Paula Marzal

Paula Marzal
University of Valencia | UV · Department of Chemical Engineering

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76
Publications
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Publications

Publications (76)
Conference Paper
In an increasingly technological world, qualified personnel in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) branches are essential. The lack of STEM vocations, especially in Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), is becoming problematic. Moreover, the proportion of women deciding to study STEM careers is worrisome with unacce...
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Quality of the granular sludge developed during the start-up of anaerobic up-flow sludge bed reactors is of crucial importance to ensure the process feasibility of treating industrial wastewater such as those containing solvents. In this study, the microbial granule formation from suspended-growth biomass was investigated in two chitosan-assisted r...
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Generalmente se asume que las chicas eligen libremente y que si no están en las disciplinas STEM es porque no quieren. Pero ¿es real esta libertad de elección? El desconocimiento afecta a los intereses de niñas y niños, a sus opciones y a su libertad de elección. El mercado laboral está experimentando grandes cambios y las mujeres no van a estar p...
Article
Rice straw (RS) is one of the lignocellulosic wastes with the highest global production. The main objective of this study was to maximise the butanol production by Clostridium beijerinckii DSM 6422 from RS pretreated by microwave-assisted hydrothermolysis. Two different fermentation strategies were compared: separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SH...
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The removal of styrene from industrial representative gaseous emissions was studied using two reactors connected in series: a two-phase partitioning biotrickling filter (TPPB-BTF) and a conventional biotrickling filter (BTF). The system was operated under industrial conditions, which included steady and transient conditions and intermittent sprayin...
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Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) are key disciplines towards tackling the challenges related to the Sustainable Development Goals. However, evidence shows that women are enrolling in these disciplines in a smaller percentage than men, especially in Engineering related fields. As stated by the United Nations Women section, in...
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The gender gap in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) has drawn the attention of research and academic communities due to its impact in the Digital Society, targeting the fourth and fifth 2030 sustainable development goals of achieving quality education and gender equality. Recent studies show that women are enrolling STEM studi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La falta de diversidad, y específicamente de diversidad de género, es uno de los problemas clave que se están encontrando tanto las empresas del sector tecnológico como las instituciones del ámbito académico en la educa-ción superior. Según la UNESCO, las mujeres representan el 35% de todos los matriculados en las ramas de Ciencia, Tecnología, Inge...
Article
The performance and microbial community analysis of an expanded granular sludge bed reactor (EGSB) treating wastewater polluted with mixtures of ethanol and glycol ethers –such as 1-ethoxy-2-propanol (E2P) and 1-methoxy-2-propanol (M2P)– were evaluated. The results showed good EGSB performance during start-up (100% of ethanol) in terms of global re...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In recent years it is increasingly evident that, among others, health studies and policies have an important gender gap. Understand why and remedy it becomes, then, an important challenge that starts by looking at who studies what. Recent studies show that the number of female students enrolled in STEM related disciplines (such as Data Sciences) h...
Article
The effect of intermittent feeding on the treatment of wastewater polluted with ethanol, ethyl acetate and 1-ethoxy-2-propanol in anaerobic upflow sludge blanket reactors was investigated. Three laboratory-scale reactors, one periodically supplemented with chitosan, were operated in an intermittent pattern (16 hours/day; 5 days/week) during 5 month...
Conference Paper
Habitualmente la “I” de Ingeniería de las siglas CTIM no queda reflejada en los contenidos educativos. El objetivo principal de esta comunicación es mostrar como recurso en el aula aplicaciones de Ingeniería relacionadas con la ciencia de datos e inteligencia artificial tomando como ejemplo los datos que generamos a diario. Un día cualquiera cada...
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Full-text available
Lack of diversity, and specifically, gender diversity, is one of the key problems that both technological companies and academia are facing these days. Moreover, recent studies show that the number of female students enrolled in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) related disciplines have been decreasing in the last twenty years...
Article
The effect of chitosan on the development of granular sludge in upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactors (UASB) when treating wastewater polluted with the organic solvents ethanol, ethyl acetate, and 1-ethoxy-2-propanol was evaluated. Three UASB reactors were operated for 219 days at ambient temperature with an organic loading rate (OLR) of between...
Article
BACKGROUND An expanded granular sludge bed (EGSB) reactor is commonly used in anaerobic treatment of industrial wastewater. To develop applications to remove solvents, the granular sludge retention within the reactor must be improved. RESULTS This work evaluated the addition of chitosan as a strategy to enhance granulation in an EGSB reactor used...
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Full-text available
The performance, fouling and feasibility of a polydimethylsiloxane hollow fibre membrane module for in situ methane degasification from the effluent of an Expanded Granular Sludge Bed anaerobic reactor has been investigated. Experiments at different operational conditions were carried out (liquid flow, sweep gas flow and vacuum pressure) with maxim...
Article
The performance and feasibility of a pilot unit of biotrickling filter (BTF) for the treatment of industrial emissions polluted by styrene was investigated for one year at a fiber reinforced plastic industrial site. The pilot unit was packed with a structured material with a volume of 0.6 m³. Monitoring results have shown successful treatment of th...
Article
The capacity of activated carbon as a buffer pretreatment combined with biotrickling filtration for volatile organic compound (VOC) removal has been studied. The adsorption capacity of commercial activated carbons for m-xylene, acetone and n-butyl acetate (typical paint solvents) was evaluated, including the response to the interchanging of adsorbe...
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Full-text available
A mathematical model for the simulation of the removal of hydrophilic compounds using biotrickling filtration was developed. The model takes into account that biotrickling filters operate by using an intermittent spraying pattern. During spraying periods, a mobile liquid phase was considered, while during non-spraying periods, a stagnant liquid pha...
Article
The performance of Posidonia oceanica for copper(II) biosorption in the presence of EDTA was investigated in batch and column experiments. In batch mode, copper(II) uptake in the presence of EDTA was lower than in its absence for the pH range 1.5–6.0. The decrease in the copper(II) uptake, attributed to the change in the chemical speciation of copp...
Article
The evolution of the microbial community was analysed over one year in two biotrickling filters operating under intermittent feeding conditions and treating isopropanol emissions, a pollutant typically found in the flexography sector. Each reactor was packed with one media: plastic cross-flow-structured material or polypropylene rings. The communit...
Article
Copper(II) biosorption in the presence of complexing agents (CA) onto orange peel (OP) and chemically modified OP (OPH+, OPNa+, and OP(Na+)(H+)) was studied. The study of the effect of pH showed that OPH+ presented a copper(II) uptake similar to OP in the pH range 1.5–6.0, whereas OPNa+ and OP(Na+)(H+) showed the highest copper(II) uptake in the pH...
Article
BACKGROUND: The applicability of biosorption for the treatment of metal plating wastewater is adversely affected by the presence of complexing agents. To investigate this limitation on the removal of copper(II) onto peat, batch and column experiments were carried out using EDTA as the model complexing agent. The influence of pH and copper(II):EDTA...
Article
A systematic approach was used to characterize the biosorption of copper(II) onto two biosorbents, Posidonia oceanica and peat, focusing on the interaction mechanisms, the copper(II) sorption–desorption process and the thermal behavior of the biosorbents. Sorption isotherms at pH 4–6 were obtained and the experimental data were fitted to the Langmu...
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Full-text available
The aim of this work was to determine the hydrodynamic dispersion coefficient at different interstitial velocities for its application in a mass transport model to predict heavy metal biosorption onto Posidonia oceanica and peat. Tracing experiments with lithium chloride (LiCl) were performed in biosorbent packed beds of 10 and 27 cm length and flo...
Article
Biosorption of copper from aqueous solutions by Posidonia oceanica was investigated in batch and fixed-bed experiments. Batch experiments were conducted to evaluate the removal equilibrium at pH 5.0 and 6.0; experimental data were fitted to Langmuir model with maximum uptake capacities of 56.92 and 85.78 mg g(-1), respectively. Five column experime...
Article
A dynamic model for ethyl acetate and toluene removal by biofiltration is presented. Haldane-type kinetic expressions that include the oxygen limitation, the inhibition effect due to high concentration of substrate, and the cross-inhibition between substrates have been considered. A decrease in the biomass density with the bed height was proposed t...
Article
BACKGROUND: The performance of peat for copper sorption was investigated in batch and fixed-bed experiments. The effect of pH was evaluated in batch experiments and the experimental data were fitted to an equilibrium model including pH dependence. Hydrodynamic axial dispersion was estimated by tracing experiments using LiCl as a tracer. Six fixed-b...
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Full-text available
El objetivo de este proyecto es crear una aplicación en web con una amplia colección de problemas de balances de materia. La herramienta potencia que el estudiante aprenda a resolver estos problemas de forma sistemática y le proporciona un mecanismo de resolución guiado, incidiendo en la metodología y pasos a seguir. Los profesores introducen los p...
Article
Laboratory scale-studies on the biodegradation of a 1:1:1 weight mixture of three oxygenated volatile organic compounds (VOCs), ethanol, ethyl acetate, and methyl-ethyl ketone (MEK) in a biotrickling filter (BTF) were carried out using two identically sized columns, filled with different polypropylene rings. The performance of the BTFs was examined...
Conference Paper
Performance of a biotrickling pilot unit for volatile organic compounds removal in a Spanish furniture facility
Conference Paper
In this work, fixed bed column experiments were performed with the aim of evaluating the Cu uptake capacity of two biosorbents. The marine phanerogam Posidonia oceanica, a waste from local beach cleaning practices at Denia (Spain), and locally available organic sediment, a highly mineralized peat from Torreblanca (Spain) were used. Column runs were...
Article
BACKGROUND: Two peat biofilters were used for the removal of toluene from air for one year. One biofilter was fed with pure toluene and the other received 1:1 (by weight) ethyl acetate:toluene mixture. RESULTS: The biofilters were operated under continuous loading: the toluene inlet load (IL) at which 80% removal occurred was 116 g m−3 h−1 at 57 s...
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In the present work, two industrial vegetable wastes, grape stalk, coming from a wine producer, and exhausted coffee, coming from a soluble coffee manufacturer, have been investigated for the removal of Cu(II) and Ni(II) from aqueous solutions in presence and in absence of the strongly complexing agent EDTA. Effects of pH and metal-EDTA molar ratio...
Article
This paper evaluates the application of several biosorbents for Ni removal from aqueous solutions in the absence and in the presence of EDTA. Fixed bed experiments were performed (Ni influent concentration, 2 mg dm; EDTA doses, 0, 5, and 10 mg dm; pH=7) to study the process feasibility as refining after conventional physicochemical treatment. In ab...
Article
In order to investigate suitable packing materials, a soil amendment composed of granular high mineralized peat (35% organic content) locally available has been evaluated as carrier material for biofiltration of volatile organic compounds in air by comparison with a fibrous peat (95% organic content). Both supports were tested to eliminate ethylben...
Article
A microkinetic model was developed based in gas transfer, diffusion, and biodegradation, including a general axial gradient equation of the biomass density. The model was successfully applied for the prediction of the performance of two peat biofilters treating pure ethyl acetate and pure toluene in a wide range of operational conditions under stea...
Article
A laboratory-scale peat biofilter was used for ethyl acetate removal from an air stream over a period lasting 1 yr. In a first stage, the biofilter was operated under continuous mode: a maximum elimination capacity of 400 g m−3 h−1 was obtained, and ethyl acetate was efficiently degraded with empty bed residence time (EBRT) as short as 22 s. The es...
Conference Paper
Laboratory scale-studies on the biodegradation of a 1:1:1 wt mixture of three oxygenated volatile organic compounds (VOCs), ethanol, ethyl acetate and methyl-ethyl ketone (MEK) in a biotrickling filter were carried out using two identically sized columns, filled with different polypropylene rings. The reactors were seeded with a two-month precondit...
Article
BACKGROUND: This paper evaluates the use of several biosorbents for Cu removal from aqueous solutions in the absence and presence of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). The objective was to determine the applicability of the sorption process after conventional physicochemical wastewater treatment, or as primary treatment, replacing the physicoc...
Article
An upflow packed bed reactor at laboratory scale has been operated for a continuous period of 5 months to investigate the technical feasibility of biological nitrate removal applied to the effluent of the coagulation-sedimentation wastewater of a metal-finishing industry. The reactor was fed with industrial wastewater in a five-fold dilution to rep...
Article
Three laboratory-scale peat biofilters were operated at 90 s empty bed residence time (EBRT) for over a year. Biodegradation of ethyl acetate, toluene, or a 1:1 mixture were investigated. In first stage, inlet concentration was progressively increased from 0.4 to 4.5 g/m(3). The maximum elimination capacity (EC) found for ethyl acetate was 190 gC/m...
Article
This paper evaluates the potential use of a locally available organic soil amendment as a low-cost adsorbent. The removal of cadmium from aqueous solutions was studied by means of kinetic, batch and fixed-bed experiments. Batch experiments were conducted to evaluate the process kinetics and the removal equilibrium over a broad pH range. Pseudo-seco...
Article
This paper presents the results of the study of the removal of toluene, ethylbenzene, and o-xylene (TEX) by biofiltration using a commercial peat as filter-bed material. Runs with a single organic compound in air, and with the mixture of TEX in air, were carried out for at least 55 days in laboratory-scale reactors inoculated with a conditioned cul...
Article
Zeolites have been shown to be effective adsorbents for the removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions. A natural material from Cuba, containing zeolite, has been used for the removal of several metal ions, namely Cu2+, Zn2+, and Ni2+, to evaluate its potential use as a low-cost adsorbent. Batch experiments have been conducted to evaluate the p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Air biofiltration has been shown as a clean, low-cost competitive alternative to the physico-chemical treatment technologies to remove volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from industrial air emissions. In order to investigate the performance of this growing technology, two identical biofiltration units at laboratory scale were operated for continuous...
Article
New vapor-liquid equilibrium data for the binary systems diethyl ketone + 2-pentanone, diethyl ketone + 3-pentanol and 2-pentanone + 3-pentanol and for the diethyl ketone + 2-pentanone + 3-pentanol ternary system are reported at 101.3 kPa. The data were found to be thermodynamically consistent according to the Van Ness-Byer-Gibbs method for the bin...
Article
Laboratory bench-scale experiments were conducted to investigate the performance of primary sludge fermentation for volatile fatty acids production. Primary sludges from two major wastewater treatment plants located in Valencia (Pinedo and Carraixet) were used. Experiments were performed at solids retention times between 4 and 10 days, and total vo...
Article
Isobaric vapor−liquid equilibria data were measured for the 3-methylpentane + ethanol binary system and 2-methyl-2-propanol + ethanol + 3-methylpentane ternary system at 101.3 kPa in a temperature range from 329 to 356 K. The data were found to be thermodynamically consistent according to the Van Ness−Byer−Gibbs method for the binary system and acc...
Article
A steady-state model for carbon oxidation and nitrogen removal suitable for the design of wastewater and sludge suspended growth and wastewater attached growth biological processes is proposed. The model is based on the WEF-ASCE model for combined BOD5 and nitrogen oxidation activated sludge processes. Kinetic and stoichiometric coefficients have b...
Article
Single and competitive removal of Cd and Cu from aqueous solutions by using Darco 12–20 mesh granular activated carbon in column systems has been investigated. Seven experiments modifying the initial pH and the flow rate were performed. Results showed the efficiency of activated carbon as a sorbent for both metals. pH is shown to be the decisive pa...
Article
Isobaric vapor−liquid equilibria data were obtained for the 3-methylpentane + 2-methyl-2-propanol binary system and methyl 1,1-dimethylethyl ether + 3-methylpentane + 2-methyl-2-propanol ternary system at 101.3 kPa in a temperature range from 329 to 356 K. The data were found to be thermodynamically consistent according to the Van Ness−Byer−Gibbs m...
Article
The single adsorption of cadmium and copper from aqueous solutions has been investigated on Darco 12–20 mesh granular activated carbon for a wide range of experimental conditions: pH, metal concentration and carbon concentration. The results showed the efficiency of the activated carbon as sorbent for both metals. Metal removal increases on raising...
Article
The single adsorption of Cd and Zn from aqueous solutions has been investigated on Scharlau Ca 346 granular activated carbon in a wide range of experimental conditions: pH, metal concentration, and carbon concentration. The results showed the efficiency of the activated carbon as sorbent for both metals. Metal removals increase on raising the pH an...
Article
A software package has been developed for automated design of wastewater treatment plants. A user-friendly environment has been implemented to facilitate design tasks, allowing rapid evaluation of different alternatives as well as performing sensitivity analyses. Flexible treatment plant configurations can be established with preliminary, primary,...
Article
In the late 1980s, citrus plantations in the area of Villarreal (Spain) showed injuries similar to those previously reported for boron and fluorine toxicity. The area was affected by the disposal of industrial wastewater, mainly from ceramic industries. Conjunctive uses of surface water, groundwater and wastewater for irrigation had taken place. A...
Article
Single copper and nickel adsorption from aqueous solutions onto a granular activated carbon is reported. Metal removals increase on raising pH and temperature, and decrease on raising the initial metal concentration at constant carbon dose. The adsorption processes are modelled using the surface complex formation (SCF) Triple Layer Model (TLM) with...
Article
Single and competitive adsorption of cadmium and zinc onto granular activated carbon DARCO 12–20 mesh has been investigated. This activated carbon has been shown as an effective adsorbent for both metals. Cadmium and zinc removals increased with pH and decreased with molar metal/carbon ratio. Surface precipitation phenomena have been detected for t...
Article
Isobaric vapor−liquid equilibria data were obtained for the 2-propanol + 1-propanol binary system and the water + 1-propanol + 2-propanol ternary system at 100 kPa. The data were found to be thermodynamically consistent according to the Van Ness−Byer−Gibbs method for the binary system and according to the McDermott−Ellis method for the ternary one....
Article
Isobaric vapor−liquid equilibria for the water + 1-propanol system are reported at 30, 60, and 100 kPa. The results were found to be thermodynamically consistent according to Van Ness−Byer−Gibbs, Kojima, and Wisniak methods. The system shows a minimum boiling azeotrope, and the azeotropic composition is scarcely shifted with pressure. Results were...
Article
The adsorption characteristics of cadmium and zinc onto a granular activated carbon were studied. Cadmium and zinc removals increased on raising pH and temperature, and decreased on raising the molar metal/carbon ratio. The adsorption processes were modelled using the surface complex formation (SCF) Triple Layer Model (TLM) with an overall bidentat...
Article
Isobaric vapor−liquid equilibria were obtained for the water + 2-propanol system at 30, 60, and 100 kPa. The activity coefficients were found to be thermodynamically consistent by the methods of Van Ness−Byer−Gibbs, Kojima, and Wisniak. The data were correlated with five liquid phase activity coefficient models (Margules, Van Laar, Wilson, NRTL, an...
Article
The experimental determinations of vapor-liquid equilibria (VLE) are indispensable for the design of separation processes such as distillation columns, extractive distillation, and selection of solvents. Isobaric vapor-liquid equilibria were obtained for the 1-butanol + N,N-dimethylformamide and 1-pentanol + N,N-dimethylformamide systems at 50.00 a...
Article
Isothermal (at 363.15 and 383.15 K) and isobaric (at 20.00 and 50.00 kPa) vapor-liquid equilibria were obtained for the title system. On the basis of a heteroassociation in the vapor phase, the activity coefficients were found to be thermodynamically consistent and well-correlated with the Wilson equation.
Article
A coupled transport-chemistry hydrogeochemical model is presented. The model has been formulated for groundwater flow systems with multiple physicochemical interactions among the chemical components in the aqueous and solid phases (acid-base, complexation, precipitation-dissolution, oxidation-reduction and adsorption-desorption). A nonequilibrium s...
Article
Full-text available
Los sistemas informáticos para el diseño de Estaciones de Tratamiento de Aguas Residuales (ETAR) resultan de gran utilidad para la toma de decisiones relacionadas con la gestión de la calidad del agua en el medio natural. En este artículo se presenta el sistema DATAR, desarrollado para el diseño completo y riguroso de una ETAR que cumpla las especi...

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