Paulo Boggio

Paulo Boggio
Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie | Mackenzie · Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde (CCBS)

Doctor of Psychology

About

226
Publications
85,470
Reads
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27,787
Citations
Citations since 2016
78 Research Items
18047 Citations
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Introduction
Paulo Boggio currently works at the Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde (CCBS), Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie. Paulo does research in Biological Psychology, Neuropsychology and Social Psychology.
Additional affiliations
January 2010 - present
January 2005 - present
Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie
January 2005 - December 2010
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Education
February 2005 - February 2007
Universidade de São Paulo
Field of study
  • Neuroscience and Behavior
August 2002 - August 2004
Universidade de São Paulo
Field of study
  • Experimental Psychology
August 1999 - July 2001
University of São Paulo
Field of study
  • Neuropsychology

Publications

Publications (226)
Chapter
Full-text available
Transcranial brain stimulation (TBS) is a term that denotes different noninvasive techniques which aim to modulate brain cortical activity through an external source, usually an electric or magnetic one. Currently, there are several techniques categorized as TBS. However, two are more used for scientific research, the transcranial magnetic stimulat...
Chapter
Full-text available
Emotions play a very important role in moral judgments. Hume argues that morality is determined by feelings that make us define whether an attitude is virtuous or criminal. This implies that an individual relies on their past experience to make a moral judgment, so that when the mind contemplates what it knows, it may trigger emotions such as disgu...
Chapter
Full-text available
Embodiment has been discussed in the context of social, affective, and cognitive psychology, and also in the investigations of neuroscience in order to understand the relationship between biological mechanisms, body and cognitive, and social and affective processes. New theoretical models have been presented by researchers considering not only the...
Book
Full-text available
This book is open access, which means that you have free and unlimited access (https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-031-08651-9) Presents integrative view of neuroscience that is social, affective, moral, political, and interpersonal Provides a holistic view of social behavior, from the molecular level to daily human interactions Serves...
Article
Full-text available
Developmental dyslexia is a specific learning disorder that presents cognitive and neurobiological impairments related to different patterns of brain activation throughout development, continuing in adulthood. Lexical decision tasks, together with electroencephalography (EEG) measures that have great temporal precision, allow the capture of cogniti...
Article
Full-text available
Neurofeedback and transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) are promising techniques for neuroenhancement of attentional performance. As far as we know no study compared both techniques on attentional performance in healthy participants. We compared tDCS and neurofeedback in a randomized, single-blind, controlled experiment assessing both beha...
Preprint
Full-text available
Today most technologies and interfaces are designed to be global. We argue that if emotional aspects are incorporated during the design phase of technologies and interfaces - or in technologies for recognizing users' emotions such as affective computing - culture and language should be taken as relevant criteria.
Article
Objectives: (i) Evaluate if human actions with and without pictorial information result in comparable motor facilitation; (ii) Verify if the isolated features of movement and human shape increase motor excitability. Methods: Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) of M1 were recorded from 18 healthy subjects using transcranial magnetic stimulation during pr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A Computação Afetiva é o estudo de como os computadores podem reconhecer, interpretar e simular os afetos humanos. A Análise de Sentimento é uma tarefa comum em PLN, mas se concentra apenas na valência da emoção (positiva, negativa, neutra). Uma abordagem emergente é o Reconhecimento de Emoção, que depende de uma classificação refinada. Nesta pesqu...
Article
The goal of this study was to investigate whether the semantic processing of the audiovisual combination of communicative gestures with speech differs between men and women. We recorded event-related brain potentials in women and men during the presentation of communicative gestures that were either congruent or incongruent with the speech. Our res...
Chapter
Social and affective neurosciences are topics of increasing popularity and great urgency in contemporary brain research. Before the introduction of the noninvasive brain stimulation methods used presently, most of the research on social and emotional processes relied on behavioral methods, lesions, and/or correlational methods alone. The possibilit...
Article
Full-text available
To investigate the processing of environmental sounds, previous researchers have compared the semantic processing of words and sounds, yielding mixed results. This study aimed to specifically investigate the electrophysiological mechanism underlying the semantic processing of environmental sounds presented in a naturalistic visual scene. We recorde...
Preprint
Full-text available
Affective Computing is the study of how computers can recognize, interpret and simulate human affects. Sentiment Analysis is a common task in NLP related to this topic, but it focuses only on emotion valence (positive, negative, neutral). An emerging approach in NLP is Emotion Recognition, which relies on fined-grained classification. This research...
Preprint
Trust in leaders is central to citizen compliance with public policies. One potential determinant of trust is how leaders resolve conflicts between utilitarian and non- utilitarian ethical principles in moral dilemmas. Past research suggests that utilitarian responses to dilemmas can both erode and enhance trust in leaders: sacrificing some people...
Article
Full-text available
Trust in leaders is central to citizen compliance with public policies. One potential determinant of trust is how leaders resolve conflicts between utilitarian and non-utilitarian ethical principles in moral dilemmas. Past research suggests that utilitarian responses to dilemmas can both erode and enhance trust in leaders: sacrificing some people t...
Article
We investigated the semantic processing of the multimodal audiovisual combination of visual narratives with auditory descriptive words and auditory sounds in individuals with ASD. To this aim, we recorded ERPs to critical auditory words and sounds associated with events in visual narrative that were either semantically congruent or incongruent with...
Preprint
The goal of this study was to investigate whether the semantic processing of the audiovisual combination of communicative gestures with speech differs between men and women. We recorded event-related brain potentials in women and men during the presentation of communicative gestures that were either congruent or incongruent with the speech. Our res...
Article
Mania, the core feature of bipolar disorder, is associated with heightened and positive emotion responding. Yet, little is known about the underlying cognitive processes that may contribute to heightened positive emotionality observed. Additionally, while previous research has investigated positive emotion biases in non-clinical samples, few if any...
Preprint
Full-text available
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is a devastating global health crisis. Without a vaccine or effective medication, the best hope for mitigating virus transmission is collective behavior change and support for public health interventions (e.g., physical distancing, physical hygiene, and endorsement of health policies). In a large-scale international co...
Article
Full-text available
We examined semantic processing in ASD children by presenting sentences with congruent or incongruent final words and visual narratives with congruent or incongruent final panels. An N400 effect to incongruent words appeared as compared to congruent ones, which was attenuated for the ASD children. We observed a negativity sustained to incongruous t...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic represents a massive global health crisis. Because the crisis requires large-scale behaviour change and places significant psychological burdens on individuals, insights from the social and behavioural sciences can be used to help align human behaviour with the recommendations of epidemiologists and public health experts. Here...
Article
Full-text available
The cognitive processes involved in humor comprehension were analyzed by directly comparing the time course of brain activity associated with the perception of slapstick humor and that associated with the comprehension of humor requiring theory of mind (ToM). Four different comic strips (strips containing humorous scenes that required ToM, non-ToM...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic represents a massive, global health crisis. Because the crisis requires large-scale behavior change and poses significant psychological burdens on individuals, insights from the social and behavioural sciences are critical for optimizing pandemic response. Here we review relevant research from a diversity of research areas rel...
Article
Full-text available
Affiliative touch carries affective meaning and affects the receiver. Although research demonstrates that receiving touch modulates the neural processing of emotions, its effects on evaluations of affective stimuli remain unexplored. The current research examined the effects of affiliative touch on the evaluation of affective images across 3 studie...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the comprehension of a specific type of humorous situation requires the involvement of brain regions associated to mentalization or Theory of Mind processing and if the electrical stimulation of these areas would facilitate the comprehension of humor. To this aim, we analyzed the effects of tDCS...
Article
Full-text available
Background Extinction-based procedures are often used to inhibit maladaptive fear responses. However, because extinction procedures show efficacy limitations, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been suggested as a promising add-on enhancer. Objective In this study, we tested how cathodal tDCS over the right dorsolateral prefrontal...
Article
Full-text available
Gratitude has gained attention in the domain of positive emotion research given its important prosocial role in connecting us to others and fostering well-being. It remains less clear which mechanisms gratitude acts to promote benefits in people’s life. We considered emotional regulation as one of these main processes. Ninety participants were rand...
Article
Brazil has a long history of important scientific discoveries that have contributed to the overall wealth and well-being of the country. Paulo Boggio argues that these can only be sustained if the government stops cutting the research and education budget and starts investing in human intellect and science.
Article
Full-text available
Everyday human social interaction involves sharing experiences verbally and these experiences often include emotional content. Providing this context generally leads to the experience of emotions in the conversation partner. However, most emotion elicitation stimulus sets are based on images or film-sequences providing visual and/or auditory emotio...
Article
Full-text available
Background Extinction-based procedures are used to inhibit maladaptive fear responses. However, due to extinction efficacy limitations, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been studied as a promising add-on enhancer. Previous fundamental research found anodal tDCS to have an adverse effect in increasing generalization of the fear res...
Article
Full-text available
Among the various strategies for modulating the components of the emotional responses, the cognitive reappraisal and distraction are highlighted in current researches. As indicated in recent studies, the capacity for emotional regulation can be improved by mindfulness meditation practicing. This practice usually offers benefits to people’s cognitiv...
Preprint
Extinction-based procedures are often used to inhibit maladaptive fear responses. However, because extinction procedures show efficacy limitations, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been suggested as a promising add-on enhancer. In this study, we tested the effect of cathodal tDCS over extinction, to unveil the processes at play th...
Article
Full-text available
Observing others’ actions desynchronizes electroencephalographic (EEG) rhythms and modulates corticospinal excitability as assessed by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). However, it remains unclear if these measures reflect similar neurofunctional mechanisms at the individual level. In the present study, a within-subject experiment was design...
Data
Fig A. Time-frequency power spectrum plot. Illustrates, at group level, the power spectrum for Precision (P) and Power (W) conditions at C3 electrode. Fig B. Correlation between Mu and Beta rhythms and MEPs. B1. Precision condition at t1; B2. Precision condition at t2; B3. Power condition at t1; B4. Power condition at t2. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
The body ownership induced by the rubber hand illusion (RHI) has been related to a neural network involving a frontal–parietal circuit. Previous functional neuroimaging studies have demonstrated neural activation in the parietal area relative to the multisensory integration processing and to the recalibration of the felt position of body while a ve...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Emotions can be understood as behavioral, physiological, and subjective individual’s alteration due to a given situation. Several times, an efficient regulation of these emotions can promote psychological and social survival. It has been demonstrated that the Prefrontal Cortex (PFC) presents a relevant role in cognitive control, especially...
Article
Full-text available
The concepts of grouping, emergence, and superadditivity (when a whole is qualitatively different from the sum of its parts) are critical in Gestalt psychology and essential to properly understand the information processing mechanisms underlying visual perception. However, very little is known about the neural processes behind these phenomena (part...
Article
The study of addiction and impulsion control disorders has shown that behaviors of seeking and consumption of addictive substances are subserved by neurobiological alterations specifically related to brain networks for reward, stress, and executive control, representing the brain's adaptation to the continued use of an addictive substance. In paral...
Article
Full-text available
Every day we integrate meaningful information coming from different sensory modalities, and previous work has debated whether conceptual knowledge is represented in modality-specific neural stores specialized for specific types of information, and/or in an amodal, shared system. In the current study, we investigated semantic processing through a cr...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies showed the efficacy of a single session real-time electroencephalogram (rtEEG) protocols in sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) or Theta up-training. However, the impact of this training on sustained or mind-wandering attention was only modest. This could be explained by the lack of specificity in distinct rtEEG training protocols given thei...
Poster
Full-text available
Alguns estudos já mostraram que o toque pode ser capaz de influenciar percepções e sentimentos. Pesquisas buscaram compreender os efeitos do toque na percepção de outros, mas ainda não há muitos estudos que comparem os efeitos de tocar alguém (toque ativo) e de ser tocado (toque passivo), ou que analisem os seus efeitos na percepção das emoções e s...
Article
Full-text available
Our minds are continuously alternating between external attention (EA) and mind wandering (MW). An appropriate balance between EA and MW is important for promoting efficient perceptual processing, executive functioning, decision-making, auto-biographical memory, and creativity. There is evidence that EA processes are associated with increased activ...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies looking at how Mind Wandering (MW) impacts performance in distinct Focused Attention (FA) systems, using the Attention Network Task (ANT), showed that the presence of pure MW thoughts did not impact the overall performance of ANT (alert, orienting and conflict) performance. However, it still remains unclear if the lack of interfere...
Article
Full-text available
Racial prejudice is associated with a fundamental distinction between “us” and “them”—a distinction linked to the perceived overlap between representations of the self and others. Implicit prejudice has been shown to reduce the intensity of White individuals’ hand ownership sensation as induced by the Rubber Hand Illusion (RHI) with dark rubber han...
Article
Full-text available
Context and objective: Patients undergoing the same neuromodulation protocol may present different responses. Computational models may help in understanding such differences. The aims of this study were, firstly, to compare the performance of aphasic patients in naming tasks before and after one session of transcranial direct current stimulation (...
Article
Objective: Fetal testosterone (fT) has organizational effects on the developing human nervous system and can be reliably estimated by the ratio between the length of the second and fourth digits — 2D:4D. Previous studies reported altered patterns of fT in some developmental disabilities (e.g. ASD) relative to typically developing individuals (TD)....
Article
Full-text available
Ostracism is characterized by a social pain provoked by being excluded and ignored. In order to address the effects of social ostracism in virtual non-physical interactions, we developed a more realistic paradigm as an alternative to Cyberball and assessed its effects on participant’s expression of basic social needs, emotional experience and painf...
Data
Raw data. This table contains the raw data of all scales and questionnaires used in this experiment. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we investigated whether the ERP responses observed during a verbal irony comprehension task might represent the cortical manifestation of the Medial Prefrontal Cortex (MPFC) activity. We performed a tDCS-EEG study in which we analyzed the effects of tDCS polarities (anode, cathode, sham) over the MPFC during a verbal irony task. We p...