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Pedro Vasconcellos Eisenlohr

Pedro Vasconcellos Eisenlohr
State University of Mato Grosso, Brazil · Laboratory of Ecology, Campus of Alta Floresta

Dr.
Vegetation Ecology and Phytogeography

About

82
Publications
24,290
Reads
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1,489
Citations
Introduction
I am currently Lecturer of Ecology and Plant Sciences at the State University of Mato Grosso, in Brazil. As a researcher, my interests are related to distribution of plant species, ecological modeling and conservation biogeography. I strongly believe that education transforms the world, and I advocate the use of high-quality science as basis for conservation practices.
Additional affiliations
March 2014 - June 2015
State University of Mato Grosso
Position
  • Lecturer and Researcher
March 2012 - March 2014
Federal University of Minas Gerais
Position
  • PostDoc Position
March 2008 - March 2012
University of Campinas
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (82)
Article
We describe the patterns of composition and abundance of tree species and their relationships to environmental factors in an area affected by the Jirau hydroelectric dam on the Madeira River in the Brazilian state of Rondônia. Trees were sampled in 20 1-hectare forest plots distributed among areas affected and unaffected by the hydroelectric reserv...
Article
Full-text available
The correlation between vegetation patterns (species distribution and richness) and altitudinal variation has been widely reported for tropical forests, thereby providing theoretical basis for biodiversity conservation. However, this relationship may have been oversimplified, as many other factors may influence vegetation patterns, such as disturba...
Article
The step of data analysis in a scientific work is not always a friendly universe. Here, I provide suggestions and warn of five pitfalls in a proposal of statistical routine focused on selection of predictor variables for multiple regression—a simple model used to answer questions commonly raised in Vegetation Ecology—and verification of assumptions...
Article
The Cerrado-Amazon transition (CAT) is located between the two largest biogeographic domains of the Neotropical region, coinciding with the “Arc of Deforestation”, an agricultural frontier that expands towards the Amazon. Fire plays an important role in the landscape changes that have been occurring in this transition. Thus, the objectives of this...
Article
Full-text available
Since the nineteenth century, a ring-forming disease attacking Antarctic mosses has been reported. However, to date, only the effects on the mosses themselves are known. In this study, we used DNA metabarcoding to investigate the effects on the moss epiphytic algal community at different stages of disease progression. As the disease progressed, alg...
Article
The diversity of environments in the Neotropical region has different environmental filters on vegetation. The southern face of the Amazon is exposed to high rainfall seasonality and poor soils, which imposes a severe environmental filtering. Plants with structural and functional adaptations can occur in specific locations due to microenvironmental...
Article
Climate change impacts are important in shaping large ecotones, such as the transition zone between the Cerrado and Amazon rainforest (CAT) biogeographical domains. The accelerating rate of conversion of native vegetation, the most important factor for biodiversity loss in the Anthropocene, compounded by projected climate change impacts, requires a...
Article
Article impact statement Threats due to climate change may affect the suitabil-ity of areas for reintroduced species. Abstract The reintroduction of a species that is extinct in the wild demands caution because reintro-duction locations may be associated with threats, such as hunting, poor-quality habitat, and climate change. This is the case for C...
Article
Questions We examined the drivers of tree species variation across Neotropical non‐flooded evergreen forests (NNFEFs) to answer the following questions: Can floristic groups be differentiated based on environmental predictors? How do bioclimatic, topographic, edaphic predictors and dispersal barriers contribute to explain the floristic variation th...
Article
Mineral exploitation threatens wildlife by the contamination of soil and water sources, vegetation suppression, and due to changes in landscape configuration. The large and mid-sized forest-dependent mammals need large areas to support their ecological needs, and are largely impacted by these landscape alterations. Hitherto, there was no have been...
Article
The Amazon forest is vulnerable to climate change and anthropic actions, such as fire and deforestation, which together represent a troubling scenario. Many traditional populations that inhabit the region depend on nontimber forest resources for food or economic sustenance. We demonstrated that climate change predicted for 2050 may affect the geogr...
Article
Understanding the phylogenetic structure provides evidence about the importance of the different processes that shape an ecological community. We addressed the following questions: i) What is the intensity of the role of the phylogenetic component on variations in the tree species composition in a large biogeographic transition zone in the Neotropi...
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Understanding species distribution over time is a key topic of conservation biogeography, especially when it comes to species with low mobility or low adaptability, which may be most affected by climate change. We investigated the past, current and future climate suitability of Dinomys branickii (Rodentia), a species with characteristics that make...
Article
Studies that provide support for the conservation of transitions between biogeographic regions should be encouraged, given the ecological and evolutionary specificities of these environments. Investigations on evolutionary history may, for example, influence the prioritization of areas for biological conservation, as they enable a better understand...
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We present a summary of floristic variation and distribution of richness of tree and tree-like taxa (i.e., freestanding plants that reach at least 3m in height) in Brazil. We investigated composition patterns throughout phytogeographic domains and vegetation types based on 698,490 occurrence records obtained from the NeoTropTree (NTT) database, and...
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Ecological transitions usually represent vulnerable ecosystems and high biodiversity. Investigating their drivers is important from both biogeographic and conservationist perspectives. One of these transitions is situated between the two largest biogeographic domains of South America - the Amazon and the Cerrado. We evaluated variation in tree flor...
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Conifer forests dominated by Araucaria pines (Araucaria angustifolia) are emblematic of the humid forests in the southeast of Brazil, South America. However, these forests are highly fragmented and threatened by climate change. Despite the ecological and cultural importance of the dominant species (A. angustifolia), our knowledge of its climatic ni...
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Vegetation associated with rocky outcrops is responsible for increasing floristic and landscape diversity, since its flora can be different from the adjacent landscape. Our objective was to characterize the woody vegetation associated with the rocky outcrop of the RPPN Mirante da Serra, Cristalino region, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. In a Deciduous S...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
O cedro é utilizada em marcenarias, construções navais e na aeronáutica sendo assim considerada uma espécie nativa de grande importância econômica. Neste trabalho verificamos a distribuição atual e futura das espécies Cedrela fissilis Vell. e Cedrela odorata L. na transição Cerrado-Amazônia. Os dados referentes as espécies foram baixados das plataf...
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Understanding the possible causes of differences in weed composition of homegardens is important to manage such environments and, thus, to control the propagation of weeds. One of the factors that could influence the differences in weed composition of homegardens is soil quality. Soil is a complex and dynamic component subject to change; adequate m...
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Rocky outcrops surrounded by vegetation in northeastern Brazil form special ecosystems of high species richness and endemism and represent priority areas for biodiversity studies and conservation measures. Floristic surveys of rocky outcrops in the State of Ceará resulted in the identification of a new species of Solanum from the Thomasiifolium cla...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The goal of our study is providing a new validation concept into ENMs. This could be done by applying remote sensing (RS) techniques, which enables mapping of large areas and provide detailed information on land use. In order to validate the ENM models using the GEOBIA technique we used the species Bertholletia excelsa. The models were built on the...
Article
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Resumo: A Amazônia é a região com a mais alta biodiversidade do mundo, mas ainda há muitas lacunas sobre o conhecimento de suas espécies e relações ecológicas. Entretanto, a Amazônia também corresponde à região mundial com a maior média de desmatamento, despontando significativamente na derrubada de espécies arbóreas. Nosso objetivo foi investigar...
Article
Ecological Niche models (ENMs) are tools that allow us to approximate the area of suitability for a species, thereby allowing elaboration of conservation strategies. The validation of these models in situ is not always possible due to costly access remote areas where conserved species are often found. The goal of our study was to provide a new vali...
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Bamboos play an important role in forest dynamics, but management strategies are needed to avoid monodominance. Understanding how climate change would influence the geographic distribution of bamboos could provide management tools for habitat conservation, as well as prevent the expansion of this group. We investigated the distribution patterns of...
Article
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A number of studies have focused on the species composition and diversity of the woody vegetation of the “Cerrado”, but few comparative data are available on the flora or the structure of different physiognomies and vegetation strata, precluding more general assessments of variations within the biome. We aimed to evaluate the diversity, species com...
Data
Supplementary Information for 'Neves D.M. et al. (2017) Dissecting a biodiversity hotspot: The importance of environmentally marginal habitats in the Atlantic Forest Domain of South America. Diversity and Distributions 23, DOI10.1111/ddi.12581'
Article
Full-text available
Aim: We aimed to assess the contribution of marginal habitats to the tree species richness of the Mata Atlântica (Atlantic Forest) biodiversity hotspot. In addition, we aimed to determine which environmental factors drive the occurrence and distribution of these marginal habitats. Location: The whole extension of the South American Atlantic Forest...
Article
This is among the first studies that associate anatomical characteristics to the environment in the transition region between the two largest phytogeographic domains of South America. We aimed to analyze the leaf anatomy of 22 plant species occurring in the Amazonian savanna in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, with the purpose of identifying key c...
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Many locally and regionally rare species are not covered by red lists, thus compromising conservation strategies. This is the case with ecotones. After applying three rarity criteria based on both geographic range and on local occurrences to 1755 species of a large transitional zone in South America, we discuss how the priority hierarchy found in t...
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One way to draw attention to an area regarding conservation is to declare it as an Atlantic Forest Biosphere Reserve (RBMA). In this article, we analyzed attributes related to different forest remnants, including the only RBMA of Santa Catarina state (Brazil), a modified old-growth Subtropical Atlantic Forest remnant. We brought evidences that patt...
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Estimating species richness with herbarium data and new collections allows us to understand the distribution of diversity. We investigated the accuracy of lycophyte and fern sampling along a vegetation gradient in the subtropical Atlantic Forest in southern Brazil. We compiled lycophyte and fern collection metadata and estimated species richness an...
Article
The loss of biodiversity in transitional forests between the Cerrado and Amazonia, the two largest neotropical phytogeographic domains, is an issue of great concern. This extensive region is located within the zone of the ‘arc of deforestation’ where tropical forests are being lost at the fastest rate on the planet, but floristic diversity and vari...
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Full-text available
The effect of environmental variables on the plant species distribution in the Atlantic Forest raises the interest of researchers, but few studies, mainly at local scales, analyzed the influence of spatial factors on the environment and species distribution. Linear models and spatial correlograms were used to evaluate whether environment and space...
Article
The relationships between floristic patterns and environmental variation in tropical savannas have been the focus of many studies worldwide. However, important aspects of these relationships, such as the role of geographic distance in structuring plant communities, have received little attention. We investigated the individual and combined influenc...
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Due to the deciduous nature of dry forests (widely known as seasonally dry tropical forests) they are subject to microclimatic conditions not experienced in other forest formations. Close examinations of the theory of edge effects in dry forests are still rare and a number of questions arise in terms of this topic. In light of this situation we exa...
Article
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Studies related to the impact of the climate changes in plants have increased in recent decades, especially those related to carbon flux in different ecosystems. Brazilian savanna (Cerrado) is the second largest biome in the country, and supports different types of vegetation such as fields, savannas and forests. The exclusive phytophysiognomies of...
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Eugenia (Myrtaceae) is the largest genus of Neotropical Myrtaceae comprising ca. 1,100 species. Eugenia sect. Phyllocalyx is a group that is morphologically characterized by the presence of leaf-like bracts and showy sepals. During the taxonomic review of the section, a complex of species closely related to E. involucrata, including Eugenia calycin...
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We submitted tree species occurrence and geoclimatic data from 59 sites in a river basin in the Atlantic Forest of southeastern Brazil to ordination, ANOVA, and cluster analyses with the goals of investigating the causes of phytogeographic patterns and determining whether the six recognized subregions represent distinct floristic units. We found th...
Article
The elucidation of phytogeographic patterns and their drivers in biodiversity hotspots is essential to the study of ecology and the conservation of these areas. In 2000, an important study by Oliveira-Filho and Fontes led to changes in the paradigms that define our understanding of the Atlantic Forest (Brazil). Here, our aim was to revisit this stu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Currently, the effect of environmental variables on the distribution of tree species of the Atlantic Forest has aroused the interest of many researchers. However, few studies have analyzed consistently to influence the spatial component on environmental variables and distribution of tree species. In this work, the partitioning of variance and Moran...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Subtropical Rain Forest are altered in Santa Catarina regarding its composition and structure. Thus, the studies that focus on these forest remnants are important because it can serve as a basis for meta-analysis. In this work we intend to characterize the composition and structure of a Subtropical Rain Forest stand. The vegetation was sampled...
Article
Premise of research. This represents one of the first studies of the ecology, diversity, and structure of campos de murundus termite savannas in the vast seasonal wetlands of southern Amazonia. We aimed to improve understanding of this threatened system by assessing species richness, abundance, and co-occurrence among trees and herbs of murundus (e...
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Full-text available
Background: Understanding floristic and geographic patterns in one of the most biodiverse regions in the world – the Atlantic forest of eastern Bahia, Brazil – can identify the drivers of diversity in tropical forests and provide useful information for biological conservation. Aims: To understand the role of both climate and geographical location o...
Article
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the ecological niche models (ENMs) for three specialist trees (Anadenanthera colubrina, Aspidosperma pyrifolium and Myracrodruon urundeuva) in seasonally dry tropical forests (SDTFs) in Brazil, considering present and future pessimist scenarios (2080) of climate change. These three species exhibit typical decid...
Article
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We compared the diversity and species composition and the structure of the vegetation of three distinct Cerrado phytophysiognomies (Cerradão, Dense Cerrado, and Typical Cerrado) in the Cerrado–Amazon transition, Mato Grosso (Brazil). Species richness (observed and estimated) in the Cerradão and Dense Cerrado was higher than that recorded in the Typ...
Article
Premise of research. This represents one of the first studies of the ecology, diversity, and structure of campos de murundus termite savannas in the vast seasonal wetlands of southern Amazonia. We aimed to improve understanding of this threatened system by assessing species richness, abundance, and co-occurrence among trees and herbs of murundus (e...
Article
Full-text available
Altitude is one of the major environmental variables influencing the distribution of tree taxa around the world, and can be a useful parameter for the development of conservation strategies. Our objectives were to obtain an overview of the conservation status of taxa from the Atlantic semideciduous seasonal forests of southeastern Brazil and check,...
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Full-text available
Aims: We analyse here the variations in species composition and richness and the geographic ranges of the tree species occurring in South American subtropical Atlantic and Pampean forests. Our goals were to assess (i) the floristic consistency of usual classifications based on vegetation physiognomy, climate and elevation; (ii) the leading role of...
Article
Full-text available
Appropriate legislation based on in-depth ecological evidence is essential for ecosystem conservation. Wetland areas in the Brazilian Cerrado hotspot are facing difficulties in terms of status under environmental law: only those wetlands with the palm Mauritia flexuosa ( veredas ) are recognized as protected. Comprehensive fieldwork in central-west...
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The use of well-sampled regions and insightful environmental gradients can provide important theoretical knowledge for understanding the drivers of tropical forest patterns and processes, which are necessary for biological conservation. We investigated the variation in tree species composition across a vegetation gradient in the Subtropical Atlanti...
Article
The loss in forest area due to human occupancy is not the only threat to the remaining biodiversity: forest fragments are susceptible to additional human impact. Our aim was to investigate the effect of human impact on tree community features (species composition and abundance, and structural descriptors) and check if there was a decrease in the nu...
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Full-text available
Accurate knowledge of floristic composition is crucial when planning and designing research projects and public policies. In this study, our goal was to assess tree sampling accuracy and to identify sites with higher concentrations of rare tree species, as well as those with the highest tree species richness, in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil....
Article
There is a growing need to heed some caveats in numerical data analysis. In 2013, I set out some issues regarding multiple regression frameworks. Here, I used both hypothetical and real data sets collected in Brazil to discuss the implications of, and provide suggestions for, some statistical issues regarding to collinearity and spatial structure o...