Pawan Sharma

Pawan Sharma
Patan Academy of Health Sciences · Department of Psychiatry

MD (Psychiatry)

About

115
Publications
78,088
Reads
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1,425
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2016 - present
Patan Academy of Health Sciences, School of Medicine
Position
  • Lecturer
September 2016 - present
Patan Academy of Health Sciences
Position
  • Lecturer
September 2015 - September 2016
Transcultural Psychosocial Organization (TPO) Nepal
Position
  • Consultant
Description
  • The major responsibility was to coordinate the project titled “Integration of Mental Health in the primary care setting” in earthquake-affected districts of Nepal funded by USAID.
Education
July 2012 - June 2015
August 2005 - July 2011
Medical College Kolkata
Field of study
  • Medicine

Publications

Publications (115)
Chapter
Panic buying is a phenomenon of a sudden increase in buying of essential goods in excess of regular need usually provoked by adversity like a disaster or an outbreak. This then results in an imbalance between supply and demand. It is a well-known fact that the behavior of human being is influenced by the social structure around them. There is an on...
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Objectives: Suicide is a major public health concern. Sensible media reporting of suicide is one of the important prevention strategies. There has been no report assessing the quality of media reporting of suicide in Nepal. We aimed to assess the quality of newspaper reporting of suicide in Nepal against the World Health Organization (WHO) reporti...
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Background The Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire-Short Form (Q-LES-Q-SF) is the most frequently used generic quality of life (QOL) measure in many countries and cultures worldwide. However, no single study has been carried out to investigate whether this questionnaire performs similarly across diverse cultures/countries. Acco...
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Background and Aim Distance learning techniques are gaining popularity as the internet today is a faster and more convenient source of spreading exhaustive information. We aim at conducting a scoping review on the utility of internet-based learning in addiction psychiatry. Methods We performed a systematic search of databases such as Google Schola...
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Background: Mental disorders account for a large portion of burden of disease. In Nepal, the prevalence of mental disorders has been rising steadily, but national and province level prevalence is not available. This study aims to assess the prevalence of common mental disorders and suicidality in Nepal. Methods: We conducted nationwide descriptive...
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Background Problematic Internet gaming is an increasingly recognized global mental health problem. This multicultural cross-sectional study examined the association between Internet gaming disorder (IGD) symptoms and anxiety and depressive symptoms and substance use within a sample of young Internet users. In total, 3529 college/university students...
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Depression and diabetes share a bidirectional causal association. Additionally, during the postpartum period, women have an increased vulnerability for both depression and impaired glucose tolerance. The impact of the comorbidity of diabetes and postpartum depression is also bidirectional with an impaired course and outcome of both these disorders....
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Background: When the novel coronavirus – SARS-CoV-2 – started to spread globally, there was a call for social and behavioral scientists to conduct research to explore the wider socio-cultural contexts of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), to understand vulnerabilities, as well as to increase engagement within communities to facilitate adoption of...
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Background Addictive disorders are a significant contributor to the global burden of disease. The burden of addictive disorders in LMIC is expected to grow further over the coming years. Aims In this article we present the observations from the existing literature on the current status of education and training on addiction psychiatry in LMIC and...
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Background: The use of the internet is growing rapidly worldwide with easier availability and affordability in developing countries like Nepal. Apart from several benefits, it has also led to deleterious effects on certain individuals' physical and mental well-being. The present study aimed to assess the burden of internet addiction among nursing,...
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The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has significantly altered many aspects of our professional lives, including how psychiatry as a medical discipline is taught and learnt. Training in psychiatry relies on developing competencies through observing and interacting with patients, developing empathic consultation skills and seeking feedback from col...
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Introduction: The current COVID-19 pandemic has increased emotional and physical toll on healthcare workers. The burnout among doctors could be another psychological outcome due to this. Considering the dearth of literature we planned this study with an aim to explore burnout and its correlates among medical doctors of Nepal. Material And Method: A...
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Introduction: A large proportion of the population in the community with psychological distress goes unnoticed. Results: The majority of the participants had low psychological distress (62.86%) followed by typical (12.86%), more than typical (9.29%), evidence of psychological distress (5.71%) & severe distress (8.93%). 23.93% of the participants ha...
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Introduction: This study aims to assess the knowledge and anxiety about CoVID 19 and coping skills involved in dealing with the anxiety in National men’s football team. Material And Method: Cross-sectional analytic study with purposive sampling of members affiliated to Men's national football team who presented to Patan hospital for PCR testing. To...
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There has been increased interest in media and the World Health Organization advisory regarding digital gaming. We did a Google Trend study using relative search volumes (RSVs) for the keywords identifying with different themes related to digital gaming. It was seen that there was a significant increase in RSVs in the Indian population for the keyw...
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Background: Dhat syndrome is a culture-bound syndrome prevailing in the Indian subcontinent, first described in the 1960s. Over time, newer studies are exploring various aspects of Dhat syndrome, including its epidemiology, nosology, clinical features, and management predominantly in South Asia. We aimed to review the epidemiology, nosology, clini...
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Meditation is regarded as a self-regulation approach to manage emotions. Meditation has a beneficial effect on mental health. Different kinds of meditation are practiced in many religions and cultures for the general wellbeing of an individual. However, meditation-related experiences and negative effects of meditation are not uncommon. Meditation-i...
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Aim: We aimed to examine and interpret the changes in internet search volumes for keywords representing different drug use-related themes before and after the drug use started being discussed in the Indian news media during recent celebrity drug trials. Materials and Methods: Data were extracted using Google Trends framework in health-related resea...
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown measures have affected the sexuality and emotional bonding among the couple across the world. Objectives We aimed to assess the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown on the married people’s emotional bonding and sexual relationships in 3 south Asian counties (Bangladesh, India, and Nepal). Met...
Chapter
Panic buying has become a frequent occurrence in many societies as a result of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. This has led to stockout and supply chain disruptions. It has been proposed as a psychological phenomenon and different controlling measures have been forwarded recently. Panic buying especially during a public crisis has many consequences...
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Background Mental and substance use disorders account for 30 % of the non-fatal disease burden and 10 % of the overall disease burden but the treatment gap is daunting. With just one psychiatrist per 200,000 populations in Nepal, the only convincing way to improve access to the services quickly is by mobilizing non-specialized medical practitioner....
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Introduction: Stress in the workplace is a well-known phenomenon. With the current COVID-19 pandemic and the measures to counteract it has led to a psychological toll on employees of almost all sectors. We aim at exploring the self-perceived stress, screen for anxiety, and depression, and sleep problems among the employees of a corporate business h...
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Background & Objective: Migraine is one of the most common types of headache that presents in clinical practice. Both amitriptyline and divalproex are commonly used for migraine prophylaxis. We aimed to compare the efficacy of these drugs longitudinally over a 16-week period in patients with episodic migraine. Methods: This is an open label trial d...
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Background Sexual intercourse is one of the important components of well-being, especially in married couples. There is a dearth of baseline research and data regarding the sexual habits of residents in South-East Asia. Objective We aimed to see the baseline frequency of sexual intercourses among the residents of 3 South Asian countries (Banglades...
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India imposed a strict lockdown to control the spread of COVID-19 pandemic, which led to concerns expressed by the scientific community and lay media alikeabout the increased online pornography consumption and associated problematic pornography use among the people. However, this has not been systematically explored in the Indian context. The prese...
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Background: Alzheimer’s dementia has a spectrum of health and socioeconomic implications for patients and caregivers. The study is intended to assess the burden of caregivers and explore some of the possible influencing factors. Materials and Methods: A cross‑sectional design and purposive sampling were conducted with the semi‑structured questionna...
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The current COVID-19 pandemic has shed light on different dimensions of unusual human behaviors; panic buying is one of them. Surprisingly, panic buying has got less attention than it ought to be. It has been observed in many countries and several psychological phenomena of panic buying have been proposed by recent authors, especially in the contex...
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Background and objective The current article explored the possibility of using daily internet use time as an indicator for problematic internet use (PIU) among college/ university students based on observations from a multi-centric, multi-country study conducted across eight different countries. Additionally, the current article explored whether da...
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Introduction: COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly affected all aspects of society, including mental and physical health. Often missed is the fact that the pandemic is occurring against the backdrop of a very high prevalence of mental health issues. Protecting the mental health of people and healthcare workers is important for long-term positive health...
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Introduction: The government issued a country-wide lockdown in Nepal as a measure to curb the spread of COVID-19 pandemic. This has resulted in various difficult experiences which includes financial loss, separation from loved ones, grief, uncertainty over disease status and loss of freedom. During these stressful situations, interpersonal violence...
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Introduction and Aims: To control the spread of COVID‐19, India imposed a nationwide lockdown in phases including lockdown 1.0 (25 March–14 April) and 2.0 (15 April–3 May). Among other restrictions, it involved a complete ban on alcohol sales. We aimed to examine and interpret the changes in online search interest for keywords representing differen...
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Objective. Learning from pilot studies is crucial for the successful implementation of large-scale surveys. In this manuscript, we present the lessons learned for instrumentation and survey methods from a pilot national mental health survey conducted in Nepal. Design. We conducted a cross-sectional study among 1,647 participants aged 13 years and o...
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Background: Lockdown is an emergency measure or condition in which people are temporarily prevented from entering or leaving a restricted area or building during a threat or danger. Since the start of COVID-19 till date, almost one-third of the world's population is under some degree of restriction and lockdown, and the mental health effect of whi...
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Introduction: COVID-19 infection is caused by a new strain of SARS CoV-2 virus, which transmits directly from person-to-person and has become a pandemic. To counteract this, actions related to mass quarantines or stay-at-home orders have been used termed as lockdown. This study aims to study lifestyle, behaviour, perception and practice of people r...
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Objectives Media reporting has an influential role in panic buying (PB). We aimed to evaluate the media portrayal of PB during this COVID-19 pandemic. Methods We searched, collected, and analysed the news reports from the English media discussing the PB events. The search was done between 23 and 30 May 2020. Results A total of 525 news reports we...
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Introduction: Cannabis is one of the commonly used substances among women of childbearing age. The majority of the evidence points to the negative birth outcomes of maternal use of cannabis with some exceptions. This study aims to review the published literature on the effect of prenatal cannabis use in fetal and neonatal development. It also aims...
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Background: Internet use has increased exponentially over the past two decades, and problematic internet use has become a problem worldwide. Considering the paucity of literature in the Nepalese context, we aimed to explore this entity and its correlates among undergraduate medical students in Nepal. Methodology: This is an online cross-sectional s...
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Background Panic buying is an emerging phenomenon observed during, but not restricted to, pandemic. Aim We aimed to evaluate the nature, extent, and impact of panic buying as reported in the media. Methods This study was conducted by collecting the information from the English media reports published till 22nd May 2020. A structured format was de...
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Novel Coronavirus Disease, the latest world pandemic is one of the most contagious viral infections to date. There has been a lack of uniformity on recognizing this condition clinically because of poorly understood pathophysiology and clinical nature. Also due to ongoing clinical trials, its management is also varied. This is a systematic review fr...
Chapter
The ongoing pandemic of COVID-19 is a global challenge which resulted in significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. It has also adversely affected the economy and social integrity. There is rising concern about the mental health challenges of the general population, COVID-19-infected patients, close contacts, elderly, children and health profes...
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Introduction: Screening of mental disorders and psychological distress is important in clinical as well as research setting. The objective of this study is to test the reliability of mental health screening questionnaire developed by authors and see its correlation with perceived stress scale scores. Material and Method: A self-report screening ins...
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This article is a summary of perspectives on training curricula from child and adolescent psychiatry trainees globally. We aimed to identify the relative strengths, weaknesses and gaps in learning needs from a trainee's perspective. The 20 early-career child psychiatrists who contributed are from 16 countries and represent all the five continents....
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Specific learning disorder is a common neurodevelopmental disorder. The most common form, reading disorder also known as dyslexia, affects a large children and adolescent population. The research throughout the world has seen newer insights in this disorder in terms of definition, assessment, etiology and specific interventions. However, in the con...
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The present study evaluated the psychometric properties of a self-report scale for assessing Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) symptoms according to the DSM–5 and ICD–11 among 3270 college/university students (2095 [64.1%] females; age mean 21.6 [3.1] years) from different countries worldwide. Croatian, English, Polish, Portuguese, Serbian, Turkish, a...
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Genetic association studies have identified KIAA0319 gene as a possible susceptibility locus for reading disorder; however, very few studies are available from India. The study was planned to investigate the familial pattern and association of KIAA0319 polymorphisms among children with reading disorder visiting a tertiary centre in North India. Thi...
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Psychogenic polydipsia is one of the common cooccurrences with Schizophrenia and if not addressed can lead to fatal consequences. There are some evidences for pharmacological management of this condition but nonpharmacological management starting from psycho-education to behavioural modification therapy involving family members can be a very effect...
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The Global Burden of Disease study ranks mental disorders and substance use disorders as the fifth-placed group based on global burden and ranks them first based on years living with disability. There is a gross imbalance between the burden of disease and mental health resources especially in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Research in thi...
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Introduction: School mental health is one of the important areas where early detection can lead to appropriate early intervention and burden of disease can be minimized. There is dearth of prevalence studies of common mental disorders on school going adolescents in Nepal. Considering this we aimed to study the prevalence of common mental health pro...
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Background: Meditation is associated with health benefits; however, there are reports that it may trigger or exacerbate psychotic states. In this review, we aim to collate case reports of psychotic disorders occurring in association with meditative practice and to discuss the relationship between psychosis and meditation. Methodology: We performed...
Data
1-25% of college/university students worldwide at risk for IGD Our results of the k-means cluster analysis performed with six non-invariant items in the total sample showed that 2480 (75.8%) of participants clustered in a none/low-risk group (Cluster 1), participants responding mostly never (≥ 90%) or almost never (≤ 28%), 555 (17%) of participant...