Paweł Atroszko

Paweł Atroszko
University of Gdansk | UG · Institute of Psychology

Doctor of Psychology

About

99
Publications
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Introduction
I currently work at the Institute of Psychology, University of Gdansk. I do research on behavioural addictions with special focus on work and study addiction. I also specialize in statistics, psychometrics and educational psychology.

Publications

Publications (99)
Article
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Aims: Recent research has suggested that for some individuals, educational studying may become compulsive and excessive and lead to 'study addiction'. The present study conceptualized and assessed study addiction within the framework of workaholism, defining it as compulsive over-involvement in studying that interferes with functioning in other do...
Article
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Background and aims Research into work addiction has steadily grown over the past decade. However, the literature is far from unified and there has been much debate on many different issues. Aim and methods This paper comprises a narrative review and focuses on 10 myths about work addiction that have permeated the psychological literature and beyo...
Article
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In an unprecedented collaborative effort to integrate the existing knowledge on work addiction and delineate trajectories for future studies, several papers from work addiction researchers (including some of the most prolific experts in the field) have contributed to the debate on the misconceptions/myths about this problematic behavior. On the bas...
Article
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Occupational stress and high workload are being increasingly recognized as significant contributors to the diseases and disorders constituting major components of the global burden of disease. A more detailed definition of burn-out was recently included by the World Health Organization (WHO) in the eleventh revision of the International Classificat...
Chapter
Work addiction refers to the problem of compulsive overworking, conceptualized as an addictive disorder. It has substantial epidemiological significance due to high prevalence rates (ranging from about 7% to 20% depending on the country), harm to self and others, particularly family, children, co-workers and recipients of work, and related economic...
Article
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Compulsive overworking and eating disorders (EDs) show considerable similarities in terms of risk factors (e.g., rigid perfectionism), clinical manifestation (e.g., excessive controlling behaviors), and consequences (e.g., physical exhaustion and depression). This study aimed to examine the hypotheses that compulsive study behaviors (conceptualized...
Article
Full-text available
Study addiction was suggested to be a potential early form of work addiction, which is increasingly recognized as a behavioral addiction. Diminished social support is crucial in the addictive process, and pathological family and social functioning were so far found in relation to work addiction. However, there is still very limited data on the rela...
Article
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Grit, defined as perseverance and passion for long-term goals, is investigated as a predictor of academic success and well-being. This trait may have special importance for musicians’ functioning as their lives revolve around practice routines and mastering their craft for years. However, there is a growing recognition that extreme perseverance may...
Chapter
Study addiction is hypothesized to be an early form of work addiction and refers to the problem of compulsive overstudying, conceptualized as an addictive disorder. It has substantial epidemiological significance due to high prevalence rates (ranging from about 6% to 24% depending on the country and student group), harm to self and others, includin...
Article
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Studies conducted on Social Networking Sites (SNSs) addiction have to a large extent focused on Facebook as a prototypical example of SNS. Nonetheless, the evolution of SNSs has spawn conceptual and methodological controversies in terms of the operationalization of SNS addiction. In order to bring more clarity to this field the present study aimed...
Article
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This study aimed to investigate direct relationships of work addiction symptoms with dimensions of work engagement. We used three samples in which work addiction was measured with the Bergen Work Addiction Scale and work engagement was measured with the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. One sample comprised responses from working Norwegians ( n 1 = 77...
Article
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The social-network-use disorder (SNUD) was recently proposed as a potentially useful diagnosis in the International Classification of Diseases 11th Revision category “other specified disorders due to addictive behaviors.” Problematic Facebook use is among the most often investigated types of SNUD. Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS) is the most...
Article
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This study aimed to examine how adolescents view artificial intelligence (AI) and its development and create a tool to measure cynical hostility towards AI. Previous studies showed people have mixed feelings about AI, yet interest in AI and its development grows. As AI is central to technological progress, creating a tool that measures the attitude...
Article
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In recent years, spirituality and the meaning of life are becoming increasingly important variables in the study of well-being, health, and happiness. The concept of spiritual intelligence (SI) was suggested as a potentially significant construct expanding our understanding of psychological determinants of human functioning. The aim of this paper w...
Article
Introduction Food addiction (FA) has been found to correlate with personality traits and psychosocial factors (Zhao et al., 2018). However, the vast majority of studies on this subject use the variable-oriented approach, which assumes that relationships between specific variables are identical in a given population (Collins & Lanza, 2010). Objecti...
Article
According to the existing studies the important predictors of the levels of work addiction are action control (Atroszko, 2009; Wojdyło & Lewandowska-Walter, 2009) and neurotic perfectionism (Atroszko, 2009). On the basis of the literature of the subject, hypotheses were formulated stating that dysfunctional perfectionism dimensions – concern over m...
Article
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Background: Relatively strong theoretical assumptions and previous studies concerning co-occurring addictive behaviors suggest a subpopulation representing general proclivity to behavioral addictions (BAs), and there are gender-specific subpopulations. This study aimed to compare latent profile analysis (LPA) and latent class analysis (LCA) as the...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study aimed to investigate direct relationships of work addiction symptoms with dimensions of work engagement. We used three samples in which work addiction was measured with the Bergen Work Addiction Scale and work engagement was measured with the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. One sample comprised responses from working Norwegians (n1 = 776)...
Article
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background Two experiments were designed to investigate the moti-vational role of the metacognitive self (MCS, meaning self-awareness of biases) and kind of feedback (success vs. failure vs. control group) in willingness to learn. We predict that the condition of failure enhances motivation to learn. Predictions relate to the first experiment and s...
Article
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The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between shopping addiction and a comprehensive model of motivational principles conceptualized within the Schwartz’s values theory. On the basis of previous research on the associations of shopping addiction with personality and particular values, it was hypothesized that shopping addiction w...
Preprint
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The network approach to psychopathology conceptualizes mental disorders as dynamic systems consisting of symptoms that are in direct causal relationships with each other. In this study, we aimed to estimate and compare networks of work addiction among Norwegian and Polish working individuals. We used four samples in which work addiction was measure...
Article
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W artykule przedstawione zostały związki łączące presję na osiągnięcia szkolne i akademickie, odczuwaną przez uczniów i studentów, z rozwojem uzależnienia od uczenia się, uzależnienia od pracy oraz innych zaburzeń psychicznych i wzrostu częstotliwości występowania zjawisk z obszaru psychopatologii (takich, jak np. samobójstwa). Dokonana została ana...
Article
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There is still a scarcity of studies showing the relative contribution of different personality characteristics differentiating various behavioral addictions within an integrated model. In comparison to other addictions, fairly little is known about the role of specific personality traits in compulsive shopping. In addition, few studies have invest...
Article
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Background Addictions share common etiological factors associated with personality vulnerabilities such as narcissism or emotional instability. Also, there are gender differences in the type of and risk for addiction (e.g., men may be more prone to addictions, overall). These are considerably less understood in relation to behavioral addictions (BA...
Article
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Ultra-short scales are increasingly popular in surveys. Congeneric model fit of a three-item scale cannot be tested with Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) without additional assumptions because the number of degrees of freedom is equal to zero. A more rigorous tau-equivalent model, assuming equality of factor loadings can be tested instead. The ob...
Article
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Substantial differences in prevalence rates of work addiction across countries suggest a significant role of country-specific factors contributing to compulsive overworking. As hinted in this paper, Poland may constitute a specific case as a central European and former communist country that experienced a dynamic, robust economic growth and profoun...
Article
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The Health-Related Hardiness Scale (HRHS) developed by Pollock is one of the most widely used measures to assess the construct of hardiness in chronic diseases. However, the original structure of the scale has been investigated only with exploratory factor analysis, and there have been no studies investigating the structure of the scale using a con...
Article
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Recently some general agreements have been achieved regarding the current status of work addiction. One of the key criteria for conceptualizing a behavioral addiction is the harm caused by the behavior. It has been argued that in the case of work addiction, special attention should be devoted to the potential harm that the behavior causes for the r...
Chapter
W rozdziale tym omawiamy niedawno zdefiniowany konstrukt uzależnienia od uczenia się, które potencjalnie jest wczesną formą uzależnienia od pracy, powoli aspirującą do rozpoznania jako uzależnienie behawioralne według oficjalnych klasyfikacjach chorób i zaburzeń. Zaproponowane ramy teoretyczne, wyjaśniające patologiczne formy przeciążania się pracą...
Article
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Work addiction (WA) has been previously linked to several diseases and disorders, but there is scarce literature on its association with eating disorders (EDs). Both WA and EDs share similar etiological factors (notably rigid perfection-ism) and clinical features. The aim of this study was to provide an initial overview of the literature on this po...
Article
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Celem niniejszego artykułu jest charakterystyka rozwoju leksykalno-semantycznego aspektu języka u dziesięcioletnich uczniów, jako podstawy tworzenia wypowiedzi pisemnych. Badanie własne obejmowało próbę 301 dziesięcioletnich uczniów klas czwartych. Uczniowskie prace poddano szczegółowej analizie pod względem liczby użytych wyrazów i kategorii stoso...
Article
Full-text available
The Health-Related Hardiness Scale (HRHS) developed by Pollock is one of the most widely used measures to assess the construct of hardiness in chronic diseases. However, the original structure of the scale has been investigated only with exploratory factor analysis, and there have been no studies investigating the structure of the scale using a con...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: With increasing levels of psychopathology observed in students in recent years, there is a clear need for short and valid tools for evaluating their psychological health. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is one of the most commonly used instruments measuring these constructs. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric pr...
Article
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background Big-Five personality traits are related to a variety of quality of life outcomes; therefore, they should arguably be controlled for whenever health and well-being are investigated. Valid and reliable short measures of these constructs may enable large scale epidemiological studies. Stress is a well-recognized risk factor for a host of he...
Article
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Background The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Short Hopeless-ness Scale in an undergraduate student sample. The scale was originally developed as a brief measure of hopelessness for large scale epidemiological surveys and is based on two commonly used measures of hope-lessness. Participant...
Article
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Previous studies have shown that study addiction is related to worse academic performance among music academy students as well as in the general population of students, suggesting that excessive examination stress may impair their performance on exams. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the newly developed concept of...
Article
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In conclusion, based on the existing data, it is strongly suggested that future investigation of the relation between heavy coffee consumption and CVD as well as other noncommunicable diseases should include high workload, at least as a covariate, preferably as an independent risk factor of the main focus. One reason for the scarcity of data in thi...
Article
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This research constitutes an initial effort to examine the relationship between study addiction, which is a newly conceptualized behavioural addiction, study engagement and type-A personality (TAP) linked to increased cardiovascular risk. Bergen Study Addiction Scale, Utrecht Work Engagement Scale-Student, and The Framingham Type-A Scale were used...
Article
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Background Study addiction has been suggested as a potential early form of work addiction which is recently gaining increasing attention as a potential behavioural addiction. It was suggested that underlying psychological vulnerabilities can be risk factors for study/work addiction. Previous studies indicated that work addiction could be related to...
Article
Full-text available
In the recent issue of “Psychiatria i Psychologia Kliniczna” (“Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology”), Loscalzo and Giannini (2018a) responded to the comments (Atroszko, 2018) regarding the conceptualisation of study (and work) addiction. It is an appreciated and noteworthy effort to clarify our understanding of the problematic overstudyin...
Article
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The recent debate paper by Starcevic et al. (2018) in Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry constitutes a plea for terminological and conceptual rigour in behavioural addictions research. As such, it is a noteworthy effort to stimulate a “collaborative work-in-progress” regarding the conceptualization of behavioural addiction. However, t...
Article
Adverse health-related consequences of perfectionistic over-involvement in work are well-documented among professional musicians. The aim of this study was to investigate a recently developed concept of “study addiction” among students of music academies. Study addiction has been defined within the framework of theory and research on work addiction...
Article
Pełny tekst można znaleźć pod linkiem: https://psychologiawpraktyce.pl/artykul/uzaleznienie-od-facebooka Badania prowadzone wśród użytkowników portali społecznościowych, takich jak Facebook, Instagram czy Twitter, wskazują, że serwisy te posiadają poważny potencjał uzależniający i mogą negatywnie wpłynąć na dobrostan osób z nich korzystających ora...
Article
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The paper by Loscalzo and Giannini titled “The Bergen Study Addiction Scale: psychometric properties of the Italian version. A pilot study” published in the current issue of “Psychiatria i Psychologia Kliniczna” (Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology) concerns the results of the study on an Italian validation of Bergen Study Addiction Scale...
Article
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Facebook addiction has been suggested as a potential behavioral addiction emerging from the framework of the theory and research on social networking sites addiction and Internet addiction. Previous studies showed that Facebook addiction is related to specific personality traits and well-being. However, there is still a scarcity of studies showing...
Chapter
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Interest in learning engagement of children and university students is constantly growing since 1960s. It resulted in plurality of theories conceptualizing the phenomenon and tools created to measure it. Moreover, studies about learning engagement are often conducted on large samples with multiple measurement in different time periods and multiplic...
Article
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In a recent edition of the journal Addiction, Kardefelt-Winther et al. [1] drew attention to the conceptualization and assessment of behavioural addiction and argued that it may lead to pathologizing of common activities. One such example provided by the authors was work addiction. Consequently, readers might have been left with the impression that...
Article
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Background Work addiction has been recognized as a potential behavioral addiction, and studies have consistently shown its negative relationship with psychosocial functioning. However, in many countries, such as Poland, very few work addiction studies are based on measures developed using an addiction framework. Against this backdrop, the Bergen W...
Article
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Poszukiwanie wsparcia społecznego jako mediator związku cynicznej wrogości i bezradności, stanowiących współczesne zagrożenia społeczne Badania systematycznie pokazują związek cynicznej wrogości z wieloma zmiennymi psychologicznymi i zdrowiem. Niniejsze opracowanie ukazuje rolę cynicznej wrogo-ści w kształtowaniu się relacji społecznych i związku i...
Conference Paper
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Valid, reliable and easily applied measures of well-being are essential in large surveys concerning public health, education and psychology. General satisfaction with life is often measured in such surveys. Previous studies showed that single-item self-report measure of satisfaction with life could be sufficient in terms of validity and reliability...
Conference Paper
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Self-esteem, is one of the most important predictors of psychological well-being, therefore valid, reliable and convenient measures of this construct are necessary. Well-being is often measured in large scale surveys, and to overcome some difficulties associated with measurement of many variables with multi-item scales, ultra-brief measures are bei...
Article
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Skala Niesprawności Neurologicznej Szpitala Guy (GNDS, The Guy’s Neurological Disability Scale) jest istotnym narzędziem służącym do pomiaru niepełnosprawności u osób ze stwardnieniem rozsianym. Służy ona do określenia poziomu funkcjonowania w dwunastu ważnych obszarach. Celem obecnych badań było opracowanie polskiej wersji językowej skali GNDS i s...
Article
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Psychological processes that lead from intention to a specific action have drawn attention of researchers for decades. The aim of this research was to investigate which aspects of willpower determine the feeling of high efficacy in achieving goals amongst some individuals whereas others struggle even with simple tasks. The process that mediates bet...
Article
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Celem artykułu jest odpowiedź na pytanie: czy studenci pedagogiki i pedagogiki specjalnej różnią się pod względem cech osobowości ważnych z punktu widzenia wykonywania przyszłego zawodu? Ze względu na specyfikę zawodu pedagoga specjalnego oczekiwano, że studenci pedagogiki specjalnej będą różnili się od studentów pedagogiki cechami osobowości związ...
Article
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Aims Recent empirical studies investigating “study addiction” have conceptualized it as a behavioral addiction, defined within the framework of work addiction. This study is the first attempt to examine the longitudinal relationship between study addiction and work addiction. Methods The Bergen Study Addiction Scale (BStAS), the Bergen Work Addict...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between attitudes to Wikipedia and six personality traits (extraversion, emotional stability, openness to experience, conscientiousness, agreeableness and cynical hostility) among Polish students. Conscientiousness was negatively related to editing Wikipedia and positive opinions about Wikipedia....
Chapter
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The conducted research aimed to investigate the association between cynical hostility and primary emotional appraisal of a stressful situation of academic test. The level of temporarily perceived stress was also measured. Based on previous findings, it was hypothesised that cynical hostility is positively related to perceived stress right before th...
Article
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Background and aims “Study addiction” has recently been conceptualized as a behavioral addiction and defined within the framework of work addiction. Using a newly developed measure to assess this construct, the Bergen Study Addiction Scale (BStAS), the present study examined the 1-year stability of study addiction and factors related to changes in...
Chapter
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This study aimed to examine the relationship between cynical hostility and stress coping strategies. On the grounds of previous findings it was suggested that cynical hostility is positively related to ineffective coping strategies and negatively associated with effective coping strategies, especially with regard to use of social support. It was al...
Chapter
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Studies systematically show that socioeconomic status (SES) is related to many psychological variables and well-being, including health. Today more researches than ever is conducted in order to identify causes and consequences of social and economic inequalities. More and more investments are made in programs of interventions directed to improve th...
Chapter
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The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between cynical hostility and values. Research is grounded in Schwartz‟s Theory of Basic Values, in which values are defined as a cognitive representation of motivation, aspirations and goals. Cynical hostility is a trait that is characterized by mistrustfulness, malevolence, negative attitude t...
Chapter
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The aim of the study was to investigate the moderating effect of socioeconomic status (SES) on the relationship between security value and cynical hostility. Research is grounded in Schwartz’s Theory of Basic Values, in which values are defined as a cognitive representation of motivation, aspirations, and goals. Cynical hostility is a trait that is...
Chapter
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This study aimed to investigate the relationship cynical hostility with anxiety and depressiveness among university students in Poland. Psychosocial costs of cynical hostility are usually investigated in older populations, and little is known about its adverse effects on young people. On the grounds of previous findings it was hypothesised that cyn...
Conference Paper
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Different aspects of quality of life are important variables in the study of wellbeing and psychosocial functioning. For that reason, measurement of quality of life is indispensable in any researches related to health or wellbeing, which are often large scale surveys, frequently including repeated measurements. Hence, valid and easily applied measu...
Thesis
The aim of this thesis was to conceptualise study addiction within the work addiction (workaholism) framework, to investigate the structure of work addiction and its selected risk factors, and its relationship with stress, stress coping and psychosocial functioning. Study addiction was defined from the addiction perspective as being overly concerne...
Chapter
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Rozwój współczesnej gospodarki i przemiany na rynku pracy wymuszają na pracownikach ciągłe podnoszenie kompetencji i kwalifikacji. Osoby, które nie potrafią uczyć się szybko lub które nie chcą podnosić kwalifikacji, są wykluczane z rynku pracy. Ta ciągła presja pojawia się już na etapie kształcenia w ramach systemu edukacji i może sprawić, że zaang...
Chapter
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Celem artykułu jest ukazanie cynicznej wrogości jako tej zmiennej psychologicznej, która potencjalnie może okazać się zmienną kluczową z punktu widzenia problemów związanych z kształceniem i wychowaniem młodzieży. Punktem wyjścia jest założenie o fundamentalnej roli zaufania (do siebie, jak i do innych) w procesie uczenia się i w pracy, wymagającej...
Chapter
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Celem niniejszego artykułu jest przedstawienie szans i zagrożeń związanych z wprowadzaniem innowacji pedagogicznych w polskich szkołach. Z jednej strony nowe metody nauczania, nowe programy szkolne i rozwiązania systemowe mogą unowocześnić polską szkołę. Stwarzają one szansę dostosowania szkolnictwa do wymagań nowoczesnego społeczeństwa i nowoczesn...
Article
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A growing body of research suggests that self-esteem is a valid predictor of happiness, physical and mental health. However, research examining the relation between self-esteem and one’s responses to injustice at dispositional level: forgivingness, tendency to avoid and vengefulness is scarce. Potential moderating effect of gender on the relationsh...