-compassion in promoting resilience, but little is known on the influence...
Article
Introduction: Sexual pain is a multideterminate phenomenon, resulting from the interplay between biopsychosocial dimensions. Research suggests that self-compassion plays a protective role on mental health through the enablement of adaptive emotion regulation strategies and that they both contribute to ease chronic pain experience. However, little...
Article
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Background/objective: The transition to parenthood encompasses several psychological and relational changes that might contribute to couples' high levels of stress postpartum. Although common across the postpartum, couples' sexual changes are frequently overlooked. Method: We surveyed 255 mixed-sex new parent couples to examine the associations...
Article
Over the last decade, we have witnessed consistent advances in risk assessment procedures, namely the validation of those used with juveniles who have committed sexual offenses. The adaptation of these instruments into other languages requires research examining the conceptual and metric equivalence of the instruments, not just translation equivale...
Article
Full-text available
The World Health Organization has considered sexual health as a major dimension of global health and a sexual right. However, the sexual health of people with physical disabilities is still poorly addressed by health and social care professionals, and it is very stigmatized by society. This study aimed to assess the perspectives of Portuguese peopl...
Article
Full-text available
The Questionnaire of Cognitive Schema Activation in Sexual Context (QCSASC) is a validated and widespread used measure to assess the self-schemas elicited during sexual negative events in both men and women. The current study aimed to test the psychometric characteristics of the Italian version of the QCSASC in both heterosexual men and women. Afte...
Article
The Sexual Dysfunctional Beliefs Questionnaire (SDBQ) is a validated and widespread measure to assess dysfunctional sexual beliefs. The study aimed to test the psychometrics of the Italian version of the SDBQ. A total of 1009 participants (422 men and 587 women, 739 healthy and 270 complaining about sexual problems) took part in the current study....
Article
Infrared thermography (IRT) is a non-contact technique that permits mapping and analysis of the temperature of the body's skin surface. This method has been applied to sexual psychophysiology since the 1980s and its use has been expanding ever since, mainly because it provides several advantages over existing genital response measures. This article...
Article
Introduction Gender differences in sexual responses and cognitive and emotional processing to romantic and sexually explicit stimuli have been reported. However, these differences seem to depend on the automaticity of the task that is being used, thus suggesting that gender differences may be the result of specific mechanisms rather than a generali...
Article
Full-text available
The Sexual Inhibition and Sexual Excitation Scales (SIS/SES) were developed to assess individual propensities for sexual excitation and sexual inhibition in men and women. The objective of the present study was to validate the Portuguese version of the SIS/SES and to investigate the degree to which SIS/SES scores predict different dimensions of Por...
Article
Full-text available
Olfaction is often linked to mating behavior in nonhumans. Additionally, studies in mating behavior have shown that women seem to be more affected by odor cues than men. However, the relationship between odor cues and sexual response - specifically, sexual arousal - has not been studied yet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the e...
Article
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There were 4 cells in the original Table 2 that reported SEM values instead of SDs. A corrected version of the table is provided below. In the Results section, the corresponding corrections are as follows.
Article
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Background: Several studies have demonstrated that culture plays a fundamental role in individuals' beliefs, attitudes, and values toward sexuality, and influences their ability to enjoy sex. It follows that culture may influence sexual satisfaction or dissatisfaction. Aim: To examine and compare cognitive-emotional variables related to women's...
Article
Background: The Sexual Modes Questionnaire (SMQ) is a validated and widespread used tool to assess the association among negative automatic thoughts, emotions, and sexual response during sexual activity in men and women. Aim: To test the psychometric characteristics of the Italian version of the SMQ focusing on the Automatic Thoughts subscale (S...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The differential role of psychological traits in the etiology and maintenance of female orgasm difficulties is yet to be consistently established. Aim: To investigate the contribution of different psychological trait features (personality, sexual inhibition and excitation, and sexual beliefs) to predict female orgasm and to assess th...
Article
Full-text available
Dysfunctional sexual beliefs are vulnerability factors for sexual dysfunction. This cross-sectional study aimed to test the mediating role of cognitive distraction on the relationship between dysfunctional sexual beliefs about sexual functioning shared by men and women and sexual function. We used a sample of 421 cisgender heterosexual participants...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to translate and adapt to Persian, and to assess psychometric properties of the Questionnaire of Cognitive Schema Activation in Sexual Context (QCSASC). A total of 265 Iranian participants (121 women and 144 men) were recruited for this study. A principal component analysis (PCA) with varimax rotation and subsequent confir...
Article
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The comorbidity between male genital pain and sexual dysfunction is highly prevalent. Previous studies have indicated that men with genital pain share some cognitive characteristics with men experiencing other sexual dysfunctions. However, there is little information on the role of these cognitive factors in understanding the relationship between p...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between emotions and sexual functioning has been documented since early sex research. Among other effects, emotions are expected to impact sexual response by shaping individuals’ attention to sexual cues; yet, this assumption has not been tested. This study aimed to investigate whether attentional processes to sexual cues are impac...
Article
Researchers have demonstrated that several dimensions of sexual functioning (e.g., sexual desire, arousal, orgasm) are associated with the sexual satisfaction of individuals in a committed mixed-sex (male–female) relationship. We extended this research by comparing a dyadic model that included both own (i.e., actor effect) and partner (i.e., partne...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cognitive-affective factors contribute to female sexual dysfunctions, defined as clinically significant difficulties in the ability to respond sexually or to experience sexual pleasure. Automatic thoughts and affect presented during sexual activity are acknowledged as maintenance factors for these difficulties. However, there is a lack...
Article
Introduction & objectives: Little is known about the brain mechanisms underlying cognitive-affective processing in erectile dysfunction (ED). This study compared brain networks involved in different emotional or cognitive functions in men with psychogenic ED (EDp) and healthy men (HC) during the presentation of sexual and neutral video clips. Popu...
Article
INTRODUCTION: Dysfunctional beliefs about body appearance and cognitive distraction from body appearance during sexual activity have been associated with sexual problems, particularly in women. However, there are no studies examining the interplay between these dimensions and the mechanisms by which they affect sexual functioning. AIM: To examine...
Conference Paper
Introduction & objectives: Sexual and relationship well-being play a major role in the management of pain conditions, namely in women experiencing genital pain. Research has shown that couple’s interactions seem to influence sexual and relationship satisfaction, as well as sexual functioning, for both women with genital pain and their partners. How...
Presentation
Full-text available
Introduction & objectives: Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor with higher incidence in men after 50 years worldwide. The burden of a cancer diagnosis and related treatments has considerable emotional and psychological conse- quences and may negatively impact the patient’s level of sexual functioning and satisfaction. The objective of the present...
Conference Paper
Introduction & purpose: More than 600 000 people in Portugal live with physical disabilities that ultimately impair their sexuality. The World Health Organization has considered sexual health as a major dimension of global health and a sexual right. However, the sexual health of people with physical disabilities is still poorly addressed by health...
Article
Full-text available
Incompetence schemas, automatic thoughts and affective states have been described as maintenance factors for female sexual dysfunction. However, studies have been conducted only with heterosexual samples. Current study aims to analyze the mediator role of automatic thoughts and state affect during sexual activity in the relationship between incompe...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Past research on cognitive models of sexual functioning has focused on sexual beliefs as an important vulnerability factor for sexual dysfunction. However, the existing measurements of sexual beliefs are lengthy and entangle beliefs about sexual functioning with moral beliefs and ideas about sexuality. Furthermore, they have female and...
Chapter
Epidemiological studies support clinical observations indicating high correlations between erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation and between erectile dysfunction and low sexual desire. Moreover, erectile dysfunction is also commonly related to other psychological conditions, particularly depression and anxiety disorders. Cognitive-Behavior...
Article
Background Despite the existence of conceptual models of sexual dysfunction based on cognitive theory, few studies have tested the role of vulnerability factors such as sexual beliefs as moderators of the activation of cognitive schemas in response to negative sexual events. Aim To test the moderator role of dysfunctional sexual beliefs in the ass...