Paweł Polak

Paweł Polak
Uniwersytet Papieski Jana Pawla II · Wydział Filozoficzny

PhD

About

106
Publications
11,192
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
68
Citations
Citations since 2017
30 Research Items
44 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230246810
20172018201920202021202220230246810
20172018201920202021202220230246810
20172018201920202021202220230246810
Introduction
MSc in Telecommunications Engineering (AGH University of Science and Technology, 2001). PhD in Philosophy (Pontifical University of John Paul II, 2004). My interestes are connected with three domains: philosophy of computing; history and philosophy of science in Poland; science-religion relationships. My research are conducted by the concept philosophy in science. Philosophy in science describes specific kind of philosophy of science which uses scientific results for discussing classical philosophical problems. Currently I am also working on application of some philosophical concept to computing technology, e.g. applicatoin of phronetic ethics.

Publications

Publications (106)
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we examine the meta-ontology of AI systems with human-level intelligence, with us denoting such AI systems as AI E. Meta-ontology in philosophy is a discourse centered on ontology, ontological commitment, and the truth condition of ontological theories. We therefore discuss how meta-ontology is conceptualized for AI E systems. We pos...
Presentation
Full-text available
The presentation discuss the notion of synthetic philosophy, its nature, and feasibility. The discussion is illustrated with the examples of the GPT-3 NLP responses to selected philosophical questions.
Article
Full-text available
Stanisław Lem is mostly known as a sci-fi writer and not widely perceived as a visionary of the cyber age, despite the fact that he foresaw the future of information technology better than most scientific experts. Indeed, his visions of future information-based societies have proved to be remarkably accurate. Lem’s stories fuse together elements of...
Article
Full-text available
We argue that the Internet is, and is acting as, an EA because it shapes our belief systems, our worldviews. We explain key concepts for this discussion and provide illustrative examples to support our claims. Furthermore, we explain why recognising the Internet as an EA is important for Internet users and society in general. We discuss several way...
Article
Full-text available
The Polish philosophy of mathematics in the 19th century had its origins in the Romantic period under the influence of the then-predominant idealist philosophies. The decline of Romantic philosophy precipitated changes in general philosophy, but what is less well known is how it triggered changes in the philosophy of mathematics. In this paper, we...
Presentation
Full-text available
In this study, we test GPT-3’s capacity to produce short, coherent essays on philosophical themes. Our interest lies in whether GPT-3 can engage in some sort of philosophical analysis. Thus, we conducted a series of tests with the GPT-3 engine (January 20, 2022 edition) by presenting it with well-defined philosophical problems. As tests indicate, w...
Presentation
Full-text available
This is a presentation from the Workshop on Philosophy in Technology. Philosophy in technology in short asks question about philosophical underpinnings of technology, about philosophical assumptions, usually implicit, not articulated, hidden from practitioners of technology, yet the assumptions that determine and create the horizon of technological...
Presentation
Full-text available
We argue that the Internet complex is acting as, an epistemic agent because it shapes our doxastic attitudes and worldviews. Further, we explain key concepts to our claim and provide illustrative examples to support our claims. We also explain why recognizing the Internet as an epistemic agent is important for Internet users and society in general.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ontologies of the real world that are realized, internally, by AI systems and human agents are different. We call this difference an ontological gap. The paper posits that this ontological gap is one of the reasons responsible for the failures of AI, in realizing Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) capacities. Moreover, the authors postulate that...
Article
Full-text available
Looking into the future is always a risky endeavour, but one way to anticipate the possible future shape of AI-driven societies is to examine the visionary works of some sci-fi writers. Not all sci-fi works have such visionary quality, of course, but some of Stanisław Lem’s works certainly do. We refer here to Lem’s works that explore the frontiers...
Preprint
Full-text available
Ontologies of the real world that are realized internally by AI systems and human agents are different. We call this difference an ontological gap. The paper posits that this ontological gap is one of the reasons responsible for failures of AI in realizing Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) capacities. Moreover, the authors postulate that the im...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper presents the properties of ontological information. We claim that ontological information is characterized by epistemic neutrality (EN), physical embodiment (PE), and formative nature (FN). We also have formulated two corollaries for ontological information: (C1) information is quantifiable, and (C2) changes in the organization of physic...
Preprint
Full-text available
Looking into the future is always a risky endeavor, but one way to anticipate the possible future shape of AI-driven societies is to examine the visionary works of some sci-fi writers. Not all sci-fi works have such visionary quality, of course, but some of Stanislaw Lem's works certainly do. We refer here to Lem's works that explore the frontiers...
Presentation
Full-text available
Discussion of concepts and limitations of Trusted AI, Phronetic systems and Beneficial AI.
Article
Full-text available
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper is the contribution to the discussion “How far can robots go--now and in the future--to fulfill the requirements of full-blown social agents?” focusing on “principles, and procedures” for social agency embodied in smart autonomous robots. We will be taking about specifically humanoid machines aka social robots that would enter the social...
Article
Full-text available
Social robotics are autonomous robots or Artificial Moral Agents (AMA), that will interact respect and embody human ethical values. However, the conceptual and practical problems of building such systems have not yet been resolved, playing a role of significant challenge for computational modeling. It seems that the lack of success in constructing...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the contributions that a few Polish philosophers made to the discourse on the nature of information during the early second half of the 20 th century. These researchers saw information as a part of physical nature that was not connected to communication, data, or knowledge. Similar notions about the nature of information have on...
Article
Full-text available
Modelowanie komputerowe odgrywa istotną rolę we współczesnej nauce. Epistemologiczna rola, jaką odgrywają takie modele oraz prowadzone na ich bazie symulacje skłaniają do postawienia pytań o możliwe użycie podobnych metod w filozofii. Pomysły wykorzystania narzędzi matematycznych do sformułowania koncepcji filozoficznych sięgają czasów Barucha Spin...
Article
Full-text available
The paper explores the application of computing science to the modeling of the ethical concepts. The modeling in computers is denoted as in silico modeling. The in silico method has found applications in biology, chemistry, cosmology, sociology among others. The applications of in silico modeling to philosophical problems (like ethics) are rather i...
Presentation
Full-text available
Information is thought of as either abstract or concrete. The dilemma of the nature of information arises as information may be conceptualized as an idea, a concept, so it is abstract not concrete or it may be conceptualized as a physical entity so it is concrete not abstract. Paul Davies (and few other writers) asks how these two kinds of informat...
Article
Full-text available
Marian Smoluchowski (1872–1917) was an outstanding Polish physicist, known e.g. as a pioneer of statistical physics. His short paper about history of physics in Poland represents the initial study in this field. It was cited many times, creating the starting point for the historiography of physics in Poland. However, the role of history of science...
Preprint
Full-text available
The goal of social robotics design is to build robots that will interact with humans in a safe and ethical way. Such robots, or Artificial Moral Agents (AMA), would be expected to exhibit ethical capacities similar to that of humans. However, the conceptual and practical problems of building such agents have not yet been resolved. It seems that the...
Presentation
Full-text available
The presentation discussed the application of Situational Theory to the modeling Ethical Knowledge Bases in A-Robots
Article
Full-text available
Pancomputationalism is quite a wide-ranging concept, but most of its variants, either implicitly or explicitly, rely on Turing's conceptualizations of a computer and computing, which are obvious anthropomorphisms. This paper questions the concept of pancomputationalism based on Turing computing and asks what concept of computation can be used to av...
Presentation
Full-text available
This paper proposes a new model of ethical ascend for ethical robots inspired by Aristotelian concept of phronesis.Current models of ethical decisions in A-Robots operate on the level of a novice or an advanced beginners. Machine Ethics research should focus on trying to replicate phronesis (selected aspects of it) as a decision method as phronesis...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents Michael Heller's notion of "philosophy in science" and reintroduces Michael Heller's classical text that first presented this concept of philosophy entitled How is "philosophy in science" possible?. The paper discusses the historical context of Heller's idea as it emerged from the discussions and works of the Krakow philosophica...
Article
Full-text available
Could everything compute? Some philosophical implications of pancomputationalism view on natural computing Natural computing is an important concept of modern computer science. It brings some conceptual bridges between classical computer science and natural sciences. It plays also interesting role in development of contemporary philosophy, and it i...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the evolution of philosophical and methodological considerations concerning empiricism in computer/computing science. In this study, we trace the most important current events in the history of reflection on computing. The forerunners of Artificial Intelligence H.A. Simon and A. Newell in their paper Computer Science As Empiri...
Article
Full-text available
A centenary of Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity brings forward some questions with regard to the impact of Einstein’s theory on philosophy. This theory, and the chronologically earlier Special Theory of Relativity, have had many important philosophical implications. In Poland they provoked interesting philosophical discussions before WWII. T...
Article
Full-text available
Autor sklada serdeczne podziekowania p. Slawomirowi Zachariewiczowi za udostepnienie materialow z archiwum rodzinnego i za wyrazenie zgody na ich publikacje. Autor rowniez wyraza wdziecznośc za pomoc w dotarciu do materialow oraz za zgode na ich publikacje pracownikom Polączonych Bibliotek Wydzialu Filozofii i Socjologii UW, Instytutu Filozofii i S...
Chapter
Full-text available
For more than ten years, the investigations of the Cracow philosophical center , known as the Cracow school of the philosophy of nature, concentrate on the reflection developed in the context of the natural sciences. The beginnings of this style of reflection are of particular importance especially that they are usually connected with the activity...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents Stanislas Zaremba's contributions to philosophy of science. Zaremba is widely known as mathematicians but his philosophical works are less known. His philosophical view of physics and mathematics is strongly influenced by French philosophy of science (H. Poincré, P. Duhem). We could also find parallels with D. Hilbert's view on...
Chapter
Niniejsze opracowanie przedstawia fi lozofi czne i metodolo- giczne rozważania wokół empirycznego statusu informatyki. Rozpoczęły się one od pionierskiej pracy H.A. Simona i A. Newella Computer Science As Empirical Inquiry (1975). Późniejsze rozważania (S.S. Shapiro, P. We- gner, A.H. Eden, P.J. Denning) tworzyły stopniowo nowy obraz informa- tyki...
Article
Full-text available
Bezgłośna komputerowa rewolucja w naukach eksperymentalnych S. Leciejewski, Cyfrowa rewolucja w badaniach eksperymentalnych: studium metodologiczno-filozoficzne, Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, Poznań 2013, ss. 168. Komputery na dobre zago-ściły w naszym codziennym ży-ciu. Nie sposób wyobrazić sobie bez nich również współcze...
Article
Full-text available
30 years ago J.D. Bolter coined the term 'defining technology'. It is the technology which shapes culture and the mentality of human beings. Defining technology describes the role of technology as a source of cognitive metaphors. We are interesting in the metaphors which have an influence on the philosophical thinking. Bolter argued that digital c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
J.D. Bolter przeszło 30 lat temu sformułował koncepcję technologii definiującej, czyli takiej technologii, która kształtuje nie tylko kulturę, ale i sposób zachowania oraz sposób myślenia człowieka. Według Boltera to komputer miał stać się tego rodzaju technologią u schyłku XX wieku. Autor ten sformułował koncepcję „człowieka Turinga” – człowieka u...
Article
Recenzja książki: Jacek Rodzeń, Na tropie widma. Geneza i ewolucja spektroskopu optycznego w latach 1810–1860, Kraków 2013, s. 560.
Article
Recenzja książki: Alfredo Marcos, Filozofia nauki. Nowe wymiary, tłum. P. Roszak, Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika, Toruń 2012, s. 331.
Chapter
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to show philosophical background of Stanisław Zaremba's critique of Einstein's theory of relativity. In 1920s Zaremba was the most prominent Polish opponent of this theory. His papers influenced some discussions related with Einstein's theory, especially in France and in Poland.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Komputer na wzór człowieka czy człowiek na wzór komputera? (dwie wizje: von Neumann vs Bolter) Człowiek vs komputer Wykład monograficzny r.a. 2013/2014 Prowadzący: dr hab. Paweł Polak Zastrzegam, że rysunki przedstawione w prezentacji (jeśli nie zaznaczono) pochodzą z zasobów sieci Internet nie są mojego autorstwa. Zostały wykorzytane w celach ilus...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Człowiek vs komputer Wykład monograficzny r.a. 2013/2014 Prowadzący: dr hab. Paweł Polak Zastrzegam, że rysunki przedstawione w prezentacji (jeśli nie zaznaczono) pochodzą z zasobów sieci Internet nie są mojego autorstwa. Zostały wykorzytane w celach ilustacji treści naukowych i w razie zgłoszenia naruszenia praw zostaną usunięte.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Podstawowe pojęcia, wprowadzenie do ontologii VR i teza o nieostrości granic Kurs: Człowiek vs rzeczywistość wirtualna Prowadzący: dr hab. Paweł Polak
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Marcos w swej pracy przedstawił interesującą diagnozę współczesności, jako czasu, w którym zanegowano podstawowe wartości tworzące kulturę czasów nowożytnych. Współczesność nazywa on „ponowoczesnością”, nie zgadza się jednak, aby utożsamiać ją z myśleniem postmodernistycznym, który nazwał za Holtonem „stylem zmierzającym do myślenia słabego”. Recep...
Article
Full-text available
The paper analyses sources of contemporary Krakow philosophy of science (called “philosophy in science”) originating from the 19th century. This tradition was originated by Wladyslaw Heinrich and Maurycy Straszewski and was grounded on interdisciplinary milieu of Polish Copernicus Society of Naturalists. Meta-philosophical and methodological specif...
Article
Full-text available
August Witkowski’s philosophical path towards relativistic physics Witkowski appears to be not only a pronounced experimentalist but also an insi- ghtful scholar, who was able to understand and assess critically the deep foundations of physics. His philosophical views were linked tightly with the fi eld he worked on. He was searching for philosoph...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Człowiek vs komputer Wykład monograficzny r.a. 2013/2014 Prowadzący: dr Paweł Polak Zastrzegam, że rysunki przedstawione w prezentacji (jeśli nie zaznaczono) pochodzą z zasobów sieci Internet nie są mojego autorstwa. Zostały wykorzytane w celach ilustacji treści naukowych i w razie zgłoszenia naruszenia praw zostaną usunięte.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Człowiek vs komputer Wykład monograficzny r.a. 2013/2014 Prowadzący: dr Paweł Polak Zastrzegam, że rysunki przedstawione w prezentacji (jeśli nie zaznaczono) pochodzą z zasobów sieci Internet nie są mojego autorstwa. Zostały wykorzytane w celach ilustacji treści naukowych i w razie zgłoszenia naruszenia praw zostaną usunięte.
Article
Full-text available
Recenzja książki: Val Dusek, Wprowadzenie do filozofii techniki, tł. Zbigniew Kasprzyk, ser. „Myśl Filozoficzna: wprowadzenia, panorama zagadnień, historia myśli filozoficznej”, Wydawnictwo WAM, Kraków 2011, ss. 268.
Article
Leon Chwistek (1884-1944) was a Professor of Mathematical Logic at the Lviv University, but also philosopher, theoretician of modern art and avant-garde painter. The present article deals with the reception of Albert Einstein's special theory of relativity (SR) according to Leon Chwistek. Firstly, Chwistek's life and philosophical views are present...
Article
Full-text available
The Einstein's Theory of Relativity in the Context of Leon Chwistek's Methodological Considerations
Article
Full-text available
Origins of nature philosophy in Cracow The paper analyses not well known beginning of Cracow philosophy of science originating from the 19th century. A selected number of issues formed by two founders of Cracow philosophical centre – W. Heinrich and M. Straszewski are presented. Finally, the author tries to reflect on modern philosophy of science i...
Article
Full-text available
The following values have no corresponding Zotero field: PB - WARSAW UNIV, INST PHILOSOPHY UL KRAKOWSKIE PRZEDMIESCIE 3, WARSAW, 00-927, POLAND
Article
Full-text available
Article
Recenzja książki: Kosmologia. Obraz świata w nowożytności (Cosmology. The image of the Universe in the Early Modern Times), Krystyna Szymura (red.), wyd. Fundacja dla Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, Kraków 2009, ss. 196.
Article
Encyclical 'Aeterni Patris' of Leo XIII (1879) caused significant development of neo-scholastic movement in Poland in the beginning of 20th century. This movement was strongly influenced by philosophers from Louvain (Leuven). The struggles between German monists and Jesuit Erich Wasmann in the years 1905-1907 inspired Polish neo-scholastics to take...
Article
Full-text available
This paper shows the philosophical issues in unknown manuscript of Marian Smoluchowski entitled Uwagi o roli przypadku we fizyce (Remarks about the role of chance in physics) written in 1917.
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents problem of unpredictability of the development of the science and some ideas of K.R. Popper and M. Heller on this issue. In this context it is shown how scientometrics can influence contemporary philosophy of science.
Article
Full-text available
Father Erich Wasmann, a German Jesuit, played the crucial role in the debates with monists on the interpretation of theory of evolution. He showed that monistic interpretation of this theory is not necessary, and he proposed theistic interpretation of evolution. In this paper the history of these debates, that took place in Germany in 1907 was pres...
Article
Recenzja książki: Ernst Cassirer, O teorii względności Einsteina. Studium z teorii poznania, seria Daimonion, Wydawnictwo Marek Derewiecki, Kęty 2006, ss. 136.
Article
Full-text available
Article
The paper presents an outline of the reception of Popper's thought in Poland in the period between two World Wars. The most important paper in this period is doubtlessly the one published by Zygmunt Spira entitled 'Remarks on Popper's methodology and epistemology'. Spira was a student of Z. Zawirski. He lived and worked in Cracow, and was killed du...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The goal is to develop a phronetic ethics for autonomous machines inspired mainly by Aritotle's concepts. Research is focused on three main areas: analysis of the essential features of phronesis, translation of traditional concepts into convenient for machine implementation, and proposes a high-level architecture for implementing them.
Project
The case studies of science and religion relations. This studies will serve also for evaluation and further developement of Michale Heller's 'theology of science' concept.
Project
Research on a history of philosophy of science in Poland aims to show almost forgotten part of history of philosophy in Poland. It focuses mainly on philosophy developed in scientific milieus of Kraków and Lwów (now: Lvov, Lviv).