Pawel Pludowski

Pawel Pludowski
Children's Memorial Health Institute | IPCZD · Department of Biochemistry, Radioimmunology and Experimental Medicine

Assoc. Prof.

About

128
Publications
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4,308
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Publications

Publications (128)
Article
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Pathogenic mutations of CYP24A1 lead to an impaired catabolism of vitamin D metabolites and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hypercalcemia with low parathyroid hormone concentrations. Diagnosis is based on a reduced 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D to 25-hydroxyvitamin D ratio and confirmed by genetic analyses. Pregnancy is associated...
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Calcifediol (25-OH-vitamin D3) is the prohormone of the vitamin D endocrine system. It is used to prevent and treat vitamin D deficiency. Calcifediol, as well as cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), is efficient and safe in the general population, although calcifediol has certain advantages over cholecalciferol, such as its rapid onset of action and great...
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Background: The type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a chronic systemic autoimmune-mediated disease characterised by the insulin deficiency and hyperglycaemia. Its deleterious effect on bones concerns not only bone mass, density, and fracture risk but also may involve the linear growth of long bones. Studies on the lower leg in children with T1DM by...
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Vitamin D deficiency has a high worldwide prevalence, but actions to improve this public health problem are challenged by the heterogeneity of nutritional and clinical vitamin D guidelines, with respect to the diagnosis and treatment of vitamin D deficiency. We aimed to address this issue by providing respective recommendations for adults, develope...
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Introduction. Vitamin D deficiency is a worldwide problem with a variety of health consequences. Vitamin D may reduce the risk of heart failure, however, evidence of the impact of vitamin D treatment on maintenance of cardiovascular health (i.e., preventing cardiovascular diseases) is conflicting due to lack of support from clinical trials. The rea...
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The health effects of vitamin D supplementation [by Bouillon, R. et al. Nat Rev. Endocrinol.: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41574-022-00647-w (2022)] reported that vitamin D supplementation of vitamin D-replete adults (with baseline serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) >50 nmol/L) does not reduce cancer, cardiovascular events, falls, or p...
Article
Vitamin D3 has many important health benefits. Unfortunately, these benefits are not widely known among health care personnel and the general public. As a result, most of the world's population has serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations far below optimal values. This narrative review examines the evidence for the major causes of death i...
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Dyshomeostasis of vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia, preterm birth, gestational diabetes, and adverse metabolic profiles in the offspring. VDBP polymorphisms have been consistently reported to contribute to this intriguing interplay. Until recently, th...
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Vitamin D deficiency frequently occurs in older people, especially in individuals with comorbidity and polypharmacotherapy. In this group, low vitamin D plasma concentration is related to osteoporosis, osteomalacia, sarcopenia and myalgia. Vitamin D levels in humans is an effect of the joint interaction of all vitamin D metabolic pathways. Therefor...
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Background: Plant-based diets (PBDs) are increasingly recommended for human and planetary health. However, comprehensive evidence on the health effects of PBDs in children remains incomplete, particularly in vegans. Objectives: To quantify differences in body composition, cardiovascular risk, and micronutrient status of vegetarian and vegan chil...
Article
Infantile hypercalcemia (IH), is a rare disorder caused by CYP24A1 or SLC34A1 variants which lead to disturbed catabolism of 25(OH)D3 and 1,25(OH)2D3 or increased generation of 1,25(OH)2D3. Aim of study To assess the status of 24,25(OH)2D3 and other markers of vitamin D in IH survivors, in whom variants of CYP24A1 or SLC34A1 gene were found and to...
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Background: Infantile hypercalcaemia (IH) is a vitamin D3 metabolism disorder. The molecular basis for IH is biallelic mutations in the CYP24A1 or SLC34A1 gene. These changes lead to catabolism disorders (CYP24A1 mutations) or excessive generation of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] (SLC34A1 mutations). The incidence rate of IH in children a...
Article
The International Vitamin D Conference was held in Abu Dhabi on March 14-15, 2019 and was organized by Dr. Fatme Al Anouti. Drs. Pawel Pludowski and John White joined as co-editors of this special issue. It is well documented that vitamin D has pleiotropic physiological actions. Although the most studied function of vitamin D in the regulation of c...
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Objectives: The mechanical components of bone strength (size, shape and density) in adolescents with T1DM are not extensively studied. Methods: The studied group comprises 39 adolescents, aged 11,9-18,0 yrs. The bone and muscle properties were investigated at the forearm (66% and 4% site). All measurements were performed using pQCT method. Resu...
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Introduction: The numerous evidence showing spectrum of vitamin D effects on human health resulted in both updates of vitamin D supplementation guidelines for general population and concerns on potential risk of hypercalcaemia. The aim of this study was to analyse trends in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration (25(OH)D) change over the 30 years...
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Vitamin D deficiency is common and there exists a huge gap between recommended dietary vitamin D intakes and the poor vitamin D supply in the general population. While vitamin D is important for musculoskeletal health, there are accumulating data suggesting that vitamin D may also be important for fertility, pregnancy outcomes and lactation. Signif...
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Background Disturbed bone turnover, osteoporosis, and increased fracture risk are late complications of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Little is known about how far and to what extent can glycaemic control of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) prevent disturbances of bone health and body composition during the growth and maturation period. Obje...
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Confusion, apathy, recurrent vomiting, abdominal pain, polyuria, polydipsia, and dehydration are the most often noted clinical symptoms of vitamin D toxicity (VDT; also called vitamin D intoxication or hypervitaminosis D). VDT and its clinical manifestation, severe hypercalcemia, are related to excessive long-term intake of vitamin D, malfunctions...
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Introduction: Recent studies have demonstrated that vitamin D deficiency contributes to the development of metabolic disorders, including obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Several vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms had been described to play a role in these conditions since vitamin D receptors were found in many tissues. The aim...
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Vitamin D deficiency can lead to musculoskeletal diseases such as rickets and osteomalacia, but vitamin D supplementation may also prevent extraskeletal diseases such as respiratory tract infections, asthma exacerbations, pregnancy complications and premature deaths. Vitamin D has a unique metabolism as it is mainly obtained through synthesis in th...
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Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is an important public health problem worldwide. Vitamin D deficiency confers a significant risk for both skeletal and non-skeletal disorders and a number of lifelong negative health outcomes. The objectives of this evidence-based guidelines document are to provide health care professionals in Poland, an updated...
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Medical examination of 360 children from four regions of Russia (Moscow, Astrakhan, Stavropol, Kazan) showed significant regional differences in the sufficiency and compensation of vitamin D deficiency at the baseline (Day 0) and established factors associated with vitamin D sufficiency on Day 0. The established interregional differences in vitamin...
Chapter
Vitamin D deficiency, generally defined as 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration <50. nmol/L, affects nearly half the world's population. Solar ultraviolet B (UVB) exposure is the primary source of vitamin D for most people. Many factors affect 25(OH)D concentrations related to solar UVB exposure, including skin pigmentation, solar zenith ang...
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Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is an important public health problem worldwide. Vitamin D deficiency confers a significant risk for both skeletal and non-skeletal disorders and a number of lifelong negative health outcomes. The objectives of this evidence-based guidelines document are to provide health care professionals in Poland an updated re...
Article
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Background. Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in all the world countries. Recent studies show the correlation between vitamin D deficiency and musculoskeletal disorders. The purpose of this study is to examine vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency prevalence in patients of various ages, who have musculoskeletal disorders, and to reveal the influen...
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The article presents literature data on the principles of vitamin D dosing in childhood and results of a Russian multicentre study that analyzed efficacy and safety of course regimen for medicamentous correction of hypovitaminosis D in children of the first 3 years of life, depending on the effective dose of cholecalciferol aqueous solution. The mo...
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Perhaps the role of Vitamin D supplementation has been most exhaustively studied in calcium absorption, skeletal wellbeing, muscular potency, balance and risk of falling. Nonetheless, new data has emerged and the recent research on sarcopenia makes the topic increasingly interesting. Given the socioeconomic burden of the musculoskeletal consequence...
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Idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia (IIH) is a mineral metabolism disorder characterized by severe hypercalcemia, failure to thrive, vomiting, dehydration, and nephrocalcinosis. The periodical increase in incidence of IIH, which occurred in the twentieth century in the United Kingdom, Poland, and West Germany, turned out to be a side effect of ricke...
Article
Research carried out during the past two-decades extended the understanding of actions of vitamin D, from regulating calcium and phosphate absorption and bone metabolism to many pleiotropic actions in organs and tissues in the body. Most observational and ecological studies report association of higher serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrat...
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Immigrant and refugee populations bring public health challenges to host nations. In the current global refugee crisis, children are the most vulnerable subpopulation. Diseases that were considered rare in the host nation may be highly prevalent among immigrant children. The prevalence of nutritional rickets is increasing in high-income countries,...
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Background Metabolic bone disease of prematurity still occurs in preterm infants, although a significant improvement in neonatal care has been observed in recent decades. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the precise technique for assessing bone mineral content (BMC) in preterm infants, but is not widely available. Aim To investigate the c...
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In the UAE and the Gulf region in general, there are several intricate public health issues in the context of vitamin D deficiency that needs to be addressed. Changes in lifestyle such as diet, lack of exercise, cultural habits, avoiding sun exposure due to excessive heat, and other risk factors predispose those who live in GULF countries, such as...
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Abdominal obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus and has been associated with vitamin D deficiency. Some studies have suggested an association between obesity and adipokine levels as well as low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level but the underlying mechanisms of the interlink between vitamin D status and se...
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INTRODUCTION Epidemiological data on vitamin D status in the Polish population are limited. OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to evaluate the vitamin D status in a representative group of adult inhabitants of 22 Polish cities, based on the analysis of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels. PATIENTS AND METHODS This cross-sectional study incl...
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Background: High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) has been recorded but data focused on the relationship between vitamin D, glycaemic control and body composition is limited in T1DM patients. The study was aimed to investigate vitamin D status in T1DM patients and its association with body composition (...
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Background: Vitamin D and calcium deficiencies are common worldwide, causing nutritional rickets and osteomalacia, which have a major impact on health, growth, and development of infants, children, and adolescents; the consequences can be lethal or can last into adulthood. The goals of this evidencebased consensus document are to provide health car...
Article
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Background: Vitamin D and calcium deficiencies are common worldwide, causing nutritional rickets and osteomalacia, which have a major impact on health, growth, and development of infants, children, and adolescents; the consequences can be lethal or can last into adulthood. The goals of this evidence-based consensus document are to provide health c...
Article
Background: Avoiding sun exposure is obligatory in photodermatoses; however, the need for oral supplementation with vitamin D appears unrecognized. The aim of the study was to investigate the seasonal variation of vitamin D level and bone formation markers in healthy individuals and to compare it with vitamin D status in patients using photoprotec...
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People with neurodevelopmental disorders and intellectual disabilities have much greater health care needs. Mainly staying indoors, such people generally have low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations. The Vitamin D Task Force of the American Academy of Developmental Medicine and Dentistry (AADMD) reviewed the evidence of 25(OH)D concentrati...
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Objective: To investigate the feasibility of bone turnover markers (BTMs) for the assessment of bone metabolism in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), according to the guidelines of the International Osteoporosis Foundation and the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. Methods: The study included 4...
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Objetivo: Investigar a viabilidade dos marcadores de remodelação óssea (MRO) na avaliação do metabolismo ósseo em pacientes com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES), de acordo com as diretrizes da International Osteoporosis Foundation e da International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine. Métodos: O estudo incluiu 43 pacientes do...
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Objective: The optimal vitamin D intake for nursing women is controversial. Deterioration, at least in bone mass, is reported during lactation. This study evaluated whether vitamin D supplementation during lactation enhances the maternal and infant's vitamin D status, bone mass and body composition. Design and methods: After term delivery, 174 h...
Article
Quantitative ultrasound of the heel captures heel bone properties that independently predict fracture risk and, with bone mineral density (BMD) assessed by X-ray (DXA), may be convenient alternatives for evaluating osteoporosis and fracture risk. We performed a meta-analysis of genome-wide association (GWA) studies to assess the genetic determinant...
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Little published information is available regarding epidemiological data on vitamin D status in the large geographical region of Central Europe (CE). We searched the journal literature with regard to 25(OH)D concentrations among community-dwelling or healthy people living in CE. 25(OH)D concentrations varied by age, season, study sample size, and m...
Article
Quantitative ultrasound of the heel captures heel bone properties that independently predict fracture risk and, with bone mineral density (BMD) assessed by x-ray (DXA), may be convenient alternatives for evaluating osteoporosis and fracture risk. We performed a meta-analysis of genome-wide association (GWA) studies to assess the genetic determinant...
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Witamina D: Rekomendacje dawkowania w populacji osób zdrowych oraz w grupach ryzyka deficytu -wytyczne dla Europy Środkowej 2013 r. Vitamin D supplementation in healthy population and risk groups of vitamin D deficiency -practice guidelines for Central Europe 2013
Article
Overweight/obesity and high blood pressure during growth period are important risk factors of cardiovascular disease later in life. Cardiovascular system, fat and muscles are among target tissues for vitamin D and low 25(OH)D levels are likely to attenuate potential benefits of its action. The study was aimed to evaluate vitamin D status and body c...
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Adequate Vitamin D intake and its concentration in serum are important for bone health and calcium-phosphate metabolismas well as for optimal function of many organs and tissues. Documented trends in lifestyle, nutritional habits and physical activityappear to be associated with moderate or severe Vitamin D deficits resulting in health problems. Mo...
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Introduction: Optimal vitamin D intake for lactating women remains controversial. We hypothesized that 1200 IU/day (vs 400 IU/day) of vitamin D during breastfeeding will enhance maternal vitamin D status and bone mass. Methods: Healthy mothers after term, singleton delivery were randomized to receive vitamin D3: 1200 IU/day (800+400 IU/day from mul...
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Introduction: Serum 25(OH)D concentrations for optimal bone metabolism in children is unknown. Only few data exist describing the effects of increasing serum 25(OH)D on bone metabolism markers. Aim: The aim of the study was to explore the association between serum 25(OH)D and bone metabolism markers in children. Patients and methods: Serum levels o...
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Introduction: The body composition at term equivalent age of infants born preterm is different than that of infants born at term. Aim: The aim of the study was to compare the body composition in preterm and full-term infants at age 3 and 4 years. Patients and methods: Total body bone mineral content (TBBMC, g), density (TBBMD, g/cm²), and body comp...
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At least 80% of the whole Polish population, including prepubertal children and adolescents, adults and seniors, are vitamin D deficient, defined as 25(OH)D < 50 nmol/L. 83% of Polish newborns start their lives at the state of vitamin D deficiency because 78% of their mothers are also deficient. It was observed that treating patient vitamin D defic...
Article
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) method is widely used in pediatrics in the study of bone density and body composition. However, there is a limit to how precise DXA can estimate bone and body composition measures in children. The study was aimed to (1) evaluate precision errors for bone mineral density, bone mass and bone area, body compositi...