Pauline King

Pauline King
Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology | GMIT · Department of Life and Physical Sciences

BSc, PhD

About

20
Publications
2,184
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547
Citations
Citations since 2016
1 Research Item
182 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022051015202530
2016201720182019202020212022051015202530
2016201720182019202020212022051015202530

Publications

Publications (20)
Article
Nicking is used in fisheries to immobilize claws of brown crab (Cancer pagurus) in order to prevent cannibalism and fighting during storage. Nicking fractures the apodemes creating an open wound and damage to the internal claw tissues, which is the most valuable product of brown crab. In turn, this results in a reduction of quality of product and p...
Article
The European lobster (Homarus gammarus) is often stored live in re-circulation systems. Previously bio-films and fouling has been reported to occur during storage of live aquatic animals. This investigation profiled a bacterium isolated from a bio-film observed on the carapace of live lobster and on the sub-water surfaces of the holding facility. M...
Article
Full-text available
Considerable debate surrounds the issue of reproductive exchange between subunits of marine fish populations. Discrete population theories predict that spawning time and location are predetermined during larval life and that spawning season fidelity and natal homing maintain population integrity. Conversely, spawning assemblages may represent inter...
Article
Full-text available
Burke, N., Brophy, D., Schön, P-J., and King, P. A. 2009. Temporal trends in stock origin and abundance of juvenile herring (Clupea harengus) in the Irish Sea. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 66: 1749–1753.Celtic Sea herring (Clupea harengus) larvae partly disperse into the Irish Sea, where they mix with the resident stock during their first year...
Article
The otolith microstructure of juvenile plaice from two beaches in Galway Bay on the Irish west coast, Ballyloughaun and Silverstrand, was examined. Sampling was carried out monthly in the spring of 2003. The hatch date, larval duration, settlement date and larval growth rates were determined for 85 fish. Hatching occurred from late January to late...
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Full-text available
Burke, N., Brophy, D., and King, P. A. 2008. Otolith shape analysis: its application for discriminating between stocks of Irish Sea and Celtic Sea herring (Clupea harengus) in the Irish Sea. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 65: 1670–1675. The extensive movement of Celtic Sea juvenile Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) during the first year of life...
Article
The mixing of Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) stocks during the early life phases has important implications for management of the associated fisheries. There are two components within the winter-spawning Celtic Sea stock with characteristic growth and recruitment patterns; Celtic Sea fish that move into the Irish Sea (migrant component) grow mo...
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Full-text available
Brophy, D., and King, P. A. 2007. Larval otolith growth histories show evidence of stock structure in Northeast Atlantic blue whiting (Micromesistius poutassou). – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 64: 1136–1144. Oceanographic modelling studies suggest that blue whiting (Micromesistius poutassou) larvae released on the Northeast Atlantic spawning gro...
Article
Age based assessment forms the basis of management advice for the heavily exploited combined stock of blue whiting (Micromesistius poutassou) in the Northeast Atlantic. However, little historic attention has been given to the reliability of age estimates gathered from several nations involved in this assessment. Using recognised graphical and stati...
Article
A sample of 150 four-spot megrim, Lepidorhombus boscii (Risso 1810), was collected from the port of Rossaveal, Co. Galway, between June 1997 and July 1999. Age was determined by examining the sagittal otoliths, and the oldest fish was estimated to be an eleven-year-old female measuring 33.4cm in total length. Six-year-old fish were the most frequen...
Article
The current status of the exotic barnacle Elminius modestus Darwin was assessed at 27 sites in Galway Bay during the months of February to April 1996. E. modestus was recorded at 13 of the 27 sites visited. These sites all lie at the eastern end of the Bay. The species was particularly common in the vicinity of Galway Harbour. Sites where the speci...
Article
A Galway Bay population of the dragonet Callionymus lyra (L.) was investigated between March 1978 and November 1979. Monthly collections were made on board commercial fishing vessels. A total of 3302 fish was examined. The male to female sex ratio in the catch was 1·14:1 and it departed significantly from a 1:1 ratio. Males grew significantly faste...
Article
Length frequency analyses were carried out on samples of mussels, Mytilus edulis L., from 23 exposed rocky shores around the Irish coast. Results show that direct settlement of larvae to adult mussel beds occurs widely on the lower shore on Irish exposed coasts and that such settlement also occurs on midshore mussel beds. However, there was little...
Article
Artificial substrates were used to monitor Mytilus edulis L. settlement on an exposed rocky shore at Ballynahown, on the west coast of Ireland, from August 1984 to September 1985. Flat nylon domestic pan scourers proved to be good collectors of mussel recruits. The appearance of new modes of 300 µn shell length at times of increasing density of col...
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The life history of the thickback sole Microchirus variegatus (Donovan, 1808) was investigated from samples collected on board commercial fishing vessels between March 1978 and September 1979. A total of 512 specimens were taken from fish trawls, shot on sandy bottoms, off the north shore of Galway Bay. The largest fish recorded measured 15.5cm, wh...
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Full-text available
The marine mussel, Mytilus edulis , is a widely distributed bivalve, especially abundant on wave washed exposed rocky shores (Lewis, 1964). Investigations on the reproductive and settlement cycles of M. edulis in Irish waters have concentrated to date on sheltered shore populations (Wilson & Seed, 1974; Seed & Brown, 1975; Rodhouse et al ., 1984; M...

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