Pauline E Campbell

Pauline E Campbell
Glasgow Caledonian University | GCU · Nursing, Midwifery and Allied Health Professions Research Unit (NMAHP RU)

PhD

About

98
Publications
14,729
Reads
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3,096
Citations
Citations since 2017
61 Research Items
2552 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230200400600
20172018201920202021202220230200400600
20172018201920202021202220230200400600
Additional affiliations
November 2012 - present
Glasgow Caledonian University
Position
  • Research Associate
January 2004 - present

Publications

Publications (98)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Perception is the ability to understand information from our senses. It allows us to experience and meaningfully interact with our environment. A stroke may impair perception in up to 70% of stroke survivors, leading to distress, increased dependence on others, and poorer quality of life. Interventions to address perceptual disorders m...
Article
Background: Urinary incontinence (UI) is the involuntary loss of urine and can be caused by several different conditions. The common types of UI are stress (SUI), urgency (UUI) and mixed (MUI). A wide range of interventions can be delivered to reduce the symptoms of UI in women. Conservative interventions are generally recommended as the first lin...
Article
Background Evidence for effectiveness of nurse-led interventions FOR cancer-related symptoms is of variable quality. This study aimed to identify, appraise and evaluate the nature and effectiveness of nurse-led interventions on symptoms for people with cancer. Methods A systematic review and meta-analysis. Ten major databases were searched (2000 t...
Article
This is the protocol for a Campbell systematic review. The overall objective of this study is to gather and summarize the existing literature on conflict of interest issues when engaging stakeholders in guideline development.
Article
Full-text available
There is a need for the development of comprehensive, global, evidence‐based guidance for stakeholder engagement in guideline development. Stakeholders are any individual or group who is responsible for or affected by health‐ and healthcare‐related decisions. This includes patients, the public, providers of health care and policymakers for example....
Article
Full-text available
Perceptual disorders relating to hearing, smell, somatosensation, taste, touch, and vision commonly impair stroke survivors’ ability to interpret sensory information, impacting on their ability to interact with the world. We aimed to identify and summarize the existing evidence for perceptual disorder interventions poststroke and identify evidence...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: As the prevalence of eye diseases increases, demand for effective, accessible and equitable eye care grows worldwide. This is especially true in lower and middle-income countries, which have variable levels of infrastructure and economic resources to meet this increased demand. In the present study we aimed to review the literature on eye...
Article
Full-text available
National immunization technical advisory groups (NITAGs) develop immunization-related recommendations. Systematic reviews are recommended to be used in this process, but conducting them requires significant resources, which many NITAGs lack. Using existing systematic reviews could help address this problem. The Robert Koch Institute and collaborato...
Article
Background For people with physical, sensory and cognitive limitations due to stroke, the routine practice of oral health care (OHC) may become a challenge. Evidence‐based supported oral care intervention is essential for this patient group. Objectives To compare the effectiveness of OHC interventions with usual care or other treatment options for...
Article
Background Evidence from disease epidemics shows that healthcare workers are at risk of developing short- and long-term mental health problems. The World Health Organization (WHO) has warned about the potential negative impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the mental well-being of health and social care professionals. Symptoms of mental health problems...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Identifying factors that influence sustained implementation of hospital-based interventions is key to ensuring evidence-based best practice is maintained across the NHS. This study aimed to identify, appraise and synthesise the barriers and facilitators that influenced the delivery of sustained healthcare interventions in a hospital-ba...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Stakeholder engagement has become widely accepted as a necessary component of guideline development and implementation. While frameworks for developing guidelines express the need for those potentially affected by guideline recommendations to be involved in their development, there is a lack of consensus on how this should be done in p...
Article
Objectives: Despite robust evidence on health inequalities in adulthood, less attention has been paid to inequalities in adolescence. The aim of this overview was to examine systematic review (SR) evidence on the equity impact of population-level interventions intended to improve health, happiness and wellbeing for adolescents. Study design: An...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Background Workload and workforce issues in primary care are key drivers for the growing international trend to expand nursing roles. Advanced nurse practitioners are increasingly being appointed to take on activities and roles traditionally carried out by doctors. Successful implementation of any new role within multidisciplinary teams i...
Article
Background: Visual field defects are estimated to affect 20% to 57% of people who have had a stroke. Visual field defects can affect functional ability in activities of daily living (commonly affecting mobility, reading and driving), quality of life, ability to participate in rehabilitation, and depression and anxiety following stroke. There are m...
Article
Full-text available
Background foot problems are independent risk factors for falls in older people. Podiatrists diagnose and treat a wide range of problems affecting the feet, ankles and lower limbs. However, the effectiveness of podiatry interventions to prevent falls in older people is unknown. This systematic review examined podiatry interventions for falls preven...
Article
Full-text available
Background There is increasing recognition that it is good practice to involve stakeholders (meaning patients, the public, health professionals and others) in systematic reviews, but limited evidence about how best to do this. We aimed to document the evidence-base relating to stakeholder involvement in systematic reviews and to use this evidence t...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Involvement of patients, health professionals, the public and others (defined as ‘stakeholders’) is beneficial to the quality, relevance and impact of research and may enhance the usefulness and uptake of systematic reviews. However, there is a lack of evidence and resources to guide the authors of systematic reviews in how they can acti...
Article
Background: There is increasing recognition that it is good practice to involve stakeholders (meaning patients, the public, health professionals, and others) in systematic reviews, but limited evidence about how best to do this. We aimed to document the evidence-base relating to stakeholder involvement in systematic reviews, and to use this evidenc...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The challenge of addressing unhealthy lifestyle choice is of global concern. Motivational Interviewing has been widely implemented to help people change their behaviour, but it is unclear for whom it is most beneficial. This overview aims to appraise and synthesise the review evidence for the effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing...
Data
Exploration of moderator variables. (DOCX)
Data
Quality assessment of included reviews based on ROBIS (risk of bias in systematic reviews) tools. (DOCX)
Data
Summary of comparisons judged to provide low or very low quality evidence. (DOCX)
Data
Characteristics of interventions according to TIDIER checklist reporting guidelines. (DOCX)
Article
Background Advances in research and technology coupled with an increased cancer incidence and prevalence have resulted in significant expansion of cancer nurse role, in order to meet the growing demands and expectations of people affected by cancer (PABC). Cancer nurses are also tasked with delivering an increasing number of complex interventions...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Involvement of patients, health professionals, the public and others (stakeholders) is beneficial to the quality, relevance and impact of research and may enhance the usefulness and uptake of systematic reviews. However there is a lack of evidence and resources to guide the authors of systematic reviews in how they can actively involve...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: There is increasing recognition that it is good practice to involve patients, health professionals, the public and others (stakeholders) in systematic reviews, but limited evidence about how best to do this. Objectives: We aimed to document the evidence-base relating to stakeholder involvement in systematic reviews, and to use this evi...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Sustaining effective interventions in hospital environments is essential to improving health outcomes, and reducing research waste. Current evidence suggests many interventions are not sustained beyond their initial delivery. The reason for this failure remains unclear. Increasingly research is employing theoretical frameworks and mode...
Article
Objective: Attention control comparisons in trials of stroke rehabilitation require care to minimize the risk of comparison choice bias. We compared the similarities and differences in SLT and social support control interventions for people with aphasia. Data sources: Trial data from the 2016 Cochrane systematic review of SLT for aphasia after s...
Article
Background: Advances in research and technology coupled with an increased cancer incidence and prevalence have resulted in significant expansion of cancer nurse role, in order to meet the growing demands and expectations of people affected by cancer (PABC). Cancer nurses are also tasked with delivering an increasing number of complex interventions...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Overviews of systematic reviews are a relatively new approach to synthesising evidence, and research methods and associated guidance are developing. Within this paper we aim to help readers understand key issues which are essential to consider when taking the first steps in planning an overview. These issues relate to the development o...
Conference Paper
Background Adolescence is a key period for health and development. There is evidence for interventions to promote health in adolescence, yet health inequalities persist into adulthood. Whilst there is robust data describing socioeconomic inequalities in adult health, there is comparatively less on adolescent health, and we have little insight on wh...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Overviews of systematic reviews are an increasingly popular method of evidence synthesis; there is a lack of clear guidance for completing overviews and a number of methodological challenges. At the UK Cochrane Symposium 2016, methodological challenges of five overviews were explored. Using data from these five overviews, practical imp...
Article
Aim: To identify, appraise and synthesise the available evidence relating to the value and impact of cancer nursing on patient experience and outcomes. Background: There is a growing body of literature that recognises the importance and contribution of cancer nurses, however a comprehensive review examining how cancer nurses have an impact on ca...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The ACTIVE project aimed to bring together evidence, information and resources about the active involvement of people (such as Cochrane Consumers) in systematic review. The goal was to help Cochrane review authors have meaningful active involvement in systematic reviews, specifically by providing learning content to support the development of an on...
Article
Full-text available
Plain English Summary Researchers are expected to actively involve stakeholders (including patients, the public, health professionals, and others) in their research. Although researchers increasingly recognise that this is good practice, there is limited practical guidance about how to involve stakeholders. Systematic reviews are a research method...
Article
Aim: To systematically review evidence relating to clinical supervision for nurses, midwives and allied health professionals. Background: Since 1902 statutory supervision has been a requirement for UK midwives, but this is due to change. Evidence relating to clinical supervision for nurses and allied health professions could inform a new model o...
Article
Full-text available
Background Failure to successfully implement and sustain change over the long term continues to be a major problem in health and social care. Translating evidence into routine clinical practice is notoriously complex, and it is recognised that to implement new evidence-based interventions and sustain them over time, professional behaviour needs to...
Article
Aphasia significantly affects the individual, families, and communities. Timely, effective intervention is vital. Speech and language therapy (SLT) is a complex rehabilitation intervention targeting improvement in language and communication abilities (verbal comprehension, spoken language, reading, writing), activity, and participation. Therapy may...
Chapter
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: To synthesise Cochrane reviews of conservative interventions, as described above, for the prevention or treatment of female urinary incontinence. Outcomes are described below.
Chapter
Background: Aphasia is an acquired language impairment following brain damage that affects some or all language modalities: expression and understanding of speech, reading, and writing. Approximately one third of people who have a stroke experience aphasia. Objectives: To assess the effects of speech and language therapy (SLT) for aphasia follow...
Article
Full-text available
Many complex intervention trials fail to show an intervention effect. Although this may be due to genuine ineffectiveness, it may also be the result of sub-optimal intervention design, implementation failure or a combination of these. Given current financial constraints and the pressure to reduce waste and increase value in health services research...
Poster
Introduction: One in three stroke survivors live with aphasia, an acquired communication disorder occurring as a consequence of stroke. Aphasia can affect speaking, understanding spoken words, reading and writing to differing degrees of severity. Practical and emotional consequences can impact daily activities, social reintegration and quality of l...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the structured methods used to involve patients, carers and health professionals in an update of a Cochrane systematic review relating to physiotherapy after stroke and explores the perceived impact of involvement. We sought funding and ethical approval for our user involvement. We recruited a stakeholder group comprising strok...
Article
Full-text available
Background Eye movement disorders may affect over 70% of stroke survivors, negatively impacting on function and rehabilitation. On 20 September 2013, the Scottish Vision and Stroke Network hosted a meeting of experts in the field of vision, eye movement disorders, stroke care and research, with the aim of agreeing shared research priorities relatin...
Conference Paper
There are many randomized controlled trials relating to stroke rehabilitation being carried out in China, which are often published in Chinese-language journals. A recent update to our Cochrane systematic review of physical rehabilitation to improve function and mobility after stroke included 96 trials; over half (51) were conducted in China; 37 of...
Article
Request Permissions in the middle column of the Web page under Services. Further information about this Once the online version of the published article for which permission is being requested is located, click can be obtained via RightsLink, a service of the Copyright Clearance Center, not the Editorial Office. Stroke in Requests for permissions t...
Article
Full-text available
Reminders are often part of interventions to help older people adhere to complicated medication regimes. Computer-generated (synthetic) speech is ideal for tailoring reminders to different medication regimes. Since synthetic speech may be less intelligible than human speech, in particular under difficult listening conditions, we assessed how well o...
Article
Various approaches to physical rehabilitation may be used after stroke, and considerable controversy and debate surround the effectiveness of relative approaches. Some physiotherapists base their treatments on a single approach; others use a mixture of components from several different approaches. To determine whether physical rehabilitation approa...
Conference Paper
This paper summarises the main results of a pilot study into the effect of auditory ageing on the intelligibility of synthetic speech. 32 older and 12 younger users had to answer simple questions about a series of meeting reminders and medication reminders. They also underwent an extensive battery of audiological and cognitive assessments. Older us...