Paula Antunes

Paula Antunes
Universidade NOVA de Lisboa | NOVA · Faculty of Sciences and Technology

About

109
Publications
37,122
Reads
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3,614
Citations
Citations since 2017
23 Research Items
2183 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
July 1982 - present
Universidade NOVA de Lisboa
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (109)
Article
International agencies, non-governmental organisations, technical experts, and academia have strongly recommended that water resources planning and strategic environmental assessment (SEA) processes should be supported by indicators that can be used to characterise, assess and monitor water resources overtime against management objectives. Moreover...
Article
Full-text available
Organisations are increasingly being pushed to manage, assess and report their sustainability performance, including public sector organisations (PSO). Several approaches were developed to implement sustainability assessments at organisation level. However, the majority are still for the private sector and are often not supported by active stakehol...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes a collaborative process engaging key stakeholders to co-create a shared vision for 2035 and a roadmap for action to support a circular economy transition in the packaging of the food and beverages sector in Portugal. Although the need to engage stakeholders is widely acknowledged, few collaborative initiatives can be found in t...
Article
Full-text available
The montado (in Portugal) or dehesa (in Spain) is an agrosilvopastoral system found in the Iberian Peninsula. Due to its high environmental value, its protection forms part of European biodiversity strategies, but recent management trends are threatening its sustainability. The need to understand the drivers of change and associated impacts means t...
Article
Full-text available
Mapping of ecosystem services (ES) is a powerful tool for communication and knowledge sharing about the implications of ecosystem management practices for human wellbeing. This research aimed to show the usefulness of ES mapping for decision-making by combining modelling of ES supply with ES demand mapping in a participatory process with the engage...
Article
Spatial models are increasingly being used to target the most suitable areas for biodiversity conservation. This study investigates how the spatial tool Marxan with Zones (MARZONE) can be used to support the design of cost-effective biodiversity conservation policy. New in this study is the spatial analysis of the costs and effectiveness of differe...
Article
Several authors have identified limitations in the uptake of design for sustainability (DfS) in companies and value chains. In spite of the extensive literature on the subject, researchers and practitioners still do not share a common overview on the subject, which hinders operationalization efforts. This paper proposes that DfS adoption is more li...
Article
The present research seeks insights on potential “transformative” eco-innovation pathways towards a “Circular Economy”. By taking a neo-Schumpeterian perspective on sustainability transition and adopting a bottom-up foresight methodology, namely a (3-stage)policy-learning Delphi approach drawing on a (29-strong)panel of experts belonging to a varie...
Article
Water resources planning is currently designed to meet emerging challenges and encompassing a more comprehensive and integrated water management. The main focus of current water resources planning is to promote good water resource conditions through the implementation of innovative water policies. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to characteri...
Article
Developing spatially explicit models of Ecosystem Services (ES) distribution and diversity across the territory has been increasingly attracting the interest of researchers and policy-makers due to its potential to operacionalize and mainstream the ES concept into existing planning and policy tools. In this paper we explore the use of social media...
Article
The adoption of sustainability policies and practices in organisations is a rising trend, in particular in companies. Public sector organisations are also following this occurrence but with slower signs. Despite a relevant amount of research work on sustainability practices implemented by private organisations and by some public agencies, central p...
Article
The ecosystem service (ES) concept is becoming mainstream in policy and planning, but operational influence on practice is seldom reported. Here, we report the practitioners' perspectives on the practical implementation of the ES concept in 27 case studies. A standardised anonymous survey (n=246), was used, focusing on the science-practice interact...
Article
The Ecosystem Services (ES) concept highlights the varied contributions the environment provides to humans and there are a wide range of methods/tools available to assess ES. However, in real-world decision contexts a single tool is rarely sufficient and methods must be combined to meet practitioner needs. Here, results from the OpenNESS project ar...
Article
In the ongoing sustainability debate, the circular economy (CE) has been steadily gaining ground as a new paradigm. At the same time, eco-innovation (EI) has been recognised as a key element in carrying out the transition from a linear to a circular system of production and consumption. However, little information can be found concerning whether an...
Technical Report
Full-text available
As the ecosystem service concept has become more widely recognised, so the number of biophysical, socio-cultural and monetary methods available to assess ecosystem services has increased. There is relatively little guidance on how to select and combine these methods into hybrid approaches that address policy purposes. Based on experiences from 27 c...
Article
Full-text available
Public procurement can shape production and consumption trends and represents a stimulus for both innovation and diversification in products and services, through a direct increase in demand. In recent years, the interest in demand-side policies has grown and several approaches have emerged, such as Green Public Procurement (GPP), Sustainable Publi...
Article
The promise that ecosystem service assessments will contribute to better decision-making is not yet proven. We analyse how knowledge on ecosystem services is actually used to inform land and water management in 22 case studies covering different social-ecological systems in European and Latin American countries. None of the case studies reported in...
Article
River Basin Management Planning (RBMP) and Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) processes often rely on the use of indicators to assess the sustainability of planning options, to communicate with stakeholders and to support decision-making. The aim of this research was to investigate the adoption of indicators to support these processes and to...
Article
Full-text available
Irrigated agriculture is a key activity for the long-term survival of humanenvironmental systems and the assessment of agricultural sustainability has been gaining increasing relevance. In spite of several proposals developed, there is not a holistic approach that can be generally applied to assess sustainability of irrigated agricultural areas. In...
Chapter
In this chapter we present the fundamentals of participatory system dynamics modelling (PSDM) and a set of applications in ecological economics. We start by defining the main features of this approach and providing an overview of the main stages in a generic participatory modelling process. Subsequently, we provide an overview of case studies to de...
Research
Full-text available
Water Energy Food nexus is a conceptual approach to better understand the interactions between the natural environment and human activities. This planning and territorial approach has been implemented at farm level in H2020 FATIMA – FArming Tools for external nutrient Input and water Management, project, where, the input optimization (water and dir...
Chapter
Modeling with “problem-owners” is one of the defining features of system dynamics. Participatory system dynamics modeling aims at involving stakeholders in the conceptualization, specification, and synthesis of knowledge and experience into a useful model, for the purpose of addressing dynamic complexity of socio-ecological problems. This chapter s...
Article
Full-text available
In this research we explored how the concepts and approaches of ecosystem services are currently used in water management in Europe, in the application of River Basin Management Plans (RBMP) developed for the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD). Five case studies have been considered, located in the River Basin Districts of the Po river (Italy), Sco...
Article
Full-text available
Much has been written about the need for more humane, ethical, socially just and trans­parent ways of doing business and performing entrepreneurial activities. Consistent with this, con­cepts such as sustainable development, corporate citizenship, corporate sustainability (CS), sus­tainable entrepreneurship, business ethics, and corporate social re...
Article
Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) methods has been promoted as an alternative approach to monetary economic valuation of ecosystem services in Cost-Benefit Analysis framework (CBA). We discuss the potential of MCDA in providing a framework for integrated valuation of ecosystem services. We conclude that MCDA does in general perform better tha...
Article
Landowner preferences are elicited for different contractual agri-environmental agreements (AEA) using choice experiments in the Portuguese montados, an agro-forestry ecosystem with high conservation value. The choice experiment is developed with the help of biologists from local environmental authorities and builds upon existing AEA in the Portugu...
Conference Paper
Objective: To assess pathologic variables that influence breast cancer (BC) response to neoadjuvant treatment (NT). Method: 127 women with BC submitted to NT (2012–2014) were included. Variables analyzed included molecular subtype (MS) assessed by immunohistochemistry, tumour grade (TG), histologic subtype (HS) and tumour response (TR). Chi-square...
Article
Corporate sustainability reporting is currently perceived by company directors and senior staff as a process with a great strategic relevance. However, although sustainability is recognized as an integrating phenomenon and part of corporate life, it is in practice often treated in a one-dimensional manner. There is also a paucity of research specif...
Article
Habitat banking and tradable development rights (TDR) have gained considerable currency as a way of achieving ‘no net loss’ of biodiversity and of reconciling nature conservation with economic development goals. This paper reviews the use of these instruments for biodiversity conservation and assesses their roles in the policy mix. The two instrume...
Article
Biodiversity conservation policies have relied on regulatory approaches, such as the designation of protected areas, which have generally been insufficient to ensure long-term conservation. This is partially explained by the mismatch between those who bear the costs of and those who benefit from conservation. While local actors, private and public,...
Article
In recent years, there has been a growing concern and an increasing number of proactive initiatives from various stakeholders on issues related to the environment, social matters, and economic aspects and this has been the main driving force toward sustainability. However, most players that are deeply involved with environmental and social agendas...
Article
Full-text available
Against the background of ongoing biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, there is a need for more conservation efforts at all governance levels that also take into account the needs of subnational governments, cities and other local authorities. This paper presents a rationale for including ecological indicators in intergovernmental fiscal tr...
Article
The OpenNESS project, funded by EC FP7, aims to translate the concepts of Natural Capital (NC) and Ecosystem Services (ES) into operational frameworks that provide tested, practical and tailored solutions for integrating ES into land, water and urban management and decision-making, while promoting local stakeholders well-being. Central to the proje...
Article
Photography based methods have been under-utilised as a participatory tool to inform urban planning and decision making processes on citizens’ concerns, although they present several potential advantages in terms of facilitating communication on complex aspects to decision-makers. In this paper we explore the potentialities and limitations of Photo...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Water scarcity is a growing concern for global agriculture, many irrigated areas have experienced in recent years a reduction in water availability due both to its decrease and an increase in demand for water for domestic and industrial use. Future scenarios, due to climate change could intensify the problems of water scarcity and irrigation requir...
Chapter
In Portugal coastal fish farming is a growing economic activity receiving financial incentives from the EU Community Structural Policy as a response to the decrease of sea fish stocks. At the same time Portugal is known to hold one of the most viable otter populations in Europe, setting the ground for a conflict scenario between fish farmers and co...
Chapter
This chapter describes the module Regional Economics and Policy Analysis of the FRAP framework. This analysis aims to derive an understanding of the regional socio-economic context underlying a particular conflict between biodiversity conservation and economic activities and to study the role of policy instruments, which are in place (or were used...
Chapter
Full-text available
The complexity and the gradual accumulation of environmental problems exacerbate governance challenges at various scales. There has been much helpful theorising about these challenges, but addressing them empirically and in meaningful policy advice requires even better operationalising. Analytically, governance mechanisms tend to be geared either t...
Article
Full-text available
Improving formulation and implementation of sustainable strategies is increasingly dependent upon more integrated and participatory decision-making processes. This paper explores the use of qualitative system dynamics tools and a participatory modelling approach to support scoping stages of an integrated sustainability assessment (ISA) process. To...
Data
a b s t r a c t This paper analyses and illustrates the ways in which organizational adaptivity is important to the resilience of socio-ecological systems (SESs). Resilience and organizational literature are used as theo-retical contributions to help understand the nature of adaptive organizations and how changes in external structure and in organi...
Article
Biodiversity loss is a serious global environmental problem. Economic instruments in biodiversity policies can contribute towards reconciling the conservation costs encountered at local level with the benefits of biodiversity conservation at higher levels of governance, from regional and national levels up to the global level. This paper outlines t...
Chapter
In this chapter, we explore integrated modeling (IM) methods and tools supporting adaptive management of estuarine and coastal ecosystems, particularly focusing on participatory system dynamics-based approaches. We describe Mediated Modeling experiences developed in the Guadiana estuary and the Ria Formosa coastal wetland in Portugal and present tw...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the development of a participatory multi-criteria analysis (MCA) process for the evaluation of irrigation management alternatives in the Caia irrigation district, Portugal. The focus is on the design, evaluation and comparison of irrigation management alternatives in a participatory setting, encouraging direct involvement of act...
Article
Several authors have described the usefulness of participatory system dynamics approaches in environmental decision-making processes, particularly in supporting problem scoping and policy analysis. This paper explores how these approaches may be expanded to provide a coherent, deliberative platform, which structures Integrated Sustainability Assess...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we review a number of methodological challenges of evaluating and designing economic instruments aimed at biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services provision in the context of an existing policy mix. In the context of the EU 2010 goal of halting biodiversity loss, researchers have been called upon to evaluate the role of econom...
Article
This paper details the design and implementation of a participatory modelling process in the Baixo Guadiana River Basin, in Portugal. A group of stakeholders was involved in a causal mapping exercise that lead to the development of a shared view of the problems, pressures and impacts characterizing the river basin. A simulation model was also devel...
Article
This paper introduces a special section devoted to participation and evaluation for sustainable river basin governance. The departing point for this research was the recognition that although there is a relative agreement regarding the need to develop new multi-dimensional, inclusive and plural approaches to water resource management, there is stil...
Article
The degree of conflict between otter conservation and fish farming was assessed at Sado estuary (SW Portugal), using ecological (otter visiting rates to fish farms and consumption of commercial fish) and socio-economic (past and current instruments and policies addressing the conflict and a social impact assessment, including a discourse analysis o...
Book
Full-text available
This Guidance Document is part of the ADVISOR (“Integrated Evaluation for Sustainable River Basin Governance”) research project funded by the European Commission, under the “Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development” theme of the 5th Framework Research Programme. The aim of ADVISOR is to improve the understanding of evaluation processes as p...
Article
This paper presents a new approach to the development of environmental policy, relying on the combination of several instruments to achieve different objectives and on the active involvement of the stakeholders in the policy development process. The development of an innovative system of environmental policy instruments for sustainable management o...
Article
Full-text available
The Water Framework Directive institutionalises participatory processes in river basin planning across the European Union. This paper reports on three case studies from southern Europe where conflicts over water exist. In each a different method for participation was experimentally employed: scenario workshops, mediated modelling, and social multic...
Article
In this paper, the integration of mediated modelling (MM) techniques with multi-criteria assessment (MCA) in a participatory decision-making context is discussed. We briefly present the major features of MCA, of system dynamics methodology, and of group model building techniques. The application of MM in a participatory exercise is illustrated by a...
Article
The recent reform of the European water policy recognizes the importance of developing effective mechanisms to support public and stakeholder participation in river basin decision-making processes. This paper critically reviews the evaluation processes of different types of water related project in five European countries (Portugal, Greece, The Net...
Article
The European Water Framework Directive (WFD) introduced an integrated perspective in water resources management, based on an approach where the river basin is the management unit and the active involvement of all affected parties by its river ba sin management plan is clearly encouraged. The inte grated perspective is required to develop sustainabl...
Article
The process of evaluating and authorising new hydraulic projects is critical in the context of river basin management. Until now, evaluations have in many cases failed to account for sustainability concerns. Several projects have been approved and financed whose economic, social and especially, environmental costs and benefits were highly contested...
Book
Full-text available
The process of evaluating and authorising new water related projects and plans is critical in the context of river basin management. Until now, evaluations have in many cases failed to account for sustainability concerns. The new Water Framework Directive (WFD) establishes the river basin as the geographical unit upon which res...
Article
Full-text available
Following several calls for participation in environmental policy, an increasing attention is being dedicated to the development of deliberative platforms for the sustainable governance of our global village. In this paper, we start by adding perspective on the role of participatory modeling within a strong participatory vision for sustainability....
Article
Environmental decision-making generally involves issues of complexity, uncertainty and information feedback. The complexity of environmental problems calls for integrated and multi-disciplinary approaches, which include civil society and stakeholder groups affected by or affecting environmental decisions. This paper presents a participatory modelli...