Paul Read

Paul Read
University College London | UCL

PhD

About

143
Publications
301,277
Reads
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3,005
Citations
Citations since 2016
126 Research Items
2970 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800

Publications

Publications (143)
Article
Full-text available
The concept of shared decision-making (SDM) has emerged as a key component in the return to play interface as a hallmark of good practice that is athlete focused and allows greater engagement from the athlete. SDM is an appealing, well-intentioned framework that would seemingly lend itself to effectively being implemented. However, in this editoria...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Aim. To investigate differences in movement competence, and injury history between regional level youth football players who followed a specialised versus sampling development pathway.
Article
Objectives The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of sport specialisation in youth football, and to investigate the associations of sport specialisation and volume of sport participation with injury history. Design Cross-sectional questionnaire. Setting [country] youth football teams. Participants 414 youth football players aged...
Article
Full-text available
To assess the mechanisms of ACL injury in male professional football players in Qatar across multiple seasons using systematic video analysis. 15 ACL injuries occurred in competition among the professional football teams that participated in an injury Surveillance Programme during 6 seasons (2013/2014 to 2018/2019). High-definition broadcast videos...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION: Drop jumps (DJ) are effective screening tools for stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) function in youth. During periods of accelerated growth, it has been postulated that youth experience disturbances in neuromuscular control termed "adolescent awkwardness". However, this has predominantly been assessed using fitness performance assessment...
Article
Full-text available
Background Reactive strength index (RSI) is used frequently in the testing and monitoring of athletes. Associations with sports performance measures may vary dependent on the task but a literature synthesis has not been performed. Objectives The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine associations between RSI measured during rebound jumping tasks...
Article
Objective To report how wearable sensors have been used to identify between-limb deficits during functional tasks following ACL reconstruction and critically examine the methods used. Methods We performed a scoping review of studies including participants with ACL reconstruction as the primary surgical procedure, who were assessed using wearable s...
Article
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate a 10-month neuromuscular training (NMT) intervention on isometric and dynamic kinetics, standing long jump (SLJ) distance, speed and sport-specific performance. Methods: Forty-three pre-pubertal female gymnasts were allocated into either a gymnastics + NMT (gNMT; n = 16), gymnastics only (GYM, n = 15) or mat...
Article
Analysing the isokinetic curve is important following ACL reconstruction as there may be deficits in torque production at specific points throughout the range of motion. We examined isokinetic (60°.s-1) torque-angle characteristics in 27 male soccer players (24.5 ± 3.9 years) at 3 time-points (17 ± 5; 25 ± 6; and 34 ± 7 weeks post-surgery). Extract...
Article
Read, PJ, Pedley, JS, Eirug, I, Sideris, V, and Oliver, JL. Impaired stretch-shortening cycle function persists despite improvements in reactive strength followingafter anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. J Strength Cond Res 36(5): 1238-1244, 2022-Reactive strength index (RSI) during a single-leg drop jump (SLDJ) has been indicated to determ...
Article
Full-text available
Background Subjective monitoring of rate of perceived exertion is common practice in many sports. Typically, the information is used to understand the training load and at times modify forthcoming sessions. Identifying the relationship between the athlete and coach’s interpretation of training would likely further benefit understanding load managem...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background While effective programmes to prevent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury have been established, it is important that programme design, consistent with the van Mechelen model, is based on the specific injury mechanisms, representative of the region and playing conditions. Presently, no such data exist for professional football player...
Article
Full-text available
The aims of the present study were to: 1) determine within and between-session reliability of multiple metrics obtained during the triple hop test and, 2) determine any systematic bias in both the test and inter-limb asymmetry scores for these metrics. Thirteen male youth American football athletes performed three trials of a triple hop test on eac...
Article
Purpose: To examine the reliability, validity, and performance characteristics of the 10 to 5 repeated jump test (10-5 RJT) in adolescent male athletes. The 10-5 RJT has been shown to be a valid and reliable test of reactive strength index (RSI) in older adolescents (age 17-19 y), but less is known in younger adolescent athletes at different stage...
Article
Full-text available
Typically, a coach may follow a process in which they first identify the key performance indicators of their sport, determine the physical attributes that map back to them, and then distribute the development of those capacities over the allocated timeframe. Furthermore, effective training plans are based on a theoretical or biological basis for ho...
Article
Early sport specialization involves physically immature children participating in intensive year-round training and/or competition for a single sport. The lack of sport exposure and diversification during the developmental years may underlie the increased risk of overuse injuries, blunting of motor skill development, psychosocial issues, overtraini...
Article
The purpose of this study was 1) to present the strength, speed and power characteristic of elite youth soccer players and provide benchmark data for strength and conditioning coaches; 2) to compare the speed, strength and power characteristics of youth soccer players by competition structure age categories; and 3) to determine the relationships be...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of pre-season strength training on bilateral and unilateral jump performance and the bilateral deficit (BLD) in Premier League academy soccer players. Fourteen male academy players (age: 16.36 ± 0.50 years; body mass: 73.45 ± 8.43 kg; height: 1.80 ± 0.09 m) performed one upper body and one lower bo...
Article
Full-text available
Negative long-term outcomes have been reported following sport specialisation including increased injury risk. The underlying mechanisms remain unclear; however, fewer exposures to broad ranging movement patterns and reductions in movement competency have been suggested. This review synthesised the evidence to examine if an association is present b...
Article
Objectives We included objective measures of gait and functional assessments to examine their associations in athletes who had recently commenced running after ACL reconstruction. Design Cross-sectional Setting Sports medicine Participants 65 male athletes with a history of ACL reconstruction Main outcome measures Time from surgery, isokinetic...
Article
Lovegrove, S, Hughes, L, Mansfield, S, Read, P, Price, P, and Patterson, SD. Repetitions in reserve is a reliable tool for prescribing resistance training load. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000–000, 2021—This study investigated the reliability of repetitions in reserve (RIR) as a method for prescribing resistance training load for the deadlift and be...
Article
Lloyd, RS, Howard, SW, Pedley, JS, Read, PJ, Gould, ZI, and Oliver, JL. The acute effects of accentuated eccentric loading on drop jump kinetics in adolescent athletes. J Strength Cond Res 36(9): 2381-2386, 2022-The purpose of the study was to determine the acute effects of accentuated eccentric loading (AEL) on drop jump kinetics in adolescent ath...
Article
PurposeNeuromuscular training aims to enhance motor skill competency and increase muscle strength. However, the effectiveness of short-duration interventions focused on addressing lower limb injury risk factors in male youth athletes at different stages of maturity remains unknown.Methods Forty-eight young male academy cricket players [pre-peak hei...
Article
Background Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has a detrimental impact on athletic performance. Despite rehabilitation guidelines and criterion-based progressions to ensure safe restoration of fundamental physical capacities and maladaptive movement strategies, residual deficits in maximal strength, rate of force development (RFD), pow...
Article
Nascimento, N, Sideris, V, and Read, PJ. Biomechanical analysis of the tuck jump assessment. J Strength Cond Res 36(10): 2946-2949, 2022-The tuck jump assessment (TJA) examines plyometric technique flaws associated with the increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament injury. Biomechanical data to investigate the mechanics used during the TJA are l...
Article
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Context Arbitrary asymmetry thresholds are regularly used in professional soccer athletes, notwithstanding the sparse literature available to examine their prevalence. Objective To establish normative and positional asymmetry values for commonly used screening tests and investigate their relationships with jumping performance. Design Cross-sectio...
Article
Full-text available
Pedley, JS, Lloyd, RS, Read, PJ, Moore, IS, Myer, GD, and Oliver, JL. A novel method to categorize stretch-shortening cycle performance across maturity in youth soccer players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2020-This study used a novel method to categorize stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) function during a drop jump (DJ) using the force-time cu...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Jump-landing assessments provide a means to quantify an individual’s ability to attenuate ground reaction forces, generate lower limb explosive power and maintain joint alignment. In order to identify risk factors that can be targeted through appropriate training interventions, it is necessary to establish which (scalar) objective kinetic,...
Article
Background Residual deficits in athletic performance are common despite rehabilitation guidelines following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction including criterion-based progressions to protect healing structures, ensure safe restoration of fundamental physical capacities, and guide appropriate return to sports activities. A synthesis of the...
Article
Full-text available
Context: Deficits in plyometric abilities are common following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Vertical rebound tasks may provide a targeted evaluation of knee function. Objective: Examine the utility of a vertical hop test to assess function following ACLR and establish factors associated with performance. Design: Cross-sectional...
Article
Context: Single-leg hop tests are used to assess functional performance following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Recording 6-m timed hop scores using a stopwatch increases the potential for misclassification of patient status due to the number of error sources present. Objective: To examine the consistency of pass/fail (>90% li...
Article
Context: Deficits in plyometric abilities are common following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Vertical rebound tasks may provide a targeted evaluation of knee function. Objective: Examine the utility of a vertical hop test to assess function following ACLR and establish factors associated with performance. Design: Cross-sect...
Article
The aims of the present study were to: 1) determine the seasonal variation of physical performance in professional cricket players, 2) determine the seasonal variation of inter-limb asymmetries in the same cohort of professional players. Fifteen male professional cricket players (age: 20.60 ± 1.59 years; height: 1.82 ± 0.08 m; body mass: 78.70 ± 11...
Article
Full-text available
Clarke, R, Read, PJ, De Ste Croix, MBA, and Hughes, JD. The deceleration deficit: a novel field-based method to quantify deceleration during change of direction performance. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2020-The study investigated the relationship between linear and change of direction (COD) speed performance components and the individual di...
Article
Background The triple hop for distance test commonly uses a limb symmetry index (LSI) ‘pass’ threshold of > 90% for total hop distance following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). However, understanding the manner in which athletes generate and dissipate forces during consecutive hops within the test may provide greater insight into...
Article
Full-text available
Change of direction (COD) testing has commonly reported a single total time to quantify performance despite that tests are made up of a number of different phases. No investigation into these phases has been completed, therefore the aim of this study was to examine the reliability between sessions and directions of the different phases of a 505 tes...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeThis cross-sectional study investigated dynamic force–time variables and vaulting performance in young female gymnasts of different maturity status.Methods120 gymnasts aged 5–14 years were sub-divided into maturity groupings using percent of predicted adult height (%PAH) attained. Participants performed three jumping protocols, the squat jum...
Article
Full-text available
Global health organizations have provided recommendations regarding exercise for the general population. Strength training has been included in several position statements due to its multi-systemic benefits. In this narrative review, we examine the available literature, first explaining how specific mechanical loading is converted into positive cel...
Poster
Full-text available
PURPOSE To examine the effects of a 9-month NMT intervention on isometric and dynamic force-time characteristics during strength and power tests and vertical takeoff velocity during gymnastics vaulting. METHODS Forty-three pre-pubertal female gymnasts were subdivided into gymnastics + NMT (GYM+NMT; n = 16), gymnastics only (GYM, n = 15) groups and...
Article
Objectives Examine growth and maturation trends in dynamic balance using the anterior reach Y-Balance test, and its utility as an injury risk screening tool. Design Cross sectional and prospective cohort. Setting Elite male youth soccer players. Participants 346 players grouped as pre, circa or post peak height velocity (PHV). Main outcome meas...
Article
Moeskops, S, Oliver, JL, Read, PJ, Cronin, JB, Myer, GD, Haff, GG, and Lloyd, RS. The influence of biological maturity and competitive level on isometric force-time curve variables and vaulting performance in young female gymnasts. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2020-This cross-sectional study investigated isometric force-time curve variables...
Article
Full-text available
Background/aim There is a lack of consistency in return to sport (RTS) assessments, in particular hop tests to predict who will sustain a reinjury following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Inconsistent test battery content and methodological heterogeneity might contribute to variable associations between hop test performance and su...
Article
Objectives The purpose of this study was to examine whether the use of machine learning improved the ability of a neuromuscular screen to identify injury risk factors in elite male youth football players. Methods 355 elite youth football players aged 10–18 years old completed a prospective pre-season neuromuscular screen that included anthropometr...
Article
The aims of the present study were to compare the magnitude and direction of asymmetry in comparable bilateral and unilateral countermovement jumps (CMJ). Forty-five elite academy soccer players from under-23 (n = 15), under-18 (n = 16) and under-16 (n = 14) age groups performed bilateral and unilateral CMJ as part of their routine pre-season fitne...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study compared force-time characteristics and muscle activity between the isometric squat (ISQ) and mid-thigh pull (IMTP) in both bilateral (ISQ BI and IMTP BI ) and unilateral (ISQ UNI and IMTP UNI ) stance. Peak force (PF), rate-of-force (RFD) (e.g. 0-300ms) and EMG of the multifidus, erector spinae (ES), gluteus maximus (GM), biceps femoris...
Article
Background Residual between-limb deficits are a possible contributing factor to poor outcomes in athletic populations after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Comprehensive appraisals of movement strategies utilized by athletes at key clinical milestones during rehabilitation are warranted. Purpose To examine kinetic parameters reco...
Article
Full-text available
There has been a move towards a criterion-based return to play in recent years, with 4 single-leg hop tests commonly used to assess functional performance. Despite their widespread integration, research indicates that relationships between ‘passing’ ‘hop test criteria and successful outcomes following rehabilitation are equivocal, and, therefore, r...
Article
Full-text available
The aims of this study were to analyze the muscle injury incidence in an elite Spanish soccer academy during three consecutive seasons attending to different chronological age-groups (i.e., U14, U16, U19 and senior), and to examine the hamstring injury incidence in this elite soccer academy. 227 elite male youth soccer players participated in this...
Article
Full-text available
Injuries have a detrimental impact on team and individual athletic performance. Deficits in maximal strength, rate of force development (RFD), and reactive strength are commonly reported following several musculoskeletal injuries. This article first examines the available literature to identify common deficits in fundamental physical qualities foll...
Article
Previous research has highlighted a distinct lack of longitudinal data for asymmetry. The aims of the present study were to provide seasonal variation data for the magnitude and direction of asymmetry. Eighteen elite male academy soccer players (under-23) performed unilateral countermovement jumps (CMJ) and unilateral drop jumps (DJ) during pre, mi...
Article
Full-text available
Change of direction (CoD) has been indicated as a key mechanism in the occurrence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury during invasion sports. Despite these associations, assessments of knee function in athletic populations at the time of return to sport following ACL reconstruction (ACLr) have often focused on strength and single-leg hop tes...
Article
Purpose: To quantify speed, peak momentum, standing long jump (SLJ), and the ratio of vertical to horizontal take-off velocity (Ratiovert-hori TOV) in young female gymnasts of different maturity status and their influence on vaulting vertical TOV. Methods: One hundred twenty gymnasts age 5-14 years were subdivided into maturity groupings using p...
Article
The aims of the present study were to determine the association between asymmetry and measures of speed and change of direction speed (CODS) performance throughout a competitive soccer season and, determine if any observed changes in asymmetry were associated with changes in speed and CODS performance. Eighteen elite male under-23 academy soccer pl...
Article
Objective: Determine how lower limb neuromuscular control changes over the course of a competitive soccer season. Design: Repeated measures. Setting: Academy soccer club. Participants: 43 male youth soccer players (age 13.1 ± 2.2 yr; height 160.1 ± 15.7 cm; body mass 49.4 ± 14.3 kg; maturity offset 0.2 ± 1.9 yr). Main outcome measures: Pre...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to determine the association of multi-directional jumping asymmetries with measures of physical performance. Forty-two youth handball athletes (age: 16.0 ± 1.3 years; body height: 174.11 ± 7.3 cm; body mass: 70.49 ± 13.3 kg) performed a mid-season fitness test battery consisting of single leg countermovement, latera...
Article
OFTENTIMES, THE VARIOUS COACHING STAFF, SPORT SCI- ENCE, AND MEDICAL PRACTI- TIONERS OF A SPORTS CLUB REQUIRE A SINGLE, HOLISTIC INDICATION OF AN ATHLETE’S ATHLETICISM. CURRENTLY, THERE IS NO CONSENSUS ON HOW THIS IS BEST DEFINED, AND THUS, A TOTAL SCORE OF ATHLETICISM (TSA) MAY PROVIDE ONE SUCH METHOD. THE TSA IS DERIVED FROM THE AVERAGE OF Z- SCO...