Paula Pérez-López

Paula Pérez-López
MINES ParisTech | ParisTech · Centre Observation, Impacts, Energie (O.I.E.)

Associate Research Scientist at MINES ParisTech
Head of environmental impact activities at the Center O.I.E.

About

36
Publications
8,431
Reads
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768
Citations
Introduction
Paula Pérez-López currently works at the Centre Observation, Impacts, Energie (O.I.E.), MINES ParisTech. Paula does research in Ecological Engineering, Environmental Engineering and Chemical Engineering.
Additional affiliations
January 2019 - present
MINES ParisTech
Position
  • Research Associate
January 2016 - December 2018
MINES ParisTech
Position
  • Faculty Member
October 2009 - December 2015
University of Santiago de Compostela
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (36)
Article
Full-text available
Microalgae are promising natural resources for biofuels, chemical, food and feed products. Besides their economic potential, the environmental sustainability must be examined. Cultivation has a significant environmental impact that depends on reactor selection and operating conditions. To identify the main environmental bottlenecks for scale-up to...
Article
Renewable energy systems are promoted and developed notably due to their low environmental footprint. Fleet-wide robust environmental assessments are needed to drive the sustainable transition of energy systems worldwide. This study introduces a tailored comprehensive impact assessment methodology for fleets of renewable energy systems based on Lif...
Article
Full-text available
Life cycle assessments (LCAs) quantify environmental impacts of systems and support decision-making processes. LCAs are however time-consuming and difficult to conduct for nonexperts, thus calling for simplified approaches for multicriteria environmental assessments. In this paper, a five-step protocol is presented to generate simplified arithmetic...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Investigating potential social and socio-economic impacts should play a key role for the development of sustainable mobility alternatives. Social life cycle assessment (S-LCA) is becoming increasingly important to ensure holistic sustainability assessments. The present work aims at identifying and evaluating social and socio-economic impact...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose In this paper, we present new tools to ease the analysis of the effect of variability and uncertainty on life cycle assessment (LCA) results. Methods The tools consist of a standard protocol and an open-source library: lca_algebraic . This library, written in Python and based on the framework Brightway2 (Mutel in J Open Source Softw 2(12):...
Chapter
Full-text available
Worldwide wind power capacity is increasing, while the environmental footprint and economic cost of energy produced decrease. However, wind power generation is weather-dependent. At a high penetration rate, storage systems such as power-to-gas may become necessary to adjust electricity production to consumption. This research work presents the envi...
Article
Full-text available
Flourishing green hydrogen economy worldwide serves as a pillar for global energy transition and carbon-neutral targets. However, rare researches on the environmental impact of green hydrogen production have focused on national average resource availability and technology market share. Nor a detailed and holistic sensitivity and uncertainty analysi...
Article
Full-text available
Heat production from a geothermal energy source is gaining increasing attention due to its potential contribution to the decarbonization of the European energy sector. Obtaining representative results of the environmental performances of geothermal systems and comparing them with other renewables is of utmost importance in order to ensure an effect...
Article
Full-text available
Geothermal energy could play a crucial role in the European energy market and future scenarios focused on sustainable development. Thanks to its constant supply of concentrated energy, it can support the transition towards a low-carbon economy. In the energy sector, the decision-making process should always be supported by a holistic science-based...
Article
Renewable energy systems are essential in coming years to ensure an efficient energy supply while maintaining environmental protection. Despite having low environmental impacts during operation, other phases of the life cycle need to be accounted for. This study presents a geo‐located life cycle assessment of an emerging technology, namely, floatin...
Conference Paper
As part of global efforts to thwart the climate change challenge, the integration of renewable energy systems, including an increasingly dominant solar sector, would contribute by 36% to the reduction of carbon related emissions. Among current photovoltaic technologies, the focus is on silicon-based technologies dominating the photovoltaic market w...
Article
In life cycle assessments of wind turbines and, more generally, of Renewable Energy Systems (RES), environmental impacts are usually normalized by electricity production to express their performance per kilowatt-hour. For most RES, manufacture and installation dominate the impacts. Hence, results are sensitive to parameters governing both impacting...
Chapter
Full-text available
The biotechnological development has traditionally focused on the compliance with regulatory demands rather than optimising the processes or analysis their sustainability. This work proposes the combination of available tools for the comprehensive sustainability assessment of a blue biotechnology process based on the cultivation of the microalgae H...
Article
The economic and environmental performance of microalgal processes has been widely analyzed in recent years. However, few studies propose an integrated process-based approach to evaluate economic and environmental indicators simultaneously. Biodiesel is usually the single product and the effect of environmental benefits of co-products obtained in t...
Article
Buildings are responsible for 40% of total final energy consumptions in Europe. Numerous bottom-up models were recently developed to support local authorities in assessing the energy consumption of large building stocks and reduction potentials. However, current models rarely consider uncertainty associated to building usage and characteristics wit...
Article
Solar photovoltaics (PV) is the second largest source of new capacity among renewable energies. The worldwide capacity encompassed 135 GW in 2013 and is estimated to increase to 1721 GW in 2030 and 4674 GW in 2050, according to a prospective high-renewable scenario. To achieve this production level while minimizing environmental impacts, decision m...
Article
Full-text available
In the life cycle assessment (LCA) context, global sensitivity analysis (GSA) has been identified by several authors as a relevant practice to enhance the understanding of the model's structure and ensure reliability and credibility of the LCA results. GSA allows establishing a ranking among the input parameters, according to their influence on the...
Article
Marine sponges are one of the most diverse invertebrates and show a great ability to produce valuable natural products with high biological activities. The main bottleneck for the commercial exploitation is the need of continuous biomass production in sufficient amount. In this study, the in situ cultivation of the sponge Sarcotragus spinosulus in...
Article
Microalgae can serve as a highly productive biological feedstock for fuels and chemicals. The lipid fraction has been the primary target of research, but numerous assessments have found that valorization of co-products is essential to achieve economic and environmental goals. The relative proportion of co-products depends on the biomolecular compos...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, mosses have been suggested as feasible biomonitors for the control of air quality. The most suitable type of biosensor consists of moss transplants that can be either harvested from unpolluted natural habitats or cultivated in photobioreactors. The production and devitalisation of moss was assessed with the aim of identifying the s...
Article
Environmental impact is an essential aspect for the introduction of algae production systems. As information of large scale algae production is hardly available, process simulation is the only way to evaluate environmental sustainability in an early phase of process design. Simulation results allow the evaluation of production and design scenarios,...
Article
Sustainable manufacturing has increasingly included design for environment methodologies with the objective of improving the environmental performance of products over their entire life cycles. Current European Union (EU) directives on eco-design focus on the use phase of energy-related products (ErPs). However, the maintenance of various household...
Article
Nowadays there is a growing demand for natural products from microalgae with applications in the food industry (additives, pigments, vitamins and colorants) as well as in the pharmaceutical, nutraceutical and cosmetic sectors. A life cycle assessment (LCA) of the production of bioactive compounds with appli- cations in the pharmaceutical and food/f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Mediterranean sponge Crambe crambe is a promising marine organism that produces natural compounds belonging to two families of guanidine alkaloids. These molecules, referred to as crambescins and crambescidins, have shown significant cytotoxic and antiviral activities that make them potential anticancer drugs1. Despite the great interest in the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In recent years, microalgae have been identified as potential producers of high value-added compounds for a wide range of applications including pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, cosmetic or food industries, among others. Particularly, Haematococcus pluvialis is known to accumulate significant amounts of carotenoids with potential use as antioxidant f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
1. Background Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFAs) have been in the spotlight over the last years due to their potential applications in pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, cosmetics and food industries. Particularly, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) plays an important role in human health and has proven to be effective for the treatment of coronary heart dis...