Paula Vagos

Paula Vagos
University of Coimbra | UC · Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences

PhD

About

77
Publications
19,229
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364
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2008 - present
University of Aveiro
Position
  • Lecturar in Psychology

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
This study aims to assess the efficacy of the PSYCHOPATHY.COMP in promoting a compassionate motivation among male detained youth, also testing its role as a potential mechanism of change on the reduction of psychopathic traits. A treatment group (n = 58) and a control group (n = 61) answered a set of self-report measures on psychopathic traits, sha...
Article
Purpose: Self-compassion is associated with healthy ageing and may be a protection factor of older adults' mental health in face of negative life events and other factors such as insecure attachment. However, fear of self-compassion may constitute an obstacle to promoting self-compassion. The role of self-compassion on the psychological (mal)adjus...
Article
Full-text available
An 18-item Portuguese-language version of the CompACT scale has recently been proposed for the Portuguese population. This study aims at conducting the first Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Portuguese CompACT in participants from two different samples (community adults and women in the post-partum period; total N = 1090). Given that the CompACT...
Article
Full-text available
This research explored a taxonomy combining social anxiety and assertiveness and further applied a cognitive approach for predicting those constructs in adolescents. Participants were 679 adolescents (mean age = 16.68; 61.3% female) who self-reported on interpersonal assertive schemas, negative automatic social thoughts, social anxiety, and asserti...
Article
Full-text available
SAD is an intense fear or anxiety associated with past, current, or future social situations. The Clark and Wells (1995) cognitive model for SAD has been proved to be clinically effective in adults, and its developmentally sensitive adaptations for adolescents have recently shown promising results. Given this evidence and considering that adolescen...
Article
Full-text available
The Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire-Kids (CERQ-Kids) is a self-report questionnaire that assesses cognitive emotional regulation strategies that children may employ when they face traumatic or stressful events. However, its psychometric properties were only analyzed among participants from the general community. The goal of this study is...
Article
Worldwide, the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) has become the most widely used measure of life satisfaction. Recently, an authorized Vietnamese-language version has been introduced. Using a convenience sample comprising community volunteers from Ho Chi Minh City (N = 1073), confirmatory support was found for the cross-national constancy of the...
Article
Full-text available
The student-teacher relationship (STR) has been consistently associated to positive and generalized outcomes, though its quality seems to be questioned in online teaching, which in turn has had a negative impact on students and teachers’ wellbeing during school closures forced by the COVID-19 pandemic. The current work compared students and teacher...
Article
Social anxiety is significantly prevalent among college students and frequently leads to school dropout and academic underachievement. Since university counseling services are often overburdened, a mobile-based cognitive behavioral intervention was designed to support students attending therapy for social anxiety and therapists. Our main goals are...
Conference Paper
The SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 pandemic negatively impacted the physical and mental health of citizens worldwide. Older adults are categorized as an at-risk group due to their age, but some literature has demonstrated that the senior population has not necessarily lived through the pandemic crisis in a negative manner. This perspective that all older adul...
Article
Full-text available
Although psychopathy has historically been associated with a lack of emotion, recent research has suggested that psychopathy may represent a tendency to externalize the experience of unpleasant emotions, including shame, which could be seen as an adaptive strategy within an evolutionary framework. However, more empirical research is needed to build...
Poster
Full-text available
Given the challenges of the modern world, specifically at schools, and the alarming increase in mental health difficulties in young people, it is crucial to universally foster social and emotional skills in the school context. This study aims to present the development and preliminary results of a program to promote socioemotional skills for childr...
Article
Objective: To assess the efficacy of the PSYCHOPATHY.COMP program in reducing psychopathic traits among male detained youth. Method: In this controlled trial, a treatment group (n = 58) and a control group (n = 61) answered the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Short (YPIS) and the Proposed Specifiers for Conduct Disorder (PSCD) at baseline, p...
Article
Full-text available
This work reports a preliminary validation of the Peer Conflict Scale (PCS) for Portuguese young adults (ages 18–30 years). This instrument assesses aggression considering two of its forms (overt and relational aggression) and its two functions (reactive and proactive aggression). The initially proposed 4-factor model provided the best fit for our...
Article
Full-text available
Serious mental health disorders are increasing among college students and university counseling services are often overburdened. Mobile applications for mental health have been growing exponentially in the last decade and they are emerging in university settings as a promising tool to promote and intervene in college students' mental health. Additi...
Article
This work evaluated the cross-sectional and longitudinal (i.e., over four months) impact of attachment to mother, father, and peers on three psychopathic traits (i.e., grandiose-manipulative, callous-unemotional, and impulsive-irresponsible) using a community adolescent sample, and if that impact was differentiated by gender. Though there is eviden...
Article
Full-text available
This short-longitudinal study analyzed the cross-sectional and longitudinal pathways linking adolescent’s quality of attachment to parents and peers and their practice of aggressive and prosocial behavior; it also explored the moderation effect of gender on those pathways. A total of 375 secondary school students (203 girls and 172 boys), aged betw...
Article
Full-text available
When attending and participating in Higher Education, students face a multitude of personal, social, and work-related challenges, which may increase the risk of devel- oping psychopathological symptomatology. To date, there is no instrument that grasps the non-technical skills that may help prepare students to respond to these challenges. This pape...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Child Post-Traumatic Cognitions Inventory (CPTCI) in a sample of Portuguese children and adolescents, following the exposition to a wildfire disaster. The sample included 533 children and adolescents living in regions exposed to the wildfire disaster (non-clinical sample: n = 483; clini...
Article
Natural disasters are potentially traumatic events due to their disruptive nature and high impact on social and physical environments, particularly for children and adolescents. The present study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES‐13) in a sample of Portuguese children and adolescents...
Article
This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties and to investigate the cross-cultural equivalence of the Brief Form of the Young Schema Questionnaire for Adolescents (B-YSQ-A) in a sample of Portuguese (n = 453) and Brazilian (n = 560) adolescents. A total of 1013 adolescents aged 14–19 years old (M = 16.61, SD = 1.18) completed the B-YSQ-A...
Article
Shame plays a central role in social and self-development, particularly throughout childhood and adolescence. Nonetheless, shame can also be harmful if it involves unbearable and persistent feelings of being inferior, inadequate, and worthless. Gender differences in endorsing either internalizing/externalizing symptoms may reflect different ways of...
Article
Full-text available
Assertiveness, as the ability to adequately express oneself while maintaining social gains, can be applied to various social contexts and concomitant social demands, but the cognitive and emotional correlates underlying assertive behaviour in diverse social events has not been considered. We tested a cognitive-behavioral framework for understanding...
Article
Full-text available
The 10-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) has been presented as a valid measure to assess psychological distress levels in population surveys but its dimensional structure was not consensual. Our main objective was to provide a Portuguese version of the K10 exploring the reliability and factor structure of this measure. This cross-sect...
Article
Full-text available
Background Shame has been found to relate to several psychopathologies, but the way the individual copes with experiences of shame may determine specific expressions of psychopathology, making it essential to rigorously address such coping styles. Objective This study evaluated the psychometric properties of a Portuguese version of the Compass of...
Article
Psychopathy has been historically associated with a lack of emotion. However, some authors argue that psychopathy may represent a tendency to externalize the experience of unpleasant emotions, including shame, what could be seen as an adaptive strategy within an evolutionary framework. Nevertheless, empirical research investigating this hypothesis...
Article
Full-text available
Assessing morningness-eveningness preferences (chronotype), an individual characteristic that is mirrored in daily mental and physiological fluctuations is crucial given their overarching influence in a variety of domains. The current work aimed to investigate the best factor structure of an instrument recently presented to asses this variable: the...
Article
Full-text available
Psychological dysregulation is a complex and multidimensional construct encompassing cognitive, emotional, and behavioral dimensions. Research on psychological dysregulation emphasizes its importance in relation to several psychological disorders. However, assessing psychological dysregulation is often problematic because many of the existing instr...
Article
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and related constructs (experien-tial avoidance, cognitive defusion and committed action) have recently been applied to psychosis. However, with a few exceptions, this application has not resulted in symptom-specific assessment instruments. The current work intends to develop a measure for assessing experiential ac...
Article
Full-text available
This work reports the initial psychometric characterization of the Morningness-Eveningness-Stability-Scale improved (MESSi) for Portuguese young-adults (N=466). A Confirmatory Factor Analysis confirmed a three-factor model (i.e., Morning Affect, Eveningness and Distinctness) in our data, as originally proposed. Furthermore, construct validity evide...
Article
Full-text available
The current work aims to develop and examine the psychometric properties of the Brief form of the Young Schema Questionnaire for Adolescents (B-YSQ-A), so that Early Maladaptive Schemas can be accurately measured in younger populations. Early Maladaptive Schemas are self-defeating core themes underlying maladaptive cognition, affect, and behavior....
Article
Tendo em conta o interesse recente nas intervenções baseadas na aceitação para a psicose, tem sido recomendado que os mecanismos de coping com as vozes, nomeadamente a aceitação experiencial, sejam avaliados no contexto clínico e de investigação. A Escala de Aceitação e Ação em relação às Vozes (VAAS-12) é um instrumento de autorresposta especifica...
Poster
O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar de que forma os níveis de autoaversão (sentimentos de repulsa dirigidos para o próprio) podem influenciar a memória para estímulos emocionais e os correlatos psicofisiológicos deste processo, através do registo de ECG. Era pedido aos participantes que memorizassem e posteriormente recordassem faces de a...
Poster
O presente estudo teve como principal objetivo explorar a influência da autoaversão na proporção de respostas corretas e no tempo de reação na identificação de expressões faciais de emoção dinâmicas. Numa amostra comunitária foram recrutados 49 participantes, categorizados consoante o seu nível de autoaversão, para uma tarefa laboratorial de reconh...
Article
Full-text available
O Cenas para Processamento de Informação Social na Adolescência (SSIPA) propõe avaliar diversos passos cognitivos sugeridos pelo modelo de processamento de informação social, além de considerar estados emocionais que podem interferir com este processamento racional. A avaliação psicométrica deste instrumento aponta para a sua validade de constructo...
Article
Compassion has been proposed as relevant to psychological functioning and mental health, involving being compassionate and caring towards others in times of difficulty. The Compassion Scale (CS) proposes to assess compassion for others considering its different dimensions (Kindness; Common humanity; Mindfulness; Indifference; Separation, and Diseng...
Book
Os jovens com problemas de comportamento representam um dos grupos mais desafiantes para intervenção em psicoterapia. Habitualmente, demonstram grande resistência ao tratamento e negam ou minimizam os seus problemas. No entanto, a patologia do comportamento tende a associar-se a défices ao nível do sucesso académico, ao consumo de substâncias psico...
Article
Key practitioners messages: The Early Memories of Warmth and Safeness Scale (EMWSS), assessing early memories of warmth and safeness, was studied across community, referred for behavioural problems and detained Portuguese adolescent samples. A brief version of this instrument was also developed and studied in these same samples. Both versions of t...
Article
Full-text available
Background Young offenders are known to be a population with high prevalence of mental health disorders. In most cases, these disorders are neither identified nor treated properly, with the majority of them being chronic and difficult to treat. In many countries, the prevalence rates of psychopathology in male young offenders are still unknown and...
Article
The goal of this research was to develop and psychometrically evaluate the Portuguese version of the Revised Peer Experience Questionnaire, which assesses aggression, victimization and prosocial behavior. Victimization and aggression among adolescents in school settings is a growing problem, not yet fully understood or properly evaluated, particula...
Article
The Halstead Category Test (HCT) is a neuropsychological test that measures a person’s ability to formulate and apply principles. Performance must be adjusted based on feedback after each trial and errors are common until the underlying rules are discovered. Event-related potential (ERP) studies associated with the HCT are lacking. This paper demon...
Article
We explored the measurement model of the adolescent version of the Centrality of Event Scale and its invariance across community (n = 1,079; 42.8% male), referred for foster care (n = 205; 58.0% male), and detained (n = 206 male) adolescent participants. Results indicated a three-factor measurement model, including all three functions that memories...
Poster
Full-text available
Victimization and aggression among adolescents in schools is a growing problem. Findings concerning the gender-based expressions of these occurrences have been inconsistent, tough boys are suggested to experience higher levels of overt aggression and victimization whereas girls are expected to experience higher levels of relational aggression and v...
Article
Empathy is the heightened ability to cognitively perceive and/or affectively share the emotions of others, which has been consistently associated with desirable social interactions. This paper aimed to test the bi-factorial structure of a Portuguese version of the Basic Empathy Scale and examine its variation by gender and age using a large communi...
Article
Assertiveness has for long been considered an optimal way of expressing oneself while at the same time maintaining and/or enhancing social rewards, leading to the conclusion that it should be promoted as an intra and interpersonal protective factor. Yet, few researchers have tried to provide a comprehensive model on assertiveness that may better su...
Article
Relatively little is known about measures used to investigate the validity and applications of social information processing theory. The Scenes for Social Information Processing in Adolescence includes items built using a participatory approach to evaluate the attribution of intent, emotion intensity, response evaluation, and response decision step...
Article
Modified measures of Fear of Negative Evaluation and Fear of Positive Evaluation were examined among Portuguese adolescents. These measures demonstrated replicable factor structure, internal consistency, and positive relationships with social anxiety and avoidance. Gender differences were found. Implications for evaluation and intervention are disc...
Poster
Full-text available
Não considerar as características individuais pode prejudicar a deteção da mentira, uma vez que algumas pessoas, devido ao seu comportamento aparentam naturalmente maior honestidade ou desonestidade do que outras. Neste estudo considerámos a influência do nível de ansiedade social na deteção da mentira, pois pessoas com elevada ansiedade social ten...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Social fears are common among adolescents and may considerably impair their lives. Even so, most adolescents do not seek professional help for these difficulties, making it important to promote evidence-based and preventive interventions in community samples. This research presents the effectiveness of an intervention with a group of five...
Article
Aggression in adolescence may assume different forms and functions, and is often associated with maladjustment. To adequately assess aggression in adolescence, instruments need to evaluate both its forms and its functions, as is the case with the Peer Conflict Scale. This research presents and evaluates the Portuguese version of this instrument, an...
Chapter
Full-text available
The specificity of early childhood educational contexts as mediators of socio-emotional development of the child through positive interactions is critical to their involvement in the kindergarten and in turn for their holistic development. The quality of the teacher-child interactions promotes the self-concept, self-esteem and autonomy of the child...
Article
Full-text available
Este trabalho apresenta a adaptação linguística para português da Escala de Comportamento Interpessoal - versão reduzida, e a avaliação das suas características psicométricas, em uma amostra de adolescentes tardios (dos 16 aos 21 anos; N = 872). Foi encontrada uma organização interna em quatro dimensões e uma medida geral para os dois componentes a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
RESUMO: O presente estudo pretende avaliar e identificar o tipo de problemas de comportamento de crianças na educação pré-escolar, na perspetiva dos Educadores de Infância. A amostra é constituída por 581 crianças, com idades compreendidas entre os 2 e 7 anos, que frequentam a educação pré-escolar, em média há 18 meses. Foi aplicada a subescala Pro...
Article
Full-text available
This work intends to psychometrically evaluate a measure of social fears for late adolescents, who may differently perceive social fear stimulus. A community sample of 794 late adolescents was recruited and assessed, using the Social Anxiety and Avoidance Scale for Adolescents. Internal structure analysis indicates that late adolescents adopt a uni...
Presentation
Full-text available
Establishing gratifying relationships and obtaining social provisions from peers is of significant importance during adolescence, being associated with positive feelings and mental health. These social provisions may nevertheless be lost or gained by practicing either aggressive or assertive behaviors. To investigate this, 115 adolescents (mean age...
Article
This work presents the Portuguese version of an instrument designed to measure cognition in social anxiety, The Social Thoughts and Beliefs Scale. The instrument was translated from English to Portuguese and the translation was evaluated by the thinking aloud method and back-translation. The Portuguese version was then applied to 937 youngsters in...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the development process and initial psychometric features of an instrument for evaluating cognition in assertiveness. This is an essential social skill for adolescent development and seems to encompass emotional, behavioral, and cognitive aspects. The instrument was created by combining both empirical and theoretical methods f...
Article
Full-text available
The present work intends to present an innovative counseling experience using the tridimensional virtual environment Second Life. A multidisciplinary team cooperated to build the online infrastructures, to teach voluntary students about peer counseling in Higher Education; to divulge and open the online space, and to evaluate the services provided....

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Projects (4)
Project
The project aims to evaluate the effectiveness of an emotional psychoeducational program for children from 3th and 4th grades. The specific objectives are to promote the capacity for emotion recognition; to teach emotional self-regulation strategies focused on reassurance and compassion; to encourage behaviors of social connection and cooperation. The project is based on the cognitive-behavioral model, in particular, psychoeducation about the relationship between situations, emotions, thoughts, and behaviors, and the Compassion focused approach. The use of digital content and mobile devices will allow an appealing and interactive environment.
Project
Purpose: Self-compassion is associated with healthy ageing and may be a protection factor of older adults’ mental health in face of negative life events and other factors such as insecure attachment. However, fear of self-compassion may constitute an obstacle to promoting self-compassion. The role of self-compassion on the psychological (mal)adjustment of older adults requires further research with robust designs, and fear of self-compassion hasn’t been studied in this population. We will test the moderator and mediator role, respectively, of self-compassion and fear of self-compassion, and we will analyse the longitudinal developmental trajectories of these variables. Methods: A repeated-measures design with 3 data collection moments across 6 months, using a sample (180-200 participants) of community residents aged ≥65 years. Data will be collected using traditional (i.e., pencil-and-paper questionnaires) and online (i.e., Google Forms) methods. Path analyses will be conducted to test moderation and mediation models. Latent growth curve analyses will be conducted to study the within-person change and between-person differences in change over time of self-compassion and fear of self-compassion. Conclusions: We expect that participants with higher self-compassion will show better psychological adjustment, regardless of attachment quality and negative life events. We expect that insecure attachment and more negative life events will increase the participants’ fear of self-compassion, which will decrease their psychological adjustment. Additionally, we expect that self-compassion and fear of self-compassion will show stable developmental trajectories during 6 months. Our results will contribute to better understand protection factors of older adults’ mental health, which may guide future psychological interventions.
Project
To provide validation studies for the MESSi for Portuguese population.