Pedro Proença Cunha

Pedro Proença Cunha
University of Coimbra | UC · Department of Earth Sciences

DPhil

About

303
Publications
92,612
Reads
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3,708
Citations
Introduction
Pedro Proença Cunha (PhD in Geology, 1992) is Full Professor in the Department of Earth Sciences, University of Coimbra, with 38 years as university teacher and researcher in Cenozoic and Cretaceous basin analysis, alluvial stratigraphy/sedimentology, geomorphology, neotectonics, geoarchaeology, luminescence dating and, more recently, focusing on fluvial/marine terrace sequences.
Additional affiliations
October 2014 - present
MARE - Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Stratigraphy, Sedimentology, Geomorphology, Neotectonics and Luminescence dating on sedimentary records covering the Upper Jurassic to the Quaternary and a wide range of environments (fluvial to marine).
July 2004 - October 2014
IMAR Marine and Environmental Research Centre
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Associate Professor with Agregation in Geology - Univ. Coimbra, undertaking research on Stratigraphy, Sedimentology, Geomorphology, Neotectonics and Luminescence dating.
July 1992 - July 2004
University of Coimbra
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
June 1992 - December 2006
University of Coimbra
Field of study
  • Sedimentary Geology

Publications

Publications (303)
Article
We described a dinosaur tracksite found in the uppermost part of the Areia do Mastro Formation (lowermost Barremian, Lower Cretaceous), located at 1.5 km north of Cabo Espichel (Sesimbra, Portugal). The studied tracks are distributed in a heavily trampled limestone bed which crops out alongside the rocky beach. The studied trampled surface is highl...
Article
Full-text available
In the Iberian Peninsula the fossil record of artiodactyls spans over 53 million years. During the Pleistocene, wild cattle species such as Bison and especially Bos became common. In Late Pleistocene, the aurochs (Bos primigenius) was widespread and the only bovine living along the large river valleys of southern Iberia. Although commonly found in...
Article
Full-text available
The Gruta da Furninha is a cave-site in Lower Jurassic limestones, of mainly marine genesis located at ~850 m SE of the Carvoeiro Cape, on the southern coast of the Peniche peninsula (central western mainland Portugal). The entrance of the gallery, situated in the middle of the cliff, is at ~15 m of altitude. This cave contained a rich and diverse...
Article
Two new ornithopod natural casts are reported from the Praia do Areia do Mastro site, at Espichel Cape (near Sesimbra), western central mainland Portugal (western Iberia). In this Tracksite two geological formations occur: Areia do Mastro Formation and Papo-Seco Formation (lower Barremian). This locality (Praia do Areia do Mastro) occurs in a sedim...
Article
Full-text available
This work focuses on the study of water–sediment interaction around abandoned uranium mines with open-pit lakes and mine dumps. Nineteen water and eleven stream sediment samples were collected in the abandoned Barrôco D. Frango mine, central Portugal. The trace element distribution was compared with other abandoned uranium mines in Portugal and wor...
Article
Full-text available
No Cabo Mondego, as sucessões sedimentares do Jurássico Superior contêm vários níveis estratigráficos que preservam pegadas de dinossauros. Pelo menos 19 novas estruturas tridimensionais foram observadas em secções transversais. Estas estruturas são interpretadas como sendo produzidas pelo pisoteamento de dinossauros terópodes. A identificação des...
Article
Present-day endorheic drainage systems are rare in tropical humid regions and/or close to the coast. During the late Cenozoic, under a humid tropical climate, the Paraíba do Sul River basin (SE Brazil) has developed along the South America passive margin. This basin currently drains into the South Atlantic Ocean, but it preserves landforms that are...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
At least 700 crocodylomorph trace fossils were discovered in 2021 at Ribeira do Chapim tracksite (Cabo Espichel, Sesimbra, SW Portugal) in one limestone bed on top of the Areia do Mastro Formation (lower Barremian), deposited in a carbonate shallow lagoon environment, under a tropical climate. The footprints have several sizes. The arrangement of s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ornithopod remains are reported from the Papo-Seco Formation, at Cabo Espichel area (Sesimbra County), in western central Portugal, south of Lisbon. The material was collected in three palaeontological sites: Boca do Chapim, Areia do Mastro and Praia do Guincho. We present new remains and the review of ornithopod already described from the Papo-Sec...
Article
Dam silting has become a common problem due to the deleterious aspects that it generates, such as reducing both water quality (during turbid hydrodynamic events) and storage capacity of the reservoir. Various approaches of dam desilting have been undertaken to deal with this issue; however, the problem is far from being solved due to millions of cu...
Article
This study, focused on the well-exposed terrace deposits of the Guadalaviar and Turia rivers and associated slopes, provides a better understanding of the genetic connection between river-terrace sediments and slope accumulations in a setting influenced by temperate to cold (extraglacial) climates: the Sierra de Albarracín and Alfambra–Teruel depre...
Presentation
Full-text available
This new tracksite, at Ribeira do Chapim, is located about 1 km north of Cabo Espichel and it is a stream with seasonal water (during winter) that flows into Boca do Chapim site. The footprints are in an area enlarged by the erosion of the stream. The tracksite is composed by two different areas (bounded in red) both with footprints and swimming tr...
Presentation
Full-text available
Ornithopod remains are reported from the Papo-Seco Formation, at Cabo Espichel area (Sesimbra County), in western central Portugal, south of Lisbon. The material was collected in three palaeontological sites: Boca do Chapim, Areia do Mastro and Praia do Guincho. Vertebrate fossils from Cabo Espichel are known since the 19th century. Dinosaur and cr...
Article
Full-text available
Iberia, a natural cul-de-sac peninsula, plays a major role in the study of the Neanderthals demise and its eventual relationship with the spread of Anatomically Modern Humans (AMH) in Europe. The site of Cova Eirós (Galicia, Spain), located in NW Iberia, contains Middle and Upper Palaeolithic levels, based on the cultural remains recovered at the s...
Article
Here we describe a new Lower Cretaceous palynoflora from the Lusitanian Basin, located in the westernmost sector of the Iberian Peninsula. The spore-pollen assemblage was extracted from samples collected in the Carregueira clay pit complex, located near the village of Juncal, western Portugal, from sedimentary deposits belonging to the Figueira da...
Article
There is no consensus about the geological nature of the westernmost portion of the Iberian Massif. In the present research, the detrital zircon U–Pb signatures of Jurassic strata of the Lusitanian Basin, known to be west-sourced, are combined with published U–Pb data for the Precambrian-Palaeozoic basement and other Lusitanian Basin units to bette...
Conference Paper
This study provides new geomorphological and geochronological data (Electron spin resonance dating, ESR), allowing the characterization and correlation of the fluvial terrace staircases of the Lower Tejo River at reach IV with the marine terracesadjacent to the river mouth, namely at the Raso and Espichel capes (western central Portugal). The terra...
Article
Full-text available
Tracks and trackways of newborns, calves and juveniles attributed to straight-tusked elephants were found in the MIS 5 site (Upper Pleistocene) known as the Matalascañas Trampled Surface (MTS) at Huelva, SW Spain. Evidence of a snapshot of social behaviour, especially parental care, can be determined from the concentration of elephant tracks and tr...
Presentation
Full-text available
The mismatch between the conceptual understanding of the Ecosystem Services (ES) in science, and their practical application, remains. Among the many issues under discussion is the link between knowledge and implementation. Base knowledge built over cases studies exist, but their usefulness for site-specific management purposes is limited. The goal...
Article
At Cabo Mondego (western central Portugal), the Upper Jurassic marine to coastal succession contains several stratigraphic levels preserving dinosaur footprints on the surface bedding plane, as well as convolute bedding and soft sediment injection structures interpreted as dinoturbation structures. At least nineteen new three-dimensional structures...
Article
Full-text available
The Messejana-Plasencia dyke (End-Triassic), NE-SW oriented, is the longest simple structure in Iberia (~500 km) and constitutes a first-order rheological discontinuity that crosses the entire crust. During the Alpine deformation, this discontinuity nucleated the Messejana-Plasencia left-lateral strike-slip fault and its related strike-slip deforma...
Chapter
Full-text available
No âmbito do projeto “Os Vertebrados do Cretácico Inferior do Cabo Espichel: o seu contexto ibérico, caracterização paleobiológica e as implicações paleoambientais e paleogeográficas”, em 2019, foi descoberto um conjunto de 614 pegadas de dinossáurios nas camadas superiores da Formação Areia do Mastro (129 milhões de anos: Barremiano, Cretácico Inf...
Article
Full-text available
A detailed study is presented of a 15.3‐m‐thick Pleistocene coastal terrace located on the Cantabrian coast (northern Spain). Stratigraphic, sedimentological, topographic and micropalaeontological information is combined with a chronology based on luminescence dating to characterize the deposits. The sedimentary succession records: (i) a basal tran...
Article
Full-text available
The feasibility of applying optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) techniques to obtain estimates of the burial age of lithic clasts in the form of pebbles of quartzose lithology is investigated in this study. We applied OSL measurement procedures to vein-quartz and quartzite pebbles from contexts at five sites with fluvial and coastal beach conte...
Article
The study of coals affected by magmatic intrusions is important from a geological point of view, in order to understand how heat and magmatic fluids could affect the organic and inorganic fractions as well as the properties of the coals. These fluids may lead to an enrichment of trace elements and heavy metals of environmental concern or serve as u...
Article
Full-text available
We present a new tracksite with multiple dinosaur tracks from the lowermost Barremian (Lower Cretaceous) of the Cape Espichel (Sesimbra, Portugal). The tracks are localized on three beds on the top carbonate beds of the Areia do Mastro Formation. Those bioclastic, nodular limestones were deposited in a very shallow subtidal-intertidal, restricted l...
Article
Full-text available
New ornithopod remains are reported from the Papo-Seco Formation (Lower Barremian, Lower Cretaceous) at the Espichel Cape, western central Portugal, south of Lisboa. Marine, lagoonal and estuarine sedimentary rocks, consisting in limestones, marls, sandstones and conglomerates, have yielded fossil remains of dinosaurs and other vertebrates since th...
Article
Full-text available
Well-preserved tracks of the wild boar Sus scrofa are described from the Matalascañas Trampled Surface (MTS) in the upper Pleistocene aeolian basal unit of the El Asperillo Cliff, Huelva (southwestern Spain). These are the first published tracks of suid pigs in the fossil record, here formally described as Suidichnus galani igen. and isp. nov. A re...
Article
Vulnerability of coastal ecosystems has been increasing as a result of human perturbations that compromise the ability to provide multiple ecosystem services. Vulnerability is a function of exposure to stressors and of sensitivity to impact and resilience; it has been suggested as a proxy of a habitat's ability to deliver ecosystem services. Differ...
Article
Quaternary coastal sand dunes occur frequently along the Atlantic coast of Morocco and result from the combined effect of river discharge, littoral drift, winds, vegetation, and other meteorological conditions. In this paper, we investigate the textural and compositional parameters of the coastal dune sands of Essaouira across the Ksob riversides,...
Article
Quaternary coastal sand dunes occur frequently along the Atlantic coast of Morocco and result from the combined effect of river discharge, littoral drift, winds, vegetation, and other meteorological conditions. In this paper, we investigate the textural and compositional parameters of the coastal dune sands of Essaouira across the Ksob riversides,...
Chapter
The Beira Baixa is a low-relief region that is transitional between the Portuguese Central Range and the South Portugal Planation Surface. The main regional geomorphological unit is a planation surface cut on the phylites/metagreywackes of the basement, locally with granite inselbergs and quartzite ridges. Tectonic landforms are represented, such a...
Article
In his short joint ventures across the world of vertebrate tracks, Richard Bromley recognized the aeolian sands as unsuitable soft substrates for their preservation. Only after his work in the Balearic Islands, a more systematic study of coastal aeolianites worldwide revealed that these depositional systems could preserve a highly important record...
Article
Full-text available
The mismatch between the conceptual understanding of the Ecosystem Services (ES) in science, and their practical application, remains. Among the many issues under discussion is the link between knowledge and implementation. Base knowledge built over cases studies exist, but their usefulness for site-specific management purposes is limited. The goal...
Book
Full-text available
Em Portugal, são conhecidos depósitos do Cretácico em ambas as margens atlânticas do território nacional, quer no Algarve (Bacia Algarvia) quer na ocidental (incluindo a Bacia Lusitânica) Tratam-se de sedimentos carbonatados e siliciclásticos altemantes no tempo e misturando-se no espaço, testemunhado ambientes marinhos pouco profundos, lagunares,...
Chapter
Full-text available
The recent geodynamic evolution of Iberia is recorded in its topography. Geomorphic markers and their dating; morphometric indices estimated through cutting-edge DEM analysis techniques; and the link of all this data with results of geophysical studies allow discussing why Iberia displays the highest average elevation in Europe and shows a particul...
Article
Full-text available
Soils from the old Mortórios uranium mine area were studied to look for contamination, as they are close to two villages, up to 3 km away, and used for agriculture. They are mainly contaminated in U and As and constitute an ecological threat. This study attempts to outline the degree to which soils have been affected by the old mining activities th...
Poster
O perfil longitudinal típico dos grandes rios é côncavo entre a nascente e a foz. Desvios deste padrão típico com a presença de quebras de declive indicam a atuação de processos tectônicos, eustáticos ou variações litológicas no leito do rio. O presente estudo incide no sector médio do rio São Francisco, o quarto maior rio da América do Sul. Este r...
Article
The Cenozoic basins of western Iberia have a culminant allostratigraphic unit (designated UBS13), which records the beginning of Atlantic drainage and predates the fluvial incision that led to the development of the present drainage networks. However, the available numerical dating is quite limited and mainly restricted to the lower level terrace...
Article
Full-text available
Soils from the old Mortórios uranium mine area were studied to look for contamination, as they are close to two villages, up to 3 km away, and used for agriculture. They are mainly contaminated in U and As and constitute an ecological threat. This study attempts to outline the degree to which soils have been affected by the old mining activities th...
Poster
The area of Essaouira is located in the Atlantic Atlas structural domain of Morocco. Most of this coastal area comprises an aeolian dune field constituted by presumably Pleistocene and Holocene aeolian deposits, mainly sourced from the adjacent beach and showing longitudinal dunes and barchans. Quaternary marine terraces also occur. In this study w...
Article
Full-text available
Palynofloral assemblages are an invaluable source of information about the interactions between fossil plants and their environments. Here we describe a new Early Cretaceous palynoflora from the Lusitanian Basin in the Estremadura region of central western Portugal. A palynological assemblage of 28 genera and 40 species was extracted from 14 sample...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We investigate the projection of the concave-up longitudinal profiles of the upstream sections of Douro River tributaries. This allows quantification of fluvial incision patterns as the trunk river passes through different tectonic blocks. The tributary profiles show two distinct configurations: 1) an upstream relict reach, almost in "equilibrium",...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The authors have been undertaking comparison of the scientific records of the two important European rivers, Thames and Tejo, which share lower reaches with important evidence of hominin occupation during the Quaternary. Key differences are that the Thames also has an exemplary palaeontological record (largely lacking in the Tejo) and the Tejo has...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Thames and Tejo terrace stratigraphies have long histories of research, with an enviable profusion of Palaeolithic artefact content in both valleys and copious fossils in interglacial Thames sediments in the valley downstream of London. Thus biostratigraphy is a well-established basis for classification of the lithostratigraphical sequence in t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
New OSL dating from the Southern slope of the Pyrenees are present in this work. Such a datations update the most relevant glacial phases identified by previous authors. From our data two glacial cycles are clearly dated, the penultimate and the last glacial cycle. The last glacial cycle can be divided in four major phases: 1. An early glacier ext...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study presents new geochronological and paleoclimatic data from the lower terraces of the Tagus River in the environs of Toledo city (central Spain). Within the Upper Tagus basin, a maximum of 22 terrace levels developed from +180 m to +3-5 m (above present river thalwegs). The research is focused on Middle to Late Pleistocene terraces with pa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In western Iberia, mechanisms that explain the transition from endorheic to exorheic continental-scale drainage reorganisation are foreland basin overspill, headwards erosion and capture by an Atlantic river, or a combination of both. To explore these controls we have investigated the Portuguese sector of the Douro River, the site of drainage re-or...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Middle and Upper Pleistocene in the General Sequence of the Guadalquivir River Terraces (GSGT): new luminescence ages from the T12 and T13 terraces (La Rinconada, SW Spain): This work includes the luminescence dating (quartz-OSL, pIRIR on K-feldespar and TL) of the T12 and T13 terraces of the Guadalquivir River near La Rinconada (Seville). Lith...
Article
In western Iberia, mechanisms that can explain the transition from endorheic to exorheic continental-scale drainage reorganization are foreland basin overspill, headwards erosion and capture by an Atlantic river, or a combination of both. To explore these, we have investigated the Portuguese sector of the Douro River, the locus of drainage reorgani...
Article
Full-text available
The intraplate deformation of Iberia during the Cenozoic produced a series of ranges and deformation belts with a wide variety of structural trends. The Spanish-Portuguese Central System is the most prominent feature crossing over the whole of central Iberia. It is a large thick-skinned crustal pop-up with NE-SW to E-W thrusts. However, the 500-km-...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
River terraces are common geomorphological landforms in the Ebro Basin. During the Pleistocene, the Southern Pyrenees major tributaries, e.g the Gállego, Cinca and Segre Rivers, have constituted the main source area for water and sediment input to the Central Ebro Basin. Terrace formation in these rivers has been thoughtfully studied from a chronol...
Poster
Full-text available
Fossil elephants are present in the sedimentary record of Portugal since the Miocene. There are several remains of Pleistocene elephants in paleontological and archaeological sites (Sousa & Figueiredo, 2001; Figueiredo & Sousa, 2003; Figueiredo, 2012). These occurrences of Palaeoloxodon antiquus in Portugal, indicate that since Middle Pleistocene u...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fossil elephants are present in the sedimentary record of Portugal since the Miocene. There are several remains of Pleistocene elephants in paleontological and archaeological sites (Sousa & Figueiredo, 2001; Figueiredo & Sousa, 2003; Figueiredo, 2012). These occurrences of Palaeoloxodon antiquus in Portugal, indicate that since Middle Pleistocene u...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This is a brief study on paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatic indicators provided by Iberian bird remains present in Pleistocene sedimentary deposits and is based on data resulting from published studies on Pleistocene sites with birds.
Chapter
Since middle Campanian times, the Iberian Peninsula experienced an increasing intraplate deformation as a result of stress transmission from its successive active borders; first the northern and later the southeastern border. Following this process a wide range of Cenozoic major geological features were generated in western Iberia, namely: the Plat...
Chapter
This chapter deals with the two Alpine Foreland Basins of the Iberian Peninsula. The first part of the chapter refers to the South Pyrenean Foreland Basin and its westward prolongation, the Basque–Cantabrian Paleogene Basin. It includes: (1) the introductory concepts about the basin extend, margins, sedimentary systems, basin evolution and segmenta...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Iberian microcontinent has been moving eastward since the Triassic due to the progressive opening of the Atlantic Ocean. Since the middle Campanian the Mesozoic extensional regime ended and the Iberian lithosphere started to be under a compressive deformation regime with a SHmax direction close to N–S that has led to the deformation of the enti...
Book
Full-text available
The Department of Earth Sciences of the Faculty of Sciences and Technology of the University of Coimbra, the MARE-Centre for Marine and Environmental Sciences and the IATV-Institute for the Environment Technology and Life took over the organization of the XI Symposium on the Iberian Atlantic Margin (MIA 2018). The study of the continental margins...
Article
In the abandoned Mortórios uranium mine area there are quartz veins containing wolframite and sulphides and basic rock dykes with torbernite and autunite cutting a porphyritic granite. The basic rock dykes were exploited and produced about 27 t of U 3 O 8 , from 1982 to 1988. There are an open pit lake and nine dumps. Surface water and groundwater...
Article
Cobrinhos (Vila Velha do Ródão, central eastern Portugal) is a Mousterian site found during factory construction in 2014. This area is located in the Lower Tejo valley, which is characterized in terms of geomorphology by six river terraces, numbered downwards (T1 to T6), with Palaeolithic industries associated only with T4 to T6. Terrace T4 was rec...