Pavel Kindlmann

Pavel Kindlmann
Czech Globe | czechglobe · Biodiversity Research

Prof.

About

249
Publications
90,497
Reads
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5,607
Citations
Citations since 2016
59 Research Items
2512 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
Introduction
Research Focus: population and metapopulation dynamics, evolution of life histories, prediction of insect pest outbreaks, landscape connectivity, nature protection, mathematical modelling. Model groups: insect pests and their predators, orchids, large mammals
Additional affiliations
January 2007 - present
Charles University in Prague
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (249)
Chapter
To optimize the conservation strategies of snow leopard, it is necessary to know its distribution within an area and relative abundance in different habitats (Sheng et al. Biodivers Conserv 19:3195–3206, 2010). Its secretive lifestyle makes this quite difficult. Estimation methods of snow leopard abundance include search for signs of their presence...
Chapter
In this introductory chapter, we present facts about snow leopard. We start with a general description of snow leopard, its ecology and typical habitats in Sect. 1.1. Details on snow leopard distribution in the world follow in Sect. 1.2. We then enumerate the main threats to this animal, which include conflicts with people, illegal trade and climat...
Chapter
Large carnivores like snow leopard are solitary and elusive species, which makes observing their hunting and feeding behaviour difficult. In addition, small prey are completely consumed and it is not easy to determine where they were killed (Oli et al. in J Zool Lond 231:365–370, 1993). However, as the hair of prey is not damaged during mastication...
Chapter
Snow leopard is threatened particularly by habitat loss, reduction in the availability of prey, conflict with herders, and poaching in connection with traditional Asian medicine. Therefore, an effective conservation strategy for snow leopard is needed. For this, however, we need estimates of its abundance and map of its spatial distribution. The pr...
Chapter
The most important habitats for snow leopard in the world are in Nepal and studies on this elusive predator began there much earlier than elsewhere, but the results are scattered in the literature. The review presented in this chapter therefore aims to compile the results of the Nepalese studies, which over the last four decades consist of several...
Chapter
Here we describe the five areas used for monitoring snow leopards and their prey, and the snow leopard-human conflict study. They are: Lower Mustang, Upper Mustang, Upper Manang, Tsum Valley (Chhekampar VDC) and Sagarmatha National Park. The first three are parts of the Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA), and Tsum Valley is a part of the Manaslu Con...
Chapter
Understanding the dynamics of snow leopard-human conflicts and the perceptions of local people of the threats posed by snow leopards is important for gaining local support for mitigating the effects of the conflicts. This chapter presents an assessment of the knowledge and perception of local people of livestock losses due to snow leopards in the c...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on changes in the numbers of snow leopard and their prey over time. We present a large set of empirical data collected by Bikram Shrestha during several grant-funded projects. This data is valuable considering the lack of detailed data on snow leopards and might be used in various contexts in the future. Although it is a large...
Chapter
Habitat suitability models based on particular environmental variables are increasingly being used to predict occurrence of species for wildlife management issues. A variety of techniques and statistical methods are used in species distribution modelling. In this case we use MaxEnt and data on the distribution of snow leopard in Nepal based on a la...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding patterns of species diversity along an altitudinal gradient is the major topic of much biogeographical and ecological research. The aim of this study was to explore how richness and density of orchid species and subspecies in terms of different categories of underground organ systems and pollination systems vary along an altitudinal g...
Article
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Barking deer is found in dense tropical and subtropical forests of Asia. It is listed as “least concerned” by the International Union of Conservation of Nature and as “vulnerable” in Nepal, where it is also protected. Due to the habitat loss and fragmentation by human activities, barking deer abundance is decreasing, which may even ultimately lead...
Chapter
Species distribution models are a useful tool applied in many branches of biology, especially when dealing with threatened organisms. In combination with GIS techniques, these models are especially important and valuable for predicting occurrence of rare species, for example, orchids. Orchids are an endangered plant group, protected in the whole wo...
Article
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Alpine plants are perceived as some of the most vulnerable to extinction due to the global climate change. We expected that their life history strategies depend, among others, on the latitude they live in: those growing in temperate regions are likely to have a distinct phenology with short seasonal peaks, while tropical alpine plants can potential...
Article
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Studies on population dynamics are helpful for understanding the factors determining population development and predicting the effects of disturbances, such as harvesting of plant species. In an investigation of the demography of a terrestrial medicinal orchid known as Crepidium acuminatum, the effects of harvesting on its population dynamics were...
Article
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Epiphytic orchids are common in subtropical forests, but little is known about the factors that determine their diversity. We surveyed two sites (north-facing Phulchowki and south-facing Shivapuri hills), in the sub-tropical forest in the Kathmandu valley, central Nepal. Along five transects per site, spanning an altitudinal gradient of 1525–2606 m...
Article
Recently, there has been a significant increase in number of land cover maps available to researchers and they are now more commonly used. The broad variety requires some system for determining the differences between maps and for estimating their applicability for specific research purposes. We focused on comparing land cover maps from the point o...
Article
The natural environment has been significantly altered by human activity over the past few decades. There is evidence we are now experiencing the sixth mass extinction, as many species of plants and animals are declining in abundance. We focused on the Orchidaceae because this plant family has experienced one of the biggest reductions in distributi...
Article
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Factors determining the spatial distribution of bird species along altitudinal gradients have been important in their ecological and biogeographical research. Here, have used the data on bird species recorded in Manang, central Nepal Himalayas and attempt to determine the drivers of bird species diversity. We also carried out indicator species anal...
Article
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Understanding diversity patterns along altitudinal gradients and the effect of global change on abundance, distribution patterns and species survival are of the most discussed topics in biodiversity research. Here, we determined the associations of orchid species richness and the degree of their specialization to specific environmental conditions (...
Article
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Dactylorhiza hatagirea is a terrestrial orchid listed in Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and classified as threatened by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). It is endemic to the Hindu-Kush Himalayan region, distributed from Pakistan to China. The main thre...
Article
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Understanding temporal changes in the distribution and abundance of various species is one of the key goals of conservation biology. During recent decades, the abundance and distribution of many species of plants and animals have declined dramatically, mainly because of habitat loss and fragmentation. The purpose of this study is to analyze the rat...
Article
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One of the key goals of conservation biology is to determine what causes declines in biodiversity and suggest ways of stopping or slowing them down. Studies on the temporal changes in the distributions of species provide critical information on temporal trends in local extinctions and information on what causes these changes. This is especially tru...
Article
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There is a lot of information on the factors limiting the distributions of species in their native areas, but much less on those limiting potential changes in distributions of species that are currently spreading outside their present range, especially invasive species. However, this information is often quite essential, as it enables the predictio...
Article
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The snow leopard is one of the most endangered large mammals. Its population, already low, is declining, most likely due to the consequences of human activity, including a reduction in the size and number of suitable habitats. With climate change, habitat loss may escalate, because of an upward shift in the tree line and concomitant loss of the alp...
Article
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Recent drought and a surge in days with weather conditions conducive to wildfire occurrence during 2015–2019 reminded the Czech Republic that it is not immune to this type of natural hazard. Although Central Europe has not been at the center of such events, observed climate data and climate projections suggest a tendency toward more years with wet...
Article
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The Cotapata National Park and Natural Area for Integrated Management (PN-ANMI) is located on the eastern escarpments of the Eastern Cordillera in Bolivia. It has an altitudinal range between 1,100 to 5,600 masl, with five altitudinally delimited ecological zones. There is great variability of environments, which generates great animal species dive...
Article
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Understanding the abundance and distribution patterns of species at large spatial scales is one of the goals of biogeography and macroecology, as it helps researchers and authorities in designing conservation measures for endangered species. Orchids, one of the most endangered groups of plants, have a complicated system of pollination mechanisms. T...
Article
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In this study, we focus on factors affecting the socio-economic development within a protected zone and attempt to elucidate if being in a protected area significantly affects the development or whether other factors also have a role. We focused on population counts recorded in 1991 and 2011 in order to identify the changes in the economy following...
Article
The provoking title briefly represents the opinion of a number of politicians and lobbyists. The majority of biologists, however, do not agree with this statement and present several arguments for why such a change will not occur. We attempt to elucidate the current and future situation in the Šumava NP based on available data. We also compare the...
Article
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Bohemian gentian (Gentianella praecox subsp. bohemica) is an endemic taxon that occurs on the Czech Massif and together with the Sturmian gentian (Gentianella obtusifolia subsp. sturmiana) are the only autumnal species of Gentianella with large flowers in central Europe. Both species have declined dramatically in both population size and numbers of...
Article
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By monitoring of 50 aphid colonies in 2017 and another 50 colonies in 2018 twice a week, we looked at how the aphid dynamics wasaffected by their natural enemies. This will help us to see, how much the presence of natural enemies shortens the duration of an aphidcolony, which may be one of the causes, why Harmonia axyridis is not very successful in...
Preprint
Full-text available
This document contains the draft of Chapter 4 of the IPBES Global Assessment on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Chapter 4 focuses on scenarios and models that explore the impacts of a wide range of plausible future changes in social, economic and institutional drivers on Nature, Nature's Contributions to People and Good Quality of Life.
Article
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We are experiencing climate warming that is likely to affect all regions worldwide, although in a different manner, when its consequences (e.g. increase of temperature, lower seasonality, lower environmental stochasticity) are considered. Thus, our prediction of how global change will affect distribution and survival of species can be estimated by...
Article
The IPCC IS92a scenario predicts climate changes including within-year fluctuations in precipitation and a temperature increase of 1.7 °C by the year 2050 and a further 2.7 °C by the year 2100. We attempted to detect these changes in the Šumava Mts. and compare them with climate changes in the surrounding foothills. We used meteorological data reco...
Article
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Visual attractiveness and rarity often results in large carnivores being adopted as flagship species for stimulating conservation awareness. Their hunting behaviour and prey selection can affect the population dynamics of their prey, which in turn affects the population dynamics of these large carnivores. Therefore, our understanding of their troph...
Conference Paper
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Predators are generally considered to be less effective biocontrol agents than parasites. The reduction in host density below the enemy free value by parasitoids are reported to be an order of magnitude greater than by predators. The famous exception is the control of the cottony­cushion scale, Icerya purchasi, by the ladybird beetle, Rodolia cardi...
Article
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We studied the impact of human disturbances on the habitat and prey preference of tiger by walking along transects in different sites of the Chitwan National Park, Nepal. The study found that tiger mostly preferred successional forests, grasslands and floodplains while avoiding the Shorea forests. Tiger strongly preferred prey abundant areas and st...
Article
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The medicinal plant Swertia multicaulis D. Don was collected in Rasuwa District (Nepal) and the xanthone content of its ethyl acetate extracts was studied. The total amount of xanthones in S. multicaulis determined by HPLC reaches almost 13 g of xanthones per 1 kg of dry matter. The identification of xanthones in S. multicaulis was achieved by a co...
Article
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p class="Default">We investigated the factors affecting group sizes and population composition of chital ( Axis axis ), sambar ( Rusa unicolor ), hog deer ( Axis porcinus ), northern red muntjac ( Muntiacus vaginalis ), wild boar ( Sus scrofa ) and gaur ( Bos gaurus ) in the Chitwan National Park in southern Nepal. The study revealed that mean grou...
Article
Full-text available
Species distribution models are a useful tool and are now often used in many branches of biology, especially when dealing with threatened organisms. In combination with GIS techniques, these models are especially important and valuable for predicting the occurrence of rare species, for example orchids. Orchids are an endangered plant group, protect...
Article
Full-text available
Kreft et al. (2008) presented a global analysis of factors relating to differences in species numbers among 488 island and 970 mainland floras. They tested the relationship between island characteristics (area, isolation, topography, climate and geology) and species richness using traditional and spatial models. They found that area was the stronge...
Chapter
This proceedings contains papers dealing with issues affecting biological control, particularly pertaining to the use of parasitoids and predators as biological control agents. This includes all approaches to biological control: conservation, augmentation, and importation of natural enemy species for the control of arthropod targets, as well as oth...
Article
Full-text available
Whilst studies have shown that climatic (North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO)) and biotic (acorn production) factors influence rodent populations, mechanisms driving temporal and spatial fluctuation of rodent populations are understudied. This study evaluates relationships between the influence of environmental factors (biotic and abiotic) and phenotyp...
Article
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A new species invading a new area may cause a decrease in diversity of the community already present there. Comparison of temporal changes in species diversity of the “new” community (including alien species) with those of the “original” community (including only native species) may clarify our understanding of the effect of alien species. Using a...
Article
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Associations between epiphytes and their hosts are among the main factors affecting the biodiversity and distribution of epiphytes. While several previous studies explored the association between epiphyte diversity and host characteristics, very little is known about the generality of such associations at larger spatial scales. We aim to explore th...
Article
The question, whether the forest management adopted in several European national parks following natural disturbances (windstorms, bark beetle) is in the long term the optimal one is currently widely discussed in a pan-European context. Instead of a clear management policy, however, only non-compulsory recommendations are suggested and management d...
Article
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Area and latitude are thought to be the most important determinants of species richness. The relative importance of these two factors was recently tested, using data on orchid species diversity in various countries in the world and it was found that size of the country (or of the protected areas within the country) is a better determinant of specie...
Article
Full-text available
Due to changes in the global climate, isolated alpine sites have become one of the most vulnerable habitats worldwide. The indigenous fauna in these habitats is threatened by an invasive species, dwarf pine (Pinus mugo), which is highly competitive and could be important in determining the composition of the invertebrate community. In this study, t...
Article
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div class="page" title="Page 1"> Many orchids are characterised by their so-called irregular flowering regime, which is an irregular sequence of flowering, dormant and sterile stages during the life of one individual (Curtis & Green 1953, Tamm 1956, 1972, 1991, Wells 1967, 1981, 1994, Hutchings 1987, Firmage & Cole 1988, Inghe & Tamm 1988, Wells &...
Chapter
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Over the last 50 years, organisms and ecosystems have become increasingly vulnerable to extinction (Koopowitz et al. 2003). One of the reasons for this is climate change, which is currently considered a major threat to biodiversity, and numerous species extinctions and range shifts are predicted in a range of scenarios (Thomas et al. 2004, Pereira...
Article
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Decline in wet grasslands, which in the past resulted particularly from the intensification of agriculture, was accompanied by the loss of a lot of populations of organisms, including protected and endangered species of plants and animals associated with these habitats e.g. terrestrial orchids. The survival of populations of many species of Europea...
Article
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Determining the distribution of species and of suitable habitats is a fundamental part of conservation planning. We used slope and ruggedness of the terrain, forest type and distance to the nearest village to construct habitat suitability maps for three mountain ungulates (barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak), Himalayan goral (Naemorhedus goral) and Hi...
Article
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Distributions of invasive alien species (IAS) are well documented all over the world, and roads are considered one of the main means by which IAS spread. Bolivia is one of a few countries for which there are no such studies. For this reason, we determined the number of exotic plant species in the vicinity of roads near the city of La Paz, Bolivia....
Article
Natura 2000 is a unique EU-wide network of protected areas, which aims to maintain European biodiversity or at least prevent its worsening based on two Directives: Bird Directive 79/409/EEC and Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC. It is assumed that this will assure the long-term survival of Europe’s most valuable and threatened species and habitats. The...