Pavol Genzor

Pavol Genzor
National Institutes of Health | NIH · National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)

Doctor of Philosophy

About

29
Publications
1,723
Reads
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392
Citations
Citations since 2016
24 Research Items
316 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
Introduction
I am a bench scientist turned computational biologist. I am focused on studying small RNA biogenesis mechanisms and their functions in development and disease.
Additional affiliations
November 2014 - November 2014
Carnegie Institution for Science
Position
  • Tutor for Practical Genomics Workshop
January 2010 - May 2010
Johns Hopkins University
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Co-thought laboratory session.
September 2009 - December 2009
Johns Hopkins University
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Co-thought laboratory session
Education
September 2008 - May 2015
Johns Hopkins University
Field of study
  • Molecular Biology
September 2004 - May 2008
St. Vincent College
Field of study
  • Biology

Publications

Publications (29)
Preprint
Full-text available
Mechanistic regulation of DNA transposon systems in mammalian cells remains poorly understood. Using modeling, biochemical, and cell-based assays, we sought to extend the recent cryoEM structural insight into the piggyBac transpososome to evaluate the previously unexplained role of the transposase N-terminus, the need for asymmetric transposon ends...
Article
Full-text available
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) can adopt lineage-specific gene-expression programs by stepwise exposure to defined factors, resulting in the generation of functional cell types. Bulk and single-cell-based assays were employed to catalog gene expression, histone modifications, chromatin conformation, and accessibility transitions in ESC populations and...
Article
Full-text available
The combination of genome-editing and epitope tagging provides a powerful strategy to study proteins with high affinity and specificity while preserving their physiological expression patterns. However, stably modifying endogenous genes in cells that do not allow for clonal selection has been challenging. Here, we present a simple and fast strategy...
Article
Full-text available
PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) guard germline genomes against the deleterious action of mobile genetic elements. PiRNAs use extensive base-pairing to recognize their targets and variable 3’ends could change the specificity and efficacy of piRNA silencing. Here, we identify conserved rules that ensure the generation of a single major piRNA 3’end in...
Preprint
Full-text available
ESCs can adopt lineage-specific gene expression programs by stepwise exposure to defined factors, resulting in the generation of functional cell types. Bulk and single cell-based assays were employed to catalogue gene expression, histone modifications, chromatin conformation, and accessibility transitions in ESC populations and individual cells acq...
Preprint
Full-text available
PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) guard germline genomes against the deleterious action of retroviruses and other mobile genetic elements. How piRNAs faithfully discriminate between self and non-self to restrict all mobile elements while sparing essential genes remains a key outstanding question in genome biology. PiRNAs use extensive base-pairing to...
Article
Full-text available
Defense against genome invaders universally relies on RNA-guided immunity. Prokaryotic CRISPR-Cas and eukaryotic RNA interference pathways recognize targets by complementary base-pairing, which places the sequences of their guide RNAs at the center of self/nonself discrimination. Here, we explore the sequence space of PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs)...
Preprint
Full-text available
Defense against genome invaders universally relies on RNA-guided immunity. Prokaryotic CRISPR/Cas and eukaryotic RNA interference pathways recognize targets by complementary base-pairing, which places the sequences of their guide RNAs at the center of self/nonself discrimination. Here, we explore the sequence space of PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs)...
Preprint
Full-text available
The combination of genome-editing and epitope tagging provides a powerful strategy to study proteins with high affinity and specificity while preserving their physiological expression patterns. However, stably modifying endogenous genes in cells that do not allow for clonal selection has been challenging. Here, we present a simple and fast strategy...
Article
Full-text available
Key to CRISPR-Cas adaptive immunity is maintaining an ongoing record of invading nucleic acids, a process carried out by the Cas1-Cas2 complex that integrates short segments of foreign genetic material (spacers) into the CRISPR locus. It is hypothesized that Cas1 evolved from casposases, a novel class of transposases. We show here that the Methanos...
Article
Full-text available
Germline genes that are aberrantly expressed in nongermline cancer cells have the potential to be ideal targets for diagnosis and therapy due to their restricted physiological expression, their broad reactivation in various cancer types, and their immunogenic properties. Among such cancer/testis genes, components of the PIWI-interacting small RNA (...
Article
Full-text available
PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are at the center of a small RNA-based immune system that defends genomes against the deleterious action of mobile genetic elements (transposons). PiRNAs are highly variable in sequence with extensive targeting potential. Their diversity is restricted by their preference to start with a Uridine (U) at the 5′ most posi...
Article
In mammals, gene silencing by the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) is a well-understood cytoplasmic posttranscriptional gene regulatory mechanism. Here, we show that embryonic stem cells (ESCs) contain high levels of nuclear AGO proteins and that in ESCs nuclear AGO protein activity allows for the onset of differentiation. In the nucleus, AGO p...
Article
Full-text available
Piwi-interacting piRNAs are a major and essential class of small RNAs in the animal germ cells with a prominent role in transposon control. Efficient piRNA biogenesis and function require a cohort of proteins conserved throughout the animal kingdom. Here we studied Maelstrom (MAEL), which is essential for piRNA biogenesis and germ cell differentiat...
Preprint
Piwi-interacting piRNAs are a major and essential class of small RNAs in the animal germ cells with a prominent role in transposon control. Efficient piRNA biogenesis and function require a cohort of proteins conserved throughout the animal kingdom. Here we studied Maelstrom (MAEL), which is essential for piRNA biogenesis and germ cell differentiat...
Article
Full-text available
Pachytene piRNAs are a class of Piwi-interacting small RNAs abundant in spermatids of the adult mouse testis. They are processed from piRNA primary transcripts by a poorly understood mechanism and, unlike fetal transposon-derived piRNAs, lack complementary targets in the spermatid transcriptome. We report that immunopurified complexes of a conserve...
Article
Full-text available
Chromatin remodelers are ATP-dependent machines responsible for directionally shifting nucleosomes along DNA. We are interested in defining which elements of the chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 1 (Chd1) remodeler are necessary and sufficient for sliding nucleosomes. This work focuses on the polypeptide segment that joins the ATPase motor...
Article
Integrity of the germline genome is essential for the production of viable gametes and successful reproduction. In mammals, the generation of gametes involves extensive epigenetic changes (DNA methylation and histone modification) in conjunction with changes in chromosome structure to ensure flawless progression through meiotic recombination and pa...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
Understanding biology and molecular mechanisms of cancer/testis genes