Pawel Boski

Pawel Boski
SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities | SWPS · Faculty of Psychology

22.36
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Research items (47)
Article
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Cross-cultural studies focusing on individuation and parent-child relationships during late adolescence in the European context are sparse. This study investigated relationships between maternal and paternal responsiveness, demandingness and autonomy granting and late adolescents’ subjective well-being in Greece, Norway, Poland, and Switzerland. Ad...
Book
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Czy w Polsce żyją obok siebie dwa narody? Czy po ponad ćwierćwieczu demokracji nasza mentalność uległa zmianie? Jaki jest jej obecny stan? Jakie cechy odróżniają nas od innych społeczeństw? Odpowiedzi na te pytania udzielają w książce psychologowie społeczni, prowadzący od kilkudziesięciu lat empiryczne badania polskiego społeczeństwa…
Chapter
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To counterbalance the predominantly verbal measures and psychometric orientation in cross- cultural psychology, this chapter proposes the concept of cultural experiment. It is a method of sampling normative behavioral scripts, exploring their inner structures of meaning, and finally designing reversals, with the expectation of disconfirmation as th...
Article
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Empathy of pain as a multi-dimensional process includes sharing and understanding the pain of others in relation to oneself. Subjects in such studies are typically members of western, educated, industrialized, rich and democratic societies. In the literature review that we conducted, we observed that little is known about the empathy for pain in pe...
Book
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At last, our book is out... This e-book is the result of a huge collective work towards Unity, Diversity and Cul- ture. This e-book is composed of 80 chapters organized in five units and 21 sections, coming from the international congress of the International Association of Cross-Cultural Psychology, IACCP, which took place during the summer 2014 i...
Article
Cultures vary in terms of emotional display rules, which include the expression of satisfaction and dissatisfaction. In Poland there is a norm of negativity, deriving from a culture of complaining (Wojciszke & Baryła, 2005), whereas in Canada, there is a tendency to express happiness (Safdar, Friedlmeier, Matsumoto, Yoo, Kwantes, Kakai, & Shigemasu...
Article
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Explanations of unemployment as non-expert beliefs or lay theories, were originally described by Furnham (1982) to follow three axes: individualistic, societal, and fatalistic. Through a revised 19-item version (EoU-R), comprising original and new items with its structure closely resembling the original one we studied 1,689 participants from eight...
Book
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Książka składa się z trzech części, opisujących relacje z podróży po różnych kontynentach świata (Afryce, Azji i Ameryce Południowej), w kontekście wiedzy z zakresu psychologii międzykulturowej i antropologii. Całość tekstu urozmaicają autorskie fotografie.
Article
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Throughout history and within numerous disciplines, there exists a perennial debate about how societies should best be organized. Should they emphasize individual freedom and autonomy or security and constraint? Contrary to proponents who tout the benefits of one over the other, we demonstrate across 32 nations that both freedom and constraint exhi...
Article
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This article introduces a novel concept, Belief in a Zero-Sum Game (BZSG), proposed as another belief dimension in the family of social axioms. We conceptualize BZSG as a belief system about the antagonistic nature of social relations—that one person's gain is possible only at the expense of other persons. It appears on a level of personal convicti...
Article
Full-text available
This article introduces a novel concept, Belief in a Zero-Sum Game (BZSG), proposed as another belief dimension in the family of social axioms. We conceptualize BZSG as a belief system about the antagonistic nature of social relations—that one person’s gain is possible only at the expense of other persons. It appears on a level of personal convicti...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports three studies on Polish - German and Polish - Russian relations in the context of their difficult history (World War 2 and communist oppression), as well as process of reconciliation between the nations. The paper addressed questions and hypotheses on mechanisms responsible for constructive coping with the past, through apologies...
Conference Paper
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This study compared for the first time the relationships between parental warmth, control (behavioral control and autonomy suppression) and late adolescents’ subjective well-being in Greece, Norway, Poland and Switzerland. Additionally, the mediating role of adolescents’ interconnectedness with parents was assessed and the moderating effect of cult...
Article
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Many studies investigated cultural differences in values, most notably by Hofstede and Schwarz. Relatively few have focused on virtues, a related and important concept in contemporary social science. The present paper examines the similarities and differences between nations, or blocks of - culturally related - nations on the perceived importance o...
Article
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Dotychczasowe badania nad wiarą w grę o sumie zerowej na próbach polskich wykazały, że wiara w grę jako przekonanie o antagonistycznej naturze relacji wiąże się z wieloma negatywnymi konsekwencjami społecznymi. Niniejszy artykuł przedstawia wiarę w grę o sumie zerowej w nowym międzykulturowym kontekście, jako uniwersalny aksjomat społeczny, nieopis...
Article
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This article introduces a psychology of economic immigration as a field complementary to but separate from research on acculturation. A theoretical model of psychological disharmony is outlined, where hard work and thrift become the crucial elements of immigrant condition. Three studies are reported. Studies 1 and 2 were conducted among Polish immi...
Article
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Over 700 respondents participated in a 3 waves of a study, corresponding with three gaems that Polish teamplayed during EURO-2012 football championships in Poland and Ukraine. They were contacted immediately after the final whistle through internet channel. The experience of a real (with Czech Republic) or imaginary (with Russia) defeat was determ...
Article
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This paper is intended as a learning tool for students wishing to expand their knowledge on culture - psychology interaction derived from a single culture perspective. The paper presents a cultural psychology approach to two themes of Polish culture: Humanism and Social (In)-Effectiveness. The text is divided into three distinct parts: (1) A detail...
Article
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Bilingualism and biculturalism are of growing importance in the world today and of increasing research interest in social sciences. Since the seminal paper by Hong et al. (2000), researchers have explored cognitive consequences of cultural and/or linguistic frame switching on cognitive functioning, mainly causal attributions (Benet-Martinez et al.,...
Article
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Gustav Ichheiser (1897–1969) was a social psychologist in the Austrian phenomenological tradition. He wrote extensively on person perception, social attribution, occupational psychology, ethnic relations and political psychology, always with an eye towards the illusions and misunderstandings inherent in social relations. His personal life and profe...
Article
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With data from 33 nations, we illustrate the differences between cultures that are tight (have many strong norms and a low tolerance of deviant behavior) versus loose (have weak social norms and a high tolerance of deviant behavior). Tightness-looseness is part of a complex, loosely integrated multilevel system that comprises distal ecological and...
Chapter
Following Leung and Bond, deception and its recognition are the key reasons for the existence of cynical beliefs among actors and observers of social life. While this mechanism is almost inherent in politics and power relations, sociobiology postulates its role also in intimate life, as part of mate selection strategies played by individuals of bot...
Article
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Integration is the crucial concept in psychology of acculturation. Yet, it has been loosely defined in the literature and there is no theory of intercultural psychological integration. Upon careful examination of research findings, at least five different meanings of integration emerge. Most known among them is Berry's approach, which considers and...
Article
In this study terms of abuse are investigated in 11 different cultures. Spontaneous verbal aggression is to a certain extent reminiscent of the values of a certain culture. Almost 3000 subjects from Spain, Germany, France, Italy, Croatia, Poland, Great Britain, USA, Norway, Greece, and The Netherlands were asked to write down terms of abuse that th...
Article
Caprara et al.'s paper (see record 2008-13222-001) belongs to the realm of political psychology, and its main research goal was to find effective predictors of voting in parliamentary elections. Yet it also raises some important questions of more general interest for social and personality psychology. In the following remarks I will discuss the fiv...
Article
Culture perception was examined in the domain of gender roles. Three video clips containing an example of typically Polish gender role behavior (displaying much respect and courtesy of men toward women) were shown to female and male university undergraduates in Poland (n=88), the United States (n=91), Finland (n=60), and the Netherlands (n=60). The...
Book
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(from the cover) The book provides the reader with an overview of current topics and research [in cross cultural psychology]. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved) (cover)
Article
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The construct of national self-identity has been theoretically elaborated, following Tajfel's (1981) distinction between criterial and correlated (dimensional) attributes. A third identity component, affects for country, was included with these two aspects. The research program built on these distinctions was designed to compare the national self-i...
Article
Two approaches to the study of intergroup/interpersonal relations, in/outgroup categorization (motivational) and schema-confirmation (cognitive), are introduced. These two concepts are integrated into a two-dimensional taxonomy, so that a stimulus person can appear as a schema-consistent or -inconsistent member of an in- or outgroup. It is hypothes...
Article
A revised version of earlier models by Stephan and Gollwitzer, and Weiner, has been proposed to study the relations between cognitions and emotions in the achievement-related contexts. Accordingly, factors classified along the arousal—relaxation dimension should modify the intensity of initial emotional response to the outcome, and the degree of eg...
Article
A critical appraisal of the existing motivational versus cognitive controversies in the area of attributional research led to the formulation of a model which contains the dimension of Evaluation conceptualized independently from Locus of causality. The model was tested, with Nigerian undergraduate students serving as subjects, in an experiment on...
Article
A critical appraisal of the existing motivational and cognitive approaches to attribution led to a postulation of a two-dimensional model consisting of Locus of Causality and Evaluation. Consequently, two attributional mechanisms were hypothesized to be operating: egotism and positive evaluation. In the study, a person's ethnicity was regarded as a...