Pavel Pech

Pavel Pech
University of Hradec Králové · Department of Biology

RNDr., Ph.D.

About

60
Publications
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512
Citations

Publications

Publications (60)
Preprint
Forests in lowlands are altered by a man for a long time. The most important disturbances that have been influencing hardwood floodplain forests are foresters and floods. We focused on the influence of the forest structure and soil chemistry on forest pedobiodiversity. The study was done in floodplain forests of Sava and Dunaj rivers in Serbia. Its...
Preprint
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Fruit orchards under different types of management represent the most common agroforestry practice in central Europe. Traditional fruit orchards with trees usually planted in meadows are at a surplus, providing suitable habitats for many plant and animal species. We examined the influence of different management and biotope types on three insect gr...
Article
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Ants can shape vegetation as seed dispersers and ecosystem engineers. When anthills are long-lasting, they are known to change soil and vegetation characteristics. However, it is unclear whether plant species traits and species composition vary between ant guilds and between parts of individual anthills. We compared different aspects of soil and ve...
Article
Non-native trees have been introduced into Europe for hundreds of years. Some have become an important part of the human diet, and many have aesthetic value. Nevertheless, some of them became aliens and host other alien species that might have undesirable effects on native organisms. We studied the possible effects of an alien-alien relationship (f...
Article
Azole fungicides (benzimidazoles, triazoles and imidazoles) are among the most widely used agrochemicals in the world. Unfortunately, azole fungicides are increasingly recognized for playing the role of endocrine disruptors in non-target organisms. Previously, the fecundity of ants with semi-claustral colony founding was found to be severely decrea...
Article
Burrowing mammals through their digging activities are important ecosystem engineers and bioturbators in grassland ecosystems. Through habitat formation, they can have significant effects on other species in an ecosystem, structuring their abundance and diversity. We analysed the effect of the European ground squirrel (Spermophilus citellus) on spi...
Article
1. Terrestrial snail shells can be considered partial resources for insects, and as such, the expansion of numerous snail species to anthropogenic habitats makes them increasingly available. 2. Here, we address for the first time a complete profile of insects that use empty terrestrial snail shells during the winter period in Central Europe. 3. T...
Article
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The structure of forests is an important stabilizing factor regarding ongoing global climate and land use change. Biodiverse mountain forests with natural structure are one of the ecosystems most endangered by these problems. We focused on the mountain forest islands of European beech (Fagus sylvatica) and their role in the natural distribution of...
Article
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In this paper an updated critical checklist of the ants of the Czech Republic is provided. A total of 111 valid names of outdoor species are listed based on data from museum and private collections. Over the past decade several faunistic and taxonomic changes concerning the Czech ant fauna have occurred. The species Formica clara Forel, 1886, Lasiu...
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Post-industrial sites form a unique phenomenon in the landscape. They enable us to study the human-altered succession of communities. Regarding this, we studied an ant community in three types of habitats-reclamation and spontaneous succession in an ore basin together with unaltered surroundings in the Czech Republic. More than 30 years after being...
Article
The impacts of pesticides on biodiversity of off-target organisms are neglected, and current conservation strategies pay little attention to these issues. Particularly the sublethal effects of chemical compounds used in agriculture and forestry are poorly understood, despite they may have detrimental effects on populations of the affected off-targe...
Article
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Modrásci rodu Phengaris patří mezi vysoce ohrožené denní motýly. Intenzita jejich výzkumu v Evropě odpovídá jak jejich ochranářském statusu, tak i vysoce zajímavému životnímu cyklu. Vyvíjejí se jako sociální paraziti v hnízdech mravenců rodu Myrmica. Referujeme o nejnovějších poznatcích o jejich evoluci, biologii a ochraně. Large blues (Phengaris)...
Article
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PurposeResearch has shown that ants are tolerant of environmental pollution and improve the quality of polluted substrates at industrial sites. Here, we assessed the effects of ants on microbial biomass and activity and on the contents of organic matter, nutrients, and heavy metals in an ore-washery sedimentation basin. We also determined whether t...
Article
We studied the internal and external appearance of the metapleural gland in the five castes of Technomyrmex vitiensis. All castes do possess the gland, but with a clear gradient from queens (most developed gland), via intercastes, workers and wingless males to winged males (least developed). Also the size and the shape of the atrium differ among ca...
Article
Full-text available
Ergatomorph wingless males are known in several species of the genus Technomyrmex Mayr, 1872. Te frst record of these males is given in T. vitiensis Mann, 1921. In comparison with winged males, wingless males have a smaller thorax and genitalia, but both forms have ocelli and the same size of eyes. Wingless males seem to form a substantial portion...
Article
Temperate open woodlands are recognized as biodiversity hotspots. They are characterised by the presence of scattered, open-grown, often old and large trees (hereafter referred to as ‘‘solitary trees”). Such trees are considered keystone ecological features for biodiversity. However, the ecological role of solitary trees and their importance for wo...
Article
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The specificity of the specialisation of Phengaris Doherty, 1891 caterpillars to their host ants is still not fully understood. In this report, we summarize all available records of Phengaris in ant nests from the Czech Republic. P. alcon (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) was found exclusively in nests of Myrmica scabrin-odis Nylander, 1846 at four si...
Poster
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The plants, ants and molluscs of the ore tailings basin in Chvaletice
Article
Methyl benzimidazole carbamate fungicides, including benomyl, are widely used in agriculture, and to eliminate entomopathogenic infections. We treated queens of Myrmica rubra (Hymenoptera:Formicidae) infected or not by Rickia wasmannii (Laboulbeniales:Laboulbeniaceae) with benomyl, 1mg/ml p.o. for six weeks. Benomyl did not treat the infection, and...
Article
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We examined the response of communities of four groups of organisms (plants, snails, ants and spiders) in a small scale mosaic of 8-years mown and unmown plots in a wet meadow in Central Europe. The experimental setup consisted of 7 unmown and 8 regularly mown 4 m2 plots in checkerboard arrangement. Eight years after the start of the experiment, th...
Book
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Maděra P. et al., eds., 2014. Czech villages in Romanian Banat: landscape, nature, and culture. Brno: Mendel University in Brno. The presented monograph represents one of the outputs from project "Creation and development of multidisciplinary team on the basis of landscape ecology. The aim of the book is to understand regularities of the functioni...
Article
Oak and mixed deciduous forests with oaks are the most widespread woodland types in the central European lowlands. The aim of this study was to analyse how the biodiversity of saproxylic organisms (fungi, lichens, beetles, and ants, bees and wasps) in thermophilic temperate oak woodlands respond to the openness in landscape structure of tree habita...
Chapter
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Study of social insects in the context of sociobiology and behavioral analogies with human societies is an attractive theme (e.g. Soudek 1924; Wilson 1971). Our interest is focused on the other feature of an important insect group facilitating the development of cultural landcape with traditional agriculture going through changes at present. Grassl...
Article
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The biology of the West Palearctic species Myrmica curvithorax Bondroit, 1920 is poorly known. In general, it inhabits salt marshes and xerothermous grasslands, especially patches with low, thin vegetation. The presence of M. curvithorax at three localities in the Czech Republic has been previously documented and published; specimens from another 1...
Article
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In a previous study most males of the Glanville fritillary butterfly (Melitaea cinxia) were caught in valleys, whereas almost all females were distributed on slopes in the Tianshan Mountains, northwestern China. To help understand this phenomenon, male mate location behaviours were observed in different landscapes of the Tianshan Mountains. In vall...
Article
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The pulmonate snail Chondrina avenacea lives on exposed rock walls where it experiences drastic daily and seasonal fluctuations of abiotic conditions and food availability. We found that tolerance to dry conditions was maintained at a very high level throughout the year and was mainly based on the snails' ability to promptly enter into estivation (...
Article
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A composition of snail fauna in a functional coal-ash settling basin has been compared to that of a partly reclaimed coal-ash settling basin which had been abandoned for 26 years, using a nature re-serve as a control. A total of 24 molluscan species were found at the control site, 21 species in the in-ternal area of the abandoned settling basin and...
Article
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The ant Myrmica vandeli is a poorly known European species inhabiting montane and submontane peat bogs and wet meadows. Its colonies are free living in central Europe, whereas it is a social parasite of My-rmica scabrinodis in the north-western and eastern Europe. Besides five published records of M. vandeli found in the Czech Republic, this paper...
Article
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AbstrAct The presence of slavemaker ants alters the structure of the ant community. The influence of slavemakers on non-host ants is believed to be indirect, via changing competitive interactions among the ants. According to my obser-vation Myrmica sabuleti (and probably also Lasius alienus) profited from a Polyergus rufescens raid against a Formic...
Article
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A montane ant Manica rubida (Latreille, 1802) is a pioneer ant species of sunny habitats with minimal vegetation cover. It nests in the ground in nests having no above-ground construction, though the entrances may be crater-like due to the amount of excavated soil. A polycalic colony, formed almost exclusively by nests with a relatively large above...
Article
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This comment rejects the proposal of Case 3508, requesting the Commission to use its plenary power to rule the precedence of Maculinea van Eecke, 1915, over Phengaris Doherty, 1891, in order to stabilise zoological nomenclature. We suggest that such an act would not serve this purpose but would, indeed, be likely to produce the opposite effect. (1)...
Article
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A population of Xerolenta obvia was recorded in Olešník near Hluboká nad Vltavou. The population is highly isolated from other localities of X. obvia in the Southern Bohemia. Contrary to other X. obvia localities in the Southern Bohemia, the substrate of the locality is not calcareous.
Article
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The first record of non-indigenous expanding mollusc species Monacha cartusiana (O.F. Müller, 1774) is reported – the species was found on a dam of a coal-ash settling basin near České Budějovice.
Article
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27 species of ants were found in a Natural Monument Nerestské lomy, whereas 14 species occurred in a Natural Reserve Kuridlo only. Two interesting species were found: Ponera coaretata in Nerestský lom and Lasius psammophilus in Kuridlo.
Article
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A checklist of ants of Susicko-Horazdovicko area is presented. A total of 26 ant species were found mainly on calcareous grassland and in light forest. Lasius paralienus was found at two sites. These findings represent the second and third record of L. paralienus in Bohemia.
Article
Abstract Total evidence analysis, based on a combination of morphological and ecological characters with two mitochondrial sequences (cytochrome c oxidase subunits I and II) and one nuclear (elongation factor-1) sequence, provides a new phylogeny of the uniquely obligate ant parasitic Phengaris–Maculinea butterflies. The clade, including all specie...
Chapter
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A phylogenetic study of origin of seasonal polyphenism of nymphalid butterflies of the genera Araschnia, Mynes and Symbrenthia revealed that the phenomenon did not evolve under condition of Palaearctic climate, but likely in area of transient zone of Palaearctic and Oriental regions of SE Asia, where ancestors of the butterfly group occurred. Anoth...
Article
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AbstrAct Phengaris butterflies, which is the valid name for Maculinea van Eecke, 1915, display an intricate parasitic relationship with Myrmica ants. The re-lationship was long believed to be non-specific, so that each Phengaris could develop in many Myrmica species, but since an influential paper by Thomas et al. (1989), there was a shift towards...
Article
A phylogeny of blue butterflies of the genus Maculinea and related genera (Lycaenidae) is proposed, based on 91 morphological and ecological characters. The resulting tree shows that: (1) Phengaris is a derived group nested within Maculinea; (2) the Maculinea-Phengaris clade is probably nested within Glaucopsyche; (3) there are three well supported...

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Fruit orchards as one of the formerly most widespread agro-forestry systems in Europe are gradually disappearing from the rural landscapes. We focus on their past, present and future biodiversity importance.